Animals in Ukraine

Updated: July 10, 2023
Share this post on:


Below you can find a complete list of Ukrainian animals. We currently track 236 animals in Ukraine and are adding more every day!

Geography of Ukraine


Situated in eastern Europe, Ukraine is the second biggest nation on the European mainland after Russia.


Ukraine is the second largest country by landmass in all of Europe. Having won its independence from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the country shares a border with Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania and Moldova to the south.

Most of the country is comprised of a geographical region known as the Eastern European Plain. Featuring a combination of mixed forests, wetlands, and steppes, this area contains some of the most fertile soil in all of Europe.

The southwestern part of Ukraine is also encompassed by the northern edge of the rugged Carpathian Mountains. The Dnieper River, which flows from Russia to the Black Sea, is the major river system in the country. As a kind of ecological crossroads, Ukraine contains a mix of European and steppe wildlife. Read on to learn more about Ukraine’s animals.

The Official National (State) Animal of Ukraine

Nightingale in tree singing

The common nightingale is the official Bird of Ukraine.

©Karel Zahradka/

The common nightingale is the national animal of Ukraine, and it holds a special place in Ukrainian folklore. Its song has long been associated with the arrival of springtime, as its sweet notes can be heard from late March through to June.

It’s thought that the birds make their nests near human habitation because they are attracted by the sound of running water. To Ukrainians, these gentle warbles are a sign that peace and happiness have returned after a cold winter, symbolizing joy and optimism for a new beginning.

The nightingale also features prominently in Ukrainian literature. It appears in folk tales, poetry, songs, and other forms of art as an expression of beauty or love.

3 Rarest Animals in Ukraine

close up of a eurasian lynx - wild lynx

The Eurasian lynx is a rare animal to spot in Ukraine.


One of the rarest animals in Ukraine is the Eurasian lynx. This species can be found living in woodlands and mountain ranges, such as the Carpathians. Its fur is thick and usually has a yellowish-brown coloration with black markings on its face, legs, and tail. It has long tufts of black hair around its ears, which are used to detect movement from prey at great distances. The Eurasian lynx typically feeds off small mammals like hares or rabbits but will also scavenge for food if necessary.

Another animal that can be found in Ukraine is the European bison (or wisent). Historically this species was widespread throughout Europe until hunting caused their numbers to decline drastically during the 19th century. Today they are most commonly found in national parks where they roam freely while being monitored by conservationists who have worked hard to help bring back this majestic creature’s population levels in recent years. Wisents feed primarily on grasses and other plant material, although they have been known to eat insects too!

The last of our trio of rare Ukrainian animals is the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus). This subspecies of the grey wolf lives mainly along Spain’s north-western coast, but there are also some populations residing eastwards toward parts of Ukraine near border regions with Poland or Romania. These wolves tend to hunt alone or sometimes with one other companion depending on how much food is available at any given.

3 Largest Animals in Ukraine

Family of Wild Boar

Wild boars are very adaptable omnivores found in Ukraine.

©Rudmer Zwerver/

The three largest animals in Ukraine are the Eurasian Elk, Brown Bear, and Wild Boar. All three of these species inhabit a variety of habitats throughout Ukraine, including deciduous forests, savannas, wetlands, and coniferous forests.

The Eurasian elk is the largest mammal in Ukraine. It is a large deer with antlers that can reach up to three feet long! The Eurasian elk typically lives in forested areas and prefers densely wooded areas with plenty of cover from predators. They mainly feed on grasses and leaves but will occasionally eat small animals such as insects or rodents.

The brown bear is another large predator found in Ukraine’s woodlands. These powerful omnivores can weigh up to 800 pounds and use their sharp claws for catching fish or tearing apart logs for insect larvae to eat. Brown bears primarily live near rivers or wetlands where food sources are abundant though they have also been known to venture into mountains during summer months when food is scarce at lower altitudes.

Finally, the wild boar inhabits much of central Europe, including parts of Ukraine’s countryside and mountain ranges, depending on the seasonality of its preferred acorn crop. As true omnivores, these sturdy pigs consume both plants and small prey items. They particularly like bird eggs or amphibians, which makes them particularly adaptable to changing climates year-round. They rely on roots, fruits, nuts, mushrooms, or even carrion when necessary!

