Animals in Romania

Below you can find a complete list of Romanian animals. We currently track 160 animals in Romania and are adding more every day!

Romania is a mid-sized Eastern European country that first gained its independence in the late 19th century. Its borders are bounded by the mighty Danube River in the south and the Black Sea in the east. The center of the country is dominated by the massive Carpathian Mountain range; the highest point is Moldoveanu Peak, which stands at more than 8,000 feet above sea level. These mountains are surrounded by plains, plateaus, and mixed forests of all kinds. Some parts of Romania are like a portal back in time to a more pristine Europe, untouched by human contact. It contains many large predatory mammals, migrating birds, and the last remaining population of feral horses in Europe.

The Official National Animal of Romania

The Eurasian lynx is the official national animal of Romania. This medium-sized wild cat is very common throughout Russia, Scandinavia, and many other mountainous regions of Asia and Europe. It is also protected by the national government.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Romania

Romania has a total of 14 national parks from which you can see some of the country’s most impressive wildlife. Călimani, located in the northern part of Romania, contains the largest volcanic complex of the Carpathian Mountains. It also harbors some of the most popular wildlife, including lynxes, badgers, and bears. The Danube Delta, which connects to the Black Sea in the east, is the country’s largest national park and one of the best-preserved areas on the continent. It’s a good place to watch migrating birds, wild horses, and other uncommon animals.

The Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park, located in the southwest near the Serbian border, has brown bears, badgers, stone martens, and plenty of birds of prey. Ceahlău National Park, located in the northeastern part of the Carpathian Mountains range, is a popular hiking destination. It contains many impressive birds, including the black stork, European roller, and golden eagle. The nearby Cheile Bicazului–Hășmaș National Park is another popular hiking destination for wildlife lovers. It has many different types of wolves, bears, reptiles, deer, owls, and foxes.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Romania Today

Romania has several large carnivores and venomous snakes that may prove dangerous if encountered. While many other European countries are struggling to maintain their populations of carnivorous mammals, Romania has a relatively high rate of them located in its mountains and hills. Most of these predators won’t attack people except out of self-defense, though deaths still do occur.

  • Brown Bear – Romania has one of the largest brown bear populations in all of Europe. Thousands of them roam the Carpathian Mountains and rural areas. Although they sometimes come in contact with people, actual attacks are very rare. There is a battle going on in the country between those who want to keep bear hunting illegal and those who want to open it up for sport.
  • Horned Viper – Featuring a single large horn at the end of the snout, the horned viper is perhaps the most dangerous of all the European vipers. The toxin from its bite can cause pain, swelling, hemorrhaging, and some even neurological symptoms. It lives in dry, rocky hillsides in the southern part of Romania and throughout the rest of the Balkans.
  • European Common Viper – This species is very common throughout the continent, and therefore, the incidence of bites is relatively high. Symptoms of its toxin may include pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness. Fortunately, death is rare from this snake’s venom.

Endangered Animals in Romania

While several species in Romania are now endangered, it could be argued that many of the country’s native animals, such as bears and wolves, are in better shape than they are almost anywhere else in Europe. In fact, thanks to the protection of critical land, Romania is often a refuge for many species that have disappeared or dwindled elsewhere.

  • European Mink – This semi-aquatic member of the weasel genus was once common throughout the entire continent, but after years of overhunting, habitat destruction, and competition with the American mink, it is now confined to very small parts of Eastern Europe. In Romania, it’s still sometimes found in the Danube Delta. However, this native European animal is in danger of becoming extinct.
  • European Ground Squirrel – Also known as the European souslik, this species was once more widespread across more of Central and Eastern Europe, but changes in agricultural practices and land use may have made it more difficult for it to dig burrows for protection.
  • Asprete – Also known as the Romanian darter, this small fish is closely related to other European perches. Critically endangered, it is now only found in small parts of a tributary river west of Bucharest.
  • Saker Falcon – This remarkably fast and agile migratory falcon (which has a wider range across much of Western and Central Asia) nearly disappeared from Romania years ago due to overhunting, poisoning, and the loss of nesting sites. Conservationists are trying to reintroduce the bird back into parts of its former range.

Romanian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Teddy Bear Hamster

The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Romanian Animals List

Animals in Romania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Romania?

Romania is home to plenty of bats, rodents, boars, carnivorous mammals, birds of prey, and other migrating birds.

What extinct animals once lived in Romania?

Romania was once home to the now extinct Carpathian wisent (a subspecies of the European bison) and the aurochs (a large species of wild cattle).

Are there crocodiles in Romania?

Europe does not have any native species of crocodile.

How many wolves are in Romania?

Romania still has some 2,500 of the Eurasian wolf subspecies remaining. This actually represents one of the largest wolf populations in all of Europe. While many other wolves in continental Europe lost their habitat or were exterminated for their tendency to feed on livestock, the wolves of Romania were able to take refuge in the Carpathian region. The animal is currently protected in Romania, though enforcement of the law is somewhat lax.

Does Romania have any tigers?

Romania does not have any tigers (the government even banned tigers from the circus), but it does have two other species of cats: lynxes and the European wild cat.