Updated: March 27, 2022
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Below you can find a complete list of Guyanan animals. We currently track 231 animals in Guyana and are adding more every day!

The tropical rainforests, savannas, and coastal plains of Guyana are home to various types of animals. Some of the most unique wildlife native to this South American country include the jaguar, black caiman, cane toad, giant armadillo, jabiru stork, capuchin monkey, and leatherback turtle.

This country has 225 mammal species, 800 species of birds, 176 reptile species, 148 amphibian species, and 2,000 plus species of fish!

The Official National Animal of Guyana

The jaguar is the national animal of Guyana. The strength and courage of this native big cat make it the perfect symbol to the small country. Guyana’s coat of arms features two jaguars.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Guyana

A lot of the most unique animals local to Guyana live in rainforest habitats. Listed are some popular places to find the top animals in Guyana.

  • Jaguar – These big cats live in a dense rainforest habitat. They can be seen in Guyana Botanical Gardens in Georgetown.
  • Capuchin Monkey – This animal also called the wedge-capped capuchin monkey lives in a wet lowland forest habitat. They receive protection and shelter in Iwokrama Forest Reserve.
  • White-Throated Toucan – These colorful birds live in the tropical rainforest. Many of them inhabit the Iwokrama Forest Reserve.
  • Giant Otter – These mammals live in freshwater rivers as well as streams. A giant otter lives in the Guyana Botanical Gardens and Zoo. They also live in the Iwokrama Forest Reserve.
  • Emerald Tree Boa – These snakes have a tropical rainforest habitat in Guyana. This bright green snake can be seen in Guyana Botanical Gardens and Zoo.
  • Tapir – This unique animal lives in a dense forest and swampy habitat. They also live in the protected environment of Guyana Botanical Gardens and Zoo.

Birds in Guyana

Guyana is prominent for its extensive rainforests, covering around 80 percent of the country, the perfect environment for multitudes of eccentric bird species. Birding in the country is highly accessible and promoted through charters and guides. Out of the 800 species living in Guyana, over 70 are considered endemic to the Guiana Shield of northeast South America. Some quite unique endemics include:

  • Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock
  • Blood-colored Woodpecker
  • Guianan Toucanet
  • Northern Red-shouldered Macaw

Habitats vary throughout the country, giving rise to dozens of areas great for bird watching. From the capital on the coastline to the inland savannahs, avifauna exists almost everywhere within Guyana. Some of the best places to bird watch are:

  • Georgetown Botanical Gardens – White-bellied Piculet, Red-and-green Macaw, Yellow-headed Caracara
  • Mahaiva River – Point-tailed Palmcreeper, Tropical Kingbird, Green-rumped Parrotlet, Boat-billed Heron
  • Abary River – Bicolored Conebill, Greater Yellowlegs, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Guianan Gnatcatcher

Mentioned are only a few of the species found in these magnificent places. Visitors are most likely to get the best bird watching experiences when participating in guided tours or when accompanied by a local.

Fish in Guyana

Guyana translates to “land of many waters,” and rightfully so. The country is situated north of the Amazon River, adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean, and east of the Orinoco River with the Essequibo River running through its centre. Throughout the river of the country, over 2,000 fish species reside. Relatively underrated for tourism, Guyana is a popular destination for fishermen looking for large river-dwelling fish, such as:

  • Arapaima – Air-breathing, freshwater fish that can reach up to 9 feet in length!
  • Yellow Butterfly Peacock Bass – Known for putting up a good fight!
  • Himara – Reach over 40 lb!
  • Black Piranhas – High cost on the market at around $650 per fish!

Many more valuable species roam the waters, including off the coastline in the Atlantic Ocean. Ocean-dwelling catfish can grow to astonishing sizes. Tarpon are also a popular catch but Guyana is especially down for its hauls of seabob shrimp and its exportation.

