Animals in Azerbaijan

Updated: December 29, 2022
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Below you can find a complete list of Azerbaijani animals. We currently track 218 animals in Azerbaijan and are adding more every day!

Situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Azerbaijan is a small Caucasian country that became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. The country shares a land border with Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia, Turkey, and Georgia to the west, while the entire eastern part of the country is surrounded by the Caspian Sea.

Azerbaijan is divided between extreme mountains and lowlands. The Greater Caucasus Mountains cut across the northern part of the country, carving out beautiful gorges and streams in the landscape. It contains the country’s highest peak, Mount Bazardyuzyu, at 14,652 feet. The Lesser Caucasus mountain range, which reaches a summit of almost 13,000 feet, runs parallel to the Greater Caucasus about 100 to 200 miles in the south, while the Talish Mountains also grace the southeast border with Iran. The rest of the country is comprised of lowland forests, plains, and wetlands.

The Official National (State) Animal of Azerbaijan

The Karabakh horse is the major national symbol of Azerbaijan. Historically it has been an important racing and riding horse of the Eurasian mountain-steppe areas.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Azerbaijan

Since its independence, Azerbaijan has established around nine different national parks, 15 state reserves, and many more game reserves to protect its wildlife.

  • The Absheron National Park is the smallest of the parks, but it’s also the easiest wildlife area for tourists to reach, situated as it is to the immediate east of the capital, Baku. Amid the twisting dunes and semi-desert coastlines, visitors can find foxes, tortoises, jackals, ducks, sandpipers, and even the endangered Caspian seal in the summer.
  • The Shirvan National Park, located in the southeast Salyan Rayon District, features red foxes, gazelles, jungle cats, badgers, jackals, eagles, falcons, tree frogs, and marsh frogs, Caspian turtles, snakes, and even the elusive wolf.
  • The Ag-Gel National Park, which encompasses Lake Aggol in the Kur-Araz Lowland toward the west, has been deemed an important bird area. It is home to more than 140 unique species of birds, including the partridge, swan, spoonbill, teal, and pelican. It’s also an excellent source of freshwater fish and small mammals.
  • The Gizilaghaj Nature Reserve, located in the Lankaran District along the southeast Caspian coast, is the largest protected area in the entire country. Encompassing more than 300 square miles, it is home to some 270 species of birds, including swans, pelicans, ducks, herons, ibises, spoonbills, geese, and flamingos. It also contains some reptiles and mammals.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Azerbaijan Today

Azerbaijan is home to several species of venomous snakes and large carnivores, but only a few of them are highly dangerous.

  • Horned Viper – Also known as the long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, or sand viper, it’s easily identified by the unique horn on the snout. As one of the more dangerous snakes in all of Europe, this species can cause pain, swelling, and discoloration. Fortunately, these reptiles are only found in a very small part of western Azerbaijan.
  • Caucasian Pit Viper – This subspecies of the Central Asian pit viper lives in the southeastern part of the country. When it strikes, the snake opens its mouth almost 180 degrees and uses specialized muscles to inject the venom, the amount of which it can control. Victims will likely experience pain, swelling, and an irregular heartbeat. In rare cases, paralysis may develop later.
  • Brown Bear – Bears are not as aggressive as their reputation suggests. Attacks only occur in less than a percent of on-foot encounters, usually when the bear feels surprised or threatened. In fact, most attacks occur when a mother is protecting her young.

Endangered Animals in Azerbaijan

  • Caspian Seal – Native to the rocky shorelines and islands of the Caspian Sea, this small earless seal has become endangered from disease, pollution, habitat degradation, and overhunting. While about 100,000 still remain in the wild, numbers have declined from a peak of 1.5 million in the early 20th century. They continue to decline by a few percent per year.
  • Persian Leopard – Once common throughout the Caucasus and Western Asia, the Persian leopard is in danger of becoming extinct. About 1,000 of them remain in the wild, only a few of which actually reside in Azerbaijan. Protected by law, they can be found in the country’s wildlife refuges.
  • Persian Gazelle – This is an endangered subspecies of the goitered gazelle, which derives its name from the male’s enlarged neck and throat pouch in the breeding season. A million goitered gazelles once roamed the deserts and semi-deserts of the Middle East and Central Asia, but now only about 100,000 to 150,000 of them remain.
  • Persian Sturgeon – Among the largest fishes in the world, the Persian sturgeon is endemic to the Caspian Sea and some surrounding freshwater rivers. Since they mature so slowly, most sturgeons suffer greatly from overfishing. Both their flesh and their eggs are highly prized. As a result, they are now in danger of becoming extinct.

The Flag of Azerbaijan

The flag of Azerbaijan consists of blue, red and green horizontal bands with a white crescent and eight-pointed star at its center. The color blue signifies the Azerbaijan people and their Turkish origin, the red represents progress and the green symbolizes the Islamic religion. The octagonal star has eight points which stand for eight letters in the word Azerbaijan, written in Arabic. Overall, Azerbaijan’s flag symbolizes the country’s pride, heritage, independence, and identity. 

Azerbaijani Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Caucasian Mountain Dog (Shepherd)

The Caucasian mountain dog may look intimidating, but they are actually gentle, affectionate, and loyal family companions

Caucasian Shepherd

These former bear-hunting dogs are used today as prison guard dogs in Russia.


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Winter Moth

Only the males fly and the females walk.


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.


It interbreeds with the pine bunting

Azerbaijani Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijan contains more than 100 species of mammals, the most common of which are rodents, bats, and carnivores (like raccoons and foxes). There are an additional 360 or so species of birds, many of which migrate or just pass through the country. Both the freshwater rivers and the Caspian Sea are home to almost 100 species of fish and 15,000 species of invertebrates, including salmon and sturgeon. There are also about 70 species of reptiles and amphibians.

Are there tigers in Azerbaijan?

The Caspian tiger subspecies did once roam the southern half of Azerbaijan, but the last known population went extinct in 2003.

Are there bears in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijan is home to both the Eurasian brown bear (one of the most common subspecies of brown bears) and the unique Syrian brown bear (a smaller and lighter variant).

Are there lions in Azerbaijan?

The Asiatic lion subspecies was once found as far north as the Caucasus, but it probably disappeared from the region by the 10th century.