Animals in Montenegro

Below you can find a complete list of Montenegrin animals. We currently track 158 animals in Montenegro and are adding more every day!

While a small country, Montenegro is a world largely packed with adventure and beauty in its tiny region. The country boasts the world’s oldest olive tree. There are over 100 sun-drenched beaches and wondrous mountains. It’s considered a Mecca for bird watchers.

Montenegro is located in the Balkan West central region in the Dinaric Alps’ Southern end. The country is on the southeast end of Albania and on the east by Kosovo. It is also bordered by Croatia and the Adriatic Sea on the Southwest, and Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Northwest. Finally, there’s Serbia (Northeast, Albania (Southeast), and Kosovo (East).

Montenegro is also a great place for wild animal lovers. The terrains range from wide plans to high mountains and thick, temperate forests. You can find wildlife almost everywhere you turn. Let’s take a look at Montenegro and what you’ll likely come across with their unique animals.

The Two “Unofficial” Animals in Montenegro

This isn’t an easy question to answer. It would appear Montenegro does not officially have a “national” symbol using some wild dangerous animals or inspired by extinct animals.

Some argue the country’s mascot is the lion. And there appears to be evidence to support the argument. The country’s flag is often augmented with an image of a proud lion that looks to be protecting itself. You can find the wild lion in many pieces of art that pay tribute to the country’s legacy and strength.

When one Montenegrian looks to complement a fellow Montenegrian, they compare that person to the king of wild beasts, often using the phrase “like a lion.” The countries athletes usually receive the epithet “lion” or “lioness.”

But greater evidence indicates the country’s national animal is, like here in the good ol’ U.S.A., is the imperial eagle. While the wild lion appears on the occasional flag, the eagle is prominently on display on ALL Montenegrian flags.

The flag proudly shows a pair of brave eagles framed like a shield. They sport a crown over a background of at least one of Montenegro’s national colors (red, white, and blue). It’s said since ancient times, the imperial eagle has been a vital part of the country’s culture.

The bird is highly respected by Montenegrians for its majesty and bravery. In the Eastern Roman Empire, it wasn’t uncommon for great leaders and influencers to carry an eagle. The eagle too appears in a great number of Montenegrian art. In many of those pieces, the eagle is alongside the lion.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Montenegro Today

The wild truly run free in Montenegro. You’ll find wildlife that includes wolves, bears, snakes. While there are dangerous animals, the country is tourist-friendly. As long as you have a local guide, it’s safe to transverse any of the national parks and have safe encounters with wildlife.

Here are a few of the most dangerous animals in Montenegro.

  • Brown Bear – Hands down, the brown bear lands at the top of the list of Montenegro’s most dangerous animals. They populate many areas in Montenegro and Bosnia. Weight can start at 200 pounds and spiral well over 800. These unique animals have powerful frames and extremely sharp claws. These are aggressive wild animals and tend to terrorize any species it comes in contact with. The brown bear is omnivorous with plants a big part of its diet.
  • Black Widow Spiders – Like the viper, the black widow doesn’t become a threat until it perceives one. On average though, there are far fewer spider widow fatalities (in the U.S.) compared to dogs, insects, or horses. Still, the powerful neurotoxins are damaging. Symptoms include cramping, headaches, fever, and nausea.
  • Wild Boar – The wild boar is an extremely dangerous animal. They are not only aggressive and willing to attack on sight, they carry a range of diseases. Humans exposed to them can contract TB, influenza A or hepatitis E. These wild animals are responsible for thousands of road accidents a year. They look like pigs but they are stronger and are capable of chasing anything that moves.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Montenegro

The sparsely populated country is an vast wildlife ecosystem. There is a variety of predatory wild animals, peaceful creatures, insects, fish, and birds. The country has a wide variety of reptiles, birds, and fish. The animal lover will never tire of exploring the Montenegro wild. Here are some animals to look for and where to find them.

  • Deer – There are two types of deer in Montenegro, the fallow and the red. They are common in the Caucasus Mountains.
  • Mouflon – The Mouflon is a species of sheep found in the country’s wild mountain regions. They’re noted for their huge horns.
  • Balkan Lynx – Located in the western regions of the Balkans, these unique animals are native to Montenegro.
  • Aesculapian Snake – Inhabitants of the local forests, the Aesculapian will be hard to miss. It can grow to over 60 inches.
  • Vipera Ammodytes – Considered one of the most dangerous animals in Montenegro forests, the Vipera’s venom is the highest priority in central Europe.

Endangered Animals in Montenegro

Unfortunately, a variety of wild animals found in Montenegro are endangered. Like many extinct animals, the common threats to the Montenegro animal populace ranges from risks to ecosystems that include hunting, man’s expansion, pollution, and global warming.

From Earth’s Endangered Creatures, here are 10 endangered animals looking to be extinct in Montenegro.

  • Salmon – fish
  • Greater Spotted Eagle – bird
  • Great White Shark – fish
  • Horseshoe Bat – mammal
  • Red-footed Falcon – bird
  • Rock Lizard – reptile
  • Stone Crayfish – fish
  • Rosalia Longicom – insect
  • Marbled Polecat – mammal
  • Egyptian Vulture – bird

Montenegrin Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Balkan Lynx

The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Dalmatian

Have an energetic and playful nature!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Olm

Inhabits dark underwater caves

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Montenegrin Animals List

Animals in Montenegro FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in Montenegro?

Montenegro is a hub of wild animals. You’ll find long-eared owls, mules, brown bears, mice, pool frogs and thousands more.

Are there bears in Montenegro?

The brown bears appear to be the only dangerous animals in the country.