Animals in Latvia

Below you can find a complete list of Latvian animals. We currently track 154 animals in Latvia and are adding more every day!

Latvia is a small Baltic country that lies between the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga. Its boundaries include Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, and Lithuania to the south.

More than half of Latvia remains forested, and the country is famous for its lakes, rivers and waterfalls. The weather is frequently cool and rainy here. Forests and forestry are very important culturally to Latvians. Because of this, the people devote many resources to forest and wildlife conservation.

Key Facts About Latvia’s Animals

Latvia’s forests are home to squirrels, badgers, arctic foxes, rabbits, lynxes, and other mammals. Latvia has made efforts to preserve its natural resources by establishing national parks and wildlife preserves. Conservationists have successfully reintroduced elk, deer, and beavers to the wild.

Latvia’s native birds include woodpeckers, blackbirds, owls, nightingales, orioles, larks, and quails. Its many lakes and marshes are home to water birds, especially herons and storks. Its native mammals include bats, beavers, hedgehogs, weasels, and deer.

Latvia’s unspoiled forests are among the last places to see birds that are endangered in other countries, including black storks, corncrakes, lesser-spotted eagles, and Ural owls. Endangered mammals like wolves and Eurasian lynxes also have healthy populations in Latvia.

Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Latvia

You don’t have to go far to see wildlife in Latvia. This small country has over 3,000 lakes, acres of unspoiled forest, miles of coastline, and ample wetlands. Outdoor activities are very popular, and many people forage for food as a hobby.

The national parks offer a chance to see many animals up close. Latvia has hundreds of protected areas.

Razna national park is a protected area on Lake Razna, which is the second largest lake in Latvia. This park honors Latvia’s unique ecosystems and also contains the remnants of a thirteenth-century classic.

Kemeri National Park is a huge wetlands sanctuary that includes raised bogs, transitional bogs, and fens. Wild horses and wild cows graze on the surrounding land. A bird watchtower gives visitors the chance to spot many bird species. The lake is famous for its sulfur water and healing mud.

Several years ago, conservation groups launched a project to “re-wild” the shoreline of Lake Pape. The land surrounding the lake was formerly agricultural land that was growing wild. The rewilding project reintroduced wild horses and bison to the shoreline. By grazing on the brush, they returned the land to its original state as a cleared, cropped meadow. This invited the return of other species that depend on the lake and the meadowland.

Dangerous Animals in Latvia

Latvia does not have many animals that are dangerous to humans. Wild boars, wolves, moose, and bears can be dangerous if they are provoked. It’s always smart to show respect for wildlife.

Extinct and Endangered Animals In Bulgaria

Although Latvia has made conservation a priority, it has struggled with the effects of industrial and marine pollution. Some of its native animals are endangered. They include the pond bat, western barbastelle, and European mink.

The North Atlantic right whale and North Atlantic gray whale are both extinct in Latvia. Aside from these two whale species, Latvia has not experienced extinct animals in recent years.

A Bright Future for Wildlife

Latvia is a small country with a tremendous diversity of flora and fauna. Respect for the environment is an important value here. That bodes well for the many animals who are thriving in the forests, hills, marshes and lakes of Latvia.

Latvian Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


A very bold and ferocious predator!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Latvian Animals List

Animals in Latvia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Which Animals Live in Latvia?

Many varied animals live in Latvia. The forests are home to badgers, beavers, foxes, wolves, bats, hedgehogs, weasels, lynxes and elk. The marshes are home to otters, minks and herons, and the coastal waters provide shelter to sea turtles, water birds and gray seals.

What Is the National Animal of Latvia?

Latvia has a national bird and a national insect. Here are some fun facts about both.

The national bird is the white wagtail, a small passerine bird found mostly in Europe and parts of northern Africa. This pretty gray and white bird is listed as “least concern” in conservation status, but it is threatened by the pet trade and habitat loss.

The two-spotted ladybird is Latvia’s national insect. This beneficial insect looks like a classic ladybug, but it only has two spots instead of a scattering. Many people import two-spotted ladybirds into their gardens to control aphid populations.

Both these species are listed as “least concern” with little danger of becoming extinct.

Are There Wolves in Latvia?

Latvia has a stable, steadily growing wolf population. Every year, the Latvian government institutes a short hunting season to allow wolf hunting. They do this to maintain the correct balance between predators and prey. Nobody is permitted to hunt wolves outside the official season.

Are There Moose in Latvia?

Latvia’s ungulates are red deer, roe deer and moose. The Latvian government allows people to hunt these animals for a limited season each year. The government keeps a record of every hunted deer or stag. It then uses these facts to determine how much hunting it will take to maintain ecological balance.

Do They Have Bears in Latvia?

Bears are not native to Latvia, but brown bears sometimes wander into Latvia’s forests from Estonia and Russia.

Are There Snakes in Latvia?

Latvia’s weather is usually cool, and snakes prefer hot weather. For that reason, there are only three snake species in Latvia. They are the viper, grass snake, and smooth snake. The viper is the only venomous snake in Latvia.