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Abyssinian Facts

Common Name:
Most widely used name for this species
The area where the animal first came from
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Average Size (L):
The average length (L) or height (H) of the animal
60cm (2ft)
Average Weight:
The average measurement of how heavy the animal is
4.5kg (10lbs)
Average Lifespan:
The average time the animal lives for
15 years
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
The animal group that the species belongs to
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Fawn, Red, Blue, Grey
The way the animal thinks, behaves or reacts
Intelligent and curious
The level of house-training needed for the animal
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Silky fur and almond shaped eyes

Abyssinian Location

Map of Abyssinian Locations
Map of Africa


Abyssinian History and Domestication

The Abyssinian Cat is thought to be one of the oldest breeds of domestic Cat in the world, as the first domestication of the Abyssinian Cat occurred in Ancient Egyptian times. It is thought that Abyssinian Cats were bought and sold on the banks of the River Nile by traders, where the African Wild Cats (the ancestors of all domestic Cats) lived in their native habitats. Abyssinian Cats are most easily identified by their "ticked" fur which gives their coat a mottled appearance.

An Abyssinian Cat
An Abyssinian Cat, John Morton - License Information.
Abyssinian Physical Characteristics

The Abyssinian Cat has a more wild looking appearance when compared to many breeds of domestic Cat in modern times. The Abyssinian Cat has large ears (meaning it has fantastic hearing) on top of its broad head, and the large almond-shaped eyes of the Abyssinian are still distinctive to this breed today. The Abyssinian Cat is a medium sized Cat with a long and muscular yet slender body and a relatively short tail. Although today, the Abyssinian can be found in a variety of different colours from blue to lilac to red, the dense, silky fur of the Abyssinian was originally silver or fawn in colour.

Abyssinian Behaviour and Temperament

The Abyssinian Cat is known to be extremely intelligent and playful and is thought to be one of the most active breeds of domestic Cat as the Abyssinian seems to find it almost impossible to sit still. Abyssinian Cats are known to be extremely loyal and obedient felines making them easy to train in the house. The Abyssinian Cat is as wild in temperament as it is in appearance and enjoys to have a lot of attention as well as to keep active, which also tends make these Cats naturally good hunters.

Abyssinian Cats
Abyssinian Cats, Martin Bahmann - License Information.
Abyssinian Breeding

Today, most species of modern day domestic Cat are thought to have descended from, or be close descendants of, the Abyssinian Cats which were brought to England from Northern Africa in the 19th century. The Abyssinian Cat is thought to have been one of the first species of Wild Cat to have been domesticated by Humans, and is therefore one of the first wild animals to be treated like a household pet. The Abyssinian is now one of the most popular domestic Cat breeds in the USA and was thought to have been first exhibited in Crystal Palace in 1871 and the first official listing of the Abyssinian Cat breed was in 1882.

Abyssinian Interesting Facts and Features

In Ancient Egypt, the Abyssinian Cat was seen as a sign from the Ancient Egyptian Gods and was therefore thought to be a sacred animal with legend deeming that the Abyssinian was the "Child of the Gods" and it was therefore worshipped on the banks of the Nile. This meant that the Egyptian people believed that the Abyssinian Cats were extremely special animals and they therefore looked after their Cats very well, with Abyssinian Cats often being depicted as sacred beings in Ancient Egyptian art and legend.

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First Published: 11th November 2008, Last Updated: 20th October 2019

1. Abyssinian Cat Association, Available at: [Accessed at: 11 Nov 2008]
2. Abyssinian Cat Club, Available at: [Accessed at: 11 Nov 2008]
3., Available at: [Accessed at: 11 Nov 2008]
4. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 11 Nov 2008]
5. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 11 Nov 2008]
7. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
8. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 11 Nov 2008]
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