Animals in Slovakia

Updated: April 22, 2021
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Below you can find a complete list of Slovak animals. We currently track 231 animals in Slovakia and are adding more every day!

Slovakia is a landlocked country in central Europe, with a population of about 5.5. million. Slovakia is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, and Austria to the west.

Slovakia has several mountain ranges, including the Tatras and the Carpathians, large expanses of forest, and many bodies of water. This varied topography supports a rich variety of fauna. Its native wildlife includes chamois, wolves, martens, marmots, bears, and otters. Slovakia’s native birds include wild geese, ducks, storks, partridges, pheasants, and many raptors.

Interesting Facts About the Animals of Slovakia

Slovakia has many animals you’ll find in other countries, but it also has unique native wildlife.

  • Eurasian wolf: The Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus lupus) is also known as the common wolf or Middle Russian forest wolf. It is a subspecies of the gray wolf. This wolf has a longer, leaner build than the gray wolf. Like many other wolf species, this wolf has been hunted almost to extinction. In Slovakia, it is a protected species, and its numbers have rebounded.
  • Steppe polecat: The steppe polecat (Mustela eversmanii), also known as the white or masked polecat, is a sturdy, slightly stocky mammal with pale yellow fur and a masked face. In the winter, its coat can turn to a silvery gray color. The steppe polecat eats ground squirrels, pikas and hamsters. It is not endangered.
  • Asiatic jackal: This dog-like animal (Canis aureus) also goes by the names golden jackal or Asian wild dog. Jackals are related to wolves, but they’re smaller. They mostly scavenge on food killed by other predators, but they will also hunt and eat rodents, birds, and amphibians. Jackals are solitary and usually travel as mated pairs. Jackals face habitat destruction and other threats in most of the world.
  • Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber): Slightly larger than North American beavers, these busy mammals are known for building dams and huts. Beavers are nature’s engineers. In Slovakia, they live in many rivers, lakes, and streams. They live in family groups of six to eight members. Because their fur was highly prized, beavers were hunted almost to extinction. Conservation and reintroduction programs have caused their numbers to rise again. Today, they are listed as “near threatened.”
  • European elk: This animal goes by the name moose (Alces alces) in North America or elk in Eurasia and the U.K. In North America, an elk (Cervus canadensis) or wapiti is a smaller version of the moose. The moose or European elk is the largest and heaviest member of the deer family. Moose prefer to live in marshy, damp areas close to water sources. They feed on shrubs, tree leaves, herbs, grasses, and bark. Moose are not threatened or endangered.
  • Alpine marmot: Although it looks like a groundhog, the Alpine marmot (Marmota marmota) is actually a large, burrowing ground squirrel. These chubby critters have sweet faces and fur that changes color according to the season. They live in mountainous areas of Europe and are plentiful in Germany and Slovakia.

Where To Find Wildlife in Slovakia

Slovakia has many national parks. They are the perfect place to see the country’s unique fauna.

  • National Park of High Tatras: Founded in 1949, this is the oldest protected area in Slovakia. It was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1993. The protected areas include wooded forests and some of the tallest mountain peaks in Europe. Bears, Alpine marmots, and chamois all live here.
  • National Park of Sloveny: Waterfalls, caves, and one of the largest ice caves in Europe contribute to a gorgeous landscape in this park. The park’s ecology is mostly spruce forest. It provides a safe home for lynxes, bears, gray wolves, and wild boars.
  • Poloniny National Park: This park is primarily famous as a protected area for the European bison. Although there are only a few bison in the reserve, these bison have bred many baby bison for zoos and other conservation areas.

Endangered Animals In Slovakia

  • European mink: This slender member of the mustelid family has short legs, a sleek brown body, and white bands on its jaws. European minks (Mustela lutreola) are semi-aquatic mammals. They live close to river banks, marshes, and streams. They eat birds, fish, crabs, and insects. European minks are on the verge of extinction everywhere in Europe.
  • Western barbastelle (Barbastella barbastellus): This medium-sized bat prefers to live in forests at high altitudes. They nest in tree hollows, caves, cellars, and occasionally in abandoned human buildings. They have long, black fur and white-tipped wings. Western barbastelles eat moths, mosquitoes, and other insects. These bats have lost numbers to habitat disruption and pollution. They are listed as threatened or endangered in most parts of Europe.
  • Eurasian otter: The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is also known as the European otter, Eurasian river otter, common otter, and Old World otter. This semi-aquatic mammal is widespread in Europe, where it lives in marshes and rivers. Eurasian otters are endangered in some countries, including Slovakia, but their numbers are recovering in other countries.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Slovakia Today

  • Bears: Although they are not aggressive, bears can be dangerous if they feel provoked or threatened by humans. Most people won’t encounter bears unless they are hiking in the mountains.
  • Wild boars: Wild boars can weigh over 200 pounds. They have long, sharp tusks and no fear of humans. It’s particularly dangerous to interfere with a female wild boar who’s with her piglets.
  • Snakes: The only venomous species of snake in Slovakia is a snake called an adder (Vipera berus). Adders live on riverbanks and in mountainous areas. Adders are usually brown or gray with red eyes and a dark zigzag pattern along their backs. An adder bite is painful and causes inflammation, but it is not usually fatal. Adders are common in Europe, and they are not threatened or endangered.

Slovak Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown-banded Cockroach

Females glue egg cases to furniture

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common European Adder

European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cormorant

They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crow

A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

This breed is also known as the Czechoslovakian Vlcak (the name for the German Shepherd).

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Devil’s Coach Horse Beetle

The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Eider

Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glowworm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Goldcrest

The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackdaw

The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lazarus Lizard

Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Linnet

While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Mosquito

Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Natterjack

Can lay up to 7500 eggs

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Old House Borer

Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Osprey

They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 300 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.

Redstart

They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smallmouth Bass

A fierce fighter!

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Stork

They can’t sing like other birds.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Ural owl

The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees

Viper

Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Woolly Rhinoceros

The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Wryneck

They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.

Yellowhammer

It interbreeds with the pine bunting

Slovak Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Animals in Slovakia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in Slovakia?

Slovakia has a great variety of animals.

It has two species of big cats. They are the European wildcat and the Eurasian lynx. The European wildcat is a small cat with thick fur and fluffy ears. It looks like a large domestic cat. Hunted for their thick, soft fur, European wildcats are endangered everywhere.

The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized wildcat known for its spotted fur and pointed ear tips. This shy, beautiful cat lives in rocky mountain areas and forests. In Slovakia, it lives in the mountains and can be seen at Velka Fatra National Park.

Although Eurasian lynxes are present in almost every country in Europe, they were hunted to near extinction almost everywhere. Today, conservation efforts and reintroduction programs have led to increases in their population. They are a protected species almost everywhere.

Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus): These small deer are plentiful in the forests of Slovakia. They have reddish pelts and short tails. Although they are a popular target of hunters, roe deer are plentiful in Slovakia and other countries.

Chamois: This wild mountain goat is endemic to the Tatras mountains of Slovakia. Chamois exist in many European mountains, and they are particularly important to the Slovakian people. Their sturdy hooves allow them to travel easily on rocky heights. They are social animals who travel in large flocks together.

European bison: This large animal is related to the North American bison and looks very similar. The European bison (Bison bonasus) is also known as the wisent.

Bisons are the largest land mammals in Europe. These large herbivores were once plentiful in most European mountain ranges, but they were hunted to extinction almost everywhere. Captive breeding and reintroduction programs have increased the bison’s numbers, and they are now listed as “least concern” for conservation status.

What Is the National Animal of Slovakia?

Slovakia does not have a national animal.