Below you can find a complete list of Lithuanian animals. We currently track 137 animals in Lithuania and are adding more every day!
The forests, wetlands, meadows, and field habitats of Lithuania are home to a varied collection of animals. Bison, Roe deer, moose, foxes, wolves, marsh frogs, and the white stork are just a few examples of wildlife in Lithuania. Lithuania has 45 mammal species, 9 reptile species, 13 amphibian species, 50 plus species of fish, and 392 bird species.
The Official National Animal of Lithuania
In 1973, the White stork became the national animal of Lithuania. This bird with its long beak and elegant white and black feathers represents harmony. In fact, many Lithuanians believe that allowing this bird to nest near their home brings peace to the entire household. The White stork even has its own day! On March 25th each year, these storks are celebrated and honored. Kids are given small gifts such as chocolate, toys, and fruit. Also, people dye eggs and hang them on tree branches. The story that storks bring babies to expectant mothers continues to be told to children in Lithuania today.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Lithuania Today
Like any other country, there are some dangerous animals in Lithuania while others are known to be non-aggressive. As a note, most wild animals try to stay away from humans as much as possible. But, when encountered, some can be more dangerous than others. Discover the most dangerous animals in Lithuania today:
- Common Adder – This is the only venomous snake living in the wild in Lithuania. These snakes are well-hidden in their environment so when they bite people, it’s usually because they are accidentally stepped on or otherwise disturbed in their habitat. Fortunately, there have only been 14 total deaths from common adder bites since 1876. Pain in the bite area, dizziness, and sometimes an irregular heartbeat can be the result of an adder bite. Treatment is needed at a hospital as soon as possible. Some people who are bitten by common adders receive what is known as a dry bite. This means the snake did not release any of its venom.
- Wolves – From 1989 to 2001, there have been just 22 wolf attacks in Lithuania. Wolves tend to stay hidden, so if they attack a human it’s because they feel threatened or they feel their young cubs are at risk. These animals are fast and have a powerful bite.
- Moose – When you think of dangerous wildlife, you may not picture a moose. But these big mammals have the potential to be dangerous. Though it’s not clear how many moose attacks there have been in Lithuania, these large and strong mammals can use their tremendous hooves to kick at or trample a human who’s enterered their territory. Though these mammals are usually mild-mannered, they can quickly become dangerous if they feel their young are at risk of being injured by a person or another animal.
- Wild Boar – Wild boar in Lithuania have attacked hunters and others in their territory or near their young. This animal is aggressive and will run at a person causing deep cuts with its teeth and tusks. Though the number of fatalities from wild boar attacks is unknown, treatment at a hospital is needed to prevent excessive blood loss and infection.
Where to Find the Top Animals in Lithuania
It’s an amazing experience to witness the native wildlife in Lithuania. Fortunately, there are many national parks designed to offer protection to the animals while educating the public about them. Look at where you can find the top animals in Lithuania.
- Great Crested Newt – This large newt is most active between March and October. Many of these amphibians live in Zemaitija National Park.
- Wolves – Gray wolves live in forests and around wetlands in Lithuania. Dzukija National Park, established in 1991, is home to many of Lithuania’s wolves.
- White Storks – The national bird of Lithuania lives in wetlands and on grasslands as well. Aukstaitija National Park is one place in Lithuania where you can see these majestic birds.
- Elk – These large mammals live in a forest habitat. Dzukija National Park is home to a population of elk.
- Boar – This unique-looking animal is native to Lithuania and lives in the forest. They can be observed in Dzukija National Park.
- Bison – Bison used to be a common sight in Lithuanian forests. Though they didn’t become extinct, there was a big decrease in the population due to habitat loss. Fortunately, their numbers are growing again. They can be seen wandering in Krekenava Regional Park.
Endangered Animals in Lithuania
Habitat loss and hunting activity are two major reasons why some animals in Lithuania are considered Endangered. Check out some of the Endangered or Critically Endangered animals in Lithuania:
- European mink
- Saker falcon
- Aquatic warbler (Vulnerable)
- Black-tailed Godwit (Vulnerable)
Lithuanian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Lithuania FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Are there wolves in Lithuania?
Yes, there are gray wolves native to Lithuania. They live in forests and rocky areas of the country. This is one of those animals that like to stay away from people and keep moving through the range of their territory. These mammals have a conservation status of Least Concern with a stable population.
Are there any bears in Lithuania?
Yes, but they don’t live within the country. Brown bears are considered extinct in Lithuania. However, these mammals are not entirely extinct as a species. Brown bears sometimes cross the border into Lithuania from Latvia and Belarus. Bears are not concerned about borders!
Are there snakes in Lithuania?
Yes, there are snakes in Lithuania. The venomous Common Adder lives in the wild. Grass snakes and smooth snakes are also plentiful in this country. There are other types of snakes both venomous and non-venomous living in Lithuanian zoos and even in private collections of wildlife.