Animals in Ukraine

Below you can find a complete list of Ukrainian animals. We currently track 158 animals in Ukraine and are adding more every day!

Ukraine is the second-largest country by landmass in all of Europe. Having won its independence from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the country shares a border with Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania and Moldova to the south. Most of the country is comprised of a geographical region known as the Eastern European Plain. Featuring a combination of mixed forests, wetlands, and steppes, this area contains some of the most fertile soil in all of Europe. The southwestern part of Ukraine is also encompassed by the northern edge of the rugged Carpathian Mountains. The Dnieper River, which flows from Russia to the Black Sea, is the major river system in the country. As a kind of ecological crossroads, Ukraine contains a mix of European and steppe wildlife.

The Official National (State) Animal of Ukraine

Ukraine is represented by the common nightingale. It’s an important element in Ukrainian folklore as a harbinger of spring and a voice of sweet, happy sounds.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Ukraine

Ukraine contains almost 50 national parks and many more protected areas, comprising over 4,000 square miles.

The Carpathian National Nature Park, located near the western border with Romania, is one of the largest parks in the country and bears the names of the intersecting mountain range. Amid the winding trails through the alpine meadows and forests, visitors can experience plenty of deer, martens, eagles, owls, foxes, and other common wildlife. Sometimes one may be able to catch a glimpse of a wolf, lynx, or bear.

The Holosiivskyi National Nature Park, a large protected forest surrounding the capital city of Kiev, is a good place to find plenty of smaller wildlife such as shrews, bats, polecats, and otters. It’s also home to woodpeckers, lizards, snakes, and beetles.

The Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park, located in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast of western Ukraine, is the largest nature reserve in the entire country. Covering Bakota Bay, the Lower Smotrych River, and other protected areas, this park is home to ferrets, hedgehogs, martens, foxes, storks, owls, falcons, and the rare European mink.

The Shatsky National Natural Park, located in the Volyn Oblast of northwestern Ukraine, contains more than 30 lakes joined to each other by canals. As a result, the area is very rich in freshwater fish like the roach, pike, and the introduced catfish. Some boar, deer, rabbits, elk, badgers, and other mammals also thrive here.

The Pryazovskyi National Nature Park, located in the southeast Zaporizhzhia Oblast next to the Sea of Azov, is the second largest protected area in the entire country. Featuring a rich cornucopia of river estuaries and seaside plains, this park is home to many unique species of nesting and migratory waterfowl, including the great egret.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Ukraine Today

Ukraine is home to only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores.

  • Common European Viper – While this isn’t the most dangerous snake, the common European viper is the most widespread, and so it causes more bites than most other vipers. Symptoms of its venom include pain, swelling, blisters, and tingling. Death will only occur in very rare untreated cases.
  • Forest Steppe Adder – Native to the forested steppe regions of Ukraine, Nikolsky’s Viper (one of its alternative names) can deliver a nasty bite that causes pain and swelling. Death is very rare, but bite victims should always seek medical attention nevertheless.
  • Brown Bear – While attacks are exceptionally rare (they occur in well under 1% of on-foot encounters), brown bears can be very dangerous if they feel threatened, surprised, or provoked. A mother defending her cubs appears to be the main reason for most bear attacks.

Endangered Animals in Ukraine

While Ukraine extends protection to its endangered animals, several species are at the risk of becoming extinct or were once at the brink.

  • European Mink – This endangered semi-aquatic mammal once made its home across the freshwater rivers of Europe, but it’s now restricted to small, isolated regions, largely in the eastern part of the continent. It’s believed that reasons for its decline include habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and competition with the American mink.
  • Saiga Antelope – Once native to the entire Eurasian steppes, spanning between China and the foot of the Carpathian Mountains, the saiga antelope has been hunted to near extinction for their meat and the value of their horns in some traditional medicines. The transformation of the steppes by human activity has also obstructed some of the antelope’s natural migratory routes.
  • European Bison – The number of European bison has dwindled steadily over the centuries from hunting and habitat loss until it nearly became extinct. Although this species is widespread across Eastern Europe, the populations are highly fragmented and isolated from each other. Only a few hundred of them can be found in Ukraine.
  • Danube Crested Newt – Featuring a jagged crest on its back and a large, paddle-shaped tail, this unique species is primarily found along the Danube River and its tributaries, only a small part of which flows into Ukraine. Another small population was also found in the Dnieper Delta by the Black Sea, although it’s at risk of becoming extinct.

Ukrainian Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


A very bold and ferocious predator!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Ukrainian Animals List

Animals in Ukraine FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in the Ukraine?

Ukraine contains approximately 100 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, and 200 species of fish. Some of the most well-known names include foxes, wild cats, martens, deer, wild pigs, rodents, and mouflons. The most common birds are the owls, gulls, partridges, grouse, geese, ducks, and storks. The rivers also teem with pike, carp, perch, sturgeons, sterlets, and bream.

Are there monkeys in the Ukraine?

Ukraine does not have any native species of monkeys.

Are there wolves in Ukraine?

Yes, Ukraine contains some of the largest wolf populations in all of Europe. It’s estimated to be around 2,000.

Are there moose in Ukraine?

A small number of the European elk (a unique subspecies of the moose) inhabits northern Ukraine.