Below you can find a complete list of Montenegrin animals. We currently track 224 animals in Montenegro and are adding more every day!
While a small country, Montenegro is a world largely packed with adventure and beauty in its tiny region. The country boasts the world’s oldest olive tree. There are over 100 sun-drenched beaches and wondrous mountains. It’s considered a Mecca for bird watchers.
Montenegro is located in the Balkan West central region in the Dinaric Alps’ Southern end. The country is on the southeast end of Albania and on the east by Kosovo. It is also bordered by Croatia and the Adriatic Sea on the Southwest, and Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Northwest. Finally, there’s Serbia (Northeast, Albania (Southeast), and Kosovo (East).
Montenegro is also a great place for wild animal lovers. The terrains range from wide plans to high mountains and thick, temperate forests. You can find wildlife almost everywhere you turn. Let’s take a look at Montenegro and what you’ll likely come across with their unique animals.
The Two “Unofficial” Animals in Montenegro
This isn’t an easy question to answer. It would appear Montenegro does not officially have a “national” symbol using some wild dangerous animals or inspired by extinct animals.
Some argue the country’s mascot is the lion. And there appears to be evidence to support the argument. The country’s flag is often augmented with an image of a proud lion that looks to be protecting itself. You can find the wild lion in many pieces of art that pay tribute to the country’s legacy and strength.
When one Montenegrian looks to complement a fellow Montenegrian, they compare that person to the king of wild beasts, often using the phrase “like a lion.” The countries athletes usually receive the epithet “lion” or “lioness.”
But greater evidence indicates the country’s national animal is, like here in the good ol’ U.S.A., is the imperial eagle. While the wild lion appears on the occasional flag, the eagle is prominently on display on ALL Montenegrian flags.
The flag proudly shows a pair of brave eagles framed like a shield. They sport a crown over a background of at least one of Montenegro’s national colors (red, white, and blue). It’s said since ancient times, the imperial eagle has been a vital part of the country’s culture.
The bird is highly respected by Montenegrians for its majesty and bravery. In the Eastern Roman Empire, it wasn’t uncommon for great leaders and influencers to carry an eagle. The eagle too appears in a great number of Montenegrian art. In many of those pieces, the eagle is alongside the lion.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Montenegro Today
The wild truly run free in Montenegro. You’ll find wildlife that includes wolves, bears, snakes. While there are dangerous animals, the country is tourist-friendly. As long as you have a local guide, it’s safe to transverse any of the national parks and have safe encounters with wildlife.
Here are a few of the most dangerous animals in Montenegro.
- Brown Bear – Hands down, the brown bear lands at the top of the list of Montenegro’s most dangerous animals. They populate many areas in Montenegro and Bosnia. Weight can start at 200 pounds and spiral well over 800. These unique animals have powerful frames and extremely sharp claws. These are aggressive wild animals and tend to terrorize any species it comes in contact with. The brown bear is omnivorous with plants a big part of its diet.
- Black Widow Spiders – Like the viper, the black widow doesn’t become a threat until it perceives one. On average though, there are far fewer spider widow fatalities (in the U.S.) compared to dogs, insects, or horses. Still, the powerful neurotoxins are damaging. Symptoms include cramping, headaches, fever, and nausea.
- Wild Boar – The wild boar is an extremely dangerous animal. They are not only aggressive and willing to attack on sight, they carry a range of diseases. Humans exposed to them can contract TB, influenza A or hepatitis E. These wild animals are responsible for thousands of road accidents a year. They look like pigs but they are stronger and are capable of chasing anything that moves.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Montenegro
The sparsely populated country is an vast wildlife ecosystem. There is a variety of predatory wild animals, peaceful creatures, insects, fish, and birds. The country has a wide variety of reptiles, birds, and fish. The animal lover will never tire of exploring the Montenegro wild. Here are some animals to look for and where to find them.
- Deer – There are two types of deer in Montenegro, the fallow and the red. They are common in the Caucasus Mountains.
- Mouflon – The Mouflon is a species of sheep found in the country’s wild mountain regions. They’re noted for their huge horns.
- Balkan Lynx – Located in the western regions of the Balkans, these unique animals are native to Montenegro.
- Aesculapian Snake – Inhabitants of the local forests, the Aesculapian will be hard to miss. It can grow to over 60 inches.
- Vipera Ammodytes – Considered one of the most dangerous animals in Montenegro forests, the Vipera’s venom is the highest priority in central Europe.
Endangered Animals in Montenegro
Unfortunately, a variety of wild animals found in Montenegro are endangered. Like many extinct animals, the common threats to the Montenegro animal populace ranges from risks to ecosystems that include hunting, man’s expansion, pollution, and global warming.
From Earth’s Endangered Creatures, here are 10 endangered animals looking to be extinct in Montenegro.
The Flag of Montenegro
The flag of Montenegro consists of a red field with a gold border and the country’s coat of arms in the middle. An orb and scepter are held in a crowned golden eagle’s talons with two heads appearing on the coat of arms. A lion-themed shield is also positioned over the eagle’s chest.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
Females glue egg cases to furniture
A dominant predator in it's environment!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Have an energetic and playful nature!
There are around 40 different species!
The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
They line their nests with their feathers
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
The fangs of a nose-horned viper can be as long as half an inch
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
Inhabits dark underwater caves
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Males turn green in spring!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The skate with the biggest spines!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Montenegrin Animals List