Animals in Albania

Below you can find a complete list of Albanian animals. We currently track 159 animals in Albania and are adding more every day!

Albania is a small southeastern European country situated against the Adriatic and the Mediterranean Sea, directly across from the boot of Italy. It shares a land border with Kosovo and Montenegro to the north, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south. About 75% of the landmass is dominated by hills and mountains which rise to more than 650 feet above sea level, including the Albanian Alps in the north, the aptly named Central Mountain Range, and the Ceraunian Mountains in the southwest. The part of the country closest to the coast is covered by low, fertile plains. Albania is particularly rich in bats, deer, rodents, carnivores, insects, and migrating birds.

The Official National (State) Animal of Albania

The eagle is the national animal of Albania. It is an important element of Albanian folklore, and a double-headed eagle also adorns the coat of arms.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Albania

In order to protect its rich wildlife, Albania has established 14 national parks and marine parks, encompassing about 6.7% of the overall territory. It also has hundreds more protected refuges and important areas for birds.

  • Butrint National Park, located to the very south of Albania in Vlore County, comprises about 36 square miles of hills, wetlands, salt marshes, plains, freshwater lakes, and reed beds. As part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an important bird area, Butrint bears the names of the ancient Greek and Roman cities which form the most important element of the park. Visitors can find a diverse range of wildlife, including foxes, golden eagles, peregrine falcons, plovers, egrets, fire salamanders, beech martens, sea turtles, and dolphins. It’s also a potential habitat of the rare Mediterranean monk seal.
  • Shebenik-Jabllanice National Park, located in the eastern county of Elbasan near the Macedonian border, offers 131 square miles of glacial lakes, valleys, alpine meadows, and dense forests. Visitors can sometimes catch a glimpse of red foxes, weasels, martens, badgers, bats, wolves, and bears. The most elusive animal of all is the incredibly rare Balkan lynx.
  • Dajti National Park is located directly to the east of the capital, Tirana. Encompassing more than 100 square miles, then park bears the name of the mountain in the Skanderberg range. It is a good place to find foxes, wolves, hares, wild cats, and even bears. Dajti is also directly adjacent to the Shtame Pass National Park, Kraste-Verjon Protected Landscape, and Mali me Gropa-Bize-Martanesh Protected Landscape.
  • Valbonë Valley National Park is located near the northern border with Montenegro. Despite encompassing only 30 square miles, the park contains a diverse range of waterfalls, glacial springs, rock formations, and dense forests. Golden eagles, bears, falcons, owls, herons, plovers, deer, wild boar, chamois, and many other birds are all found here.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Albania Today

Albania is home to only about five species of venomous snakes and a few other large carnivores. Death from wildlife is relatively rare, but some species can cause quite a lot of pain and suffering.

  • Nose-horned Viper – Easily identified by the unique horn emerging from the snout, the nose-horned viper (also known by the names of long-nosed viper, sand viper, and horned viper) is probably the most dangerous snake in all of Albania. Bite victims will likely experience pain, swelling, and discoloration around the injection site.
  • Common European Viper – Found all throughout Europe, this snake is not the most venomous, but it is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake. Symptoms of its venom include pain, swelling, blisters, and even tingling. Respiratory failure only occurs in a small number of untreated cases, mostly among the old, young, or already sick.
  • Brown Bear – Albania is home to a very small population of bears. While attacks are exceptionally rare, even when encountered directly on foot, bears may become aggressive if they feel threatened or surprised in some way. The greatest number of attacks occurs when a mother is protecting her cubs.

Endangered Animals in Albania

The forests and mountains of Albania are a haven for some of the rarer European wildlife, but several of these species are at risk of becoming extinct.

  • Balkan Lynx – This is a very rare and unique subspecies of the Eurasian lynx. As a result of poaching, hunting, and habitat loss, it is estimated that no more than 50 of these animals remain in the wild, which places it at risk of becoming extinct.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – This large earless seal is one of the rarest of its kind in the world. Numbers have fallen to less than 700 in the entire Mediterranean due to overhunting and loss of suitable coastline.
  • Egyptian Vulture – The Egyptian vulture (also known by the names of the white scavenger vulture and pharaoh’s chicken) breeds in southeastern Europe and travels south toward Africa for the winter. Due to the combined effects of hunting, power line collisions, accidental ingestion of lead and pesticides, and intentional poisoning, this bird is now endangered.
  • Albanian Water Frog – Native to the swamps and marshes of western Albania and southern Montenegro, this unique species of frog has declined dramatically from its height. It’s now endangered from pollution, habitat loss, and poaching for commercial purposes.

Albanian Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Balkan Lynx

The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Have an energetic and playful nature!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.


Inhabits dark underwater caves

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Albanian Animals List

Animals in Albania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What dangerous animals are in Albania?

Albania is home to several species of venomous vipers and large bears and wolves.

What prehistoric animals once roamed Albania?

Both the woolly mammoth and aurochs lived in prehistoric Albania but later became extinct. The lion also survived in prehistoric Europe even until the Stone Age.

Are there wolves in Albania?

Yes, Albania has a small but stable population of the Eurasian wolf which numbers around 250.

Are there monkeys in Albania?

With very few exceptions, monkeys are not native to Europe.

Are there bears in Albania?

Yes, the Eurasian brown bear subspecies can be found in the country’s remote forests and mountains.