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A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Bison


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American Bison
A young bison at Custer State Park
Curious Wood Buffalo (Bison bison athabascae), Wood Buffalo National Park, Canada
Bison grazing near a hot spring, Yellowstone
Bull Bison in Nebraska
The bison is also known as the American bison and the American buffalo, although the bison is only thought to be very distantly related to the buffalo and the water buffalo found in Africa and Asia respectively.

The bison is one of the largest types of cow in the world with adult bison commonly growing to 2 meters tall or more. The bison typically have long shaggy hair if they inhabit colder regions and the bison in the warmer climates have shorter hair.

The wild bison has been hunted by humans for meat, skins and trophy hunting. The bison has only a handful of predators in the wild mainly due to the sheer size of the bison. Wolves, bears and cougars are amongst those animals that hunt the bison in their natural habitat.

The bison is considered to be the largest land mammal still in existence in North America, where the natural habitat of the bison ranged from Canada to Mexico. Due to loss of the bisons habitat and hunting, the bison are now only found in large herds in very remote areas and farmland.

Before the settlers arrived in North America in the 1800s there were approximately 60 - 100 million bison inhabiting the area, the settlers hunted the bison population down to a mere 1,000 from which the species has still not fully recovered.


Bison Comments (17)

Anonymous

"sweat cool animal"

Anonymous

"not cute at all it is wondreful"

jada

"cute "

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Bison Translations

Bulgarian български език
Бизони
 
Catalan Català
Bisó
 
Czech Cesky
Bizon
 
German Deutsch
Bisons
 
English English
Bison
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Bizono
 
Spanish Español
Bison
 
Finnish Suomi
Biisonit
 
French Français
Bison
 
Galician Galego
Bisonte
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Bizon
 
Hungarian Magyar
Bölény
 
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Bison
 
Italian Italiano
Bison
 
Japanese 日本語
バイソン属
 
Latin Latina
Bison
 
Dutch Nederlands
Bison (geslacht)
 
Norwegian Norsk
Bison
 
Polish Polski
Bison (zwierzęta)
 
Portuguese Português
Bisonte
 
Romanian Româna
Bizon
 
Swedish Svenska
Bison (släkte)
 
Turkish Türkçe
Bizon
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Bò rừng bizon
 
Chinese 中文
美洲野牛属
 

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Bison Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Bovidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Bison
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Bison Bison
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Herbivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
2m - 2.7m (6.6ft - 9ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
1,000kg - 1,300kg (2,200lbs - 2,500lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
35km/h (22mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
15 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Threatened
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Hair
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Grass plains and forest
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Acorns, Berries
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Bear, Wolves
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Huge head and a shoulder hump

Related Animals

BuffaloBuffalo
Has no real natural predators!
CowCow
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
Highland CattleHighland Cattle
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
Water BuffaloWater Buffalo
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
YakYak
There are only a few left in the wild!
ZebuZebu
There are around 75 different species!