Africa is home to over 2,500 different bird species. African birds are available in a virtually unlimited variety of sizes, forms, and colors, ranging from tiny, vividly colored sunbirds and tenacious little bee-eaters to ominous marabou storks.
While those who like nature frequently concentrate on Africa’s safari animals first and foremost, its magnificent birds should not be disregarded. This list is an excellent resource for learning about several of the fascinating birds of Africa, whether you’re planning an African safari or are just curious.
Helmeted Guinea Fowl
Approximately the size of a chicken, the helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) is an earth-dwelling African bird with a head that doesn’t contain any feathers! They have a rotund body covered in patchy white and black feathers. They are gregarious birds that gather in big flocks and frequently follow groups of larger mammals, such as zebras, impalas, and monkeys, in search of food, such as bugs and seeds.
Additionally, they are essential in maintaining control over flies, fleas, and locusts. These birds come in six different species, all of which may be found in sub-Saharan Africa in mostly open environments like meadows and woodlands, where they are easy to spot!
They may be rather noisy when in groups and entertaining to watch as they frantically scramble around. Guinea hens were coveted for their meat, eggs, and feathers as long back as the Roman era. They are now both raised as domestic animals and hunted for food.
Black-Headed Weaver Bird
The Ploceidae family of weaver birds is renowned for their amazing nest-building abilities. The male weaver bird constructs a complex nest out of grasses, petals, and twigs in an effort to entice a mate in the hopes that a female will find it attractive. The females only go to the males that can build the nicest nests.
Keep an eye out for weaver birds at riverbanks and lakeshores as they frequently construct their nests close to water, where they will be more difficult for predators to access. There are about 60 different types of weaver birds, the majority of which are found in sub-Saharan Africa.
A few species are also found in Australia and tropical Asia. Although they vary in hues from mottled brown and black to bright red to yellow, all of these birds have short, conical beaks that are ideal for feeding and building nests.
Tanzania, Kenya, and South Africa are just a few of the countries in Eastern and Southern Africa where you can see Grey-Crowned Cranes. Additionally, it serves as Uganda’s national bird and is depicted in the center of the nation’s flag.
The Crested Crane, also known as the Grey Crowned Crane (Balearica regulorum), grows to a height of around three feet and a wingspan of nearly seven feet. The vivid red neck pouch, white face, blue eyes, and striking gold feather crown make them one of the clearest African birds to identify.
One of just two types of cranes that can roost in trees is the Grey Crowned Crane. Grey Crowned Cranes perform a complex courtship dance that includes bowing, bouncing, expanding their wings, and hopping. However, they don’t only perform this in the mating season; you might see this performance at any point in the year, so be prepared with your camera!
Because of local degradation and harassment by certain farmers who view them as a nuisance, Grey Crowned Cranes are at risk of extinction.
This eerie, dinosaur-like African bird grabs the mind because it resembles the dinosaurs, which birds evolved from. Only 5,000 to 8,000 of these incredible birds remain in Africa. They can be found in freshwater marshes in countries like Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, western Tanzania, and northern Zambia in central and eastern Africa.
The shoebill, often known as the shoebill stork, is a lonesome bird that inhabits marshy swampy areas where it can remain still for extended periods of time while hunting for fish, amphibians, and water snakes.
The shoebill (Balaeniceps rex) is enormous, standing up to five feet tall and having a nearly eight-meter wingspan. Its large bill, which some have compared to a shoe and which may get up to one foot long and nine inches wide, gave rise to the moniker. Despite being largely silent, they use this enormous bill to interact with other birds by making loud, frightful, clattering noises.
Ostriches are widespread throughout Africa, from East and Southern Africa to North Africa, including Tunisia, Egypt, and Morocco. Because of their size, they favor grasslands and savanna regions like the Serengeti and Maasai Mara, where they are extremely simple to find.
If you want to get close up, you may also tour ostrich farms in South Africa. The largest bird currently alive is the ostrich (Struthio camelus). The fastest bird or mammal on two legs, although far too large to fly, can run at over 40 miles an hour and cover up to 17 feet in one stride.
In addition to being strong weapons, their lengthy legs have the ability to kick a human or a potential predator like a lion to death. They produce giant eggs that are comparable to two dozen hens’ eggs in size and are the biggest of any existing bird.
Ostriches are African birds that can be spotted in the winter in couples or alone. However, during the breeding season, they gather in groups containing one male in charge of a harem of a maximum of seven females.
You’ll have to make an extra visit to view these magnificent African birds because flamingos tend to concentrate at designated breeding sites near salty lakes. But if you can make it to one of these locations, you’ll be greeted with the breathtaking sight of a large group of flamingos.
Breeding habitats include the Tanzanian Lake Natron, the Kenyan Lakes Nakuru, Bogoria, Elmenteita, and the South African Kamfers Dam. The larger and smaller flamingos, two of the six flamingo species, are found throughout Africa.
When feeding, flamingos scrape up muck from the lakebed and filter out minute crustaceans and plankton with their uniquely equipped bills. They are pink because the little shellfish they consume are pink.
The saddle-billed stork is another intriguing-looking bird you can encounter on your African expedition. This stork, which is nearly five feet tall and taller than the gigantic marabou but not as hefty, is the tallest stork in the world.
Its colorful beak, which has brilliant red stripes and a bright yellow frontal shield, or “saddle,” gives it its name. Additionally, you’ll see that it has a peculiar red and yellow spot on its breast. This is called the “brood patch,” a region of exposed skin that is densely populated with blood capillaries and is used during mating season to make sure that body heat can be passed between the mother and the egg with ease.
