Animals in Macedonia

Below you can find a complete list of Macedonian animals. We currently track 156 animals in Macedonia and are adding more every day!

The complexities of Macedonia’s fauna make it a beautiful and welcoming home to over 10,000 different species of animals to just the northern region. More specifically, it is home to 16 unique species of snakes, but only three of these species are dangerous and venomous. Birds account for 300 different species that have been found in the country, though they do not all build nests for long-term stays.

The unique zoological structure has led Macedonia to host many endemic species that can’t be found anywhere else. The lynx, for example, is specific to the mountain region in North Macedonia. With the lion as the national animal of Macedonia, the locals have made it clear how important the many species of birds, snakes, mammals, and invertebrates are to their home.

The Official National Animal of Macedonia

In Macedonia, the official national animal is the Macedonian Lion. The country holds such a high honor for this national animal that it is featured on their coat of arms, holding a crown adopt its head. It is one of the oldest symbols in Europe, though the skin of the animal was once worn by Macedonian kings (including Alexander the Great on the silver tetradrachm of Macedonia).

A lion sculpture was erected centuries ago after the Greeks were defeated by the Macedonians in central Greece. The sculpture of the Macedonian lion matches the one that can be seen in Amphipolis.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Macedonia

Among the forests in Macedonia, wildlife like wild boars, foxes, chamois, bears, and deer run freely. The wildlife in this region is vast and abundant, but there are a few endemic species that only find their home in certain areas. For instance, the lynx is a unique and rare sighting, only typically arising in the mountains in the northwest region of Macedonia. Deer, on the other hand, have many endemic species that prefer to live in Demir Kapija.

Other wild animals include:

  • Chamois, which lives in the European mountains.
  • Common buzzard, which is found throughout Europe.
  • European pine vole, which is a mouse that is widespread across Macedonia.

Ultimately, Macedonia’s habitat is such a welcoming area that it would be more difficult to find a place without wildlife than with it.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Macedonia Today

Even though there are many small animals in Macedonia that pose no threat, it is still home to dangerous wildlife like brown bears, which have attacked over 600 people in the last 15 years. However, the country authorized the legal killing of animals, despite banning wolf hunting. While there have been attacks by predators like the lynx and the wolf, no deaths have been recorded. The thousands of insect species are much more dangerous. Other dangerous animals include the Mediterranean black widow and the sea urchin.

North Macedonia is home to three venomous and highly dangerous snakes, which include the Montpellier snakes and the European cat snakes. Interestingly, the latter is an endemic species to the Mediterranean region and Caucasus region.

Endangered Animals in Macedonia

The biggest threat to wildlife in Macedonia is the impact that humans have had on the environment. Between the marsh draining and the agricultural use of land, an unfortunate number of endemic species are endangered, and a few have become extinct.

Some of the endangered species include:

  • Common tortoise, which is also known as Hermann’s tortoise that is commonly exported out of the region.
  • Egyptian vulture, which has largely been endangered as the result of poisoning by the chemicals used in agriculture.
  • Bechstein’s bat, which tends to live in woodland areas and has been exceedingly difficult to locate for years.

As of 2018, the country has reported 8 extinct nesting species of birds. Though the golden jackal was once considered extinct, it has since been re-established in some areas. Without further protection, there is a major risk of extinction among other endemic species of Macedonia.

Macedonian Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Balkan Lynx

The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Macedonian Animals List

Animals in Macedonia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is the national animal of Macedonia?

The national animal of Macedonia is the Macedonian lion. It has been featured on the country’s coat of arms for centuries.

Are there wolves in Macedonia?

Yes. The majority of wolves in Macedonia prefer to live in high mountain areas and forests. By the estimations of researchers, upwards of 800 wolves currently live in this small country.

Are there scorpions in Macedonia?

Yes. One such scorpion features a yellow and brown exoskeleton, potentially reaching 75 mm in its full length. Along with the sightings in Macedonia, this scorpion has also been found in many of the Greek islands, Albania, Bulgaria, and other eastern countries of Europe.