Animals in Lebanon

Updated: March 21, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of Lebanese animals. We currently track 226 animals in Lebanon and are adding more every day!

Lebanon is a small country located in the geographical region known as the Levant. This area has long been a crossroads of different empires, including Egypt, Persia, Rome, the Umayyads, and the Ottomans. Situated against the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon shares a land border with Syria to the north/east and Israel to the south.

The country has four main geographical regions: the coastal plains in the west, the snow-capped Lebanon Mountains in the center, the Anti-Lebanon Mountains in the east, and the Bekaa Valley between these two ranges. The country is also home to Tyre, the oldest continually inhabited city in the entire world.

The Official National (State) Animal of Lebanon

The striped hyena is the national animal of Lebanon. Threatened by habitat loss, it is mostly found in the country’s mountainous woodlands.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Lebanon

Lebanon is home to more than 15 unique nature reserves devoted to the preservation of natural wildlife and beauty. Apart from zoos, they are still where you can find the best undisturbed wildlife in the country.

  • The Aammiq Wetland, located in the Bekaa Valley, is the largest wetland area in the country. Lying along an important migratory route, it is a birdwatcher’s paradise; more than 250 species can sometimes be found here. Visitors can also see badgers, gazelles, striped hyenas, otters, and possibly even the elusive wolf.
  • The Cedars of God, located in the Kadisha Valley of the Bsharri District, contains the remains of a unique and ancient cedar forest. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is subject to very strict protection, but visitors are sometimes allowed here under the watchful eye of a tour guide. It is the most well-known but by no means the only cedar forest in Lebanon.
  • The Al Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve, located along the Barouk Mountains near the center of the country, encompasses more than 200 square miles of cedar forests and highlands. It is home to boars, caracals, wolves, deer, jackals, and even the reintroduced Nubian ibex. The Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve in the north is another important cedar forest, set amid the nearby valleys and gorges of the mountains.
  • The Tyre Coast Nature Reserve, located just to the southeast of Tyre, covers 940 acres of public beaches, springs, and parts of the old city. It is considered to be an important nesting site for migratory birds and sea turtles. Other common wildlife includes badgers, lizards, bats, and the Arabian spiny mouse.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Lebanon Today

Lebanon is home to only a few species of venomous snakes and other dangerous wildlife. These include:

  • Blunt-nosed Viper – Found in meadows, pastures, and rocks across the country, this is a large, brown/copper-colored snake with a blunt nose. If frightened or disturbed, it can deliver a very painful and (in rare cases) potentially fatal venom. Medical attention should always be sought immediately after a bite.
  • Palestinian Viper – This species is somewhat smaller than the blunt-nosed viper and has a dark diamond pattern running along its back. It’s also responsible for more snake bites in the region than almost any other species. If left untreated, the venom can sometimes be fatal.
  • Lebanon Viper – As an endangered species, the Lebanon viper is not very well understood and somewhat difficult to find amid the country’s rugged mountains, but its venom can be potentially quite dangerous.

Endangered Animals in Lebanon

The lengthy Lebanese Civil War between 1975 and 1990 had a damaging effect on the local wildlife. Since its end, there has been a greater effort to preserve the remaining national wildlife through parks, reserves, and programs. Nevertheless, a few species still face serious threats in the wild.

  • Mountain Gazelle – Found in dry, semi-desert mountains throughout the Levant and Turkey, the mountain gazelle is endangered from habitat degradation, hunting, and accidental collisions. It is estimated that only a few thousand of them still remain in the wild.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – Once a common sight throughout the entire Mediterranean Sea, less than 700 of these seals now remain in the wild. Sightings off the Lebanon cost are quite rare.
  • Lebanon Viper – The reclusive Lebanon viper is an endangered species. Its range is restricted to high mountain areas where few people reside. As mentioned previously, not much is known about it.
  • Schreiber’s Fringe-fingered Lizard – Sometimes found camouflaged along the sandy shores of Lebanon, this species is in danger of becoming extinct from habitat loss and urban development.
  • Sea Turtles – A few species of sea turtles roam through the waters off the coast and then come ashore in the breeding season to establish a nest. Accidents, collisions, and the loss of nesting sites are responsible for a dramatic fall in numbers.

The National Flower of Lebanon

One species proposed to be the national flower of Lebanon is the Lebanon cyclamen, also known by its scientific name Cyclamen libanoticum. The Lebanon cyclamen is a tuberous perennial that produces heart-shaped leaves in shades of green and silver each fall or winter. These leaves have wavy margins and sometimes are variegated with pale green or gray-green patches. By the time these leaves are fully developed, in the late winter or early spring, it is nearly flowering time. Each year, the Lebanon cyclamen blossoms with flowers in the months from February to April. These flowers are typically bright pink and have a spicy or slightly peppery fragrance. 

Lebanon cyclamen grow in woodland environments, which experience ample rainfall during the winter rainy season and benefit from humid Mediterranean air. These plants thrive in moist, shady areas under the cover of trees. 

The Flag of Lebanon

The flag of Lebanon has upper and lower red bands with a wider white band across the middle. In the center of the flag there is an image of a cedar of Lebanon which symbolizes peace, steadiness, and holiness. This current flag design was adopted in 1943 at the time of Lebanon’s independence from France.

Lebanese Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brahminy Blindsnake

These snakes have been introduced to all continents, except Antarctica!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Camel Spider

Fast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.


Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


There are more than 160 different species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!

Desert Wolf

These tiny wolves prefer to cohabitate in pairs or groups of three (generally two males and a female).


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!

Dried Fruit Moth

In the event of adverse environmental conditions, dried fruit moth larvae will become dormant and stop developing.


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horned Viper

Horned vipers sidewind across the desert sands of their home.


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


They line their nests with their feathers


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Can live for up to 100 years!


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!


The Saluki is one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stiletto Snake

Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite


The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Cricket

They make music with their wings

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


There are around 75 different species!

Lebanese Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Animals in Lebanon FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animal is Lebanon known for?

Outside of zoos, Lebanon is known for animals like the striped hyenas, gazelles, wild cats, rodents, vultures, falcons, hawks, and migrating birds. The country also sits at the northernmost range of the rock hyrax, a unique medium-sized mammal that looks a bit like a marmot (though they’re not closely related at all).

What dangerous animals live in Lebanon?

Lebanon is home to several species of poisonous vipers, which are responsible for the occasional death. Wolves and hyenas are fairly common in Lebanon, but actual attacks on people are exceptionally rare. The Syrian brown bear was long thought to be extinct from Lebanon. While it may occasionally wander across the border with Syria, encounters are exceptionally rare.

Are there lions in Lebanon?

The Asiatic lions (a subspecies of regular lions) once lived in the region as late as the 18th and 19th centuries, but they became extinct in West Asia as a result of human activity. This species is now limited to a very small part of India.

Are there monkeys in Lebanon?

Lebanon does not have any native species of monkeys outside of zoos. With only a few exceptions, monkeys are not generally found north of the Sahara.