Animals in Slovenia

Below you can find a complete list of Slovenian animals. We currently track 141 animals in Slovenia and are adding more every day!

Approximately the size of New Jersey, the Republic of Slovenia lies at the northwest corner of the Balkan Peninsula of central Europe. Most of Slovenia consists of mountainous to rolling, heavily forested terrain interspersed with fertile valleys and fast-flowing rivers. In the northeast, the terrain flattens out as it reaches the Hungarian plain. To the southwest, the country extends one narrow finger into the Adriatic Sea’s Gulf of Istria.

This combination makes Slovenia something of a sportsman’s paradise. It is filled with all manner of forest creatures and birds. It is also home to some very fine sport fishing. Many of its largest animals, however, have rubbed up against humanity long enough to become somewhat endangered. Diligent efforts by a conservation-minded Slovenia have been gradually reversing this trend.

The Official National Animal Of Slovenia

While there is no officially recognized animal that serves as a symbol of Slovenia, the one animal which most closely represents that honor would have to be the famous white Lipizzaner stallions. While they are often assumed to be Austrian animals, the Lippizaners were originally obtained from Spanish stock by Austrian royalty and bred in both Czechoslovakia and Slovenia when they were still part of the Austrian and later Austro-Hungarian Empires. The very name Lipizzaner derives from the Slovenian place name Lipizza, now known as Lippica.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Slovenia

Not densely populated by European standards and covered with mountains and forests for more than half of its total area, scenic Slovenia, particularly the northern and northwestern areas, hosts large numbers of wildlife species of the alpine and forest variety.

With many winter resorts in the Julian Alps, as well as countless scenic tourist towns out in the lush Slovenian countryside, it is more a question of where not to find wild animals and birds in Slovenia. In the Alpine country surrounding Mount Triglav, the country’s highest elevation, careful conservation efforts have led to the reintroduction and gradual recovery of the unique Alpine Ibex, a mountain goat-like creature with majestic horns.

Several species of once-endangered deer now abound in the forests, as do an increasing number of European Brown Bears. The tree cover also means that Slovenia is a paradise for birds of every sort, including migratory species which spend their summers in Europe and return to Africa, particularly Egypt, in the winter.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Slovenia Today

Although not comparable to the North American Grizzly, the European Brown Bear is a force to be reckoned with. However, unless you are bear-watching and get too close to a mother with cubs, they are not particularly dangerous to humans.

In the mountainous areas of the Alpine northwest as well as the karst terrain along the Italian border and Adriatic coast, the little-known Horn-nosed Viper holds court. With its unique rhinoceros-looking protuberance above the center of its head, the Horn-nosed Viper is Europe’s most deadly snake.

Although they are not often thought of as dangerous wildlife, bees, wasps, and hornets live in Slovenia and can cause significant health issues to people who are allergic to their stings. Forests often are home to ticks, which can cause encephalitis in the brain.

A few wolves and a great many wild boars are in Slovenia. While they prefer to avoid humans, both of these species can do a lot of damage if they want to. Jellyfish and scorpions also call Slovenia home but the indigenous species of these are not particularly lethal.

Endangered Animals In Slovenia

Among the freshwater fishes, the Danube Salmon and the Marbled Trout have been listed as in need of protection. The Marbled Trout in particular has been the subject of rigorous Slovenian recovery efforts since it is unique to Slovenia and makes an excellent sport fish.

The cute Eurasian Otter is a victim of habitat destruction since it lives along river banks. In Europe, these are seldom particularly wild places where these fish eaters can live in safety and solitude.

The Gray Wolf is rare in Slovenia, comprising only about 60 members, but its continued recovery is always at risk due to its position as an apex predator that has stalked humans’ herd animals for millennia.

The Least Weasel, albeit only slightly endangered, certainly deserves mention simply because it is the smallest carnivorous animal on the planet.

The continent of Europe has a very limited selection of feline wildlife species. Listed as Near Threatened, the Eurasian Lynx is the largest wild cat in Europe.

Many bird and bat species also make the list of rare animals that require careful monitoring at the very least.

Slovenian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Olm

Inhabits dark underwater caves

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Slovenian Animals List

Animals in Slovenia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Slovenia?

Due to its relatively normal Northern Hemisphere climate and geography, Slovenia is home to a large number of very familiar animals, such as bears, deer, foxes, wolves, rabbits, lynx, otters, and marmots. It is also home to a few less well-known species such as the astonishing Alpine Ibex, a rare form of mountain-goat with huge, African-style horns, and the deadly Horn-nosed Viper, the most deadly snake in all of Europe.

What is the national animal of Slovenia?

There is no national animal of Slovenia. If there were to be one, however, it would probably be the world-famous white Lipizzaner Stallions. Given the country’s admiration for its highest point, Mount Triglav, the Alpine Ibex would be another possible contender.

Is Slovenia a good place for bear watching?

Yes. This is particularly true due to Slovenia’s large percentage of forested terrain which nevertheless is at a relatively low altitude and has some human habitation scattered around. Since the local bears are tolerably familiar with humans, they do not immediately shy away from strange noises. The relatively mild climate makes bear watching a more amenable occupation than it would otherwise be if it could only take place up at higher elevations.