Animals In Romania

Updated: March 8, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of Romanian animals. We currently track 243 animals in Romania and are adding more every day!

Romania is a mid-sized Eastern European country that first gained its independence in the late 19th century. Its borders are bounded by the mighty Danube River in the south and the Black Sea in the east. The center of the country is dominated by the massive Carpathian Mountain range; the highest point is Moldoveanu Peak, which stands at more than 8,000 feet above sea level. These mountains are surrounded by plains, plateaus, and mixed forests of all kinds. Some parts of Romania are like a portal back in time to a more pristine Europe, untouched by human contact. It contains many large predatory mammals, migrating birds, and the last remaining population of feral horses in Europe.

The Official National Animal Of Romania

The Eurasian lynx is the official national animal of Romania. This medium-sized wild cat is very common throughout Russia, Scandinavia, and many other mountainous regions of Asia and Europe. It is also protected by the national government. The best chance of seeing a lynx is in Romania – of the 2800 lynx living in the Carpathian Mountains, 2000 of them are found in Romania.

Considered the largest of the lynx species, it is the largest cat found in Europe, although not technically in the same family as the traditional big cats like lions and leopards. A carnivore that can live for more than 20 years, this cat weighs an average of 33 to 55 lbs. It can reach lengths of 2.5 to almost 4 feet.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Romania

Romania has a total of 14 national parks from which you can see some of the country’s most impressive wildlife. Călimani, located in the northern part of Romania, contains the largest volcanic complex of the Carpathian Mountains. It also harbors some of the most popular wildlife, including lynxes, badgers, and bears. The Danube Delta, which connects to the Black Sea in the east, is the country’s largest national park and one of the best-preserved areas on the continent. It’s a good place to watch migrating birds, wild horses, and other uncommon animals.

The Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park, located in the southwest near the Serbian border, has brown bears, badgers, stone martens, and plenty of birds of prey. Ceahlău National Park, located in the northeastern part of the Carpathian Mountains range, is a popular hiking destination. It contains many impressive birds, including the black stork, European roller, and golden eagle. The nearby Cheile Bicazului–Hășmaș National Park is another popular hiking destination for wildlife lovers. It has many different types of wolves, bears, reptiles, deer, owls, and foxes.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Romania Today

Brown Bear Close Up

Brown bear (Ursus arctos) is one of the most common species of bear.

©Piotr Krzeslak/

Romania has several large carnivores and venomous snakes that may prove dangerous if encountered. While many other European countries are struggling to maintain their populations of carnivorous mammals, Romania has a relatively high rate of them located in its mountains and hills. Most of these predators won’t attack people except out of self-defense, though deaths still do occur.

  • Brown Bear – Romania has one of the largest brown bear populations in all of Europe. Thousands of them roam the Carpathian Mountains and rural areas. Although they sometimes come in contact with people, actual attacks are very rare. There is a battle going on in the country between those who want to keep bear hunting illegal and those who want to open it up for sport.
  • Horned Viper – Featuring a single large horn at the end of the snout, the horned viper is perhaps the most dangerous of all the European vipers. The toxin from its bite can cause pain, swelling, hemorrhaging, and some even neurological symptoms. It lives in dry, rocky hillsides in the southern part of Romania and throughout the rest of the Balkans.
  • European Common Viper – This species is very common throughout the continent, and therefore, the incidence of bites is relatively high. Symptoms of its toxin may include pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness. Fortunately, death is rare from this snake’s venom.

Endangered Animals In Romania

While several species in Romania are now endangered, it could be argued that many of the country’s native animals, such as bears and wolves, are in better shape than they are almost anywhere else in Europe. In fact, thanks to the protection of critical land, Romania is often a refuge for many species that have disappeared or dwindled elsewhere.

  • European Mink – This semi-aquatic member of the weasel genus was once common throughout the entire continent, but after years of overhunting, habitat destruction, and competition with the American mink, it is now confined to very small parts of Eastern Europe. In Romania, it’s still sometimes found in the Danube Delta. However, this native European animal is in danger of becoming extinct.
  • European Ground Squirrel – Also known as the European souslik, this species was once more widespread across more of Central and Eastern Europe, but changes in agricultural practices and land use may have made it more difficult for it to dig burrows for protection.
  • Asprete – Also known as the Romanian darter, this small fish is closely related to other European perches. Critically endangered, it is now only found in small parts of a tributary river west of Bucharest.
  • Saker Falcon – This remarkably fast and agile migratory falcon (which has a wider range across much of Western and Central Asia) nearly disappeared from Romania years ago due to overhunting, poisoning, and the loss of nesting sites. Conservationists are trying to reintroduce the bird back into parts of its former range.

