Below you can find a complete list of Azerbaijani animals. We currently track 136 animals in Azerbaijan and are adding more every day!
Situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Azerbaijan is a small Caucasian country that became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. The country shares a land border with Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia, Turkey, and Georgia to the west, while the entire eastern part of the country is surrounded by the Caspian Sea.
Azerbaijan is divided between extreme mountains and lowlands. The Greater Caucasus Mountains cut across the northern part of the country, carving out beautiful gorges and streams in the landscape. It contains the country’s highest peak, Mount Bazardyuzyu, at 14,652 feet. The Lesser Caucasus mountain range, which reaches a summit of almost 13,000 feet, runs parallel to the Greater Caucasus about 100 to 200 miles in the south, while the Talish Mountains also grace the southeast border with Iran. The rest of the country is comprised of lowland forests, plains, and wetlands.
The Official National (State) Animal of Azerbaijan
The Karabakh horse is the major national symbol of Azerbaijan. Historically it has been an important racing and riding horse of the Eurasian mountain-steppe areas.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Azerbaijan
Since its independence, Azerbaijan has established around nine different national parks, 15 state reserves, and many more game reserves to protect its wildlife.
- The Absheron National Park is the smallest of the parks, but it’s also the easiest wildlife area for tourists to reach, situated as it is to the immediate east of the capital, Baku. Amid the twisting dunes and semi-desert coastlines, visitors can find foxes, tortoises, jackals, ducks, sandpipers, and even the endangered Caspian seal in the summer.
- The Shirvan National Park, located in the southeast Salyan Rayon District, features red foxes, gazelles, jungle cats, badgers, jackals, eagles, falcons, tree frogs, and marsh frogs, Caspian turtles, snakes, and even the elusive wolf.
- The Ag-Gel National Park, which encompasses Lake Aggol in the Kur-Araz Lowland toward the west, has been deemed an important bird area. It is home to more than 140 unique species of birds, including the partridge, swan, spoonbill, teal, and pelican. It’s also an excellent source of freshwater fish and small mammals.
- The Gizilaghaj Nature Reserve, located in the Lankaran District along the southeast Caspian coast, is the largest protected area in the entire country. Encompassing more than 300 square miles, it is home to some 270 species of birds, including swans, pelicans, ducks, herons, ibises, spoonbills, geese, and flamingos. It also contains some reptiles and mammals.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Azerbaijan Today
Azerbaijan is home to several species of venomous snakes and large carnivores, but only a few of them are highly dangerous.
- Horned Viper – Also known as the long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, or sand viper, it’s easily identified by the unique horn on the snout. As one of the more dangerous snakes in all of Europe, this species can cause pain, swelling, and discoloration. Fortunately, these reptiles are only found in a very small part of western Azerbaijan.
- Caucasian Pit Viper – This subspecies of the Central Asian pit viper lives in the southeastern part of the country. When it strikes, the snake opens its mouth almost 180 degrees and uses specialized muscles to inject the venom, the amount of which it can control. Victims will likely experience pain, swelling, and an irregular heartbeat. In rare cases, paralysis may develop later.
- Brown Bear – Bears are not as aggressive as their reputation suggests. Attacks only occur in less than a percent of on-foot encounters, usually when the bear feels surprised or threatened. In fact, most attacks occur when a mother is protecting her young.
Endangered Animals in Azerbaijan
- Caspian Seal – Native to the rocky shorelines and islands of the Caspian Sea, this small earless seal has become endangered from disease, pollution, habitat degradation, and overhunting. While about 100,000 still remain in the wild, numbers have declined from a peak of 1.5 million in the early 20th century. They continue to decline by a few percent per year.
- Persian Leopard – Once common throughout the Caucasus and Western Asia, the Persian leopard is in danger of becoming extinct. About 1,000 of them remain in the wild, only a few of which actually reside in Azerbaijan. Protected by law, they can be found in the country’s wildlife refuges.
- Persian Gazelle – This is an endangered subspecies of the goitered gazelle, which derives its name from the male’s enlarged neck and throat pouch in the breeding season. A million goitered gazelles once roamed the deserts and semi-deserts of the Middle East and Central Asia, but now only about 100,000 to 150,000 of them remain.
- Persian Sturgeon – Among the largest fishes in the world, the Persian sturgeon is endemic to the Caspian Sea and some surrounding freshwater rivers. Since they mature so slowly, most sturgeons suffer greatly from overfishing. Both their flesh and their eggs are highly prized. As a result, they are now in danger of becoming extinct.
Azerbaijani Animals List
- Angora Goat
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Azerbaijan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijan contains more than 100 species of mammals, the most common of which are rodents, bats, and carnivores (like raccoons and foxes). There are an additional 360 or so species of birds, many of which migrate or just pass through the country. Both the freshwater rivers and the Caspian Sea are home to almost 100 species of fish and 15,000 species of invertebrates, including salmon and sturgeon. There are also about 70 species of reptiles and amphibians.
Are there tigers in Azerbaijan?
The Caspian tiger subspecies did once roam the southern half of Azerbaijan, but the last known population went extinct in 2003.
Are there bears in Azerbaijan?
Azerbaijan is home to both the Eurasian brown bear (one of the most common subspecies of brown bears) and the unique Syrian brown bear (a smaller and lighter variant).
Are there lions in Azerbaijan?
The Asiatic lion subspecies was once found as far north as the Caucasus, but it probably disappeared from the region by the 10th century.