Snakes in Guyana

Rainforests prove impeccable sites for seeing colourful, vibrant plants and animals. Some of the most brilliantly pigmented animals are reptiles, specifically snakes. Guyana is home to truly remarkable snake species, both venomous and non-venomous. Of the 97 species in the country, most are found within the rainforests, some in savannahs, and others even in urban areas. Below are habitats and snakes found within:



Tropical Lowlands

  • Labaria
  • Water Cobra

Various other snake species live in the forests, trees, shrubs, and wetlands of the area. Eight venomous species do pose a threat to humans but many are not aggressive snakes, only lashing out when provoked. However, it is important to remain aware of surroundings and understand proper protocol for any kind of snake bite.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Guyana Today

Like other countries, some Guyana holds wildlife that is mostly passive while some animals may pose threats to humans. The most dangerous animals in Guyana include:

  • Piranha – Piranhas are large fish best known for their sharp teeth and carnivorous diet. A person who ventures into a river where piranha lives is at risk of injury. These fish can easily mistake a person’s hands or feet for small fish or other lively prey. The real threat comes when a school of piranha begins to surround a person who has fallen into the water! They are very persistent when going after prey. The person is likely to need a lot of stitches. There are an estimated 200 piranha attacks each year.
  • Black Caiman – These reptiles are similar in appearance to American crocodiles. Adult caimans are usually 13 feet but can grow as long as 16.5 feet in adulthood. They have sharp teeth and are fast on both land and in the water. Black caimans live in slow-moving rivers and can become aggressive if a human invades their territory. Since 2000, there have been a recorded 80 humans attacked by caimans.
  • Giant Otter – It may seem like an otter doesn’t belong on this type of list, but these animals can be very aggressive. They can be five and a half feet long and weigh 70 pounds. They use their very sharp teeth to tear into fish, water snakes, crustaceans, and other prey. A human who gets too close to this otter’s den is risking an aggressive response from this animal. As a note, this animal’s conservation status is endangered with a decreasing population. Unless more protections are put into place, this animal is at risk of becoming extinct.
  • Jaguar – The national animal of Guyana is also one of the most dangerous in this country. This animal is the biggest cat in South America. Adults can measure 6 feet long and weigh up to 250 pounds. These big cats are pure muscle and have incredibly strong jaws. Fortunately, they remain hidden most of the time and only show aggression if they feel their cubs are in danger.

Zoos in Guyana

Existing since 1895 as a botanical garden, the Guyana Zoo in Georgetown officially became a zoological garden in 1952. The Guyana Zoo partners with the Calgary Zoo as its “sister zoo.” Some of the most popular animals on exhibit include manatees and harpy eagles. Endemic and endangered species of the country take priority within the zoo as well, aiming to aid in conservation efforts and further protection of the animals so unique and special to Guyana and surrounding areas.

Endangered Animals in Guyana

Unfortunately, there are some types of animals living in Guyana that are now Endangered. Not surprisingly, if animals that are considered Endangered don’t get the protection they need, they are at risk of becoming extinct. Habitat loss and the illegal pet trade are two main reasons for the decreasing population of some wildlife in Guyana. Some of this country’s Endangered animals include:

  • Giant Otter
  • Giant Armadillo (Vulnerable)
  • Hoary-Throated Spinetail (Critically Endangered)
  • MacConnell’s Bush Toad (Vulnerable)
  • Sun Parakeet

Guyanese Animals

Amazon Parrot

These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech

Amazon Tree Boa

Amazon tree boas come in a rainbow of colors.

Amazonian Royal Flycatcher

They use their bright royal-looking crests during mating season


They are the heaviest snake in the world


Their name means snake bird


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!


One of the largest freshwater fish


Can curl into a hard, protective ball!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Blue Tanager (Blue-Grey Tanager)

They travel and forage in pairs or groups

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin


Can grow to up 6 meters long!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.


Excellent at both diving and swimming

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


There are more than 2 000 known species!


Found in dense forests and wet jungles!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Collared Peccary

Form bands of up to 12 individuals!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Coral Snake

There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


One of the only schooling Cichlids!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dubia Cockroach

The most popular species of feeder roach


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dusky Shark

The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.

Dwarf Boa

Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eastern Meadowlark

They can live up to 9 years.


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Electric Eel

Despite its powerful shock, electric eels have terrible vision.

Emerald Tree Boa

Their teeth are as long as a fully-grown reticulated python


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Fulvous Whistling Duck

They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Giant Armadillo

Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Anaconda

Females are often five times longer than males.

Guinea Pig

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!


Also known as the Millionfish!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Harpy Eagle

Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!

