Below you can find a complete list of Surinamese animals. We currently track 230 animals in Suriname and are adding more every day!
Located at the top of the bulge on the continent of South America, Suriname is an equatorial climate country that is largely comprised of tropical rain forest and deep, slow-moving jungle rivers. Originally settled as a Dutch colony in the 1600s, Suriname became an independent country in 1975. It is also the smallest country in South America.
The country is home to many species of unique animals such as Sloths, Anteaters, and several species of small primates including the Guianian Squirrel Monkey. A large number of unusual bat species are present as are countless birds which call the heavily-treed country home.
The official National Animal of Surname
The official National Animal of Suriname is a bird species called the Lesser Kiskadee. This bird is easily distinguished by its black and white striped head and brilliant yellow underbelly.
Where to find the top wild animals of Surname
Because it was never heavily populated, a lot of the land area of Suriname has remained undeveloped. This in turn has led the government of the Republic of Suriname to set aside a surprisingly large percentage of the nation’s landmass for national parks and wildlife preserves.
In fact, approximately 12.6% of that area has been set aside for various preservation purposes. Finding a place to view Suriname wildlife species in their natural habitat is not a problem. Among the best and most widely known of these reserved areas is the Central Suriname nature reserve, which is cited as a particularly fine example of a UNESCO world heritage site due to its unspoiled habitat.
The most dangerous animals in Suriname
As is the case with many equatorial nations, Suriname is home to many dangerous but little-known animals such as a number of exotic and dangerous snakes that are not widely known outside of the country itself. The Aquatic Coral Snake and Labaria are seldom heard of, but one Suriname snake, the Boa Constrictor, is reasonably famous from a global perspective.
Due to the many diseases it serves as a carrier for, the lowly mosquito is an exceptionally dangerous animal.
Suriname is also home to several species of Caiman, which are a type of crocodile, particularly the Spectacled Caiman.
The Jaguar is also found in Suriname. This would be considered a dangerous animal but they are not fond of humans and tend to stay far away. They can, of course, be extremely deadly if trapped or forced to defend their young.
Endangered Animals in Suriname
Because the country is 96% forested, Suriname has fewer problems with species endangerment than other places. There is simply too much undeveloped land for there to be any major problems with animals becoming extinct.
With that said, there are nevertheless some unique Suriname animals that are threatened.
The fascinating Giant Anteater is endangered, as is the Giant Brazilian Otter and the Bush Dog.
Several species of whales that visit the Suriname coast are also on the list of endangered animals but have clawed their way back from the edge of becoming extinct.
High order predators such as the Jaguar, Ocelot, Margay, and Jaguarundi are always going to be in limited supply.
These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech
Amazon tree boas come in a rainbow of colors.
They use their bright royal-looking crests during mating season
They are the heaviest snake in the world
Their name means snake bird
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!
Can curl into a hard, protective ball!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
They travel and forage in pairs or groups
Can live its entire life indoors
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Can grow to up 6 meters long!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Excellent at both diving and swimming
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Found in dense forests and wet jungles!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
Form bands of up to 12 individuals!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
One of the only schooling Cichlids!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
The most popular species of feeder roach
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
They can live up to 9 years.
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Despite its powerful shock, electric eels have terrible vision.
Their teeth are as long as a fully-grown reticulated python
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The false coral snake mimics both the coral snake and the cobra to scare away predators
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
The most common type of urban roach
Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
There are 11,000 known species!
At night, they make a terrifying low call that sounds like a distressed moan or growl.
Females are often five times longer than males.
Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!
Also known as the Millionfish!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!
Their vision is eight times better than a human's
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other
This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Natively found in South America!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.
Spends 80% of it's time resting!
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Uses visual signals to communicate!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
They form lifelong pair bonds and live in groups near water sources.
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
The largest feline on the American continent!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking
The largest species of parrot in the world!
Will only live in wet areas
Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Known for their calm and peaceful nature!
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Has no real natural predators!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.
There are more than 5,000 species.
Also known as the Painted Leopard!
Females are about four times the size of males
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!
Can live for up to 100 years!
Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Has longer back legs than front legs!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The rainbow boa is named for its iridescent skin that refracts light and creates a rainbow-colored effect.
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!
Male and female Red-Footed Tortoises move their heads to communicate.
Red hair on hands on feet!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!
Canines up to 7 inches long!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.
There are around 2,000 known species!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Closely related to the Piranha
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Also known as the Polecat!
It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
Only found in North America!
There are 140 different species!
Found in the tropical jungles of South America!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
They can’t sing like other birds.
They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Most closely related to horses and rhinos!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Native to the freshwater streams of South America!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
There are more than 40 different species!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
They are tame and easy to approach
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Migrates up and down the mountains!
They make jerky movements as they walk through the grass, searching for food.
Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
They are typically noisy birds but take on a soft tone with their young.
Many whiptail species reproduce asexually.
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Although deer are herbivores, they will sometimes eat mice and birds when they can catch them.
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs
This animal can roll up into a ball
There are 200 different species!
Yellow, black and white striped fins!
Surinamese Animals List
Animals in Suriname FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Suriname?
Suriname is a very wild place filled with countless animal species. It seems likely that a large number of endemic animals remain undiscovered and uncatalogued even at this late date in time.
There are at least 700 different bird species, including such familiar names as the Hummingbird, Macaw, and Toucan.
Whales and dolphins are present offshore and Suriname maintains a unique coastal reserve for the propagation of sea turtle species.
Inside the tropical rain forest which comprises the bulk of the country, monkeys, snakes, lizards and caimans are found in large numbers.
Given the large number of insects in the region, there is a very significant quantity of diversified bat species present.
There are also many odd creatures such as the Anteater, Armadillo, Tapir, and a very lush supply of colorful tropical snakes.
Do Jaguars live in Suriname?
Yes. Once valued for their exquisite fun, Jaguars were at risk of becoming extinct. Thanks to modern preservation efforts and the large amount of undeveloped terrain in the country, the Jaguar population is now relatively stable. They are not easy to spot in the wild but Jaguars definitely call Suriname home.