Animals in Poland

Below you can find a complete list of Polish animals. We currently track 161 animals in Poland and are adding more every day!

Poland is a large European country of immense ecological diversity. Stretching between the sandy coastlines of the Baltic Sea in the north and the pristine Carpathian Mountains and the Sudetes in the south, Poland shares a land border with Germany, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and even a small exclave of Russia.

The eastern part of the country is comprised of dense forests, some of which have been left undisturbed for hundreds of years. The Polish heartland, meanwhile, is comprised of central lowlands that were left behind by the retreating glaciers of the last ice age. Poland is home to approximately 400 vertebrates, half of which are birds.

The Official National (State) Animal of Poland

The most enduring national symbol of Poland is the white-tailed eagle, which adorns the coat of arms. The legendary founder of Poland, Lech, was supposed to have seen the eagle’s nest bathed in golden sunlight and made it the official symbol of the country.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Poland

Throughout its history, Poland has established 23 diverse national parks and biosphere reserves which contain the greatest concentration of undiluted natural beauty and wildlife in the country.

  • Bialowieza National Park, located in the eastern state of Podlaskie, encompasses 40 square miles of ancient and undisturbed forests. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it’s one of the last of its kind remaining in Europe. Visitors can expect to find the fox, deer, and even the rare European bison.
  • Kampinos National Park is located directly northwest of Warsaw at a large river junction between the Vistula, Bug, Wkra, Bzura, and Narew rivers. Amid the sand dunes, swamps, and pine trees, visitors can find moose, cranes, beavers, marsh frogs, and butterflies.
  • The Tatra National Park, located in the southern mountains of Tatra County, contains the country’s highest peak, Rysy, which reaches more than 8,000 feet. Some of the unique wildlife here includes the Tatra chamois, marmot, wolves, otters, eagles, falcons, bears, and perhaps even the unique and elusive lynx.
  • The Slowinski National Park is situated against the Baltic coast in the province of Pomerania. Amid the shifting sand dunes, lakes, and walking trails, visitors can find a rich cacophony of birds, including eagles, owls, swans, and storks.
  • Bory Tucholskie National Park, also located in Pomerania, contains a diverse mix of peatlands, pine forests, meadows, and glacially formed lakes. This park is a haven for birds such as cranes, eagle owls, and grouses. Visitors can also expect to find deer, wild boar, fox, and a diverse array of bats.
  • The Bieszczady National Park is located in the southeastern Podkarpackie province near the border with Ukraine. These remote woodlands and meadows contain all manner of interesting wildlife, including wolves, wildcats, boars, bears, beavers, otters, deer, bison, birds of prey, and snakes.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Poland Today

Poland is almost completely free of dangerous and life-threatening wildlife. There are just a few species of poisonous animals and large carnivores that people should look out for.

  • Common European Viper – This is the only poisonous snake in all of Poland. While its venom isn’t particularly dangerous or life-threatening for most healthy adults, people should still be wary of it, because the venom can be exceptionally painful and annoying. Identified by its dark brown colors and zigzag patterns on the back, this large viper is found all over the Polish countryside.
  • European Brown Bears – While large, powerful, and certainly capable of killing a person, the brown bear isn’t particularly aggressive around humans unless it feels directly threatened. Attacks are relatively rare even with on-foot encounters. But it’s best to avoid these animals just in case.
  • Black Widow Spider – The poisonous bite of the black widow should be avoided. It can potentially cause many systemic effects such as widespread pain, muscle spasms, abdominal cramps, and an abnormal heart rhythm. These symptoms may persist for only a few days or several weeks, but fatalities are exceptionally rare.

Endangered Animals in Poland

While Poland does extend protection to its wildlife, several species are still at risk of becoming extinct.

  • European Bison – A long endangered species, the last wild European bison were exterminated from Poland in the early 20th century. It was reintroduced into Poland a few decades later, and now a small but stable population of a few thousand is thriving.
  • Tatra Chamois – The chamois is a unique type of goat-antelope that lives all over the mountains of Europe. This particular subspecies is only found in the Tatra Mountain range between the borders of Poland and Slovakia. Hunting is by far the greatest threat to its existence. By 2000, with less than 200 remaining, this animal was at risk of becoming extinct. But thanks to conservation efforts, numbers have recovered somewhat to more than a thousand.
  • Apollo – Featuring a wingspan of about 2 to 4 inches, this is one of the largest butterflies in all of Europe. While common elsewhere, it nearly disappeared from Poland by the 1990s. A local subspecies is protected by the government, but it’s still considered to be endangered and at risk of becoming locally extinct.

Polish Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


A very bold and ferocious predator!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Have sharp spines below their eyes


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

Despite having shaggy hair that covers its eyes, this dog is known for its watchful gaze when guarding a herd.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White-Tailed Eagle

It is one of the biggest birds of prey.

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Polish Animals List

Animals in Poland FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Do they have moose in Poland?

Large numbers of moose can be found in the northeastern forests of Poland. They sometimes wander around the rest of the country as well.

Are there lynx in Poland?

Poland currently has two major populations of lynxes. The first is in the northeast near the Bialowieza Forest and the second is in the south near the mountains. They are rarely seen in other parts of the country.

What animals live in Warsaw?

The city itself is home to many smaller animals like red squirrels and songbirds. However, there are several natural reserves in the immediate vicinity of the city that also have fox, otter, beaver, and deer.

Does Poland have bears?

Poland still has a very healthy population of brown bears in the remote forests and mountains. It’s estimated to be about a hundred or so.