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Toucan

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Toucan Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Piciformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Ramphastidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Ramphastos
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Ramphastos Toco
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
29cm - 63cm (11.5in - 29in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other
50cm - 119cm (20in - 47in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
130g - 680g (4.6oz - 24oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
64km/h (39mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
12 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
White, Yellow, Orange, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Fruit
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Lowland rainforest and tropical forest borders
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once
3
Main Prey:Fruit, Eggs, Insects
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Weasels, Large Birds
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Small body and enormous colourful beak

Toucan Location

Map of Toucan Locations

Toucan

The toucan is a medium-sized bird native to the rain forests of central and South America and the Caribbean. There are more than 40 different species of toucan that inhabit the South American jungles today.

The toucan is best known for it's large colourful beak that despite it's large size, is surprisingly light due to the fact that it is made of a substance called keratin (the same substance that makes up the nails and hair of many animals including humans) . The toucan's beak measures around half the toucans body length and is used for mating, feeding and defence purposes. The toucan's bill however, is not particularly strong and so it is used more to intimidate predators rather than to fight them off.

The toucan only has small wings as it dwells in forests and therefore do not need to travel large distances. The toucan's wingspan is roughly the same length as the toucans body. Although the toucan is able to fly, the toucan is not very good at flying and cannot be in the air for very long. Instead of using their wings to get around, the toucan hops between the tree branches using it curved toes and sharp claws to get a good grip on the narrow surface that it holds on to.

Toucans are omnivorous birds and feed on a mixture of plants and animals. Toucans eat fruits, berries, nuts and seeds along with eggs, insects and small mammals and reptiles. The primary source of food for the toucan is the fruit which grows on the trees where the toucan lives.

Toucans have a number of predators in the South American jungle including humans, large birds of prey and wild cats. Weasels, snakes and rats tend to prey more on the eggs of the toucan rather than the toucan itself (many small animals are generally intimidated by the toucan's large bill).

Although toucans are generally solitary when feeding, toucans often live in small groups of around 6 or 7 birds. The bright colours of the toucan gives the toucan camouflage in the colourful rainforest canopy. However, due to their bright colours, toucans are often captured and sold as pets with toucans being popular animals in the exotic pet trade.

Toucans build their nest in trees in lay around 3 eggs. When the toucan chicks hatch, both the male toucan and the female toucan help to feed them and protect them from predators. The toucan chicks are born with small beaks that don't reach their full size for at least a few months.

Toucan Comments

girl22
"this is a great animal to do research on! i cant wait to learn more about these birds!"
animal lover!
"Thanks! I making a book of some scientific names and this helps. Also, my friend did a report on toucans ,so I wanted to figure out their scientific name. "
Nahanah
" This helped me with my project, Thank a-z animals.com/toucan/"
The Awesome One
"what is the shape of the toucan "
nicholas
"toucan are cute and cool"
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First Published: 10th November 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]

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