Animals in the Philippines: A Complete Guide to Wildlife

Below you can find a complete list of Filipino animals. We currently track 193 animals in Philippines and are adding more every day!

Across the 7,600 plus islands that make up the Philippines, you can find over 52,177 different types of animals. The country has one of the highest rates of discovery of new animal species in the world. Over 50% of these species exist nowhere else on earth. Encroachment, land fragmentation, and habitat loss threaten over 700 animals with extinction.

The Official National Animal of Philippines

The official national animal of the Philippines is the kalabaw, a native water buffalo. Farmers prize this domesticated swamp-type water buffalo for its ability to pull heavy carts and many use them to help farmers plow fields. The milk from the these animals is also collected to drink. After the animal passes, the farm family will eat its meat.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Philippines

Found on these islands are a surprising amount of animals native to the Philippines, some of which are rarely, if at all, found anywhere else in the world. Since the Philippines spread across over 7,000 islands, it is important to know where to find the top wild animals.

  • Philippine Eagle – The Philippine eagle is the national bird and the world’s tallest and longest. Look for this bird on Mount Kitanglad. You can also see this bird on Mindanao, Luzon, Leyte, and Samar islands.
  • Brahminy Kites – This large bird of prey resides in Bohol, Mindoro, Palawan, Cebu, Marinduque, Guimaras, Leyte, Lubang, Sarangani, Masbate and Tawi-Tawi.
  • Dugong Sea Cow – See this sea mammal that can weigh up to 650 pounds around Palawan Island.
  • Whale shark – The Philippines has the third densest population of whale sharks in the world. You may be able to swim with them in the waters surrounding Leyte, Tubbataha, Donsol, and Oslob islands.
  • Sardines – Snorkel with about 8 million sardines off the waters near Panagsama, Moalboal, Philippines.
  • Tarsier – The candy-bar-sized tarsier, the second-smallest primate in the world, is found in Corella, Bohol, Philippines. Look for this mammal that hunts at night high in trees.
  • Tokay gecko – If you hear something that sounds like you are winding an old-fashioned alarm clock, look for a Tokay gecko nearby. This species is the second-largest species of gecko, and you can spot it on Luzon Island.
  • Tamaraw – These small hooved mammals cherished by the Filipino people that live on Mindoro.
  • Philippine crocodile – Head to Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park to see the Philippine crocodile, which is the rarest crocodile in the world.

Birds in the Philippines

The Philippines has the third highest number of endemic birds, following Indonesia and Australia. Found on these islands are around 714 avian species: 243 endemic, three introduced, and 52 accidental. Birdwatching in the Philippines can be somewhat difficult, having to travel across the differing islands, many of which have unique dialects. Unfortunately, many of the native species are declining in population due to human encroachment and habitat loss, leading to endangerment and extinction. There are 4 main areas of the archipelago especially popular for wildlife and bird watching.

  • Luzon is the largest island, containing a diverse array of environments and several associated islands. Relatively easy to navigate, finding the popular species to see usually takes a day or two of travel. Species unique to Luzon include the Luzon bleeding-heart and the Luzon hornbill. Other species found in Luzon include the Flame-breasted Fruit Dove, Penelopides, and Gallicolumba, to name a few.
  • The Visayas consist of the majority of the Philippine Islands but are not long to travel as many of the islands are small. Due to rise in human population, many native species are difficult to find or extinct on these islands. While hopping the Visayas, keep an eye out for Negros Scops owls, Visayas Tarictic Hornbills, Yellow-faced Flamebacks, and Flame-templed Babblers.
  • Mindanao is generally avoided due to instability within the country. However, it is one of the last homes of the Philippine Eagle, the national bird and an endemic species. Travel is still possible but takes careful organization and planning in advance. The Apo sunbird, Southern Silvery Kingfisher, Mindanao Blue Fantail, and the Red-eared Parrotfinch are species to look for in Mindanao.
  • Palwawan, tropical in climate, is a popular destination for tourists and birdwatchers. Many other types of animals can be seen on the island, as well, making for a good pastime while on the lookout for avian species. Palawan is home to several endemic species, such as the Palawan Scops owl, the Palawan Hornbill, and the Palawan tit. Other birds found on the island are the Melodious Babbler, White-vented Shama, and the Lovely Sunbird.

