Animals in Myanmar

Below you can find a complete list of Burmese animals. We currently track 164 animals in Myanmar and are adding more every day!

Myanmar (also known formerly as Burma) is a mid-sized country in Southeast Asia that gained its independence from British rule in 1948. It is bordered by India, Bangladesh, China, Laos, Thailand, and the Indian Ocean. Across its vast tropical rainforests, wetlands, mountains, plains, and coastlines, the country is considered to be an immense biodiversity hotspot, but much of its unique wildlife is now in danger of being lost to human activity.

The Official National Animal of Myanmar

Both the Indochinese tiger and the grey peacock pheasant are on the list of national symbols. The endangered green peafowl was once a symbol of the monarchy and still appears throughout the country today.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Myanmar

Myanmar has dozens of national parks scattered throughout its diverse ecosystems. The Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park, located in the northwest region of Sagaing, features temperate coniferous, broadleaf, and mixed forests. Some of its residents include brown bears, barking deer, clouded leopards, civets, elephants, and other mammals. The Hlawga Park in the southeast region of Yangon features a diverse array of deer, pangolins, pythons, storks, and other types of birds. It also has a mini-zoo to delight visitors with tigers, leopards, bears, and crocodiles.

The Lampi Island Marine National Park, located in the country’s far south just off the coast of the Malay Peninsula, is a good spot to find whales, dolphins, dugongs, and sea turtles. It also has plenty of reptiles, amphibians, and the rare Sunda pangolin. Other excellent parks to visit are the Loimwe National Park, Mount Victoria National Park, Popa Mountain National Park, and Tanintharyi National Park.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Myanmar Today

Like few other places on the planet, Myanmar is a hotspot of deadly snakes. Out of the 150 or so snake species in Myanmar, around 40 of them are venomous. Thousands of people are bitten every year, and about 8% of them die, compared to only 4% elsewhere. This has made it dangerous to wander alone in some rural areas of the country.

  • Russell’s Viper – Only found in the western part of the country, Russell’s Viper is nevertheless highly dangerous. The venom from its bite can cause pain, swelling, and bleeding, which may persist for days or weeks. Unless the venom is treated quickly, kidney, respiratory, or heart failure can occur in a minority of cases.
  • King Cobra – As the world’s longest venomous snake, the king cobra has long been feared and respected throughout Southeast Asia. The dangerous toxin attacks the central nervous system, resulting in pain, blurred vision, vertigo, and even paralysis. Death can sometimes follow within an hour of a bite.
  • Indochinese Spitting Cobra – Endemic to the eastern part of the country, this snake has the ability to spit venom at its target, causing serious pain and possible blindness. If that fails, then it can inject venom directly into its victim, causing pain, swelling, tissue death, and even paralysis. In rare instances, death can occur.
  • Banded Krait – Identified by the alternating bands of yellow and black rings, this species can deliver a dangerous neurotoxin that causes vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and dizziness. Death can occur in a small number of cases.
  • Saltwater Crocodile – As one of the largest and most aggressive crocodiles in the world, this species will often attack and kill people who accidentally wander into its territory.

Endangered Animals in Myanmar

As deforestation has transformed its environment and poaching runs rampant, Myanmar has struggled to protect what remains of its diverse wildlife. Many of its unique animals are now in danger of extinction. These include some of the most well-known mammals on the planet.

  • Asian Elephant – One of the largest land animals in the world, the Asian elephant is now being threatened by habitat loss, population fragmentation, and the illegal poaching of its ivory tusks.
  • Indochinese Tiger – This subspecies of the tiger, found exclusively in Southeast Asia, is in danger of extinction from habitat loss and hunting. It is believed that less than a hundred remain in Myanmar and only about 350 of them remain in total.
  • Myanmar Snub-Nosed Monkey – First recognized as an independent species in 2011, this arboreal primate, with its black fur, long tail, and short nose, is native to the country’s northern forests. But logging and hunting have reduced population numbers to only a few hundred individuals.
  • Red Panda – This small carnivorous mammal, which looks like a cross between a bear and fox, is native to the country’s north. It is threatened by deforestation and competition with livestock for land.
  • Eld’s Deer – This species was once quite common throughout the grasslands of Southeast Asia. But after the 1950s, overhunting caused populations to fall by some 90%.
  • Fishing Cat – Endemic to the swamps and marshlands near the delta of the Ayeyarwady River, the fishing cat is a medium-sized wild feline, threatened by the loss of wetlands.
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper – This small wading bird breeds in Russia and flies south toward Southeast Asia for the winter. But the route along the way has been completely disrupted by habitat loss and industrialization. They are also hunted to death upon arriving in Southeast Asia.
  • White-rumped Vulture – This scavenging vulture was once widespread across Southeast Asia. But a decline in prey population and cases of accidental poisoning from medications have caused it to almost completely disappear.

Burmese Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Asian Elephant

Domesticated for hundreds of years!

Asian Giant Hornet

The largest wasp in the world!

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bengal Tiger

The most numerous species of tiger!

Binturong

Also known as the Asian Bearcat!

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Birman

Also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Burmese

Adoring, elegant and affectionate!

Burmese Python

These snakes can swallow their prey as whole.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Clouded Leopard

Has canines that can be two inches long!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dhole

Only 2,000 left in the wild!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fishing Cat

Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Gibbon

Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Horseshoe Crab

Changed little in over 500 million years!

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Indian Elephant

Found throughout south-east Asia!

Indochinese Tiger

Now thought to be extinct in China!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

King Cobra

They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Lorikeet

The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Myna Bird

For a nice price, the mynah bird makes a good pet.

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock

Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siamese Fighting Fish

Can live in low-oxygen environments!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Sun Bear

The smallest species of bear in the world!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Burmese Animals List

Animals in Myanmar FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals are native to Myanmar?

Myanmar is particularly rich in bats, rodents, insects, hoofed mammals, monkeys, felines, snakes, and carnivorous wildlife.

Does Myanmar have any rhinos?

Myanmar was once home to two species of rhino: the Javan rhinoceros and the Sumatran rhinoceros, both of which are critically endangered. There are unconfirmed reports of some rhinos still living in the country, but no one has been able to check because of local conflicts.