Animals in Austria

Below you can find a complete list of Austrian animals. We currently track 147 animals in Austria and are adding more every day!

Austria is a small landlocked country that sits near the center of Europe. In pre-modern times, it was once the seat of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. Geographically, the country shares a land border with Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.

Most of the country’s biome is completely dominated by mountains, forests, and foothills of the mighty Alps. The rest of the biome is composed of the flat low country, the western fringes of the Carpathian Mountains and large lakes carved out from the last ice age. The Danube, the second-longest river in all of Europe, also runs through northern Austria, providing an excellent source of freshwater fish.

The Official National (State) Animal of Austria

The closest thing Austria has to a national symbol is the black eagle. It has historically adorned the country’s coat of arms.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Austria

Austria has seven national parks and numerous wildlife reserves scattered across its diverse biomes. Here is where visitors can find some of the most unique wildlife in the country.

  • The High Tauern National Park is located in the main chain of the Central Eastern Alps. Encompassing 700 square miles of mountains, valleys, forests, and glaciers, including the country’s highest peak, Grossglockner, this park is a rich source of red deer, chamois, Alpine ibex, griffon vultures, and golden eagles.
  • The Neusiedler See-Seewinkel National Park is located in the easternmost state of Burgenland. Straddling diverse wetlands, meadows, and steppes, this park is an excellent source of migrating and nesting birds such as herons, great bustards, spoonbills, storks, geese, avocets, bee-eaters, and sea eagles. Horses and water buffalo also roam across the country.
  • The Danube-Auen National Park, located near the capital of Vienna in the state of Lower Austria, is one of the largest remaining natural floodplains in Europe. Visitors can expect to find beavers, sea eagles, kingfishers, newts, and pond turtles here.
  • The Kalkalpen National Park, located in the Northern Limestone Alps of Upper Austria, is one of the few places in the country where one can find the rare and elusive Eurasian lynx and the brown bears. It is also a rich source of bats, breeding birds, cave beetles, beavers, and butterflies.
  • The Gesäuse National Park, located in the mountainous region of Upper Styria, contains chamois, golden eagles, red deer, otters, sandpipers, dippers, grey wagtails, beetles, spiders, and numerous species of butterflies.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Austria Today

Dangerous wildlife is relatively rare in Austria. People only need to look out for the few venomous snakes and dangerous predators in the remote countryside and mountains.

  • Common European Viper – Easily identified by the dark brown colors and a zigzag pattern on the back, this large viper is widely distributed throughout much of Europe. As a result, it is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake on the continent. The most common symptoms of its toxin include pain, swelling, tingling, and blisters. Cardiovascular failure is extremely rare even in untreated cases.
  • Horned Viper – Native to southern Austria and the Balkans, this large viper is named after the big horn that emerges from its nose. The symptoms of its venom are pain, swelling, and discoloration.
  • Eurasian Brown Bear – While brown bears could potentially kill a person, actual attacks occur in a very small number of on-foot encounters. Bears only tend to attack when they feel threatened or surprised, particularly when a mother bear is protecting her cubs.

Endangered Animals in Austria

Austria’s wildlife used to be far more diverse than it currently is today. Many species like the European bison and mink were hunted to extinction over the last few thousand years. Conservationists have tried to preserve the country’s remaining biodiversity, but several species still face the risk of becoming extinct.

  • Eurasian Lynx – This big cat was nearly exterminated from Western and Central Europe in the 20th century (although it’s still thriving in northern Europe and Asia). In an effort to rehabilitate numbers, conservationists introduced the lynx to the mountains and forests of Austria in the 1980s and 1990s. There is currently a very small but self-sustaining population.
  • Bavarian Pine Vole – This rare rodent was thought to be completely extinct in the wild until a new population was discovered in the state of Tyrol.
  • European Hamster – This rodent’s natural territory once stretched across the entire European continent, but after years of popular decline, it’s currently considered to be an endangered species at the risk of becoming extinct. Habitat loss and pollution appear to be the main reasons for its decline. Farmers also regard it as a pest.
  • Freshwater Pearl Mussel – This endangered mollusk is endemic to freshwater temperate rivers around the world. But numbers appear to be in steep decline from water pollution and habitat degradation.

Austrian Animals

Alpine Dachsbracke

Good companion and hard-working breed!

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mink

The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Austrian Animals List

Animals in Austria FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animal symbol represents Austria?

The symbol of the black eagle has been historically associated with the Austrian state.

What animals are common in Austria?

Austria is home to 80 or so mammal species, most of which are small animals like rodents, rabbits, moles, and bats. Other common mammals include foxes, weasels, badgers, martens, otters, and deer. Austria also contains about 400 species of birds, including plenty of eagles, hawks, ducks, geese, game birds, and songbirds. Turtles, snakes, frogs, and insects are very common as well.

Are there wolves in Austria?

Wolves were originally exterminated from Austria in the late 19th century. But as a result of a deliberate effort to rehabilitate the numbers of Eurasian wolves, they have begun appearing in Austria with more and more frequency in the 21st century. Many of them cross over into Austrian territory from the Balkans, where they are far more plentiful. As time passes, wolves may start to establish a more permanent presence in the country.

Are there moose in Austria?

No, the moose is only present in northern Europe.