Argentina

Below you can find a complete list of types of Argentinian animals. We currently track 219 animals in Argentina and are adding more every day!

Argentina is a large and ecologically diverse nation situated in the southern half of South America. It shares a land border with Chile to the west, Bolivia, and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.

Geographically, the country can be divided into several regions, including the mountainous Andes, the flat, lowlands of the pampas, and the semi-arid region of Patagonia in the south, which encompasses everything from deserts to fjords and glaciers.

The Official National (State) Animal of Argentina

The national animal of Argentina is the Rufous hornero, a small songbird native to South America.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Argentina

The country has established about 33 national park and several smaller protected areas where you can find some of the most unique wildlife native to Argentina.

Birds in Argentina

Argentina is arguably one of the best places in South America for bird watching because of its diverse ecological landscapes, ranging from mountains to plains, wetlands to glacial lakes, and extensive oceanic coastline. Over 1,000 bird species call the country home, many that are unique to the country and the surrounding area. Argentina is also highly accessible to tourists and to those who wish to view the incredible avifauna living locally or passing through on migration. Listed are some of the species found and where it is best to look when visiting.

Southern Argentina

The southern region of the country includes a part of the Patagonian steppes, grasslands, and deserts, as well as the Santa Cruz glaciers and Valdes Peninsula. Unique species here include:

  • Patagonian Tinamou
  • Magellanic Penguin
  • Rufous-legged Owl
  • Patagonian Yellow-Finch

The capital: Buenos Aires

Located at the northeastern tip of the country and bordering the Rio de La Plata, Buenos Aires is an ideal spot for birdwatchers. The urban city is surrounded by nature reserves and national parks, all holding unique landscapes for a diversity of species. Its proximity to the water also allows visitors to see waterfowl and sea birds.

  • Southern Screamer
  • Guira Cuckoo
  • Olrog’s Gull
  • Scarlet-headed Blackbird

Northern Argentina

Northern Argentina spans various biomes, from marshlands to cloud forests and including the Andes Antiplano. Numerous endemic, near endemic, and rare avifauna reside in or pass through the area.

  • Toucans (5 species)
  • Rufous-throated Dipper (rare)
  • Buff-breasted Earthcreeper (endemic)
  • Tucuman-Mountain Finch (near endemic)

Snakes in Argentina

Exploring expansive Argentinian landscapes is something everyone dreams of doing within their lifetimes – seeing the amazing sites, cultures, and wildlife. However, the beauty does not come without caution. Almost 140 species of snake make their home in Argentina, 18 of which are venomous and dangerous to humans. Venomous snake species belong to three genera:

  • Bothrops – Pit vipers (10 sp)
  • Crotalus – Rattlesnake (1 sp)
  • Micrurus – Coral snakes (7 sp)

Of these, Bothrops jararacussu is the most dangerous because of the nature of its venom. Regardless of toxicity, any snake bite should be treated by a medical professional in case of adverse reactions.

Fish in Argentina

An extensive coastline along the South Atlantic Ocean marks the eastern side of the country, however, sea fishing is not the type of fishing that brings anglers into Argentina. Fly fishing here is renowned around the world as some of the best, especially in the rivers and lakes of Tierra del Fuego and the Lake District. Following are some of the best fly fishing locations for rainbow, brown, and brook trout:

  • Rio Grande River, Tierra del Fuego
  • Caterina River, Los Glaciares National Park
  • Junín de los Andes

Golden dorado is another popular species to catch in Argentina. A fight to catch, these speedy fish are mainly found in:

  • Salta
  • Iberá Wetlands
  • Paraná River

Deep sea fishing is available off the coast for exciting fish such as Argentine sea bass, black drum, flounder, yellow amberjack, and many more.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Argentina Today

Venomous snakes and spiders are the main sources of danger in Argentina. While jaguars and cougars may seem intimidating, attacks are very rare, since they do not recognize humans as prey.

  • Jararaca – Native to northern Argentina, this highly venomous pit viper can deliver a powerful toxin that causes pain, swelling, bruising, and blistering of the affected area. Fortunately, death is quite rare.
  • South American Rattlesnake – Just like their well-known American counterparts, these snakes have a large rattle that allows them to send a warning signal. While they only strike when they feel threatened, their poison still has a fatality rate of around 12%.
  • Coral Snakes – Easily identifiable by bright colors with black or white bands, coral snakes are concentrate within the northern Gran Chaco region. Due to their highly toxic nature, avoiding these creatures is best.
  • Black Widow Spider – Argentina is home to six different species of the black widow. While the venom can be quite painful, causing local swelling, muscle pain, and nausea, it is rarely fatal for people.
  • Yacare Caiman – The caiman is a large member of the alligator family. While attacks almost never result in fatalities, the caiman’s sharp teeth and powerful jaws render it a threat.

Zoos in Argentina

Temaiken Biopark – Sitting on 178 acres, Temaiken is the only AZA accredited zoo in Argentina. The zoo is in charge of not only native and exotic animal conservation but also participates in local habitat and fauna preservation of pine forests and butterflies.

Lujan Zoo – The zoo was originally started within an old residence and has since grown to encompass a variety of native and exotic species, such as lions, toucans, macaws, sea lions, and even flamingoes. Visitors are able to interact with certain animals and can even camp within the park limits, experiencing the night life.

Many other areas specialising in animal protection and conservation exist in the country, most with the same goal of defending native and non-native animals from endangerment and extinction.

Endangered Animals in Argentina

While Argentina has made great strides to protect its unique wildlife, the following types of Argentinian animals are still in danger of becoming extinct.

