Animals in Serbia

Below you can find a complete list of Serbian animals. We currently track 143 animals in Serbia and are adding more every day!

Officially called the Republic of Serbia, Serbia is a country that is located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, and it is rich with unique animals and wildlife. To the north, it shares borders with Hungary, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, North Macedonia to the southwest, and Herzegovina, Bosnia, and Croatia to the west. Sources suggest that Serbia has a population of around seven million people. Belgrade, which is the largest Serbian city is also the capital of the country.

The wildlife in Serbia is led by the gray wolf, which is a major symbol of the history and current culture in the region. Native animals include the European polecat and the red deer. As beautiful as the many species can be, there are several dangerous animals as well, like the brown bear (which is common in the republic).

The Official National Animal of Serbia

Serbia serves as home to a wide variety of species of animals that are native and unique to the country. However, it has only one national animal, which is the gray wolf. The gray wolf is an iconic symbol of bravery, earning it an important part of Serbian mythology. It plays a huge role in the nation’s poetry today. However, while the wolf now serves as a symbol of strength and unity for the people of Serbia, it wasn’t the case always. Still, wolves have always held a certain reverence in the villages and other rural areas of Serbia.

Sources have it that it was forbidden to kill wolves in certain parts of Serbia as the villagers feared any possible consequences of the act of killing. The law was removed after the wolf population grew to massive numbers.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Serbia

Serbia is home to a lot of species of wild animals as well as insects that make the wildlife highly explorable and diverse. Many of these animals are native and unique to this country. They can be found in different areas of the country. Some of the common animals include:

  • Brown bear – Brown bears are found in several areas of Serbia and they exist in several habitats including fringes of deserts to high mountain forests and ice fields.
  • Wild boar – The wild boars are known to have expanded from the southwestern regions to the northwestern regions of Siberia and can be found in the river valleys that have been the major pathways for their expansion.
  • Gray wolf – While these wolves are found in various places, they can be majorly found in the Siberian taiga or forest.
  • Catfish – While the natural location of these catfishes is the Chernobyl exclusion zone, they are kept in fishing ponds to promote their living.
  • European marbled polecat – These polecats are found in drier areas and grasslands in several parts of Serbia.
  • Red deer – In Serbia, you can spot a major population of red deer in a large forest that is located in the east of Vojvodina, on the dunes of the river Danube.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Serbia Today

While Serbia is one of the safest cities to travel to, it is rich in wildlife and is home to a couple of wild animals and insects that can be dangerous sometimes if not always. Some of them are endangered and are on the verge of being extinct as well. They include gray wolves – which is the national animal of Serbia. These wolves can be aggressive towards humans even though it rarely happens. Then there is the brown bear which is known to be the largest terrestrial carnivore. The red fox can also startle human beings as it is a common sighting in some parts of Serbia.

Endangered Animals in Serbia

There are many endangered as well as extinct animals in Serbia. While several animals are considered and termed endangered in Serbia, some of them include Adriatic Salmon, Angel Shark, Albanian water frog, Apollo butterfly, Bastard sturgeon, broad fingered crayfish, and dusky grouper to name a few.

Many insects have fallen prey to their predators, while other species face a threat from human populations, industrialization, and urbanization. One species of cattle called the aurochs has been extinct since the 1600s.

Serbian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Dalmatian

Have an energetic and playful nature!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Serbian Animals List

Animals in Serbia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Does Serbia have wolves?

Yes, Siberia does have wolves. The national animal of Serbia is the Gray wolf.

How many bears are there in Serbia?

The bear population in Serbia is estimated to be around 700 to 800 individuals.

Are there bears in Serbia?

While the existing data shows that there has been a rapid decline in the population size of brown bears in Serbia, some of them still exist in the area.