Animals in Philippines

Below you can find a complete list of Filipino animals. We currently track 147 animals in Philippines and are adding more every day!

Across the 7,600 plus islands that make up the Philippines, you can find over 52,177 different species of unique animals. The country has one of the highest rates of discovery of new animal species in the world. Over 50% of them exist nowhere else on earth. Overharvesting, land fragmentation, and habitat loss threaten over 700 of them with extinction.

The Official National Animal of Philippines

The official national animal of the Philippines is the kalabaw. Farmers prize this domesticated swamp-type water buffalo for its ability to pull heavy carts and is used to help farmers plow fields. The milk from the kalabaw is often collected and drank. After the animal passes, the farm family will eat its meat.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Philippines

Since the Philippines spread across over 7,000 islands, it is important to know where to find the top wild animals. You will want to hurry to see some of these exotic animals before they go extinct.

  • Philippine Eagle – The Philippine eagle is the national bird and the world’s tallest and longest. Look for this bird on Mount Kitanglad. You can also see this bird on Mindanao, Luzon, Leyte, and Samar islands.
  • Brahminy Kites – This large bird of prey can be seen in Bohol, Mindoro, Palawan, Cebu, Marinduque, Guimaras, Leyte, Lubang, Sarangani, Masbate and Tawi-Tawi.
  • Dugong Sea Cow – See this sea mammal that can weigh up to 650 pounds around Palawan Island.
  • Whale shark – The Philippines has the third densest population of whale sharks in the world. You may be able to swim with them in the waters surrounding Leyte, Tubbataha, Donsol, and Oslob islands.
  • Sardines – Snorkel with about 8 million sardines off the waters near Panagsama, Moalboal, Philippines.
  • Tarsier – The candy-bar-sized tarsier, the second-smallest primate in the world, can be viewed in Corella, Bohol, Philippines. Look for this mammal that hunts at night high in trees.
  • Tokay gecko – If you hear something that sounds like you are winding an old-fashioned alarm clock, look for a Tokay gecko nearby. This species is the second-largest species of gecko, and you can spot it on Luzon Island.
  • Tamaraw – These small hooved mammals cherished by the Filipino people that live on Mindoro.
  • Philippine crocodile – Head to Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park to see the Philippine crocodile, which is the rarest crocodile in the world.

The Most Dangerous Animals In the Philippines Today

While many unique Filipino animals are not dangerous, there are a few that you need to be aware of if you visit this island nation.

  • Mosquitoes – Approximately 85,000 dengue cases are reported in the Philippines annually. This viral disease carried by mosquitoes kills about 500 people annually.
  • Dogs – About 250 people are killed by rabies gotten through dog bites in the Philippines annually.
  • Philippine cobra – In rural areas of the Philippines, approximately 107 people per 100,000 died of bites from the Philippine cobra. Most died before they could reach a hospital.
  • Jellyfish – In particular, bites from the box jellyfish kill about 30 people annually.

Endangered Animals In the Philippines

Sadly, many of the animals found in the Philippines are endangered. Common threats to habitats and populations include overhunting, industrial development, and habitat fragmentation. While the country has passed laws to protect wildlife, they have not done a very good job of enforcing those laws, so exotic animals have minimal protection. Some of the most notable Philippine endangered wildlife include:

  • Philippine eagle
  • Philippine freshwater crocodile
  • Tamaraw
  • Visayan Wrinkled Hornbill
  • Philippine cockatoo
  • Negros bleeding-heart
  • Philippine naked-backed fruit bat
  • Philippine forest turtle
  • Dinagat cloud bushy-tail rat
  • Hawksbill sea turtle

Filipino Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockatoo

Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Lemur

The second pair of upper incisors in a flying lemur has a double root, which is unique for mammals.

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden-Crowned Flying Fox

They eat figs almost exclusively

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Hornbill

The bird has a massive horn on its bill!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

King Cobra

They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Lorikeet

The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Malayan Civet

Also known as the Oriental Civet!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peacock

Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Skunk

Also known as the Polecat!

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarsier

Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Uguisu

Their guano is used in face creams!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Filipino Animals List

Animals in Philippines FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in the Philippines?

There are over 52,000 species of animals that live in the Philippines. This country is home to the rarest crocodile, the second-smallest primate, and the second-largest gecko on earth. It is also home to some of the world’s most unique marine life.

What Dangerous Animals Live in the Philippines?

The most dangerous animals in the Philippines are the mosquito, dogs, jellyfish, and Philippines cobra. Other dangerous animals include saltwater crocodiles, sharks, venomous scorpions, redback spiders, and blue-ringed octopuses.

What is the Rarest Animal in the Philippines?

It is challenging to name the rarest animal in the Philippines because there are so many amazing animals found nowhere else on earth. Many of them are exotic forest animals because just 32% of native forests in the Philippines remain. One of the rarest is the Negros Bleeding-Heart because only 4% of its native forest remains, and scientists have not experienced success in transferring it to another location. In Cebu, where the Cebu Flowerpecker lives, about 99% of the forest has already been destroyed. This bird was once declared extinct, and it may go extinct again if steps fail to protect the little bit of forest remaining there.

Are There Tigers in the Philippines?

No, there are no tigers in the Philippines.