The saker falcon is a strictly protected bird of prey that is endanger of becoming extinct within the next 15 years. Due to rapid population decline, trapping and indirect poisoning, there are estimated to be about 5000 of the saker falcon in existence. Once found all throughout Romania, their preferred diet is small mammals, especially the European ground squirrel.

The Rarest Animal In Romania

The asprete, or the Romanian darter, is not only the rarest fish in Romania but the rarest one in Europe. It is a ray-finned fish and is considered a living fossil because it has survived for millions of years largely unchanged. This dinosaur fish is listed as critically endangered and is fully protected. Found in only one river in Romania, the Valsan River, human activity has led to its near extinction.

The Largest Animals In Romania

bosnia and herzegovina brown bear

The brown bear is a large species found in the Carpathian region, most notably in Romania.


While Eurasian brown bears are smaller than the North American brown bear, they are the largest animal found in Romania. With heights reaching almost 7 feet, and weighing over 770 lbs, they are still quite an impressive size. The largest population of brown bears is found in Romania, in the Carpathian Mountains, with numbers nearing 6000. Called the King of the forest, this brown bear has a life expectancy of 30 to 40 years.

The European bison, once hunted to extinction, is making a slow comeback thanks to reintroduction and rewilding projects and at almost one ton, is one of the largest animals found in Romania. This giant can be found at numerous reserves in the country. In the Poiana Rusca Mountains in western Romania there is the European Bison Reserve or in northeastern Romania, you can visit Vanatori-Neamt Nature Park.

The Flag Of Romania

Romanian Flag


Although the flag of Romania was not officially adopted until the late 20th century, evidence shows that it had been associated with the country since around the 19th century. The flag is a vertical tricolor of red, yellow, and blue. The use of these colors dates to the Wallachian uprising of 1821. It was decided upon that the use of these colors would be used to represent fraternity, justice and liberty.

Blue is representative of liberty, the yellow band is for justice and the red band is the symbol of the nation’s fraternity.

Romanian Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown-banded Cockroach

Females glue egg cases to furniture

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Cave Bear

Cave bears may have been worshiped by primitive humans.


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common European Adder

European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!

Devil’s Coach Horse Beetle

The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dwarf Hamster

dwarf hamsters love to explore at night.


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.


A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire Salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lazarus Lizard

Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


They line their nests with their feathers


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!

Nose-Horned Viper

The fangs of a nose-horned viper can be as long as half an inch!


An invasive species, one female nutria can birth up to 200 babies in just a few years of living!

Old House Borer

Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Teddy Bear Hamster

The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Ural owl

The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Woolly Rhinoceros

The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.

Xeme (Sabine’s Gull)

They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.


It interbreeds with the pine bunting

Romanian Animals List

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About the Author

Melissa Bauernfeind was born in NYC and got her degree in Journalism from Boston University. She lived in San Diego for 10 years and is now back in NYC. She loves adventure and traveling the world with her husband but always misses her favorite little man, "P", half Chihuahua/half Jack Russell, all trouble. She got dive-certified so she could dive with the Great White Sharks someday and is hoping to swim with the Orcas as well.

Animals In Romania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Romania?

Romania is home to plenty of bats, rodents, boars, carnivorous mammals, birds of prey, and other migrating birds.

What extinct animals once lived in Romania?

Romania was once home to the now extinct Carpathian wisent (a subspecies of the European bison) and the aurochs (a large species of wild cattle).

Are there crocodiles in Romania?

Europe does not have any native species of crocodile.

How many wolves are in Romania?

Romania still has some 2,500 of the Eurasian wolf subspecies remaining. This actually represents one of the largest wolf populations in all of Europe. While many other wolves in continental Europe lost their habitat or were exterminated for their tendency to feed on livestock, the wolves of Romania were able to take refuge in the Carpathian region. The animal is currently protected in Romania, though enforcement of the law is somewhat lax.

Does Romania have any tigers?

Romania does not have any tigers (the government even banned tigers from the circus), but it does have two other species of cats: lynxes and the European wild cat.