Fish in the Philippines

The Philippines is surrounded by around 1.36 million square miles of ocean and 11,000 miles of shoreline. In these waters, countless incredible species of marine life live, such as whale sharks, pygmy seahorses, cuttlefish, and blue ring octopus. Over 2,000 fish species swim the waters, contributing to an expansive fishing ecosystem. Anglers from around the world come to these waters to experience the wildlife but to also gamefish for unique species.

The Siargao Islands host an International Gamefishing Tournament, where fishermen compete to catch the largest fish. Fish can be caught year-round with the best season ranging March to May. Dorado, billfish, sailfish, marlin, and tuna are common catches in these parts.

Subic is known for its incredible reefs surrounding shipwrecks, attracting many species such as wahoo, mackerel, barracuda, sailfish, and giant trevally during the season of October to around June.

Freshwater fishing is also popular in many lakes of the archipelago. Largemouth bass fishing prevails at lakes Lumot and Caliraya, outside of Manila.

It is important to check out the local fishing guidelines and regulations before planning a trip in order to protect endangered species and habitats.

Snakes in the Philippines

About 175 species of snakes live on the Philippine Islands or swim the waters. The archipelago is home to the longest snake in the world, the longest venomous snake (King Cobra), and the snake species with the longest venom glands (long-glanded coral snakes). Many venomous sea snakes swim the oceans surrounding the islands, a few examples including Coral Reef Snakes, Yellow-lipped Sea Kraits, Laticauda, and Hydrophis semperi (freshwater). Families of snakes found on the islands include:

  • Pythons: Reticulated pythons are the only pythons in the archipelago rainforests.
  • Elapids: Venomous snakes with fangs erect at the front of their mouths. Includes cobras, such as the King Cobra, Northern Philippine Cobra, Southern Philippine Cobra, and Equatorial Spitting Cobra. Also includes 3 coral reef species and 20 species of sea snakes and sea kraits.
  • Blind Snakes: Small, burrowing snakes that are harmless and elusive. They are names for their reduced, vestigial eyes.
  • Pit Vipers: Medium-sized, venomous, tree-dwelling snakes with folding fangs at the front of their mouths. Wagler’s pit vipers generally symbolise good fortune.
  • Colubrids: Mostly venomous but not considered dangerous to humans. Examples include the Red-tailed rat snake, the banded wolf snake, reed snakes, and bronzebacks.

Make sure to keep an eye on the ground, trees, and ocean when exploring the magnificent islands of the Philippines. If bitten by a snake, venomous or not, seek professional medical attention.

The Most Dangerous Animals in the Philippines Today

While many unique Filipino animals are not dangerous, there are a few that you need to be aware of if you visit this island nation.

  • Mosquitoes – Approximately 85,000 dengue cases are reported in the Philippines annually. This viral disease carried by mosquitoes kills about 500 people annually.
  • Dogs – About 250 people are killed by rabies transmitted from dog bites in the Philippines annually.
  • Philippine cobra – In rural areas of the Philippines, approximately 107 people per 100,000 died of bites from the Philippine cobra. Most died before they could reach a hospital.
  • Jellyfish – In particular, bites from the box jellyfish kill about 30 people annually.

