Animals in Argentina

Below you can find a complete list of Argentine animals. We currently track 159 animals in Argentina and are adding more every day!

Argentina is a large and ecologically diverse nation situated in the southern half of South America. It shares a land border with Chile to the west, Bolivia, and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.

Geographically, the country can be divided into several regions, including the mountainous Andes, the flat, lowlands of the pampas, and the semi-arid region of Patagonia in the south, which encompasses everything from deserts to fjords and glaciers.

The Official National (State) Animal of Argentina

The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Argentina

Argentina has established about 33 national park and several smaller protected areas where you can find some of the most unique wildlife the country has to offer.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Argentina Today

Venomous snakes and spiders are the main sources of danger in Argentina. While jaguars and cougars may look intimidating, attacks are very rare, since they do not recognize humans as prey.

  • Jararaca – Native to northern Argentina, this highly venomous pit viper can deliver a powerful toxin that causes pain, swelling, bruising, and blistering of the affected area. Fortunately, death is quite rare.
  • South American Rattlesnake – Just like their well-known American counterparts, these snakes have a large rattle that allows them to send a warning signal. While they only strike when they feel threatened, their poison still has a fatality rate of around 12%.
  • Coral Snakes – Easily identified by their bright colors and black or white bands, coral snakes are highly concentrated in the northern Gran Chaco region. Due to their highly toxic nature, they should be avoided at all costs.
  • Black Widow Spider – Argentina is home to six different species of the black widow. While the venom can be quite painful, causing local swelling, muscle pain, and nausea, it is rarely fatal for people.
  • Yacare Caiman – The caiman is a large member of the alligator family. While attacks almost never result in fatalities, the caiman’s sharp teeth and powerful jaws mean that this species should not be messed with.

Endangered Animals in Argentina

While Argentina has made great strides to protect its unique wildlife, the following species are still in danger of becoming extinct.

  • Andean Mountain Cat – This small wild cat only resides in the high Andes Mountains. Endangered from hunting, habitat loss, diseases, and a reduction of its prey, this species only has about 2,500 individuals remaining.
  • Southern River Otter – Despite the name, this endangered species is endemic to both marine and freshwater environments around the southernmost reaches of the continent. With its habitat degraded from dams and road construction, the river otter was also nearly hunted to extinction in the 20th century.
  • Tuco-Tuco – The tuco-tuco is a small mouse-like rodent that resides almost exclusively in South America. Several Argentinian species from this family are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • South Andean Deer – Native to the southern range of the Andes Mountains, this deer has lost much of its previous natural habitat. It is now on the brink of becoming extinct.
  • Andean Condor – These black scavenging members of the vulture family are, by some measures, the largest birds in the world. Threatened by habitat loss, poisoning, and deliberate persecution (based on the mistaken impression that they kill livestock), this species has less than 7,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild.

Argentine Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!


Can curl into a hard, protective ball!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Has a curved, upturned beak!


There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


Seabirds found across the South Pacific!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!


Can grow to up 6 meters long!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!


There are more than 2 000 known species!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Collared Peccary

Form bands of up to 12 individuals!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Have changed little in 200 million years!

Darwin’s Frog

Camouflages itself as a dead leaf!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dogo Argentino

Loyal and affectionate to their family!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.


Sleeps on just one leg!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are around 7,000 different species!


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Giant Armadillo

Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


There are 11,000 known species!

Guinea Pig

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!


Also known as the Millionfish!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Harpy Eagle

Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!

Hercules Beetle

This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Horned Frog

Natively found in South America!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

House wren

The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!


Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


Uses visual signals to communicate!

Imperial Moth

Since the imperial moth doesn’t eat, it does die shortly after it lays its eggs. Its lifespan is only about one week.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The largest feline on the American continent!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


The kodkod is among the smallest species of cats in the entire world


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.


The largest species of parrot in the world!

Magellanic Penguin

Threatened by oil spills!


With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day

Maned Wolf

Despite its name, the Maned Wolf is not actually a wolf.


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Mexican Free-Tailed Bat

Some colonies have millions of bats


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Known for their calm and peaceful nature!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!

Mountain Lion

Has no real natural predators!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


Also known as the Painted Leopard!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide


Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.


Can live for up to 100 years!


Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pink Fairy Armadillo

The smallest known species of Armadillo

Poison Dart Frog

Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!


There are 30 different species worldwide!


Has longer back legs than front legs!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!


Known to wash their food before eating it!


Omnivores that eat anything!


It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roseate Spoonbill

The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!

Saber-Toothed Tiger

Canines up to 7 inches long!


There are more than 700 different species!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Silver Dollar

Closely related to the Piranha

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


Also known as the Polecat!


It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snapping Turtle

Only found in North America!


There are 140 different species!

Spectacled Bear

Native to the Andes mountains of South America!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Populations have been affected by pollution!


Most closely related to horses and rhinos!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!


There are more than 40 different species!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Migrates up and down the mountains!

Vampire Bat

Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Argentine Animals List

Animals in Argentina FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What types of animals live in Argentina?

Argentina is home to some 400 species of mammals, including opossums, armadillos, rodents, bats, deer, capybaras, tapirs, peccaries, and carnivores (like otters and cats). There are also as many as a thousand different species of birds, including flamingos, toucans, hawks, falcons, swallows, and hummingbirds. Reptiles and insects are another excellent source of biodiversity.

Are there monkeys in Argentina?

Yes, both the black and brown howler monkeys live on the northern fringes of Argentina, near the border with Brazil.

Are there any dangerous animals in Argentina?

Argentina is home to several dangerous species of venomous snakes and spiders. The caiman is quite dangerous but rarely attacks people. The jaguar also surprisingly accounts for few attacks on people.

Are there sloths in Argentina?

While the sloth is much more common in neighboring Brazil, it can be found in the northern forests of Argentina.