Below you can find a complete list of Uruguayan animals. We currently track 122 animals in Uruguay and are adding more every day!
Since Uruguay has many different climate zones and various terrain, including rainforests and beaches, this South American country is home to many kinds of wildlife. There are 48 amphibian species in Uruguay. Additionally, there are 448 recorded bird species, 118 mammal species, and 79 reptile species. Of those, 15 are endemic, and 37 are threatened. Yet, the number of native animals continues to decline. In the grasslands, which cover about 60% of the country, overgrazing is a big problem. Other pressures on native animals include mining and commercial development, the introduction of alien species, and climate change.
The Official National Animal of Uruguay
The national animal of Uruguay is the southern lapwing. This bird is often called the tero in Uruguay. This bird, which is the only crested wader in South America, was chosen to be the national animal because of its bold and combative nature. This small native bird looks similar to a roadrunner.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Uruguay
One spot that you will want to visit in Uruguay is the Cabo Polonio National Park, where you can see hundreds of sea lions. These marine mammals use this location for breeding in the early part of the year. Those that do not have a mate protect those who are busy raising their young. You can often hear the sea lions for miles before you see them.
Potrerillo de Santa Teresa Biological Station lying next to Laguna Negra is home to over 30 species of amphibians and reptiles and 27 mammal species. The marshes at this location are a favorite, with herons looking for a place to raise hatch and raise their young. Additionally, over 59 other aquatic bird species have been found at this location. The Laguna Negra is the largest of the coastal lagoons of Uruguay. The old-growth forest at this location is home to a herd of the smallest autochthonous deer in the world, along with weasels, wildcats, and raccoons. This forest is a great place to spot the blue cardinal.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Uruguay Today
While most animals in Uruguay will not hurt you, there are some dangerous animals in the country. Even though jaguars are extinct in Uruguay, these are the most dangerous animals in Uruguay. Be sure to watch for these most dangerous animals in Uruguay if you travel there:
- Pumas – This mammal that cannot roar has been known to attack humans.
- Micrurus altirostris – This member of the coral snake family is very venomous.
- Nutria – This beaver-like animal can spread serious diseases, even if people encounter their droppings.
- Latrodectus mactans spider- Sometimes called the brown widow spider, if you are bit by this spider, then you may go into renal failure.
- Ocelots – Although they rarely attack, ocelots have attacked humans in Uruguay.
Endangered Animals In Uruguay
While you will not see a jaguar in Uruguay because they are extinct, there are endangered animals in Uruguay. While we will not deal with the long list of extant ones, endangered animals include:
- Giant otter
- Giant armadillo
- Strange big-eared brown bat
- Sei whale
- Fin whale
- Blue whale
- Marsh deer
- Pampas cat
- Southern long-nosed armadillo
Uruguayan Animals List
- Banjo Catfish
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Caiman Lizard
- Collared Peccary
- Fallow deer
- Flying Squirrel
- Glow Worm
- Guinea Pig
- Harpy Eagle
- Hercules Beetle
- Honey Bee
- Horned Frog
- Howler Monkey
- Maned Wolf
- Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
- Mountain Lion
- Peregrine Falcon
- Poison Dart Frog
- River Turtle
- Roseate Spoonbill
- Saber-Toothed Tiger
- Silver Dollar
- Snapping Turtle
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Vampire Bat
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Uruguay FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of animals live in Uruguay?
Since Uruguay has many different ecosystems, you can find a wide variety of wildlife in the country. There are 19 bat species in the country, along with 32 species of rodents. You may spot some of the 24 different species of dolphins, porpoises and whales along the coast. The country is also home to 14 different types of carnivores.
Are there Jaguars in Uruguay?
Jaguars are extinct in Uruguay.
Are there crocodiles in Uruguay?
Yes, the broad-snouted caiman is a species of crocodile found in Uruguay. It usually lives in slow-moving water, and you may spot it in manmade cow ponds.
What is the national animal of Uruguay?
The national animal of Uruguay is the southern lapwing, which is often called the taro.
Are there monkeys in Uruguay?