Below you can find a complete list of Saudi Arabian animals. We currently track 147 animals in Saudi Arabia and are adding more every day!
Saudi Arabia is a large country located on the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. It has such diverse habitats as mountains, deserts, hills, valleys, volcanoes, lakes, and islands. Each area has its own unique selection of animals.
Keep reading to explore Saudi Arabia’s wildlife.
The Official National Animal of Saudi Arabia
The camel is the national animal of Saudi Arabia. Why was the camel selected as the national animal? Called the “ship of the desert,” the camel has been used for transportation and as a working animal for centuries. Specifically, the Arabian or Dromedary camel – the one-humped camel – is the national animal.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia’s most sought-after wildlife can be very elusive. If you want to see Hamadryas baboons, they can be found in the Hijaz Mountains. One region of these mountains, the Asir Mountains, is the stronghold of the rare and elusive Arabian leopard.
Arabian oryx, once locally extinct, were released in a fenced-in reserve called the Mahazat as-Sayd Protected Area. Along with the mountain gazelle and goitered gazelle, they can also be found in the ‘Uruq Bani Ma’arid protected area.
The cute sand cat, no large than your average housecat, can only be seen in the western deserts.
A unique wading bird called a hamerkop nest in the Wadi Turabah Nature Reserve. This is the only place in the Arabian Peninsula that this bird can be found.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Saudi Arabia Today
A number of dangerous venomous snakes live in Saudi Arabia. The most dangerous snakes are in the viper family. These include the carpet viper, sawscale viper, horned viper, adder or common viper, and false-horned viper. Some emit a rattling sound as a warning when you get too close. The best thing to do if you hear this is to stop moving and back away.
Although these snakes can be harmful to humans, they do not want to bite you. There have been only around 5 reported viper bites in the country during the past 20 years.
Endangered Animals in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia has a fragile ecosystem with many endangered species. The Arabian leopard, for example, has been considered critically endangered since 1996. In 2006, it was estimated that there were only around 200 of these leopards surviving in the wild.
The Arabian wolf is also an endangered species. Farmers have hunted the wolf because it may stalk their livestock. Only about 2,000 to 3,000 Arabian wolves exist in the wild.
Hunting and other human activities have caused the local extinction of some of Saudi Arabia’s animals. These include the striped hyena, honey badger, and golden jackal. The Arabian oryx was also hunted to extinction in the wild, but conservation efforts and breeding programs allowed it to be reintroduced in a fenced reserve.
Saudi Arabian Animals
Saudi Arabian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Desert Locust
- Fennec Fox
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Rock Hyrax
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Saudi Arabia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Kinds of Animals Live in Saudi Arabia?
Saudi Arabia is home to mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects.
The largest mammals include the Dromedary camel, the Arabian tahr (a type of mountain goat), the golden jackal, and the Arabian wolf. Smaller carnivores include the caracal (a medium-sized cat), the sand cat, red and fennec foxes, and the striped hyena.
There are plenty of other small mammals as well, including the rock hyrax, honey badger, and Cape hare.
Bird species common to Saudi Arabia include buzzards, eagles, quail, sandgrouse, larks, seabirds, pelicans, and gulls. Other birds migrate through Saudi Arabia and are found there only part of the year. These include swallows, storks, and flamingos.
Are There Tigers in Saudi Arabia?
According to a report from 2011, two known specimens of the rare Arabian tiger had been observed in Saudi Arabia. A small population is held in captivity; the goal is to breed more of these tigers and release them into the wild. About 200 Arabian tigers are thought to exist in Saudi Arabia and its surrounding nations.
Which is the Most Important Animal in Saudi Arabia?
It could be argued that the camel is the most important animal in Saudi Arabia – the most important to humans, that is. Though not originally from the Middle East, the camel adapted well to desert life. It is used as a working animal. At times and in certain cultures, the number of camels a person owned was equated to his wealth and social status.
Keep in mind, however, that every animal is important in its own right. All species play a role in the food web and in keeping the natural balance of the ecosystem. When one animal becomes extinct, it affects the other animals living in the same habitat.
Do Lions Live in Saudi Arabia?
Until about 100 years ago, African lions lived in Saudi Arabia. Today, these big cats are extinct in the wild and can only be found in zoos.
There is, however a tiny lion living in Saudi Arabia – a ferocious insect known as the ant-lion. This small predator hides in the sand, which it also throws at its prey – typically ants – to make them fall into its waiting jaws.
What Animals Migrate to Saudi Arabia?
A number of unique birds, including flamingoes, swallows, and storks, migrate in and out of Saudi Arabia.
What Animals Live in the Empty Quarter in Saudi Arabia?
The Rub’ al Khali or Empty Quarter is a sandy desert that covers a large part of the country. It is home to few animals as it is a dry and hostile environment. Arachnids such as scorpions as well as rodents can be found there. The Asiatic cheetah once lived there, but it is regionally extinct.