Below you can find a complete list of Georgian animals. We currently track 152 animals in Georgia and are adding more every day!
Straddling the line between Eastern Europe and Western Asia, Georgia is a small country located in the mountainous Caucasus region. It is bounded by Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and the Black Sea to the west.
Within such small territory, there is a remarkable amount of geographic variety and biodiversity, from the subtropical coastline to the fertile plains of the Kolkhida Lowland, where the legendary Argonauts supposedly sought the Golden Fleece. Much of the country is dominated by the Greater and Lesser Caucasus mountains, which run in parallel between the Black and Caspian Seas. Forests and brushlands also coat most of the land.
The Official National (State) Animal of Georgia
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Georgia
The government of Georgia has set aside dozens of distinctive national parks, nature reserves, and protected landscapes, representing around 7% of the entire landmass, where visitors can catch glimpses of iconic national wildlife.
- The Tbilisi National Park covers nearly a hundred square miles near the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountain range. Across three winding trails, visitors can sometimes catch glimpses of red foxes, deer, jackals, lynxes, and even the elusive brown bear.
- The Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park, which covers more than 400 square miles of central Georgia, is the largest protected area in the entire country. With 12 hiking trails for visitors to explore, this unique park is home to wolves, lynxes, deer, foxes, chamois, bee-eaters, and the black grouse.
- The Javakheti National Park is a transnational protected area that joins together with Armenia’s Lake Arpi National Park on the southern border. Famous for its many lakes, the park is home to various species of local birds, including the pelican, duck, sandpiper, stork, mountain finch, stone sparrow, and hawk.
- The Lagodekhi protected area borders Russia and Azerbaijan in the densely forested northeast. While part of the park is only intended for researchers, the managed nature reserve area contains various trails winding through the alpine forests and waterfalls. The tur, deer, chamois, eagle, vulture, and lynx all live here.
- Finally, the Tusheti National Park is located a mere hundred miles away from Lagodekhi. Some of the most interesting fauna found here are the chamois, golden eagles, falcons, wild goats, wolves, lynxes, kestrels, and harriers.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Georgia Today
Several species of deadly snakes and dangerous carnivores are found in the more remote parts of Georgia.
- Caucasus Viper – Also known as Kaznakov’s viper in honor of Russian naturalist Aleksandr Nikolaevich Kaznakov, this black-colored species is found in ravines and the forested slopes of the Caucasus. When it strikes, this snake delivers a potent and deadly venom. Bite victims always should seek immediate medical attention.
- Caucasian Meadow Viper – This dangerous snake is identified by the grayish-brown body and black patterns on the back. Usually found at higher elevations, this snake delivers a potent venom that travelers should best avoid.
- Eurasian Brown Bear – Despite its fearsome reputation, the brown bear does not usually attack people unless it feels personally threatened or provoked. Hikers should always be on the lookout, however, in order to avoid surprising it.
- Wolves – Georgia is home to the steppe wolf and possibly the Eurasian wolf subspecies. Wolves very rarely attack people because they either fear humans or feel uninterested toward them, but deadly encounters have been known to occur. One curious fact is that the name of the country itself derives from an old Persian term that means land of the wolves.
Endangered Animals in Georgia
The remote landscapes of Georgia are home to many unique species found in few other places. But habitat loss, overhunting, and competition with domesticated animals have endangered some of its natural wildlife.
- Persian Leopard – The Persian leopard once had a historic range that stretched all over the Caucasian region. But extensive trophy hunting and habitat loss have taken their toll on this subspecies. Only a few individuals are known to remain in Georgia.
- West Caucasian Tur – This is a unique species of mountain-dwelling goat-antelopes native to the Caucasus. Now endangered from unrestricted hunting, it is estimated that only 5,000 to 6,000 individuals remain in the wild.
- Caucasus Viper – One of the most dangerous animals in Georgia is also one of the most endangered. Population numbers are in decline from tourism, agriculture, and urban development.
- Bastard Sturgeon – Once abundant throughout the Black and Caspian Seas, it’s believed that a small population may still remain in the Rioni River.
Georgian Animals List
- Angora Goat
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common House Spider
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Dung Beetle
- Edible Frog
- False Widow Spider
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Orb Weaver
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pine Marten
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Roe Deer
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tiger Beetle
- Tiger Moth
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
- Woodlouse Spider
Animals in Georgia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in the country of Georgia?
Georgia contains a rich panoply of mammalian wildlife, including rodents, bats, hares, deer, wild boar, goats (both wild and domesticated), and carnivores (like weasels, raccoons, and foxes). Common birds include eagles, hawks, falcons, ducks, plovers, larks, warblers, sparrows, and finches. Reptiles, amphibians, insects, and other invertebrates are abundant almost everywhere. The freshwater areas also teem with fish.
Are there bears in the country of Georgia?
The remote mountains and forests of Georgia form a perfect habitat for the Eurasian brown bear. Although it was once threatened by hunting and habitat loss, numbers have now increased back to respectable levels of a few hundred.
Are there lions in the country of Georgia?
One thing that many people may not know is that the Asiatic lion (a subspecies of the lion) once lived as far north as the Caucasus. It probably became locally extinct from Georgia a few hundred years ago.
Are there moose in Georgia?
The Caucasian moose subspecies once lived in Georgia as recently as the 18th and 19th centuries. It eventually became extinct from habitat loss and overhunting.
Are there tigers in Georgia?
The Caspian tiger survived in Georgia all the way to the early 20th century. The subspecies went completely extinct in 2003.