Animals in Azerbaijan

Below you can find a complete list of Azerbaijani animals. We currently track 136 animals in Azerbaijan and are adding more every day!

Situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Azerbaijan is a small Caucasian country that became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. The country shares a land border with Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia, Turkey, and Georgia to the west, while the entire eastern part of the country is surrounded by the Caspian Sea.

Azerbaijan is divided between extreme mountains and lowlands. The Greater Caucasus Mountains cut across the northern part of the country, carving out beautiful gorges and streams in the landscape. It contains the country’s highest peak, Mount Bazardyuzyu, at 14,652 feet. The Lesser Caucasus mountain range, which reaches a summit of almost 13,000 feet, runs parallel to the Greater Caucasus about 100 to 200 miles in the south, while the Talish Mountains also grace the southeast border with Iran. The rest of the country is comprised of lowland forests, plains, and wetlands.

The Official National (State) Animal of Azerbaijan

The Karabakh horse is the major national symbol of Azerbaijan. Historically it has been an important racing and riding horse of the Eurasian mountain-steppe areas.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Azerbaijan

Since its independence, Azerbaijan has established around nine different national parks, 15 state reserves, and many more game reserves to protect its wildlife.

  • The Absheron National Park is the smallest of the parks, but it’s also the easiest wildlife area for tourists to reach, situated as it is to the immediate east of the capital, Baku. Amid the twisting dunes and semi-desert coastlines, visitors can find foxes, tortoises, jackals, ducks, sandpipers, and even the endangered Caspian seal in the summer.
  • The Shirvan National Park, located in the southeast Salyan Rayon District, features red foxes, gazelles, jungle cats, badgers, jackals, eagles, falcons, tree frogs, and marsh frogs, Caspian turtles, snakes, and even the elusive wolf.
  • The Ag-Gel National Park, which encompasses Lake Aggol in the Kur-Araz Lowland toward the west, has been deemed an important bird area. It is home to more than 140 unique species of birds, including the partridge, swan, spoonbill, teal, and pelican. It’s also an excellent source of freshwater fish and small mammals.
  • The Gizilaghaj Nature Reserve, located in the Lankaran District along the southeast Caspian coast, is the largest protected area in the entire country. Encompassing more than 300 square miles, it is home to some 270 species of birds, including swans, pelicans, ducks, herons, ibises, spoonbills, geese, and flamingos. It also contains some reptiles and mammals.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Azerbaijan Today

Azerbaijan is home to several species of venomous snakes and large carnivores, but only a few of them are highly dangerous.

  • Horned Viper – Also known as the long-nosed viper, nose-horned viper, or sand viper, it’s easily identified by the unique horn on the snout. As one of the more dangerous snakes in all of Europe, this species can cause pain, swelling, and discoloration. Fortunately, these reptiles are only found in a very small part of western Azerbaijan.
  • Caucasian Pit Viper – This subspecies of the Central Asian pit viper lives in the southeastern part of the country. When it strikes, the snake opens its mouth almost 180 degrees and uses specialized muscles to inject the venom, the amount of which it can control. Victims will likely experience pain, swelling, and an irregular heartbeat. In rare cases, paralysis may develop later.
  • Brown Bear – Bears are not as aggressive as their reputation suggests. Attacks only occur in less than a percent of on-foot encounters, usually when the bear feels surprised or threatened. In fact, most attacks occur when a mother is protecting her young.

Endangered Animals in Azerbaijan

  • Caspian Seal – Native to the rocky shorelines and islands of the Caspian Sea, this small earless seal has become endangered from disease, pollution, habitat degradation, and overhunting. While about 100,000 still remain in the wild, numbers have declined from a peak of 1.5 million in the early 20th century. They continue to decline by a few percent per year.
  • Persian Leopard – Once common throughout the Caucasus and Western Asia, the Persian leopard is in danger of becoming extinct. About 1,000 of them remain in the wild, only a few of which actually reside in Azerbaijan. Protected by law, they can be found in the country’s wildlife refuges.
  • Persian Gazelle – This is an endangered subspecies of the goitered gazelle, which derives its name from the male’s enlarged neck and throat pouch in the breeding season. A million goitered gazelles once roamed the deserts and semi-deserts of the Middle East and Central Asia, but now only about 100,000 to 150,000 of them remain.
  • Persian Sturgeon – Among the largest fishes in the world, the Persian sturgeon is endemic to the Caspian Sea and some surrounding freshwater rivers. Since they mature so slowly, most sturgeons suffer greatly from overfishing. Both their flesh and their eggs are highly prized. As a result, they are now in danger of becoming extinct.

Azerbaijani Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Azerbaijani Animals List

Animals in Azerbaijan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijan contains more than 100 species of mammals, the most common of which are rodents, bats, and carnivores (like raccoons and foxes). There are an additional 360 or so species of birds, many of which migrate or just pass through the country. Both the freshwater rivers and the Caspian Sea are home to almost 100 species of fish and 15,000 species of invertebrates, including salmon and sturgeon. There are also about 70 species of reptiles and amphibians.

Are there tigers in Azerbaijan?

The Caspian tiger subspecies did once roam the southern half of Azerbaijan, but the last known population went extinct in 2003.

Are there bears in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijan is home to both the Eurasian brown bear (one of the most common subspecies of brown bears) and the unique Syrian brown bear (a smaller and lighter variant).

Are there lions in Azerbaijan?

The Asiatic lion subspecies was once found as far north as the Caucasus, but it probably disappeared from the region by the 10th century.