Below you can find a complete list of Latvian animals. We currently track 227 animals in Latvia and are adding more every day!
Latvia is a small Baltic country that lies between the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga. Its boundaries include Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, and Lithuania to the south.
More than half of Latvia remains forested, and the country is famous for its lakes, rivers and waterfalls. The weather is frequently cool and rainy here. Forests and forestry are very important culturally to Latvians. Because of this, the people devote many resources to forest and wildlife conservation.
Key Facts About Latvia’s Animals
Latvia’s forests are home to squirrels, badgers, arctic foxes, rabbits, lynxes, and other mammals. Latvia has made efforts to preserve its natural resources by establishing national parks and wildlife preserves. Conservationists have successfully reintroduced elk, deer, and beavers to the wild.
Latvia’s native birds include woodpeckers, blackbirds, owls, nightingales, orioles, larks, and quails. Its many lakes and marshes are home to water birds, especially herons and storks. Its native mammals include bats, beavers, hedgehogs, weasels, and deer.
Latvia’s unspoiled forests are among the last places to see birds that are endangered in other countries, including black storks, corncrakes, lesser-spotted eagles, and Ural owls. Endangered mammals like wolves and Eurasian lynxes also have healthy populations in Latvia.
Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Latvia
You don’t have to go far to see wildlife in Latvia. This small country has over 3,000 lakes, acres of unspoiled forest, miles of coastline, and ample wetlands. Outdoor activities are very popular, and many people forage for food as a hobby.
The national parks offer a chance to see many animals up close. Latvia has hundreds of protected areas.
Razna national park is a protected area on Lake Razna, which is the second largest lake in Latvia. This park honors Latvia’s unique ecosystems and also contains the remnants of a thirteenth-century classic.
Kemeri National Park is a huge wetlands sanctuary that includes raised bogs, transitional bogs, and fens. Wild horses and wild cows graze on the surrounding land. A bird watchtower gives visitors the chance to spot many bird species. The lake is famous for its sulfur water and healing mud.
Several years ago, conservation groups launched a project to “re-wild” the shoreline of Lake Pape. The land surrounding the lake was formerly agricultural land that was growing wild. The rewilding project reintroduced wild horses and bison to the shoreline. By grazing on the brush, they returned the land to its original state as a cleared, cropped meadow. This invited the return of other species that depend on the lake and the meadowland.
Dangerous Animals in Latvia
Latvia does not have many animals that are dangerous to humans. Wild boars, wolves, moose, and bears can be dangerous if they are provoked. It’s always smart to show respect for wildlife.
Extinct and Endangered Animals In Bulgaria
Although Latvia has made conservation a priority, it has struggled with the effects of industrial and marine pollution. Some of its native animals are endangered. They include the pond bat, western barbastelle, and European mink.
The North Atlantic right whale and North Atlantic gray whale are both extinct in Latvia. Aside from these two whale species, Latvia has not experienced extinct animals in recent years.
A Bright Future for Wildlife
Latvia is a small country with a tremendous diversity of flora and fauna. Respect for the environment is an important value here. That bodes well for the many animals who are thriving in the forests, hills, marshes and lakes of Latvia.
The Flag of Latvia
The Latvian flag consists of three horizontal stripes of white and red (a white stripe in the middle and two red-colored stripes on both ends). The white stripe symbolizes peace as well as independence, while the red color symbolizes the blood spilled in wars.
Stunningly beautiful wings
First evolved 100 million years ago!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
One of the most popular food fishes in the world
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
The feathers on the feet of tiny Booted Bantam chickens can reach up to six inches in length!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
There are around 40 different species!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
The most common type of urban roach
They are the fastest invertebrates in the U.K.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
They line their nests with their feathers
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
The smallest of the North American salmon
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Males turn green in spring!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Latvian Animals List
Animals in Latvia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Which Animals Live in Latvia?
Many varied animals live in Latvia. The forests are home to badgers, beavers, foxes, wolves, bats, hedgehogs, weasels, lynxes and elk. The marshes are home to otters, minks and herons, and the coastal waters provide shelter to sea turtles, water birds and gray seals.
What Is the National Animal of Latvia?
Latvia has a national bird and a national insect. Here are some fun facts about both.
The national bird is the white wagtail, a small passerine bird found mostly in Europe and parts of northern Africa. This pretty gray and white bird is listed as “least concern” in conservation status, but it is threatened by the pet trade and habitat loss.
The two-spotted ladybird is Latvia’s national insect. This beneficial insect looks like a classic ladybug, but it only has two spots instead of a scattering. Many people import two-spotted ladybirds into their gardens to control aphid populations.
Both these species are listed as “least concern” with little danger of becoming extinct.
Are There Wolves in Latvia?
Latvia has a stable, steadily growing wolf population. Every year, the Latvian government institutes a short hunting season to allow wolf hunting. They do this to maintain the correct balance between predators and prey. Nobody is permitted to hunt wolves outside the official season.
Are There Moose in Latvia?
Latvia’s ungulates are red deer, roe deer and moose. The Latvian government allows people to hunt these animals for a limited season each year. The government keeps a record of every hunted deer or stag. It then uses these facts to determine how much hunting it will take to maintain ecological balance.
Do They Have Bears in Latvia?
Bears are not native to Latvia, but brown bears sometimes wander into Latvia’s forests from Estonia and Russia.
Are There Snakes in Latvia?
Latvia’s weather is usually cool, and snakes prefer hot weather. For that reason, there are only three snake species in Latvia. They are the viper, grass snake, and smooth snake. The viper is the only venomous snake in Latvia.