Animals in Lebanon

Below you can find a complete list of Lebanese animals. We currently track 206 animals in Lebanon and are adding more every day!

Lebanon is a small country located in the geographical region known as the Levant. This area has long been a crossroads of different empires, including Egypt, Persia, Rome, the Umayyads, and the Ottomans. Situated against the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon shares a land border with Syria to the north/east and Israel to the south.

The country has four main geographical regions: the coastal plains in the west, the snow-capped Lebanon Mountains in the center, the Anti-Lebanon Mountains in the east, and the Bekaa Valley between these two ranges. The country is also home to Tyre, the oldest continually inhabited city in the entire world.

The Official National (State) Animal of Lebanon

The striped hyena is the national animal of Lebanon. Threatened by habitat loss, it is mostly found in the country’s mountainous woodlands.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Lebanon

Lebanon is home to more than 15 unique nature reserves devoted to the preservation of natural wildlife and beauty. Apart from zoos, they are still where you can find the best undisturbed wildlife in the country.

  • The Aammiq Wetland, located in the Bekaa Valley, is the largest wetland area in the country. Lying along an important migratory route, it is a birdwatcher’s paradise; more than 250 species can sometimes be found here. Visitors can also see badgers, gazelles, striped hyenas, otters, and possibly even the elusive wolf.
  • The Cedars of God, located in the Kadisha Valley of the Bsharri District, contains the remains of a unique and ancient cedar forest. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is subject to very strict protection, but visitors are sometimes allowed here under the watchful eye of a tour guide. It is the most well-known but by no means the only cedar forest in Lebanon.
  • The Al Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve, located along the Barouk Mountains near the center of the country, encompasses more than 200 square miles of cedar forests and highlands. It is home to boars, caracals, wolves, deer, jackals, and even the reintroduced Nubian ibex. The Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve in the north is another important cedar forest, set amid the nearby valleys and gorges of the mountains.
  • The Tyre Coast Nature Reserve, located just to the southeast of Tyre, covers 940 acres of public beaches, springs, and parts of the old city. It is considered to be an important nesting site for migratory birds and sea turtles. Other common wildlife includes badgers, lizards, bats, and the Arabian spiny mouse.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Lebanon Today

Lebanon is home to only a few species of venomous snakes and other dangerous wildlife. These include:

  • Blunt-nosed Viper – Found in meadows, pastures, and rocks across the country, this is a large, brown/copper-colored snake with a blunt nose. If frightened or disturbed, it can deliver a very painful and (in rare cases) potentially fatal venom. Medical attention should always be sought immediately after a bite.
  • Palestinian Viper – This species is somewhat smaller than the blunt-nosed viper and has a dark diamond pattern running along its back. It’s also responsible for more snake bites in the region than almost any other species. If left untreated, the venom can sometimes be fatal.
  • Lebanon Viper – As an endangered species, the Lebanon viper is not very well understood and somewhat difficult to find amid the country’s rugged mountains, but its venom can be potentially quite dangerous.

Endangered Animals in Lebanon

The lengthy Lebanese Civil War between 1975 and 1990 had a damaging effect on the local wildlife. Since its end, there has been a greater effort to preserve the remaining national wildlife through parks, reserves, and programs. Nevertheless, a few species still face serious threats in the wild.

  • Mountain Gazelle – Found in dry, semi-desert mountains throughout the Levant and Turkey, the mountain gazelle is endangered from habitat degradation, hunting, and accidental collisions. It is estimated that only a few thousand of them still remain in the wild.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – Once a common sight throughout the entire Mediterranean Sea, less than 700 of these seals now remain in the wild. Sightings off the Lebanon cost are quite rare.
  • Lebanon Viper – The reclusive Lebanon viper is an endangered species. Its range is restricted to high mountain areas where few people reside. As mentioned previously, not much is known about it.
  • Schreiber’s Fringe-fingered Lizard – Sometimes found camouflaged along the sandy shores of Lebanon, this species is in danger of becoming extinct from habitat loss and urban development.
  • Sea Turtles – A few species of sea turtles roam through the waters off the coast and then come ashore in the breeding season to establish a nest. Accidents, collisions, and the loss of nesting sites are responsible for a dramatic fall in numbers.

Lebanese Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Barb

There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Camel Spider

Fast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Crow

A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Gazelle

Named for the Arabic word for love poems

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Mosquito

Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Saluki

The Saluki is one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stiletto Snake

Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Stork

They can’t sing like other birds.

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Viper

Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Lebanese Animals List

Animals in Lebanon FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animal is Lebanon known for?

Outside of zoos, Lebanon is known for animals like the striped hyenas, gazelles, wild cats, rodents, vultures, falcons, hawks, and migrating birds. The country also sits at the northernmost range of the rock hyrax, a unique medium-sized mammal that looks a bit like a marmot (though they’re not closely related at all).

What dangerous animals live in Lebanon?

Lebanon is home to several species of poisonous vipers, which are responsible for the occasional death. Wolves and hyenas are fairly common in Lebanon, but actual attacks on people are exceptionally rare. The Syrian brown bear was long thought to be extinct from Lebanon. While it may occasionally wander across the border with Syria, encounters are exceptionally rare.

Are there lions in Lebanon?

The Asiatic lions (a subspecies of regular lions) once lived in the region as late as the 18th and 19th centuries, but they became extinct in West Asia as a result of human activity. This species is now limited to a very small part of India.

Are there monkeys in Lebanon?

Lebanon does not have any native species of monkeys outside of zoos. With only a few exceptions, monkeys are not generally found north of the Sahara.