Animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Below you can find a complete list of Bosnia and Herzegovinan animals. We currently track 159 animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina and are adding more every day!

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a small Balkan country located in southeastern Europe that gained its independence in 1992 following the breakup of Yugoslavia. Except for a small 12-mile coast along the Adriatic Sea, it is completely hemmed in by Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro.

Geographically, most of the terrain in Bosnia and Herzegovina is dominated by vast mountain ranges, including the Dinaric Alps, the Vlasic, the Grmec, and the Cincar. More than half the country is covered by pine, beech, and oak forests, which provide a home to some of the most unique and diverse wildlife in all of Europe.

The Official National (State) Animal of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina does not have an official national animal.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina has set aside three national parks to protect its wildlife and natural beauty. Many of these parks contain walking and hiking trails that wind their way through the mountains and forests.

  • The Una National Park, located near the Unac River on the western border with Croatia, is Bosnia’s largest national park. Protecting some 76 square miles of forests, rapids, and brilliant waterfalls, the park is home to a wide diversity of freshwater fish and birds, as well as the more elusive lynx, wolf, chamois, fox, and bear.
  • The Kozara National Park is situated at the convergence of the Una, Sava, Vrbas, and Sana rivers in northern Bosnia. Amid the rolling forested slopes of the Kozara mountains, visitors can find ducks, hares, boars, deer, foxes, and pheasants. The nearby area is a popular hunting ground as well.
  • The Sutjeska National Park, located along the eastern border with Montenegro, encompasses nearly 67 square miles of forests, waterfalls, and glacial lakes near the Maglic mountain, which, at nearly 8,000 feet, is the country’s highest point.
  • The Perucica Forest Reserve, located within the park, is a UNESCO recognized site and one of the few remaining primeval forests left in Europe. Most of the trees date back some 300 years, and the oldest has grown untouched for thousands of years. Bears, foxes, goats, boars, wolves, martens, and wild cats are among some of the mammals found here. There are also more than a hundred species of birds, including the peregrine falcon, blackbird, and rock partridge.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina Today

Bosnia is home to three venomous species of snakes and a few large and intimidating carnivores. Anyone who ventures out to the remote areas of the country should look out for the following species:

  • Nose-horned Viper – Easily identified by the grayish-brown color, a dark zigzag pattern around the back, and the unique horn emerging from the snout, the horned viper is perhaps the most dangerous snake in all of Europe, due mostly to the long fangs and the highly toxic venom, which can sometimes result in death. This snake is fairly common to dry, rocky hillsides throughout most of the Balkans.
  • Meadow Viper – Usually found in mountainous or hilly meadows, this species has weaker venom and less aggressive behavior than the nose-horned viper, but it can still cause pain, swelling, and even nausea. If bitten, victims should seek medical attention.
  • Common European Adder – This is one of the most common venomous snakes in all of Europe. Consequently, it’s responsible for more bites than almost any other species. For a healthy adult, there isn’t too much of a risk of its venom besides some pain, swelling, and nausea, as deaths are very rare, but bite victims should always seek medical attention.
  • Brown Bear – Bear attacks are exceptionally rare, even when they’re encountered on foot. Nevertheless, they may become overly aggressive if they feel provoked or threatened in some way. If they’re spotted out in the wild, it is best to stay calm and keep your distance.
  • Gray Wolf – The wolf is not as dangerous as its fearsome reputation suggests. Attacks are probably no more common than the brown bear. But they have been known to occasionally kill a person for food.

Endangered Animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Because so much of the country is still covered in forests and mountains, Bosnia has avoided the same loss of wildlife as experienced by other European countries. But habitat loss or overhunting have still put several species in danger.

  • Eurasian Lynx – This big predatory cat still thrives in many parts of Central Asia, but human activity caused it to become completely extinct from Bosnia and most of Europe. Following its reintroduction into the Dinaric Alps in the late 20th century, it is once again seen throughout some parts of the Balkans.
  • Balkan Snow Vole – Found in the mountains and hills of the Balkans, this unique and elusive rodent is the only living member of its genus. It is currently vulnerable to becoming extinct due to its limited range.
  • Illyrian Spined Loach – First discovered in 2007, this freshwater fish is believed to be quite rare, and not much is known about it. The species is currently classified as critically endangered by the IUCN Red List.
  • Adriatic Salmon – This endangered fish is found naturally along four river systems that flow into the Adriatic Sea. Overfishing and damming have put it at risk of becoming extinct.

Bosnian Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Have an energetic and playful nature!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


Inhabits dark underwater caves

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Bosnian Animals List

Animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Bosnia?

Some of the most common mammals in Bosnia are deer, boar, rodents, bats, foxes, hares, chamois, otters, badgers, weasels, and martens. The country also contains plenty of water fowl, birds of prey, game birds, song birds, frogs, freshwater fish, and invertebrates.

Does Bosnia have bears?

The Eurasian brown bear is found in some of the more remote forests and mountains of Bosnia.

Are there snakes in Bosnia?

Bosnia has several species of snakes, three which are poisonous: the nose-horned viper, the common adder, and the meadow viper. Some of the non-venomous snakes include the Balkan whip snake, Aesculapian snake, grass snake, and smooth snake.

Do they have squirrels in Bosnia?

Yes, Bosnia is home to the common Eurasian red squirrel.