Endangered Animals In the Philippines

Sadly, many of the animals living in the Philippines are endangered. Common threats to habitats and populations include overhunting, industrial development, and habitat fragmentation. While the country has passed laws to protect wildlife, they have not done a very good job of enforcing those laws, so exotic animals have minimal protection. Some of the most notable Philippine endangered wildlife include:

  • Philippine eagle
  • Philippine freshwater crocodile
  • Tamaraw
  • Visayan Wrinkled Hornbill
  • Philippine cockatoo
  • Negros bleeding-heart
  • Philippine naked-backed fruit bat
  • Philippine forest turtle
  • Dinagat cloud bushy-tail rat
  • Hawksbill sea turtle

Zoos in the Philippines

Zoos and wildlife parks are a great place to visit with children and families when looking for a fun adventure. There are around 15 zoos located in the Philippines, here are the top 5:

  1. Cebu Safari (Cebu) – The largest and most popular zoological park, Cebu Safari spans 170 hectares (420 acres). Animals roam relatively freely, including bengal tigers, wildebeest, giraffes, greater kudu, etc. The park also includes an expansive orchid garden, aesthetically pleasing to visitors.
  2. Zoobic Safari (Bataan) – Located on 25 hectares (61 acres), visitors are welcome to pet and meet animals. Approachable animals include ferrets, bearcats, guinea pigs, and ducks. Monkeys, eagles, bears, and many more species also exist within the park. Exclusively at this park, a tiger jumps on safari cars while devouring a chicken carcass, giving visitors a full experience of seeing a tiger up close and personal.
  3. Avilon Zoo (Rizal) – Over 3,000 species, both native and exotic, fill this expansive park. The Avilon Zoo is known for its conservation efforts to help protect and preserve endangered species. Visitors are able to feed deer, wild horses, giant tortoises, and waterfowl while viewing other exhibits of intelligent and playful animals.
  4. Calauit Safari Park (Busuanga) – While not as accessible as other zoos in the country, the park is home to an array of species including crocodiles, giraffes, Philippine mouse-deer, Philippine porcupine, and the Palawan bearded-pig to name a few.
  5. Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center (Manila) – Holds a Wildlife Rescue Center used by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) as a temporary refuge for injured, abandoned, donated, sick, or confiscated wildlife. Many indigenous species, such as the Philippine deer, Palawan bearded deer, water monitors, binturongs, and crab-eating macaques. One of the best zoos in the country, many intriguing avian species are also housed here.

Filipino Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Palm Civet

It mainly eats mangos and coffee!


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Highly social, smart, and chatty bird.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab-Eating Macaque

Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


Have changed little in 200 million years!


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Draco volans

Beneath the lizard’s “wings” are a pair of enlarged ribs for support.


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


Spends around 22 hours a day eating!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fiddler Crab

The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Lemur

The second pair of upper incisors in a flying lemur has a double root, which is unique for mammals.

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden-Crowned Flying Fox

They eat figs almost exclusively

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


The bird has a massive horn on its bill!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

King Cobra

They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Malayan Civet

Also known as the Oriental Civet!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide


Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell


Can live for up to 100 years!


Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Redback Spider

The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.


Also known as the Polecat!

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Spiny Hill Turtle

The shell serves as both a defense and camouflage!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.


Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Their guano is used in face creams!


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Walking Catfish

The walking catfish can move on land while breathing air


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


There are around 75 different species!

Filipino Animals List

Animals in the Philippines: A Complete Guide to Wildlife FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What Animals Live in the Philippines?

There are over 52,000 species of animals that live in the Philippines. This country is home to the rarest crocodile, the second-smallest primate, and the second-largest gecko on earth. It is also home to some of the world’s most unique marine life.

What Dangerous Animals Live in the Philippines?

The most dangerous animals in the Philippines are the mosquito, dogs, jellyfish, and Philippines cobra. Other dangerous animals include saltwater crocodiles, sharks, venomous scorpions, redback spiders, and blue-ringed octopuses.

What is the Rarest Animal in the Philippines?

It is challenging to name the rarest animal in the Philippines because there are so many amazing animals found nowhere else on earth. Many of them are exotic forest animals because just 32% of native forests in the Philippines remain. One of the rarest is the Negros Bleeding-Heart because only 4% of its native forest remains, and scientists have not experienced success in transferring it to another location. In Cebu, where the Cebu Flowerpecker lives, about 99% of the forest has already been destroyed. This bird was once declared extinct, and it may go extinct again if steps fail to protect the little bit of forest remaining there.

Are There Tigers in the Philippines?

No, there are no tigers in the Philippines.