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The penguin is found pretty much only in the Southern Hemisphere, only a handful of penguins though are in the far south. The emperor penguin penguin inhabits the icy lands of Antarctica.

Despite what many think, the penguin is not only found in arctics, one species of penguin lives as far north as the Galapagos Islands.

Generally the penguin is around 1m tall, but one species, known as the fairy penguin, that only 40m high! The penguins stay together in large colonies with anywhere up to 50,000 penguins in the group.

The penguin spends 75% of its time in the water hunting for food. It is thought that the Antarctic penguins eat krill and squid where the penguins in warmer climates tend to eat fish.

The penguin is one of the few species of bird, that despite having wings, is unable to fly. To make up for this though, penguins have perfected their jumping technique with some penguins being able to jump a couple of meters!

Penguins seem to have no special fear of humans and penguins have often approached groups of explorers without hesitation. This is probably because there are no land predators in Antarctica or the nearby offshore islands that prey on or attack penguins. Instead, penguins are at risk at sea from predators such as the seal and sharks.

Typically, penguins do not approach humans closer than about 3 meters (10 ft) at which point the penguins tend to become nervous and retreat. This is also the distance that Antarctic tourists are told to keep from penguins (tourists are not supposed to approach closer than 3 meters, but are not expected to withdraw if the penguins come closer). It is the penguins home after all.

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Penguin Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Aptenodytes Forsteri
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
40cm - 110cm (15.7in - 43in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
60cm - 130cm (23.6in - 21in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
1kg - 35kg (2.2lbs - 75lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
65km/h (40mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
20 - 30 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Black, White, Grey, Yellow
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Fish
The specific area where the animal lives...
Cold seas and rocky land
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fish, Crabs, Squid
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Leopard Seals, Sharks, Killer Whale
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Short, sharp beak and slight webbed feet

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Adelie PenguinAdelie Penguin
Eats up to 2kg of food per day!
African PenguinAfrican Penguin
The only penguin species in Africa!
Chinstrap PenguinChinstrap Penguin
There are 7 million breeding pairs!
Crested PenguinCrested Penguin
Has long yellow eyebrows!
Emperor PenguinEmperor Penguin
The world's largest species of penguin!
Galapagos PenguinGalapagos Penguin
Found around the Equator!
Gentoo PenguinGentoo Penguin
Found throughout the sub-Antarctic!