Below you can find a complete list of Slovenian animals. We currently track 228 animals in Slovenia and are adding more every day!
Approximately the size of New Jersey, the Republic of Slovenia lies at the northwest corner of the Balkan Peninsula of central Europe. Most of Slovenia consists of mountainous to rolling, heavily forested terrain interspersed with fertile valleys and fast-flowing rivers. In the northeast, the terrain flattens out as it reaches the Hungarian plain. To the southwest, the country extends one narrow finger into the Adriatic Sea’s Gulf of Istria.
This combination makes Slovenia something of a sportsman’s paradise. It is filled with all manner of forest creatures and birds. It is also home to some very fine sport fishing. Many of its largest animals, however, have rubbed up against humanity long enough to become somewhat endangered. Diligent efforts by a conservation-minded Slovenia have been gradually reversing this trend.
The Official National Animal Of Slovenia
While there is no officially recognized animal that serves as a symbol of Slovenia, the one animal which most closely represents that honor would have to be the famous white Lipizzaner stallions. While they are often assumed to be Austrian animals, the Lippizaners were originally obtained from Spanish stock by Austrian royalty and bred in both Czechoslovakia and Slovenia when they were still part of the Austrian and later Austro-Hungarian Empires. The very name Lipizzaner derives from the Slovenian place name Lipizza, now known as Lippica.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Slovenia
Not densely populated by European standards and covered with mountains and forests for more than half of its total area, scenic Slovenia, particularly the northern and northwestern areas, hosts large numbers of wildlife species of the alpine and forest variety.
With many winter resorts in the Julian Alps, as well as countless scenic tourist towns out in the lush Slovenian countryside, it is more a question of where not to find wild animals and birds in Slovenia. In the Alpine country surrounding Mount Triglav, the country’s highest elevation, careful conservation efforts have led to the reintroduction and gradual recovery of the unique Alpine Ibex, a mountain goat-like creature with majestic horns.
Several species of once-endangered deer now abound in the forests, as do an increasing number of European Brown Bears. The tree cover also means that Slovenia is a paradise for birds of every sort, including migratory species which spend their summers in Europe and return to Africa, particularly Egypt, in the winter.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Slovenia Today
Although not comparable to the North American Grizzly, the European Brown Bear is a force to be reckoned with. However, unless you are bear-watching and get too close to a mother with cubs, they are not particularly dangerous to humans.
In the mountainous areas of the Alpine northwest as well as the karst terrain along the Italian border and Adriatic coast, the little-known Horn-nosed Viper holds court. With its unique rhinoceros-looking protuberance above the center of its head, the Horn-nosed Viper is Europe’s most deadly snake.
Although they are not often thought of as dangerous wildlife, bees, wasps, and hornets live in Slovenia and can cause significant health issues to people who are allergic to their stings. Forests often are home to ticks, which can cause encephalitis in the brain.
A few wolves and a great many wild boars are in Slovenia. While they prefer to avoid humans, both of these species can do a lot of damage if they want to. Jellyfish and scorpions also call Slovenia home but the indigenous species of these are not particularly lethal.
Endangered Animals In Slovenia
Among the freshwater fishes, the Danube Salmon and the Marbled Trout have been listed as in need of protection. The Marbled Trout in particular has been the subject of rigorous Slovenian recovery efforts since it is unique to Slovenia and makes an excellent sport fish.
The cute Eurasian Otter is a victim of habitat destruction since it lives along river banks. In Europe, these are seldom particularly wild places where these fish eaters can live in safety and solitude.
The Gray Wolf is rare in Slovenia, comprising only about 60 members, but its continued recovery is always at risk due to its position as an apex predator that has stalked humans’ herd animals for millennia.
The Least Weasel, albeit only slightly endangered, certainly deserves mention simply because it is the smallest carnivorous animal on the planet.
The continent of Europe has a very limited selection of feline wildlife species. Listed as Near Threatened, the Eurasian Lynx is the largest wild cat in Europe.
Many bird and bat species also make the list of rare animals that require careful monitoring at the very least.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
It was the symbol of royalty in Egypt, and its bite was used for the execution of favored criminals in Greco-Roman times.
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
Females glue egg cases to furniture
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
There are around 40 different species!
The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
They line their nests with their feathers
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
The fangs of a nose-horned viper can be as long as half an inch
Bore holes in tree nuts and lay their eggs inside
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
Inhabits dark underwater caves
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
Males turn green in spring!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The skate with the biggest spines!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Slovenian Animals List
Animals in Slovenia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Slovenia?
Due to its relatively normal Northern Hemisphere climate and geography, Slovenia is home to a large number of very familiar animals, such as bears, deer, foxes, wolves, rabbits, lynx, otters, and marmots. It is also home to a few less well-known species such as the astonishing Alpine Ibex, a rare form of mountain-goat with huge, African-style horns, and the deadly Horn-nosed Viper, the most deadly snake in all of Europe.
What is the national animal of Slovenia?
There is no national animal of Slovenia. If there were to be one, however, it would probably be the world-famous white Lipizzaner Stallions. Given the country’s admiration for its highest point, Mount Triglav, the Alpine Ibex would be another possible contender.
Is Slovenia a good place for bear watching?
Yes. This is particularly true due to Slovenia’s large percentage of forested terrain which nevertheless is at a relatively low altitude and has some human habitation scattered around. Since the local bears are tolerably familiar with humans, they do not immediately shy away from strange noises. The relatively mild climate makes bear watching a more amenable occupation than it would otherwise be if it could only take place up at higher elevations.