Animals in Albania

Below you can find a complete list of Albanian animals. We currently track 140 animals in Albania and are adding more every day!

Albania is a small southeastern European country situated against the Adriatic and the Mediterranean Sea, directly across from the boot of Italy. It shares a land border with Kosovo and Montenegro to the north, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south. About 75% of the landmass is dominated by hills and mountains which rise to more than 650 feet above sea level, including the Albanian Alps in the north, the aptly named Central Mountain Range, and the Ceraunian Mountains in the southwest. The part of the country closest to the coast is covered by low, fertile plains. Albania is particularly rich in bats, deer, rodents, carnivores, insects, and migrating birds.

The Official National (State) Animal of Albania

The eagle is the national animal of Albania. It is an important element of Albanian folklore, and a double-headed eagle also adorns the coat of arms.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Albania

In order to protect its rich wildlife, Albania has established 14 national parks and marine parks, encompassing about 6.7% of the overall territory. It also has hundreds more protected refuges and important areas for birds.

  • Butrint National Park, located to the very south of Albania in Vlore County, comprises about 36 square miles of hills, wetlands, salt marshes, plains, freshwater lakes, and reed beds. As part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an important bird area, Butrint bears the names of the ancient Greek and Roman cities which form the most important element of the park. Visitors can find a diverse range of wildlife, including foxes, golden eagles, peregrine falcons, plovers, egrets, fire salamanders, beech martens, sea turtles, and dolphins. It’s also a potential habitat of the rare Mediterranean monk seal.
  • Shebenik-Jabllanice National Park, located in the eastern county of Elbasan near the Macedonian border, offers 131 square miles of glacial lakes, valleys, alpine meadows, and dense forests. Visitors can sometimes catch a glimpse of red foxes, weasels, martens, badgers, bats, wolves, and bears. The most elusive animal of all is the incredibly rare Balkan lynx.
  • Dajti National Park is located directly to the east of the capital, Tirana. Encompassing more than 100 square miles, then park bears the name of the mountain in the Skanderberg range. It is a good place to find foxes, wolves, hares, wild cats, and even bears. Dajti is also directly adjacent to the Shtame Pass National Park, Kraste-Verjon Protected Landscape, and Mali me Gropa-Bize-Martanesh Protected Landscape.
  • Valbonë Valley National Park is located near the northern border with Montenegro. Despite encompassing only 30 square miles, the park contains a diverse range of waterfalls, glacial springs, rock formations, and dense forests. Golden eagles, bears, falcons, owls, herons, plovers, deer, wild boar, chamois, and many other birds are all found here.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Albania Today

Albania is home to only about five species of venomous snakes and a few other large carnivores. Death from wildlife is relatively rare, but some species can cause quite a lot of pain and suffering.

  • Nose-horned Viper – Easily identified by the unique horn emerging from the snout, the nose-horned viper (also known by the names of long-nosed viper, sand viper, and horned viper) is probably the most dangerous snake in all of Albania. Bite victims will likely experience pain, swelling, and discoloration around the injection site.
  • Common European Viper – Found all throughout Europe, this snake is not the most venomous, but it is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake. Symptoms of its venom include pain, swelling, blisters, and even tingling. Respiratory failure only occurs in a small number of untreated cases, mostly among the old, young, or already sick.
  • Brown Bear – Albania is home to a very small population of bears. While attacks are exceptionally rare, even when encountered directly on foot, bears may become aggressive if they feel threatened or surprised in some way. The greatest number of attacks occurs when a mother is protecting her cubs.

Endangered Animals in Albania

The forests and mountains of Albania are a haven for some of the rarer European wildlife, but several of these species are at risk of becoming extinct.

  • Balkan Lynx – This is a very rare and unique subspecies of the Eurasian lynx. As a result of poaching, hunting, and habitat loss, it is estimated that no more than 50 of these animals remain in the wild, which places it at risk of becoming extinct.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – This large earless seal is one of the rarest of its kind in the world. Numbers have fallen to less than 700 in the entire Mediterranean due to overhunting and loss of suitable coastline.
  • Egyptian Vulture – The Egyptian vulture (also known by the names of the white scavenger vulture and pharaoh’s chicken) breeds in southeastern Europe and travels south toward Africa for the winter. Due to the combined effects of hunting, power line collisions, accidental ingestion of lead and pesticides, and intentional poisoning, this bird is now endangered.
  • Albanian Water Frog – Native to the swamps and marshes of western Albania and southern Montenegro, this unique species of frog has declined dramatically from its height. It’s now endangered from pollution, habitat loss, and poaching for commercial purposes.

Albanian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Dalmatian

Have an energetic and playful nature!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mink

The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Olm

Inhabits dark underwater caves

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Albanian Animals List

Animals in Albania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What dangerous animals are in Albania?

Albania is home to several species of venomous vipers and large bears and wolves.

What prehistoric animals once roamed Albania?

Both the woolly mammoth and aurochs lived in prehistoric Albania but later became extinct. The lion also survived in prehistoric Europe even until the Stone Age.

Are there wolves in Albania?

Yes, Albania has a small but stable population of the Eurasian wolf which numbers around 250.

Are there monkeys in Albania?

With very few exceptions, monkeys are not native to Europe.

Are there bears in Albania?

Yes, the Eurasian brown bear subspecies can be found in the country’s remote forests and mountains.