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Dodo

Dodo reconstruction (Raphus cucullatus) reflecting new research at Oxford University Museum of Natural HistoryAn artist's picture of a Dodo.DodoA DodoLandscape with birdsA model of a Dodo.Drawing Of a Dodo
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Dodo Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Columbiformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Columbidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Raphus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Raphus Cucullatus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Omnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
1m (3ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
20kg (44lbs)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
10 - 30 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Flock
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Extinct
Extinct:
When the entire species has disappeared from Earth
mid-late 17th century
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Grey, Black, White, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Feathers
Favourite Food:Tambalacoque Fruit
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Tropical forest
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Tambalacoque Fruit
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Humans, Cats, Dogs
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Hooked beak and unable to fly

Dodo Location

Map of Dodo Locations

Dodo

The dodo was a medium-large sized flightless bird that was discovered on the Island of Mauritius in the 1590s and was declared extinct less than a century later, in 1681. Despite the turkey-sized body of the dodo, it is thought to have been most closely related to smaller birds such as doves and pigeons.

The dodo inhabited the tropical forests on the tiny island of Mauritius that is situated in the Indian Ocean. Like the neighbouring island of Madagascar, Mauritius broke away from the African continent when the land first split, causing it's wildlife to be extremely unique and the dodo is no exception.

The dodo had a large body, stubby wings, a small, curved tail, short legs, and a large beak. The feathers of the dodo were grey, black and white in colour and the large curved beak of the dodo is one of it's most distinctive features.

The dodo is a large sized bird that adapted to a life without large ground-dwelling predators, which led to the dodo to behave quite unusually for a bird. Despite having wings, the dodo was unable to fly as they were quite too small and weak to support the rounded body of the dodo. The dodo was also known to have been fearless of the European invaders which ultimately led to the demise of the species.

The dodo ate ripe fruit that fell to the ground, eating the fruit of the Tambalacoque tree (which is often called the dodo tree). This long-living tree is now in danger of extinction since it depended on the dodo for its own reproduction; its seed can only germinate (sprout) after going through the digestive system of the dodo (the seed has a very thick coating).

In it's native forests on the island of Mauritius, the dodo had no natural predators until humans landed at the end of the 16th century. But it wasn't just the humans that hunted this friendly and docile bird, the dodo along with their nests where hunted by the animals that humans brought with them including dogs, cats and monkeys.

Due to a lack of natural predators, the dodo evolved to making it's nest on the ground where the female dodo would lay a single egg. The incubation period of the dodo egg is estimated to be between 4 and 6 weeks, when the dodo chick would hatch and be reared by it's mother before becoming independent as it grew older.

The dodo was probably thriving on the tiny, safe-haven of Mauritius before it was taken over by European settlers who hunted and ate the dodo, exploiting it's naturally fearless nature. The animals brought along to the island often ransacked the dodo's vulnerable nests, leading to the extinction of the entire species in just over 80 years of human contact.

Dodo Translations

Cesky
Dronte mauricijský
Dansk
Dronte
Deutsch
Dodo
English
Dodo
Español
Dodo
Français
Raphus cucullatus
Hrvatski
Dodo
Italiano
Dodo
עִבְרִית
דודו
Nederlands
Dodo
Magyar
Dodó
日本語
ドードー
Norsk
Dodo
Polski
Drontowate
Português
Dodó
Svenska
Dront
Türkçe
Dodo

Dodo Comments

chris
"Did human hunt dodos on purpose?"
Navya
"Can we bring them back,please........."
LOVE EXICNIT ANIMALS
"I wish they can bring back any extinct animal."
Blake Kirkham
"The dodo dodo is back"
William
"Hope scientists bring them back 1 day"
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First Published: 5th July 2010, Last Updated: 8th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
2. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 05 Jul 2010]

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