Below you can find a complete list of Polish animals. We currently track 145 animals in Poland and are adding more every day!
Poland is a large European country of immense ecological diversity. Stretching between the sandy coastlines of the Baltic Sea in the north and the pristine Carpathian Mountains and the Sudetes in the south, Poland shares a land border with Germany, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and even a small exclave of Russia.
The eastern part of the country is comprised of dense forests, some of which have been left undisturbed for hundreds of years. The Polish heartland, meanwhile, is comprised of central lowlands that were left behind by the retreating glaciers of the last ice age. Poland is home to approximately 400 vertebrates, half of which are birds.
The Official National (State) Animal of Poland
The most enduring national symbol of Poland is the white-tailed eagle, which adorns the coat of arms. The legendary founder of Poland, Lech, was supposed to have seen the eagle’s nest bathed in golden sunlight and made it the official symbol of the country.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Poland
Throughout its history, Poland has established 23 diverse national parks and biosphere reserves which contain the greatest concentration of undiluted natural beauty and wildlife in the country.
- Bialowieza National Park, located in the eastern state of Podlaskie, encompasses 40 square miles of ancient and undisturbed forests. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it’s one of the last of its kind remaining in Europe. Visitors can expect to find the fox, deer, and even the rare European bison.
- Kampinos National Park is located directly northwest of Warsaw at a large river junction between the Vistula, Bug, Wkra, Bzura, and Narew rivers. Amid the sand dunes, swamps, and pine trees, visitors can find moose, cranes, beavers, marsh frogs, and butterflies.
- The Tatra National Park, located in the southern mountains of Tatra County, contains the country’s highest peak, Rysy, which reaches more than 8,000 feet. Some of the unique wildlife here includes the Tatra chamois, marmot, wolves, otters, eagles, falcons, bears, and perhaps even the unique and elusive lynx.
- The Slowinski National Park is situated against the Baltic coast in the province of Pomerania. Amid the shifting sand dunes, lakes, and walking trails, visitors can find a rich cacophony of birds, including eagles, owls, swans, and storks.
- Bory Tucholskie National Park, also located in Pomerania, contains a diverse mix of peatlands, pine forests, meadows, and glacially formed lakes. This park is a haven for birds such as cranes, eagle owls, and grouses. Visitors can also expect to find deer, wild boar, fox, and a diverse array of bats.
- The Bieszczady National Park is located in the southeastern Podkarpackie province near the border with Ukraine. These remote woodlands and meadows contain all manner of interesting wildlife, including wolves, wildcats, boars, bears, beavers, otters, deer, bison, birds of prey, and snakes.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Poland Today
Poland is almost completely free of dangerous and life-threatening wildlife. There are just a few species of poisonous animals and large carnivores that people should look out for.
- Common European Viper – This is the only poisonous snake in all of Poland. While its venom isn’t particularly dangerous or life-threatening for most healthy adults, people should still be wary of it, because the venom can be exceptionally painful and annoying. Identified by its dark brown colors and zigzag patterns on the back, this large viper is found all over the Polish countryside.
- European Brown Bears – While large, powerful, and certainly capable of killing a person, the brown bear isn’t particularly aggressive around humans unless it feels directly threatened. Attacks are relatively rare even with on-foot encounters. But it’s best to avoid these animals just in case.
- Black Widow Spider – The poisonous bite of the black widow should be avoided. It can potentially cause many systemic effects such as widespread pain, muscle spasms, abdominal cramps, and an abnormal heart rhythm. These symptoms may persist for only a few days or several weeks, but fatalities are exceptionally rare.
Endangered Animals in Poland
While Poland does extend protection to its wildlife, several species are still at risk of becoming extinct.
- European Bison – A long endangered species, the last wild European bison were exterminated from Poland in the early 20th century. It was reintroduced into Poland a few decades later, and now a small but stable population of a few thousand is thriving.
- Tatra Chamois – The chamois is a unique type of goat-antelope that lives all over the mountains of Europe. This particular subspecies is only found in the Tatra Mountain range between the borders of Poland and Slovakia. Hunting is by far the greatest threat to its existence. By 2000, with less than 200 remaining, this animal was at risk of becoming extinct. But thanks to conservation efforts, numbers have recovered somewhat to more than a thousand.
- Apollo – Featuring a wingspan of about 2 to 4 inches, this is one of the largest butterflies in all of Europe. While common elsewhere, it nearly disappeared from Poland by the 1990s. A local subspecies is protected by the government, but it’s still considered to be endangered and at risk of becoming locally extinct.
Polish Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Polish Lowland Sheepdog
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tiger Moth
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Poland FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Do they have moose in Poland?
Large numbers of moose can be found in the northeastern forests of Poland. They sometimes wander around the rest of the country as well.
Are there lynx in Poland?
Poland currently has two major populations of lynxes. The first is in the northeast near the Bialowieza Forest and the second is in the south near the mountains. They are rarely seen in other parts of the country.
What animals live in Warsaw?
The city itself is home to many smaller animals like red squirrels and songbirds. However, there are several natural reserves in the immediate vicinity of the city that also have fox, otter, beaver, and deer.
Does Poland have bears?
Poland still has a very healthy population of brown bears in the remote forests and mountains. It’s estimated to be about a hundred or so.