Below you can find a complete list of Uzbekistani animals. We currently track 136 animals in Uzbekistan and are adding more every day!
Uzbekistan has a landscape that includes mountains, deserts, and grassy plains. This country in Central Asia has a varied collection of wildlife as well. Some of its animal inhabitants include wild boars, gazelle, mountain sheep, geckos, black vultures, and bears just to name a few. Uzbekistan has around 70 species of fish, 98 mammal species, 61 reptile species, 4 species of amphibians, and 477 species of birds!
What are the most significant animals in Uzbekistan?
Some animals living in Uzbekistan are especially significant because they have a decreasing population. In some cases, if their population continues to decrease, there is a risk that the animal will become extinct. One unique animal called a snow leopard lives in rocky areas in the mountains. It has a conservation status of Vulnerable and its population is decreasing due to habitat loss and poaching activity.
Another unique animal in Uzbekistan is the Pallas’s fish eagle. This eagle lives in the wetlands and is considered Endangered. It also has a decreasing population. Loss of habitat is the main reason for the decreasing population of this majestic bird.
Other significant wildlife in Uzbekistan that is decreasing in number includes the Goitered gazelle, the Saiga antelope, and the Kulan. The Kulan is considered Endangered with an unknown population.
The Official National Animal of Uzbekistan
The national animal of Uzbekistan is the Turkestan sand cat. This small wild animal looks like a domesticated cat but lives in the deserts of Uzbekistan. This unique animal endures this area’s arid conditions and lack of water. It is known for its strength and ability to adapt and live in this tough environment.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Uzbekistan Today
This country has its share of both non-dangerous and dangerous animals. In short, some animals are more dangerous if they become aggressive. As a rule, most wildlife wants to avoid encounters with humans. The most dangerous animals in Uzbekistan include:
- Central Asian Cobra – Sometimes called the Caspian cobra, this snake holds the title of the world’s most venomous cobra. They are responsible for a large portion of the reported snake bites in Central Asia. Soon after a person is bitten by this reptile, they experience painful swelling and breathing problems. If a person doesn’t receive antivenom right away, this snake’s bite can be deadly.
- Himalayan Brown Bear – Male Himalayan brown bears can be seven feet long and weigh up to 300 pounds. These bears are strong and have sharp claws. They can become aggressive if a person approaches their cubs or shelter.
- Honey Badger – These are strong mammals with sharp teeth. They are known to be fierce fighters with very few animal predators! A honey badger has the ability to seriously injure a person who is invading their territory or getting too close to their young. However, these animals prefer to hide from humans whenever they can.
- Wild Boar – Wild boars are some of the most dangerous animals in Uzbekistan due to their sharp teeth and tusks! They can charge a human using their tusks to cause injury to a person’s lower body. Though these animals are capable of injuring a human, they try to avoid contact with them at all costs.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Uzbekistan
With such a diverse collection of wildlife in Uzbekistan, it’s helpful to know where to go to observe them. Reserves and parks offer much-needed protection to wildlife in this country. Look at where to find the top wild animals in Uzbekistan.
- Siberian Ibex – These unique mammals live on steep, rocky slopes and in alpine meadows. They are just one of the animals to observe in Uzbekistan’s Zaamin National Park.
- Blackbird – This bird with its coal-black feathers paired with a bright orange beak lives in a pine forest habitat. Many of these birds make their home in Zaamin National Park.
- Bukhara Deer – Bukhara deer have a desert habitat and are considered Endangered. However, they receive shelter and protection in Zarafshan State Nature Reserve in Uzbekistan.
- Western Marsh Harrier – This bird lives up to its name by making its home in marshes and other wetlands. It can be seen soaring through Zarafshan State Nature Reserve.
- Desert Monitor – These unique desert-dwelling reptiles stay underground in their burrows during the heat of the day and come out to hunt when the temperatures turn cooler. They can be seen in the Nurata Reserve.
- Corsac Fox – These small mammals can be found in semi-desert habitats and on steppes in Uzbekistan. The Zarafshan Nature Reserve is home to families of Corsac foxes.
Endangered Animals in Uzbekistan
This central Asian country has many animals categorized as Endangered. Animals that are Endangered are sometimes in jeopardy of becoming extinct if conservation efforts aren’t put in place. Creating shelter for these animals in wildlife reserves or national parks is one way to protect those at risk of becoming extinct. Habitat loss, poaching, and lack of food are all possible reasons for the decrease in the population of these animals. Discover some of the Endangered or Vulnerable animals in Uzbekistan.
- Saiga Antelope
- Snow Leopard (Vulnerable)
- Menzbier’s Marmot (Vulnerable)
- Marbled Polecat (Vulnerable)
- Pallas’s Fish Eagle
Uzbekistani Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Common Buzzard
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Uzbekistan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What is the national animal of Uzbekistan?
The national animal of Uzbekistan is the Turkestan sand cat.
Are there wolves in Uzbekistan?
Yes. There are grey wolves living in Uzbekistan. They have a conservation status of Least Concern along with a stable population.