These birds live alone or in pairs, in contrast to marabou storks, which establish colonies. They can be found all over sub-Saharan Africa, especially in Gambia, Senegal, and Chad in the west and Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda in the east. They can also be found in South Africa, where these birds are thought to be endangered.
The Kori bustard (Ardeotis kori), one of Africa’s biggest and heaviest flying birds, spends much of its time sitting on the ground. It only flies to avoid predators and lands as quickly as possible. They are significantly different from the nimble flamingo in that they can grow to a height of three feet and weigh up to 40 pounds in males. It is said that male kori bustards are the heaviest flying birds in the world.
These birds can be found throughout eastern and southern Africa, particularly in Botswana, Namibia, and Tanzania. They frequently accompany herds of zebras or antelopes in search of critters that have been startled by their hooves. They are primarily found in open grasslands and savannas.
They occasionally appear to have a “dust bath” because, unlike other African birds, they lack a preening gland that secretes oil to keep their feathers free of parasites. The meat of kori bustards is hunted in several regions of Africa.
One of the African birds with the most striking appearances is the secretary bird (Sagittarius serpentarius). This largely ground-dwelling bird of prey, which is almost 4 feet tall, is easily identified by its long pink legs, naked red face, and pointed, curved yellow beak.
The name is believed to have originated from the belief that this bird somewhat resembles a 19th-century clerk or secretary. Take a look at what appears to be knee-length black pants. They also have a dark coat, and the feathers on their head resemble quills! The broad plains and brush of the sub-Saharan region, from Somalia and southward to South Africa, are where the secretary bird is most frequently seen.
The secretary bird is one of only two species of raptors that forage on the ground rather than from the air. The other is the South American caracara. They are well known for stomping their victims to death with their muscular feet and keen claws while feeding on tiny rodents, frogs, and reptiles.
Medium-sized wading storks called yellow-billed storks (Mycteria ibis) inhabit marshes and rivers where they feed mostly on small aquatic species as well as crabs, toads, insects, and creepy crawlers.
These birds possess intelligence and are adaptable. They agitate the riverbed with one foot while hunting to flush out any prospective prey from their hiding spot. When the animal starts to move, the stork’s quick reflexes allow it to quickly take it out of the water.
In Eastern and Southern Africa, from Senegal to South Africa, as well as some areas of Madagascar, yellow-billed storks are most frequently seen around wetland areas and lakes.
African Fish Eagle
With a wingspan that may measure up to a whopping eight feet, the African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer) is one of the most recognizable of all African birds of prey. It is also one of the largest African eagles.
One of the “sounds of Africa” is thought to be its characteristic shrieking call. It mostly consumes fish, as suggested by its name, and possesses pointed spikes on its toes to assist it in grasping its slick prey.
Although it has a vast range, the African fish eagle may be found all over sub-Saharan Africa and is the national bird of both Namibia and Zambia. Since fish is the majority of its diet, it is frequently seen sitting conspicuously close to lakes and rivers. They can be spotted well near Lake Victoria.
The majority of the 60 eagle species inhabit Europe and Africa. They are enormous, robust raptors with eight times greater eyesight than a human’s, allowing them to see even minute prey like a bunny from over a mile away.
Due to its vivid yellow beak, feet, and V-shaped tail, the yellow-billed kite (Milvus aegyptius), a moderate-sized bird of prey, can be easily identified. These creatures can reach a height of 22 inches and have a five-foot wingspan.
Kites are swift and speedy flyers with the ability to accelerate suddenly. They can also catch and devour insects while in flight. They are aggressive towards people and scavengers as well, occasionally even taking food from picnic benches or other animals.
Yellow-billed kites are not thought to be in danger and are found all over sub-Saharan Africa in practically every type of habitat, including cities.
Another widespread African waterbird is the cormorant, which can be seen along rivers, lagoons, and ports. The great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), which has two colors, black and white-breasted, is the one you will most often see in Africa.
Cormorants of various kinds, including the crowned, long-tailed, and Cape cormorant, can be found throughout Africa. The most prevalent bird in sub-Saharan Africa is the white-breasted, a freshwater-only species that are easily sighted near bodies of water around the entire continent from east to west and can even be spotted in South Africa.
Cormorants plunge underwater to capture fish and swim using their wings as fins. Their plumage is not waterproof, which is unexpected for a bird of the sea. These birds frequently linger with their wings wide, drying them in the sun as a result. After eating, they are said to turn toward the sun because the warmth helps them digest the chilly food.
If you go on a jeep safari or safari in Africa, you will certainly see the oxpecker, another interesting African bird. Red-billed (Buphagus erythrorhynchus) and yellow-billed (Buphagus africanus) oxpeckers are the two different species, and both coexist peacefully with large mammals like buffalo, elephants, and zebras while eating any flies and ticks that feed on the blood of these creatures.
The savannas of sub-Saharan Africa are home to many oxpecker species, and you may readily see them in Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, and other countries. There will very certainly be an oxpecker sitting on the back of a cattle, rhinoceros, or other huge creatures. So keep an eye out for them.
One of the most beautiful and colorful African birds is the lilac-breasted roller. It belongs to the roller family, so named because of the incredible aerial gymnastics they can perform.
The lilac-breasted roller (Coracias caudatus) is very protective of its nest and will actively defend it, even going up against much larger birds. The males fly high during the breeding season before plunging and swooping down while emitting loud sounds to entice ladies.
Eastern and southern Africa are home to these birds. They can frequently be seen sitting alone as well in pairs on a tree, scanning the air for bugs and beetles, their distinctively colorful plumage glistening in the sunlight. They are found in open forests and bushy savannahs.
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