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Penguin

Penguin Facts

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassAves
OrderSphenisciformes
FamilySpheniscidae
Scientific NameAptenodytes Forsteri
TypeBird
DietOmnivore
Size (H)40cm - 110cm (15.7in - 43in)
Wing Span60cm - 130cm (23.6in - 21in)
Weight1kg - 35kg (2.2lbs - 75lbs)
Top Speed65km/h (40mph)
Life Span20 - 30 years
LifestyleGroup
Conservation StatusThreatened
ColourBlack, White, Grey, Yellow
Skin TypeFeathers
Favourite FoodFish
HabitatCold seas and rocky land
Average Clutch Size1
Main PreyFish, Crabs, Squid
PredatorsLeopard Seals, Sharks, Killer Whale
Distinctive FeaturesShort, sharp beak and slight webbed feet

Penguin Location

Map of Penguin Locations

Penguin

The penguin is found pretty much only in the Southern Hemisphere, only a handful of penguins though are in the far south. The emperor penguin inhabits the icy lands of Antarctica.

Despite what many think, the penguin is not only found in arctics, one species of penguin lives as far north as the Galapagos Islands.

Generally the penguin is around 1m tall, but one species, known as the fairy penguin, that only 40m high! The penguins stay together in large colonies with anywhere up to 50,000 penguins in the group.

The penguin spends 75% of its time in the water hunting for food. It is thought that the Antarctic penguins eat krill and squid where the penguins in warmer climates tend to eat fish.

The penguin is one of the few species of bird, that despite having wings, is unable to fly. To make up for this though, penguins have perfected their jumping technique with some penguins being able to jump a couple of meters!

Penguins seem to have no special fear of humans and penguins have often approached groups of explorers without hesitation. This is probably because there are no land predators in Antarctica or the nearby offshore islands that prey on or attack penguins. Instead, penguins are at risk at sea from predators such as the seal and sharks.

Typically, penguins do not approach humans closer than about 3 meters (10 ft) at which point the penguins tend to become nervous and retreat. This is also the distance that Antarctic tourists are told to keep from penguins (tourists are not supposed to approach closer than 3 meters, but are not expected to withdraw if the penguins come closer). It is the penguins home after all.