Harris Hawk

Their vision is eight times better than a human's

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hepatic Tanager (Red Tanager)

Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other

Hercules Beetle

This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Horned Frog

Natively found in South America!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

House wren

The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.


The fly has no teeth

Howler Monkey

Spends 80% of it's time resting!


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!


Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


Uses visual signals to communicate!

IMG Boa Constrictor

The first IMG boa was born in a litter of anerythristic boas.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


They form lifelong pair bonds and live in groups near water sources.


The jacana has the ability to swim underwater


The largest feline on the American continent!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Lone Star Tick

Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking


The largest species of parrot in the world!


Will only live in wet areas

Marine Toad

Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Known for their calm and peaceful nature!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!

Mountain Lion

Has no real natural predators!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muscovy Duck

Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


Also known as the Painted Leopard!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!


Can live for up to 100 years!


Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Generally found in fast-flowing streams!

Pit Viper

Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.

Platinum Arowana

The male broods the eggs and baby fish in his mouth.

Poison Dart Frog

Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


Has longer back legs than front legs!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Rainbow Boa

The rainbow boa is named for its iridescent skin that refracts light and creates a rainbow-colored effect.


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.


It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!

Red-Footed Tortoise

Male and female Red-Footed Tortoises move their heads to communicate.

Red-handed Tamarin

Red hair on hands on feet!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Roseate Spoonbill

The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!

Saber-Toothed Tiger

Canines up to 7 inches long!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Scarlet Macaw

Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Silver Dollar

Closely related to the Piranha

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


Also known as the Polecat!


It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snapping Turtle

Only found in North America!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Squirrel Monkey

Lives in groups of up to 500 individuals!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


They can’t sing like other birds.

Summer Tanager

They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree


Populations have been affected by pollution!


Most closely related to horses and rhinos!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


Native to the freshwater streams of South America!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!


There are more than 40 different species!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Tufted Coquette

They are tame and easy to approach


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Migrates up and down the mountains!

Unau (Linnaeus’s Two-Toed Sloth)

Its top speed is 0.17mph

Upland Sandpiper

They make jerky movements as they walk through the grass, searching for food.

Vampire Bat

Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!

Vermilion Flycatcher

They have a fast song that lasts up to 10 syllables at max.

Vine Snake

A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Wattled Jacana

They are typically noisy birds but take on a soft tone with their young.

Whiptail Lizard

Many whiptail species reproduce asexually.

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Whitetail Deer

Although deer are herbivores, they will sometimes eat mice and birds when they can catch them.

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wood Turtle

Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs


This animal can roll up into a ball


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.

X-Ray Tetra

Yellow, black and white striped fins!

Guyanese Animals List

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About the Author

Growing up in rural New England on a small scale farm gave me a lifelong passion for animals. I love learning about new wild animal species, habitats, animal evolutions, dogs, cats, and more. I've always been surrounded by pets and believe the best dog and best cat products are important to keeping our animals happy and healthy. It's my mission to help you learn more about wild animals, and how to care for your pets better with carefully reviewed products.

Guyana FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is the national animal in Guyana?

The national animal of Guyana is the jaguar. This big cat has tan fur with black spots sometimes referred to as rosettes. They are called rosettes because of their similarity to the shape of small roses. In Guyana, their conservation status is Near Threatened due to habitat loss and poaching for their fur and meat. However, they are categorized as extinct in another small South American country called Uruguay.

What is the most dangerous animal in Guyana?

The most dangerous animal in Guyana is the jaguar. This is due to its powerful bite force, speed, and strength. They use their strong jaws to eat various types of prey including deer, tapirs, peccaries and even turtles. However, these big cats are hidden from sight most of the time and aren’t likely to become aggressive unless their cubs are being threatened.

What animals live in Guyana?

Many different types of wildlife live in Guyana. Some examples include snakes like the Emerald tree boa, the green anaconda and the Salipenter snake. A few of the mammals in Guyana include the jaguar, capuchin monkey, tapir, and the giant otter. Other notable animals living in this small South American country include the black caiman, jabiru stork, piranha, hoatzin, and the bush dog.

Are capybaras in Guyana?

Yes capybaras are found in Guyana. They live in the rainforest and are known as the largest rodent in the world!