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Bactrian Camel

Bactrian Camel at The Wilds conservation centre in Ohio, United States.Bactrian Camel (Camelus Bactrianus)Bactrian Camel (Camelus Bactrianus)Bactrian Camels in the Gobi Desert, MongoliaBactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus), MongoliaBactrian camels at the Zoo of BerlinBactrian Camel in Cologne Zoo.Camels in Silesian Zoological Garden, PolandCamels close to Flaming mountains near Turfan in Xinjiang (China).
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Bactrian Camel Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Camelidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Camelus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Camelus Bactrianus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
1.7m - 2.1m (5.5ft - 7ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
600kg - 816kg (1,322lbs - 1,800lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
64km/h (40mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
35 - 50 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Deserts close to water
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Seeds, Grass, Thorny Shrubs
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Tiger, Monitor Lizards
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Thick fur and two humps

Bactrian Camel Location

Map of Bactrian Camel Locations
Map of Asia

Bactrian Camel

The bactrian camel is better known as being the type of camel with two humps. There are only two surviving species of camel remaining, the single humped camels from the Middle East and the bactrian (double humped) camel from Northern Asia.

There are thought to be more than a million bactrian camels domesticated worldwide in not just Asia, but also parts of Africa and the Middle East. Camels have been domesticated for around 2,000 years for both pulling/carrying heavy loads but also for transporting both humans and merchandise.

Like the single humped camel, the bactrian camel is able to survive on its own water reserves for long periods of time meaning they can cross enormous desert plains and mountain ranges without the need to stop so often.

Today the bactrian camel is considered to be a critically endangered species with less than 1,000 bactrian camels thought to be living in the wild in parts of China and Mongolia.

The bactrian camels humps work in the same way to the Arabian camels humps, with the bactrian camels humps used for storing fat which can be converted to water and energy when the bactrian camel is unable to find food and water. The bactrian camels humps give the bactrian camels their legendary ability to endure long periods of travel without water, even in harsh desert conditions. As the fat in the bactrian camels humps gets used up, the bactrian camels humps become floppy and flabby.

The bactrian camel is one of the most adaptive animals in the world with the bactrian camel being able to withstand temperatures from 40 degrees Centigrade in the summer to -30 degrees Centigrade in the winter.
Bactrian camels have developed special adaptations to allow the bactrian camel to survive in such a brutal environment. The bactrian camel has a thick, shaggy coat that protects the bactrian camel from the cold in the winter and the bactrian camels coat falls away as seasons change and temperatures rise to allow the bactrian camel to keep cool in the summer.

Bactrian Camel Translations

български език
Двугърба камила
Català
Camell
Cesky
Velbloud dvouhrbý
Dansk
Kamel
Deutsch
Trampeltier
English
Bactrian Camel
Español
Camello bactriano
Esperanto
sovaĝkamelo
Français
Chameau de Bactriane
עִבְרִית
גמל דו דבשתי
Hrvatski
Dvogrba deva
Italiano
Camelus bactrianus
日本語
フタコブラクダ
Nederlands
Kameel
Polski
Baktrian
Português
camelo bactriano
Svenska
Kamel
Türkçe
Çift hörgüçlü deve
Tiếng Việt
Lạc đà hai bướu
中文
雙峰駱駝

Bactrian Camel Comments

Kimsey
"cool"
Anonymous
"thanks a-z animals"
thekatisin
"helping me on my project im doing. thanks :)"
Fadhli
"Wow, so much information, I need to do a project about bactrian camel and this helps me a lot. Thanks A-Z Animals! :)"
aparna
"Helped me in my projet"
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First Published: 1st December 2008, Last Updated: 16th February 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 01 Dec 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 01 Dec 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 01 Dec 2008]

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