Below you can find a complete list of Pakistani animals. We currently track 154 animals in Pakistan and are adding more every day!
Located on the Indian subcontinent, Pakistan is a Muslim-majority state that formed from the partition of British India in 1947. The country shares a land border with Iran and Afghanistan to the west, China to the northeast, and India to the east. Pakistan is a country of extremes, both in terms of geography and wildlife. The north and west of Pakistan are dominated by the mountains of the Himalayas, the Karakoram, and the Hindu Kush. The southwest contains the Balochistan Plateau, while the southeast encompasses the Indus River plain. It also bounded on the south by the coastline of the Arabian Sea.
The Official National (State) Animal of Pakistan
The markhor, a large species of wild goat with screw-shaped horns, is considered to be the national animal of Pakistan. The chukar, a member of the partridge family and a local symbol of love, is the national bird.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Pakistan
Pakistan has set aside some 35 protected areas, where visitors can find the greatest diversity of natural fauna.
- The Margalla Hills National Park encompasses more than 40,000 acres of land near the foothills of the Himalayas. Easy to reach because of its close proximity to the capital, Islamabad, this park is a great spot for bird lovers to find hawks, eagles, falcons, vultures, larks, doves, and much more. It also contains barking deer, red foxes, and leopards.
- The Hingol National Parks, stretching about 2,400 square miles across the southwestern province of Baluchistan, is among the largest protected areas in the country. Known for its stunning natural rock formations, including the Princess of Hope, the Baluchistan Sphinx, and the mud volcanoes, the park is home to exotic wild cats, pangolins, wolves, jackals, hyenas, crocodiles, vultures, pelicans, eagles, and many more mammals and birds.
- The Chitral National Park encompasses nearly 20,000 acres of pristine mountain valleys in the northern Hindu Kush. Visitors might catch a glimpse of a leopard, lynxes, ibexes, and even the elusive markhor. It is best experienced from May to September.
- Kirthar National Park encompasses the rough, hilly terrain and stone valleys of the southern Jamshoro District of Sindh. It is home to leopards, wolves, caracals, badgers, hyenas, mongooses, ibexes, snakes, and various birds like eagles and kestrels.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Pakistan Today
Pakistan is home to several venomous fauna that pose a danger to people. Visitors should be particularly wary of the big four snakes. These are responsible for more bites than any other snakes in the region.
- Indian Cobra – Easily identified by the two unique false eyes on the back of its hood, the Indian cobra has become famous around the world for its use in snake charming. The venom itself is deadly only if it’s left untreated.
- Russell’s Viper – Native to the border region with India, this viper has a deep yellow or tan body covered with dark brown spots. It will sometimes strike without provocation and deliver a potentially fatal amount of venom if left untreated. Extensive tissue damage is also quite common.
- Indian Saw-Scaled Viper – This species might be responsible for the most deaths in the country because of its frequent occurrence, its excitable nature, and its highly toxic venom. Two distinct subspecies can be found in Pakistan, one only endemic to Astola Island, the other common across much of the mainland.
- Common Krait – This species is identified by the black or bluish color and the white bands. The powerful neurotoxin they produce can induce muscle paralysis and abdominal cramps. The cause of death is usually respiratory failure.
- Deathstalker – This exotic yellow-colored scorpion lives up to its name. One or two doses of its dangerous venom can potentially kill a person. The old, young, and sick are most vulnerable.
Endangered Animals in Pakistan
Human activity has put some of Pakistan’s unique fauna in danger. Several species, like the Pakistan sand cat, the snow leopard, and the markhor, are in decline across the region but not yet at risk. The following species of wildlife are currently classified as endangered by the IUCN Red List.
- Kashmir Gray Langur – This exotic Old World arboreal monkey is largely confined to the Kashmir region of India and the Machiara National Park in Pakistan.
- Woolly Flying Squirrel – This elusive species is among the largest squirrels in the world. Not much is known about it since sightings are rare.
- Indian Pangolin – These armored mammals inhabit the dry and hilly lands of India and southeastern Pakistan. It is currently endangered because of poaching for its meat and scales.
- South Asian River Dolphin – This unique subspecies of the river dolphin is only found in the Indus River. Populations have declined rapidly from the combined impact of hunting, pollution, accidental entanglement in fishnets, and other alterations to its natural river habitat. With only about 1,500 remaining, this particular subspecies is in danger of becoming extinct.
- Himalayan Brown Bear – This subspecies of the brown bear is also in danger of becoming extinct. They are sometimes killed for their fur or to protect livestock. They are also at the mercy of habitat destruction.
- Kashmir Musk Deer –The musk deer has long saber-like teeth emerging from its mouth. It’s now in danger of becoming extinct from habitat loss and hunting.
Pakistani Animals List
- Asiatic Black Bear
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Cashmere Goat
- Common Buzzard
- Desert Locust
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fishing Cat
- Flying Squirrel
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Indian Elephant
- Indian Star Tortoise
- Leopard Cat
- Long-Eared Owl
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snow Leopard
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Pakistan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of wild animals are common in Pakistan?
Pakistan is home to more than 150 species of mammals. Foxes, jackals, rodents, bats, wild cats, and domestic goats and cattle are among the most prolific. There are also more than 700 recorded species of birds. Birds of prey and water birds predominate. Lizards, skinks, snakes, frogs, and insects are also very common.
What is the most dangerous animal in Pakistan?
The most dangerous wildlife in Pakistan today are the “big four” snakes: the Indian cobra, Russell’s viper, the Indian saw-scaled viper, and the common krait.
Are there tigers in Pakistan?
The tiger once roamed across Pakistan at some point in the past, but it is now locally extinct.