Below you can find a complete list of Ugandan animals. We currently track 158 animals in Uganda and are adding more every day!
The African country of Uganda is a treasure trove of unique wildlife. The African bush elephant, the mountain gorilla, the African lion, and the Cape buffalo are some of the most well-known animals living there. Furthermore, there are 142 reptile species, 501 fish species, 86 amphibian species, 345 mammal species, and 1,020 species of birds in Uganda. Last, but not least, there are 1,242 butterfly species in Uganda. No wonder it’s known as one of the most picturesque countries in the world.
The Official National Animal of Uganda
Among all of the wildlife in Uganda, the Crested Crane, aka the Gray-crowned crane, was chosen as the country’s national animal almost 100 years ago. This tall bird has sleek silver feathers, slender legs, and a crest of gold feathers. After observing the slow, graceful movements of this bird it will come as no surprise that Uganda chose this bird for its beauty and elegance. It is proudly displayed on Uganda’s flag.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Uganda Today
Uganda has many timid animals that stay hidden most of the time. Alternatively, there are many animals that can pose a threat. Look at some examples of the most dangerous wildlife in Uganda:
- Hippopotamus – At first glance, hippos look fairly harmless. But these are powerful animals with jaws strong enough to break a canoe in half. Plus, when these animals stampede they can trample anything in their path. There are approximately 500 people killed each year in Africa by this large mammal.
- Cape Buffalo – This unique and weighty mammal definitely looks like more of a threat than a hippo. When it’s threatened this animal doesn’t back off. Instead, it becomes aggressive. This buffalo can charge a person or animal reaching speeds of 30 miles per hour. Not as fast as the world champion cheetah, but still very fast.
- Puff Adder – These aggressive snakes are common in well-populated areas in Uganda. Not surprisingly, it becomes an issue when snakes and people populate the same small area. This snake can’t lift its head off the ground but can strike a person’s foot with its venomous fangs. When it comes to fatal snakebites, the puff adder leads the pack in Africa!
- Mosquitoes – Mosquitoes dangerous? Yes. Uganda has a lot of low-altitude regions which are home to many mosquitoes. The danger comes if a person is bitten by a mosquito carrying malaria. Malaria is a deadly disease, especially for young people. This is why mosquito netting is so common in this region.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Uganda
The list of unique animals living in Uganda is long. Some of these amazing animals keep hidden most of the time while others are a common sight to Ugandans. Look at where to find some of the top wild animals in Uganda.
- African bush elephant – These elephants live in both the grassland and woodland areas of Uganda. Kibale National Park in Uganda is home to many African Bush elephants.
- Cape buffalo – Whether they live in a dense forest or on the open plains, Cape buffalos look for habitat near water. Murchison Falls National Park and Lake Mburo National Park in Uganda are two places to see these unique animals.
- Hippopotamus – Hippos live in rivers, lakes, and swampy areas surrounded by grass. Hippos can be seen near the Ntungwe River in Queen Elizabeth National Park as well as near the Nile River in Murchison Falls National Park in Uganda.
- Crocodile – Crocodiles inhabit Murchison Falls National Park and can be seen on the shores of the Kazinga Channel in Queen Elizabeth National Park.
- Leopard – The habitat of a leopard includes savannas and forest areas of Uganda. They can be seen in Kidepo Valley National Park and Lake Mburo National Park.
- Giraffe -Giraffes live on savannas where they can find plenty of leaves and grass to eat. They are found in Murchison National Park as well as Kidepo National Park in Uganda. Living in the protected environment of these parks has helped this vulnerable animal from becoming extinct.
Endangered Animals in Uganda
Unfortunately, there are some animals in Uganda that are endangered. Loss of habitat through land development, loss of food sources, and disease are just some of the reasons why some animals become endangered and sometimes go extinct. Look at some of the endangered animals in Uganda.
- Mountain gorilla
- African savanna elephant (Critically Endangered)
- Crested Crane
- Lappet-faced vulture
- Giant ground pangolin
- African wild dog
Ugandan Animals List
- African Bush Elephant
- African Civet
- African Clawed Frog
- African Palm Civet
- African Wild Dog
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Widow Spider
- Bush Baby
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Desert Locust
- Dung Beetle
- Eastern Gorilla
- Elephant Shrew
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Guinea Fowl
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Leopard Tortoise
- Marabou Stork
- Monitor Lizard
- Mountain Gorilla
- Naked Mole Rat
- Nile Crocodile
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- River Turtle
- Shoebill Stork
- Skink Lizard
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tree Frog
- Tsetse Fly
- Water Buffalo
- White Rhinoceros
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Uganda FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Uganda?
Uganda is known around the world as a country with a wide variety of unique wild animals. It is home to reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, and fish.
What is Uganda’s national animal?
Uganda’s national animal is the Crested Crane. Unfortunately, this majestic bird is also classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN). Thankfully, steps are being taken to protect this bird to keep it from going extinct.
What is the biggest animal in Uganda?
The biggest animal in Uganda is the adult African elephant. This elephant can be 13 feet tall and weigh up to seven tons. So, getting in front of one of these massive animals is always a dangerous proposition!
Are there tigers in Uganda?
Tigers are not native to Uganda or Africa as a whole. Tigers are known to live in different regions of Asia. However, there are captive tigers in the Uganda Wildlife Education Center.