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Ukraine

Majestic panorama of green mountains with sunny beams. Dramatic scene. National Park, Carpathian, Ukraine, Europe. Beauty world.

Ukraine has 50 national parks, such as Carpathian National Park, for viewing wildlife and enjoying nature. Image: Creative Travel Projects, Shutterstock

©Creative Travel Projects/

Ukraine contains almost 50 national parks and many more protected areas, comprising over 4,000 square miles.

The Carpathian National Nature Park, located near the western border with Romania, is one of the largest parks in the country and bears the name of the intersecting mountain range. Amid the winding trails through the alpine meadows and forests, visitors can experience plenty of Ukraine animals like deer, martens, eagles, owls, foxes, and other common wildlife. Sometimes one may be able to catch a glimpse of a wolf, lynx, or bear.

The Holosiivskyi National Nature Park, a large protected forest surrounding the capital city of Kiev, is a good place to find plenty of smaller wildlife, such as shrews, bats, polecats, and otters. It’s also home to woodpeckers, lizards, snakes, and beetles.

The Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park, located in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast of western Ukraine, is the largest nature reserve in the entire country. Covering Bakota Bay, the Lower Smotrych River, and other protected areas, this park is home to ferrets, hedgehogs, martens, foxes, storks, owls, falcons, and the rare European mink.

Native European adult hedgehog in green grass.

Native European hedgehogs live in Ukraine.


The Shatsky National Natural Park, located in the Volyn Oblast of northwestern Ukraine, contains more than 30 lakes joined to each other by canals. As a result, the area is very rich in freshwater fish like the roach, pike, and the introduced catfish. Some boar, deer, rabbits, elk, badgers, and other mammals also thrive here.

The Pryazovskyi National Nature Park, located in the southeast Zaporizhzhia Oblast next to the Sea of Azov, is the second-largest protected area in the entire country. Featuring a rich cornucopia of river estuaries and seaside plains, this park is home to many unique species of nesting and migratory waterfowl, including the great egret.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Ukraine Today

grizzly bears

Ukraine animals like brown bears inhabit mountain areas there.

©Volodymyr Burdiak/

There is abundant wildlife in Ukraine, but only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores that are dangerous. The European viper is one of the most dangerous animals in Ukraine and can be found in grasslands, forests, and agricultural areas. It is often mistaken for adders due to its similar coloration.

The Aesculapian snake is a species of colubrid snake native to southeastern Europe, including Ukraine. It is typically found living near rivers and streams but can also be spotted in wooded areas, grasslands, and agricultural fields. The Aesculapian snake can grow up to two meters in length. Its diet consists mainly of rodents such as voles or mice. While the species does possess venom that it uses for hunting prey, bites from these snakes are rare and not considered serious since the venom has low toxicity levels for humans. However, due to its impressive size, this dangerous animal should still be avoided if encountered in the wild.

Rat Snake

Aesculapian snakes (Zamenis longissimus) are typically found living near rivers and streams but can also be spotted in wooded areas, grasslands, and agricultural fields.

© Macat

Wolves, on the other hand, prefer mountainous regions with dense vegetation where they hunt deer and small mammals like rabbits. Brown bears mainly inhabit the Carpathian Mountains, while lynx live in boreal coniferous forests across much of Europe, including Ukraine. Although these animals may seem harmless from afar, it’s important to remember that they can cause serious harm if provoked or threatened, so caution should always be taken when exploring nature reserves or parks in Ukraine.

  • Common European Viper – While this isn’t the most dangerous snake, the common European viper is the most widespread, and so it causes more bites than most other vipers. Symptoms of its venom include pain, swelling, blisters, and tingling. Death will only occur in very rare untreated cases.
  • Forest Steppe Adder – Native to the forested steppe regions of Ukraine, Nikolsky’s Viper (one of its alternative names) can deliver a nasty bite that causes pain and swelling. Death is very rare, but bite victims should always seek medical attention nevertheless.
  • Brown Bear – While attacks are exceptionally rare (they occur in well under 1% of on-foot encounters), brown bears can be very dangerous if they feel threatened, surprised, or provoked. A mother defending her cubs appears to be the main reason for most bear attacks.

