Animals in Macedonia

Below you can find a complete list of Macedonian animals. We currently track 137 animals in Macedonia and are adding more every day!

The complexities of Macedonia’s fauna make it a beautiful and welcoming home to over 10,000 different species of animals to just the northern region. More specifically, it is home to 16 unique species of snakes, but only three of these species are dangerous and venomous. Birds account for 300 different species that have been found in the country, though they do not all build nests for long-term stays.

The unique zoological structure has led Macedonia to host many endemic species that can’t be found anywhere else. The lynx, for example, is specific to the mountain region in North Macedonia. With the lion as the national animal of Macedonia, the locals have made it clear how important the many species of birds, snakes, mammals, and invertebrates are to their home.

The Official National Animal of Macedonia

In Macedonia, the official national animal is the Macedonian Lion. The country holds such a high honor for this national animal that it is featured on their coat of arms, holding a crown adopt its head. It is one of the oldest symbols in Europe, though the skin of the animal was once worn by Macedonian kings (including Alexander the Great on the silver tetradrachm of Macedonia).

A lion sculpture was erected centuries ago after the Greeks were defeated by the Macedonians in central Greece. The sculpture of the Macedonian lion matches the one that can be seen in Amphipolis.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Macedonia

Among the forests in Macedonia, wildlife like wild boars, foxes, chamois, bears, and deer run freely. The wildlife in this region is vast and abundant, but there are a few endemic species that only find their home in certain areas. For instance, the lynx is a unique and rare sighting, only typically arising in the mountains in the northwest region of Macedonia. Deer, on the other hand, have many endemic species that prefer to live in Demir Kapija.

Other wild animals include:

  • Chamois, which lives in the European mountains.
  • Common buzzard, which is found throughout Europe.
  • European pine vole, which is a mouse that is widespread across Macedonia.

Ultimately, Macedonia’s habitat is such a welcoming area that it would be more difficult to find a place without wildlife than with it.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Macedonia Today

Even though there are many small animals in Macedonia that pose no threat, it is still home to dangerous wildlife like brown bears, which have attacked over 600 people in the last 15 years. However, the country authorized the legal killing of animals, despite banning wolf hunting. While there have been attacks by predators like the lynx and the wolf, no deaths have been recorded. The thousands of insect species are much more dangerous. Other dangerous animals include the Mediterranean black widow and the sea urchin.

North Macedonia is home to three venomous and highly dangerous snakes, which include the Montpellier snakes and the European cat snakes. Interestingly, the latter is an endemic species to the Mediterranean region and Caucasus region.

Endangered Animals in Macedonia

The biggest threat to wildlife in Macedonia is the impact that humans have had on the environment. Between the marsh draining and the agricultural use of land, an unfortunate number of endemic species are endangered, and a few have become extinct.

Some of the endangered species include:

  • Common tortoise, which is also known as Hermann’s tortoise that is commonly exported out of the region.
  • Egyptian vulture, which has largely been endangered as the result of poisoning by the chemicals used in agriculture.
  • Bechstein’s bat, which tends to live in woodland areas and has been exceedingly difficult to locate for years.

As of 2018, the country has reported 8 extinct nesting species of birds. Though the golden jackal was once considered extinct, it has since been re-established in some areas. Without further protection, there is a major risk of extinction among other endemic species of Macedonia.

Macedonian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Macedonian Animals List

Animals in Macedonia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is the national animal of Macedonia?

The national animal of Macedonia is the Macedonian lion. It has been featured on the country’s coat of arms for centuries.

Are there wolves in Macedonia?

Yes. The majority of wolves in Macedonia prefer to live in high mountain areas and forests. By the estimations of researchers, upwards of 800 wolves currently live in this small country.

Are there scorpions in Macedonia?

Yes. One such scorpion features a yellow and brown exoskeleton, potentially reaching 75 mm in its full length. Along with the sightings in Macedonia, this scorpion has also been found in many of the Greek islands, Albania, Bulgaria, and other eastern countries of Europe.