Below you can find a complete list of Latvian animals. We currently track 137 animals in Latvia and are adding more every day!
More than half of Latvia remains forested, and the country is famous for its lakes, rivers and waterfalls. The weather is frequently cool and rainy here. Forests and forestry are very important culturally to Latvians. Because of this, the people devote many resources to forest and wildlife conservation.
Key Facts About Latvia’s Animals
Latvia’s forests are home to squirrels, badgers, arctic foxes, rabbits, lynxes, and other mammals. Latvia has made efforts to preserve its natural resources by establishing national parks and wildlife preserves. Conservationists have successfully reintroduced elk, deer, and beavers to the wild.
Latvia’s native birds include woodpeckers, blackbirds, owls, nightingales, orioles, larks, and quails. Its many lakes and marshes are home to water birds, especially herons and storks. Its native mammals include bats, beavers, hedgehogs, weasels, and deer.
Latvia’s unspoiled forests are among the last places to see birds that are endangered in other countries, including black storks, corncrakes, lesser-spotted eagles, and Ural owls. Endangered mammals like wolves and Eurasian lynxes also have healthy populations in Latvia.
Where To Find the Top Wild Animals in Latvia
You don’t have to go far to see wildlife in Latvia. This small country has over 3,000 lakes, acres of unspoiled forest, miles of coastline, and ample wetlands. Outdoor activities are very popular, and many people forage for food as a hobby.
The national parks offer a chance to see many animals up close. Latvia has hundreds of protected areas.
Razna national park is a protected area on Lake Razna, which is the second largest lake in Latvia. This park honors Latvia’s unique ecosystems and also contains the remnants of a thirteenth-century classic.
Kemeri National Park is a huge wetlands sanctuary that includes raised bogs, transitional bogs, and fens. Wild horses and wild cows graze on the surrounding land. A bird watchtower gives visitors the chance to spot many bird species. The lake is famous for its sulfur water and healing mud.
Several years ago, conservation groups launched a project to “re-wild” the shoreline of Lake Pape. The land surrounding the lake was formerly agricultural land that was growing wild. The rewilding project reintroduced wild horses and bison to the shoreline. By grazing on the brush, they returned the land to its original state as a cleared, cropped meadow. This invited the return of other species that depend on the lake and the meadowland.
Dangerous Animals in Latvia
Extinct and Endangered Animals In Bulgaria
Although Latvia has made conservation a priority, it has struggled with the effects of industrial and marine pollution. Some of its native animals are endangered. They include the pond bat, western barbastelle, and European mink.
The North Atlantic right whale and North Atlantic gray whale are both extinct in Latvia. Aside from these two whale species, Latvia has not experienced extinct animals in recent years.
A Bright Future for Wildlife
Latvia is a small country with a tremendous diversity of flora and fauna. Respect for the environment is an important value here. That bodes well for the many animals who are thriving in the forests, hills, marshes and lakes of Latvia.
Latvian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Latvia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Which Animals Live in Latvia?
Many varied animals live in Latvia. The forests are home to badgers, beavers, foxes, wolves, bats, hedgehogs, weasels, lynxes and elk. The marshes are home to otters, minks and herons, and the coastal waters provide shelter to sea turtles, water birds and gray seals.
What Is the National Animal of Latvia?
Latvia has a national bird and a national insect. Here are some fun facts about both.
The national bird is the white wagtail, a small passerine bird found mostly in Europe and parts of northern Africa. This pretty gray and white bird is listed as “least concern” in conservation status, but it is threatened by the pet trade and habitat loss.
The two-spotted ladybird is Latvia’s national insect. This beneficial insect looks like a classic ladybug, but it only has two spots instead of a scattering. Many people import two-spotted ladybirds into their gardens to control aphid populations.
Both these species are listed as “least concern” with little danger of becoming extinct.
Are There Wolves in Latvia?
Latvia has a stable, steadily growing wolf population. Every year, the Latvian government institutes a short hunting season to allow wolf hunting. They do this to maintain the correct balance between predators and prey. Nobody is permitted to hunt wolves outside the official season.
Are There Moose in Latvia?
Latvia’s ungulates are red deer, roe deer and moose. The Latvian government allows people to hunt these animals for a limited season each year. The government keeps a record of every hunted deer or stag. It then uses these facts to determine how much hunting it will take to maintain ecological balance.
Do They Have Bears in Latvia?
Bears are not native to Latvia, but brown bears sometimes wander into Latvia’s forests from Estonia and Russia.
Are There Snakes in Latvia?
Latvia’s weather is usually cool, and snakes prefer hot weather. For that reason, there are only three snake species in Latvia. They are the viper, grass snake, and smooth snake. The viper is the only venomous snake in Latvia.