Below you can find a complete list of Ukrainian animals. We currently track 141 animals in Ukraine and are adding more every day!
Ukraine is the second-largest country by landmass in all of Europe. Having won its independence from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the country shares a border with Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania and Moldova to the south. Most of the country is comprised of a geographical region known as the Eastern European Plain. Featuring a combination of mixed forests, wetlands, and steppes, this area contains some of the most fertile soil in all of Europe. The southwestern part of Ukraine is also encompassed by the northern edge of the rugged Carpathian Mountains. The Dnieper River, which flows from Russia to the Black Sea, is the major river system in the country. As a kind of ecological crossroads, Ukraine contains a mix of European and steppe wildlife.
The Official National (State) Animal of Ukraine
Ukraine is represented by the common nightingale. It’s an important element in Ukrainian folklore as a harbinger of spring and a voice of sweet, happy sounds.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Ukraine
Ukraine contains almost 50 national parks and many more protected areas, comprising over 4,000 square miles.
The Carpathian National Nature Park, located near the western border with Romania, is one of the largest parks in the country and bears the names of the intersecting mountain range. Amid the winding trails through the alpine meadows and forests, visitors can experience plenty of deer, martens, eagles, owls, foxes, and other common wildlife. Sometimes one may be able to catch a glimpse of a wolf, lynx, or bear.
The Holosiivskyi National Nature Park, a large protected forest surrounding the capital city of Kiev, is a good place to find plenty of smaller wildlife such as shrews, bats, polecats, and otters. It’s also home to woodpeckers, lizards, snakes, and beetles.
The Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park, located in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast of western Ukraine, is the largest nature reserve in the entire country. Covering Bakota Bay, the Lower Smotrych River, and other protected areas, this park is home to ferrets, hedgehogs, martens, foxes, storks, owls, falcons, and the rare European mink.
The Shatsky National Natural Park, located in the Volyn Oblast of northwestern Ukraine, contains more than 30 lakes joined to each other by canals. As a result, the area is very rich in freshwater fish like the roach, pike, and the introduced catfish. Some boar, deer, rabbits, elk, badgers, and other mammals also thrive here.
The Pryazovskyi National Nature Park, located in the southeast Zaporizhzhia Oblast next to the Sea of Azov, is the second largest protected area in the entire country. Featuring a rich cornucopia of river estuaries and seaside plains, this park is home to many unique species of nesting and migratory waterfowl, including the great egret.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Ukraine Today
Ukraine is home to only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores.
- Common European Viper – While this isn’t the most dangerous snake, the common European viper is the most widespread, and so it causes more bites than most other vipers. Symptoms of its venom include pain, swelling, blisters, and tingling. Death will only occur in very rare untreated cases.
- Forest Steppe Adder – Native to the forested steppe regions of Ukraine, Nikolsky’s Viper (one of its alternative names) can deliver a nasty bite that causes pain and swelling. Death is very rare, but bite victims should always seek medical attention nevertheless.
- Brown Bear – While attacks are exceptionally rare (they occur in well under 1% of on-foot encounters), brown bears can be very dangerous if they feel threatened, surprised, or provoked. A mother defending her cubs appears to be the main reason for most bear attacks.
Endangered Animals in Ukraine
While Ukraine extends protection to its endangered animals, several species are at the risk of becoming extinct or were once at the brink.
- European Mink – This endangered semi-aquatic mammal once made its home across the freshwater rivers of Europe, but it’s now restricted to small, isolated regions, largely in the eastern part of the continent. It’s believed that reasons for its decline include habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and competition with the American mink.
- Saiga Antelope – Once native to the entire Eurasian steppes, spanning between China and the foot of the Carpathian Mountains, the saiga antelope has been hunted to near extinction for their meat and the value of their horns in some traditional medicines. The transformation of the steppes by human activity has also obstructed some of the antelope’s natural migratory routes.
- European Bison – The number of European bison has dwindled steadily over the centuries from hunting and habitat loss until it nearly became extinct. Although this species is widespread across Eastern Europe, the populations are highly fragmented and isolated from each other. Only a few hundred of them can be found in Ukraine.
- Danube Crested Newt – Featuring a jagged crest on its back and a large, paddle-shaped tail, this unique species is primarily found along the Danube River and its tributaries, only a small part of which flows into Ukraine. Another small population was also found in the Dnieper Delta by the Black Sea, although it’s at risk of becoming extinct.
Ukrainian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Ukraine FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in the Ukraine?
Ukraine contains approximately 100 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, and 200 species of fish. Some of the most well-known names include foxes, wild cats, martens, deer, wild pigs, rodents, and mouflons. The most common birds are the owls, gulls, partridges, grouse, geese, ducks, and storks. The rivers also teem with pike, carp, perch, sturgeons, sterlets, and bream.
Are there monkeys in the Ukraine?
Ukraine does not have any native species of monkeys.
Are there wolves in Ukraine?
Yes, Ukraine contains some of the largest wolf populations in all of Europe. It’s estimated to be around 2,000.
Are there moose in Ukraine?
A small number of the European elk (a unique subspecies of the moose) inhabits northern Ukraine.