Below you can find a complete list of Austrian animals. We currently track 147 animals in Austria and are adding more every day!
Austria is a small landlocked country that sits near the center of Europe. In pre-modern times, it was once the seat of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. Geographically, the country shares a land border with Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.
Most of the country’s biome is completely dominated by mountains, forests, and foothills of the mighty Alps. The rest of the biome is composed of the flat low country, the western fringes of the Carpathian Mountains and large lakes carved out from the last ice age. The Danube, the second-longest river in all of Europe, also runs through northern Austria, providing an excellent source of freshwater fish.
The Official National (State) Animal of Austria
The closest thing Austria has to a national symbol is the black eagle. It has historically adorned the country’s coat of arms.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Austria
Austria has seven national parks and numerous wildlife reserves scattered across its diverse biomes. Here is where visitors can find some of the most unique wildlife in the country.
- The High Tauern National Park is located in the main chain of the Central Eastern Alps. Encompassing 700 square miles of mountains, valleys, forests, and glaciers, including the country’s highest peak, Grossglockner, this park is a rich source of red deer, chamois, Alpine ibex, griffon vultures, and golden eagles.
- The Neusiedler See-Seewinkel National Park is located in the easternmost state of Burgenland. Straddling diverse wetlands, meadows, and steppes, this park is an excellent source of migrating and nesting birds such as herons, great bustards, spoonbills, storks, geese, avocets, bee-eaters, and sea eagles. Horses and water buffalo also roam across the country.
- The Danube-Auen National Park, located near the capital of Vienna in the state of Lower Austria, is one of the largest remaining natural floodplains in Europe. Visitors can expect to find beavers, sea eagles, kingfishers, newts, and pond turtles here.
- The Kalkalpen National Park, located in the Northern Limestone Alps of Upper Austria, is one of the few places in the country where one can find the rare and elusive Eurasian lynx and the brown bears. It is also a rich source of bats, breeding birds, cave beetles, beavers, and butterflies.
- The Gesäuse National Park, located in the mountainous region of Upper Styria, contains chamois, golden eagles, red deer, otters, sandpipers, dippers, grey wagtails, beetles, spiders, and numerous species of butterflies.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Austria Today
Dangerous wildlife is relatively rare in Austria. People only need to look out for the few venomous snakes and dangerous predators in the remote countryside and mountains.
- Common European Viper – Easily identified by the dark brown colors and a zigzag pattern on the back, this large viper is widely distributed throughout much of Europe. As a result, it is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake on the continent. The most common symptoms of its toxin include pain, swelling, tingling, and blisters. Cardiovascular failure is extremely rare even in untreated cases.
- Horned Viper – Native to southern Austria and the Balkans, this large viper is named after the big horn that emerges from its nose. The symptoms of its venom are pain, swelling, and discoloration.
- Eurasian Brown Bear – While brown bears could potentially kill a person, actual attacks occur in a very small number of on-foot encounters. Bears only tend to attack when they feel threatened or surprised, particularly when a mother bear is protecting her cubs.
Endangered Animals in Austria
Austria’s wildlife used to be far more diverse than it currently is today. Many species like the European bison and mink were hunted to extinction over the last few thousand years. Conservationists have tried to preserve the country’s remaining biodiversity, but several species still face the risk of becoming extinct.
- Eurasian Lynx – This big cat was nearly exterminated from Western and Central Europe in the 20th century (although it’s still thriving in northern Europe and Asia). In an effort to rehabilitate numbers, conservationists introduced the lynx to the mountains and forests of Austria in the 1980s and 1990s. There is currently a very small but self-sustaining population.
- Bavarian Pine Vole – This rare rodent was thought to be completely extinct in the wild until a new population was discovered in the state of Tyrol.
- European Hamster – This rodent’s natural territory once stretched across the entire European continent, but after years of popular decline, it’s currently considered to be an endangered species at the risk of becoming extinct. Habitat loss and pollution appear to be the main reasons for its decline. Farmers also regard it as a pest.
- Freshwater Pearl Mussel – This endangered mollusk is endemic to freshwater temperate rivers around the world. But numbers appear to be in steep decline from water pollution and habitat degradation.
Austrian Animals List
- Alpine Dachsbracke
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Austria FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animal symbol represents Austria?
The symbol of the black eagle has been historically associated with the Austrian state.
What animals are common in Austria?
Austria is home to 80 or so mammal species, most of which are small animals like rodents, rabbits, moles, and bats. Other common mammals include foxes, weasels, badgers, martens, otters, and deer. Austria also contains about 400 species of birds, including plenty of eagles, hawks, ducks, geese, game birds, and songbirds. Turtles, snakes, frogs, and insects are very common as well.
Are there wolves in Austria?
Wolves were originally exterminated from Austria in the late 19th century. But as a result of a deliberate effort to rehabilitate the numbers of Eurasian wolves, they have begun appearing in Austria with more and more frequency in the 21st century. Many of them cross over into Austrian territory from the Balkans, where they are far more plentiful. As time passes, wolves may start to establish a more permanent presence in the country.
Are there moose in Austria?
No, the moose is only present in northern Europe.