Below you can find a complete list of Argentine animals. We currently track 138 animals in Argentina and are adding more every day!
Argentina is a large and ecologically diverse nation situated in the southern half of South America. It shares a land border with Chile to the west, Bolivia, and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.
Geographically, the country can be divided into several regions, including the mountainous Andes, the flat, lowlands of the pampas, and the semi-arid region of Patagonia in the south, which encompasses everything from deserts to fjords and glaciers.
The Official National (State) Animal of Argentina
The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Argentina
Argentina has established about 33 national park and several smaller protected areas where you can find some of the most unique wildlife the country has to offer.
- Tierra del Fuego National Park, located at the very southern tip of the country, encompasses about 240 square miles of magnificent waterfalls, forests, mountain peaks, and coastlines. It contains a mix of native species (like geese, eagles, and woodpeckers) and introduced species (beavers, muskrats, and foxes).
- Iguaza National Park, located in the northeast province of Misiones, lies within the Alto Parana Atlantic forest region. Featuring one of the country’s most iconic tourist destinations, the picturesque Iguaza Falls, the park provides a rich refuge for jaguars, ocelots, anteaters, tapirs, caimans, toucans, harpy eagles, and butterflies.
- Nahuel Huapi National Park encompasses the Nahuel Huapi Lake in the foothills of the Patagonian Andes. Visitors can expect to find foxes, otters, deer, cougars, the llama-like guanaco, swans, condors, cormorants, parakeets, hummingbirds, and other wildlife.
- The Sierra de las Quijadas National Park, located in the central province of San Luis, is an arid hotspot for unique geological formations and buried fossil sites. This region is populated by armadillos, tree iguanas, maras, and the sandy gallito.
- Los Alerces National Park in the Chubut Province of Patagonia is classified a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its pristine landscapes. It is home to the rare South Andean deer, cougars, the colocolo opossum, the kodkod (a type of cat), and the pudu (the smallest deer in the world).
The Most Dangerous Animals in Argentina Today
Venomous snakes and spiders are the main sources of danger in Argentina. While jaguars and cougars may look intimidating, attacks are very rare, since they do not recognize humans as prey.
- Jararaca – Native to northern Argentina, this highly venomous pit viper can deliver a powerful toxin that causes pain, swelling, bruising, and blistering of the affected area. Fortunately, death is quite rare.
- South American Rattlesnake – Just like their well-known American counterparts, these snakes have a large rattle that allows them to send a warning signal. While they only strike when they feel threatened, their poison still has a fatality rate of around 12%.
- Coral Snakes – Easily identified by their bright colors and black or white bands, coral snakes are highly concentrated in the northern Gran Chaco region. Due to their highly toxic nature, they should be avoided at all costs.
- Black Widow Spider – Argentina is home to six different species of the black widow. While the venom can be quite painful, causing local swelling, muscle pain, and nausea, it is rarely fatal for people.
- Yacare Caiman – The caiman is a large member of the alligator family. While attacks almost never result in fatalities, the caiman’s sharp teeth and powerful jaws mean that this species should not be messed with.
Endangered Animals in Argentina
While Argentina has made great strides to protect its unique wildlife, the following species are still in danger of becoming extinct.
- Andean Mountain Cat – This small wild cat only resides in the high Andes Mountains. Endangered from hunting, habitat loss, diseases, and a reduction of its prey, this species only has about 2,500 individuals remaining.
- Southern River Otter – Despite the name, this endangered species is endemic to both marine and freshwater environments around the southernmost reaches of the continent. With its habitat degraded from dams and road construction, the river otter was also nearly hunted to extinction in the 20th century.
- Tuco-Tuco – The tuco-tuco is a small mouse-like rodent that resides almost exclusively in South America. Several Argentinian species from this family are in danger of becoming extinct.
- South Andean Deer – Native to the southern range of the Andes Mountains, this deer has lost much of its previous natural habitat. It is now on the brink of becoming extinct.
- Andean Condor – These black scavenging members of the vulture family are, by some measures, the largest birds in the world. Threatened by habitat loss, poisoning, and deliberate persecution (based on the mistaken impression that they kill livestock), this species has less than 7,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild.
Argentine Animals List
- Angora Goat
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Collared Peccary
- Crab Spider
- Darwin’s Frog
- Dogo Argentino
- Flying Squirrel
- Giant Armadillo
- Glow Worm
- Guinea Pig
- Harpy Eagle
- Hercules Beetle
- Honey Bee
- Horned Frog
- Imperial Moth
- Magellanic Penguin
- Maned Wolf
- Mexican Free-Tailed Bat
- Mountain Lion
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pink Fairy Armadillo
- Poison Dart Frog
- River Turtle
- Roseate Spoonbill
- Saber-Toothed Tiger
- Silver Dollar
- Skink Lizard
- Snapping Turtle
- Spectacled Bear
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Vampire Bat
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Argentina FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What types of animals live in Argentina?
Argentina is home to some 400 species of mammals, including opossums, armadillos, rodents, bats, deer, capybaras, tapirs, peccaries, and carnivores (like otters and cats). There are also as many as a thousand different species of birds, including flamingos, toucans, hawks, falcons, swallows, and hummingbirds. Reptiles and insects are another excellent source of biodiversity.
Are there monkeys in Argentina?
Yes, both the black and brown howler monkeys live on the northern fringes of Argentina, near the border with Brazil.
Are there any dangerous animals in Argentina?
Argentina is home to several dangerous species of venomous snakes and spiders. The caiman is quite dangerous but rarely attacks people. The jaguar also surprisingly accounts for few attacks on people.
Are there sloths in Argentina?
While the sloth is much more common in neighboring Brazil, it can be found in the northern forests of Argentina.