Endangered Ukraine Animals

Animals in Belarus

Only a few hundred European Bison can be found in Ukraine.

©Theodor Negru/

In Ukraine, many animal species are facing endangerment as a result of human activities. Poaching and illegal hunting for animals or their body parts have become increasingly common in the region, leading to a decrease in wildlife populations. Additionally, the destruction of habitats due to deforestation and climate change have contributed to the endangerment of animals in Ukraine.

Fortunately, humans can help prevent animal endangerment by bringing awareness to the issue. Educating people on ways that they can make a difference is key. This includes supporting organizations dedicated to conserving wildlife through donations or volunteer work and implementing regulations that restrict activities like poaching or illegal hunting. With more people understanding how their actions impact wild animals, it’s possible to create positive change for endangered species living in Ukraine and around the world.

  • European Mink – This endangered semi-aquatic mammal once made its home across the freshwater rivers of Europe, but it’s now restricted to small, isolated regions, largely in the eastern part of the continent. It’s believed that the reasons for its decline include habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and competition with the American mink.
  • Saiga Antelope – Once native to the entire Eurasian steppes, spanning between China and the foot of the Carpathian Mountains, the saiga antelope has been hunted to near extinction for their meat and the value of their horns in some traditional medicines. The transformation of the steppes by human activity has also obstructed some of the antelope’s natural migratory routes.
  • European Bison – The number of European bison has dwindled steadily over the centuries from hunting and habitat loss until it nearly became extinct. Although this species is widespread across Eastern Europe, the populations are highly fragmented and isolated from each other. Only a few hundred of them can be found in Ukraine.
  • Danube Crested Newt – Featuring a jagged crest on its back and a large, paddle-shaped tail, this unique species is primarily found along the Danube River and its tributaries, only a small part of which flows into Ukraine. Another small population was also found in the Dnieper Delta by the Black Sea, although it’s at risk of becoming extinct.

Ukrainian Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!

Devil’s Coach Horse Beetle

The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.


Elasmotherium might have had a monstrous horn, giving it the name "The Siberian Unicorn."


A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!

Grass Spider

Their fangs aren't big enough to penetrate human skin.


There are 11,000 known species!

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


They line their nests with their feathers


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time


Can lay up to 7500 eggs


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!

Old House Borer

Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.

Red Kite

This bird moves its tail to steer its body like a rudder on a boat.


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Ural owl

The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Woolly Rhinoceros

The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.


It interbreeds with the pine bunting

Ukrainian Animals List

Share this post on:
About the Author

Heather Hall is a writer at A-Z Animals, where her primary focus is on plants and animals. Heather has been writing and editing since 2012 and holds a Bachelor of Science in Horticulture. As a resident of the Pacific Northwest, Heather enjoys hiking, gardening, and trail running through the mountains with her dogs.

Animals in Ukraine FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in the Ukraine?

Ukraine contains approximately 100 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, and 200 species of fish. Some of the most well-known names include foxes, wild cats, martens, deer, wild pigs, rodents, and mouflons. The most common birds are the owls, gulls, partridges, grouse, geese, ducks, and storks. The rivers also teem with pike, carp, perch, sturgeons, sterlets, and bream.

Are there monkeys in the Ukraine?

Ukraine does not have any native species of monkeys.

Are there wolves in Ukraine?

Yes, Ukraine contains some of the largest wolf populations in all of Europe. It’s estimated to be around 2,000.

What happened to animals in Ukrainian zoos during the Russian invasion?

There was a significant effort to evacuate animals from zoos in Ukraine after Russia invaded the country in February 2022. Unfortunately, zookeepers and animals in zoos like the one in Kharkiv passed away. Animals from the Kharkiv Zoo that have been evacuated include lions, tapirs, wolves, and kangaroos.

Are there moose in Ukraine?

A small number of the European elk (a unique subspecies of the moose) inhabits northern Ukraine.