Below you can find a complete list of Albanian animals. We currently track 140 animals in Albania and are adding more every day!
Albania is a small southeastern European country situated against the Adriatic and the Mediterranean Sea, directly across from the boot of Italy. It shares a land border with Kosovo and Montenegro to the north, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south. About 75% of the landmass is dominated by hills and mountains which rise to more than 650 feet above sea level, including the Albanian Alps in the north, the aptly named Central Mountain Range, and the Ceraunian Mountains in the southwest. The part of the country closest to the coast is covered by low, fertile plains. Albania is particularly rich in bats, deer, rodents, carnivores, insects, and migrating birds.
The Official National (State) Animal of Albania
The eagle is the national animal of Albania. It is an important element of Albanian folklore, and a double-headed eagle also adorns the coat of arms.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Albania
In order to protect its rich wildlife, Albania has established 14 national parks and marine parks, encompassing about 6.7% of the overall territory. It also has hundreds more protected refuges and important areas for birds.
- Butrint National Park, located to the very south of Albania in Vlore County, comprises about 36 square miles of hills, wetlands, salt marshes, plains, freshwater lakes, and reed beds. As part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an important bird area, Butrint bears the names of the ancient Greek and Roman cities which form the most important element of the park. Visitors can find a diverse range of wildlife, including foxes, golden eagles, peregrine falcons, plovers, egrets, fire salamanders, beech martens, sea turtles, and dolphins. It’s also a potential habitat of the rare Mediterranean monk seal.
- Shebenik-Jabllanice National Park, located in the eastern county of Elbasan near the Macedonian border, offers 131 square miles of glacial lakes, valleys, alpine meadows, and dense forests. Visitors can sometimes catch a glimpse of red foxes, weasels, martens, badgers, bats, wolves, and bears. The most elusive animal of all is the incredibly rare Balkan lynx.
- Dajti National Park is located directly to the east of the capital, Tirana. Encompassing more than 100 square miles, then park bears the name of the mountain in the Skanderberg range. It is a good place to find foxes, wolves, hares, wild cats, and even bears. Dajti is also directly adjacent to the Shtame Pass National Park, Kraste-Verjon Protected Landscape, and Mali me Gropa-Bize-Martanesh Protected Landscape.
- Valbonë Valley National Park is located near the northern border with Montenegro. Despite encompassing only 30 square miles, the park contains a diverse range of waterfalls, glacial springs, rock formations, and dense forests. Golden eagles, bears, falcons, owls, herons, plovers, deer, wild boar, chamois, and many other birds are all found here.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Albania Today
Albania is home to only about five species of venomous snakes and a few other large carnivores. Death from wildlife is relatively rare, but some species can cause quite a lot of pain and suffering.
- Nose-horned Viper – Easily identified by the unique horn emerging from the snout, the nose-horned viper (also known by the names of long-nosed viper, sand viper, and horned viper) is probably the most dangerous snake in all of Albania. Bite victims will likely experience pain, swelling, and discoloration around the injection site.
- Common European Viper – Found all throughout Europe, this snake is not the most venomous, but it is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake. Symptoms of its venom include pain, swelling, blisters, and even tingling. Respiratory failure only occurs in a small number of untreated cases, mostly among the old, young, or already sick.
- Brown Bear – Albania is home to a very small population of bears. While attacks are exceptionally rare, even when encountered directly on foot, bears may become aggressive if they feel threatened or surprised in some way. The greatest number of attacks occurs when a mother is protecting her cubs.
Endangered Animals in Albania
The forests and mountains of Albania are a haven for some of the rarer European wildlife, but several of these species are at risk of becoming extinct.
- Balkan Lynx – This is a very rare and unique subspecies of the Eurasian lynx. As a result of poaching, hunting, and habitat loss, it is estimated that no more than 50 of these animals remain in the wild, which places it at risk of becoming extinct.
- Mediterranean Monk Seal – This large earless seal is one of the rarest of its kind in the world. Numbers have fallen to less than 700 in the entire Mediterranean due to overhunting and loss of suitable coastline.
- Egyptian Vulture – The Egyptian vulture (also known by the names of the white scavenger vulture and pharaoh’s chicken) breeds in southeastern Europe and travels south toward Africa for the winter. Due to the combined effects of hunting, power line collisions, accidental ingestion of lead and pesticides, and intentional poisoning, this bird is now endangered.
- Albanian Water Frog – Native to the swamps and marshes of western Albania and southern Montenegro, this unique species of frog has declined dramatically from its height. It’s now endangered from pollution, habitat loss, and poaching for commercial purposes.
Albanian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Albania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What dangerous animals are in Albania?
Albania is home to several species of venomous vipers and large bears and wolves.
What prehistoric animals once roamed Albania?
Are there wolves in Albania?
Yes, Albania has a small but stable population of the Eurasian wolf which numbers around 250.
Are there monkeys in Albania?
With very few exceptions, monkeys are not native to Europe.
Are there bears in Albania?
Yes, the Eurasian brown bear subspecies can be found in the country’s remote forests and mountains.