Animals in Argentina

Below you can find a complete list of Argentine animals. We currently track 138 animals in Argentina and are adding more every day!

Argentina is a large and ecologically diverse nation situated in the southern half of South America. It shares a land border with Chile to the west, Bolivia, and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.

Geographically, the country can be divided into several regions, including the mountainous Andes, the flat, lowlands of the pampas, and the semi-arid region of Patagonia in the south, which encompasses everything from deserts to fjords and glaciers.

The Official National (State) Animal of Argentina

The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Argentina

Argentina has established about 33 national park and several smaller protected areas where you can find some of the most unique wildlife the country has to offer.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Argentina Today

Venomous snakes and spiders are the main sources of danger in Argentina. While jaguars and cougars may look intimidating, attacks are very rare, since they do not recognize humans as prey.

  • Jararaca – Native to northern Argentina, this highly venomous pit viper can deliver a powerful toxin that causes pain, swelling, bruising, and blistering of the affected area. Fortunately, death is quite rare.
  • South American Rattlesnake – Just like their well-known American counterparts, these snakes have a large rattle that allows them to send a warning signal. While they only strike when they feel threatened, their poison still has a fatality rate of around 12%.
  • Coral Snakes – Easily identified by their bright colors and black or white bands, coral snakes are highly concentrated in the northern Gran Chaco region. Due to their highly toxic nature, they should be avoided at all costs.
  • Black Widow Spider – Argentina is home to six different species of the black widow. While the venom can be quite painful, causing local swelling, muscle pain, and nausea, it is rarely fatal for people.
  • Yacare Caiman – The caiman is a large member of the alligator family. While attacks almost never result in fatalities, the caiman’s sharp teeth and powerful jaws mean that this species should not be messed with.

Endangered Animals in Argentina

While Argentina has made great strides to protect its unique wildlife, the following species are still in danger of becoming extinct.

  • Andean Mountain Cat – This small wild cat only resides in the high Andes Mountains. Endangered from hunting, habitat loss, diseases, and a reduction of its prey, this species only has about 2,500 individuals remaining.
  • Southern River Otter – Despite the name, this endangered species is endemic to both marine and freshwater environments around the southernmost reaches of the continent. With its habitat degraded from dams and road construction, the river otter was also nearly hunted to extinction in the 20th century.
  • Tuco-Tuco – The tuco-tuco is a small mouse-like rodent that resides almost exclusively in South America. Several Argentinian species from this family are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • South Andean Deer – Native to the southern range of the Andes Mountains, this deer has lost much of its previous natural habitat. It is now on the brink of becoming extinct.
  • Andean Condor – These black scavenging members of the vulture family are, by some measures, the largest birds in the world. Threatened by habitat loss, poisoning, and deliberate persecution (based on the mistaken impression that they kill livestock), this species has less than 7,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild.

Argentine Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Anteater

Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!

Armadillo

Can curl into a hard, protective ball!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Booby

Seabirds found across the South Pacific!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Caiman

Can grow to up 6 meters long!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chinchilla

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Collared Peccary

Form bands of up to 12 individuals!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Darwin’s Frog

Camouflages itself as a dead leaf!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dogo Argentino

Loyal and affectionate to their family!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Giant Armadillo

Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Guinea Pig

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

Guppy

Also known as the Millionfish!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Harpy Eagle

Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!

Hercules Beetle

This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Horned Frog

Natively found in South America!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Hummingbird

Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Iguana

Uses visual signals to communicate!

Imperial Moth

Since the imperial moth doesn’t eat, it does die shortly after it lays its eggs. Its lifespan is only about one week.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jaguar

The largest feline on the American continent!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kodkod

The kodkod is among the smallest species of cats in the entire world

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Llama

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Macaw

The largest species of parrot in the world!

Magellanic Penguin

Threatened by oil spills!

Mallard

With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day

Maned Wolf

Despite its name, the Maned Wolf is not actually a wolf.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mexican Free-Tailed Bat

Some colonies have millions of bats

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Molly

Known for their calm and peaceful nature!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mountain Lion

Has no real natural predators!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Ocelot

Also known as the Painted Leopard!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Panther

Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pink Fairy Armadillo

The smallest known species of Armadillo

Poison Dart Frog

Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Puma

Has longer back legs than front legs!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Quetzal

The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rattlesnake

It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Roseate Spoonbill

The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!

Saber-Toothed Tiger

Canines up to 7 inches long!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Silver Dollar

Closely related to the Piranha

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Skunk

Also known as the Polecat!

Sloth

It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snapping Turtle

Only found in North America!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spectacled Bear

Native to the Andes mountains of South America!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tapir

Most closely related to horses and rhinos!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Toucan

There are more than 40 different species!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Umbrellabird

Migrates up and down the mountains!

Vampire Bat

Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Argentine Animals List

Animals in Argentina FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What types of animals live in Argentina?

Argentina is home to some 400 species of mammals, including opossums, armadillos, rodents, bats, deer, capybaras, tapirs, peccaries, and carnivores (like otters and cats). There are also as many as a thousand different species of birds, including flamingos, toucans, hawks, falcons, swallows, and hummingbirds. Reptiles and insects are another excellent source of biodiversity.

Are there monkeys in Argentina?

Yes, both the black and brown howler monkeys live on the northern fringes of Argentina, near the border with Brazil.

Are there any dangerous animals in Argentina?

Argentina is home to several dangerous species of venomous snakes and spiders. The caiman is quite dangerous but rarely attacks people. The jaguar also surprisingly accounts for few attacks on people.

Are there sloths in Argentina?

While the sloth is much more common in neighboring Brazil, it can be found in the northern forests of Argentina.