  • Andean Mountain Cat – This small wild cat only resides in the high Andes Mountains. Endangered from hunting, habitat loss, diseases, and a reduction of its prey, this species only has about 2,500 individuals remaining.
  • Southern River Otter – Despite the name, this endangered species is endemic to both marine and freshwater environments around the southernmost reaches of the continent. With its habitat being degreased by dams and roadway construction, the river otter was also been hunted to near extinction in the 20th century.
  • Tuco-Tuco – The tuco-tuco is a small mouse-like rodent that resides almost exclusively in South America. Several Argentinian species from this family are in danger of becoming extinct.
  • South Andean Deer – Native to the southern range of the Andes Mountains, this deer has lost much of its previous natural habitat. It is now on the brink of becoming extinct.
  • Andean Condor – These black scavenging members of the vulture family are, by some measures, the largest birds in the world. Threatened by habitat loss, poisoning, and deliberate persecution (based on the mistaken impression that they kill livestock), this species has less than 7,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild.

Argentine Animals

Amazon Parrot

These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech

Anaconda

They are the heaviest snake in the world

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Anteater

Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!

Arctotherium

The first fossil from the genus Arctotherium was discovered back in 1852.

Armadillo

Can curl into a hard, protective ball!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Barb

There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bobolink

In spring, the male bobolink is the only North American bird who is dark below and light colored above. This makes identification easy.

Booby

Seabirds found across the South Pacific!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Burrowing Owl

The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Caecilian

Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin

Caiman

Can grow to up 6 meters long!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cascabel

Cascabels rely on their camouflage first, and rattle if that doesn't work.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Cat-Eyed Snake

Evidence indicates that females can delay fertilization and store sperm for later years to produce eggs even in the absence of contact with a male!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Chinchilla

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Collared Peccary

Form bands of up to 12 individuals!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Coral Snake

There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Crow

A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Darwin’s Frog

Camouflages itself as a dead leaf!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Dogo Argentino

Loyal and affectionate to their family!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dubia Cockroach

The most popular species of feeder roach

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Water Cobra

There are several color morphs, including lavender!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Giant Armadillo

Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Guinea Pig

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

Guppy

Also known as the Millionfish!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Harpy Eagle

Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!

Harris Hawk

Their vision is eight times better than a human's

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hercules Beetle

This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hognose snake

Prima Donnas of the Snake World

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Horned Frog

Natively found in South America!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

House wren

The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Hummingbird

Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Iguana

Uses visual signals to communicate!

Imperial Moth

Since the imperial moth doesn’t eat, it does die shortly after it lays its eggs. Its lifespan is only about one week.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jacana

The jacana has the ability to swim underwater

Jaguar

The largest feline on the American continent!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

King Vulture

The king vulture is the second largest New World vulture species

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kodkod

The kodkod is among the smallest species of cats in the entire world

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Llama

Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Lone Star Tick

Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking

Macaw

The largest species of parrot in the world!

Magellanic Penguin

Threatened by oil spills!

Maggot

Will only live in wet areas

Mallard

With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day

Maned Wolf

Despite its name, the Maned Wolf is not actually a wolf.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Mexican Eagle (Northern crested caracara)

The northern crested caracara mates for life with its partner

Mexican Free-Tailed Bat

Some colonies have millions of bats

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Molly

Known for their calm and peaceful nature!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Mosquito

Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mountain Lion

Has no real natural predators!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Night Heron

When they feel threatened juvenile night herons vomit their stomach contents.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Ocelot

Also known as the Painted Leopard!

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Oscar Fish

The Oscar fish has teeth in its throat!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Panther

Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!

Parakeet

Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Parrotlet

Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.

Patagotitan

The patagotitan's bones were hollow and air-filled.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pink Fairy Armadillo

The smallest known species of Armadillo

Poison Dart Frog

Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Puma

Has longer back legs than front legs!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Quetzal

The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Rainbow Boa

The rainbow boa is named for its iridescent skin that refracts light and creates a rainbow-colored effect.

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Rattlesnake

It's venom digests it's prey before it even swallows it!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Roseate Spoonbill

The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!

Saber-Toothed Tiger

Canines up to 7 inches long!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Silver Dollar

Closely related to the Piranha

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Skunk

Also known as the Polecat!

Sloth

It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snapping Turtle

Only found in North America!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spectacled Bear

Native to the Andes mountains of South America!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stork

They can’t sing like other birds.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tapir

Most closely related to horses and rhinos!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Toucan

There are more than 40 different species!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Umbrellabird

Migrates up and down the mountains!

Urutu Snake

The female Urutu snake grows longer and heavier than males of the same species

Vampire Bat

Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!

Vicuña

Vicuñas have some of the softest wool in the entire animal kingdom

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Whiptail Lizard

Many whiptail species reproduce asexually.

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Yarara

Females are much larger than males

Yellow Anaconda

Anacondas take prey much bigger compared to body weight than other snakes.

Argentine Animals List

Argentina FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What types of animals live in Argentina?

Argentina is home to some 400 species of mammals, including opossums, armadillos, rodents, bats, deer, capybaras, tapirs, peccaries, and carnivores (like otters and cats). There are also as many as a thousand different species of birds, including flamingos, toucans, hawks, falcons, swallows, and hummingbirds. Reptiles and insects are another excellent source of biodiversity.

Are there monkeys in Argentina?

Yes, both the black and brown howler monkeys live on the northern fringes of Argentina, near the border with Brazil.

Are there any dangerous animals in Argentina?

Argentina is home to several dangerous species of venomous snakes and spiders. The caiman is quite dangerous but rarely attacks people. The jaguar also surprisingly accounts for few attacks on people.

Are there sloths in Argentina?

While the sloth is much more common in neighboring Brazil, it can be found in the northern forests of Argentina.