Animals in Oman

Below you can find a complete list of Omani animals. We currently track 149 animals in Oman and are adding more every day!

Situated on the southeast corner of the Arabian peninsula and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the oil-rich Sultanate of Oman is a primarily desert region bisected by a range of mountains running approximately parallel to the coastline but situated in the middle of the country.

The animal life of Oman thus separates itself into three basic categories. These are the animals of the desert regions, those of the mountains, and the species found along the coast of the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf.

The Official National Animal Of Oman

Oman has both a national animal and a national bird. The national animal is the Arabian, or White, Oryx. This is also the national animal of several surrounding and nearby countries as well. The Arabian Oryx is a typical desert antelope species with a prominent shoulder hump and very long, straight horns.

The national bird species of Oman is the Barbary Falcon. This is a small to medium sized raptor very similar to the slightly larger peregrine falcon.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Oman

The Sultanate has taken very great care to protect and preserve its wildlife resources. Since the country is 82% desert, the areas that can support large populations of wildlife are largely limited to those which offer a reliable source of water.

Many of these areas are khawrs, or lagoons. Several of them have been grouped together under the rubric of the Salalah Coast Reserve. A significant number of these outlets to the sea have been designated as animal reserves, particularly for Oman’s large endowment of sea turtles and birds. Oman’s specific overall Turtle Reserve encompasses several large satellite parks apart from the khawrs.

A very large park, the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary has been set aside for the Oryx. On the other end of this scale, a very small reserve, Khawr Qurom Sageir has been set aside to protect a rare species of tree, Platoon alartdiat, from becoming extinct. This unique preserve measures a mere 300 x 50 meters.

Up in the mountains, the Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve is home to the high altitude species of Oman, in particular the Arabian Leopard, which is in serious danger of becoming extinct. Only about 200 specimens remain.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Oman

The number one dangerous animal in Oman is the Carpet Viper, which is considered to be among the 10 most deadly snakes in the world. It is reportedly not much of a threat unless you annoy it deliberately. Several other snake species of a venomous nature are found in Oman, including the Cobra, the Horned Viper, and the Puff Adder.

A very small number of Arabian Gray Wolves are also present in the country. Yet they too are on the edge of becoming an extinct life form, at least in the wild.

Endangered Animals In Oman

The Arabian Oryx and Arabian Leopard are the most well-known endangered animals in Oman. Many species have been so badly degraded over the years that hunting of any kind of wildlife in Oman is prohibited.

Numerous aquatic creatures are also endangered to some degree. This is why Oman makes such an effort to protect the spawning grounds of the sea turtles which nest along its coastline.

Omani Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Bat

Among the largest bats in the world

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Parakeet

Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Persian

Thought to have originated in the Middle East!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Omani Animals List

Animals in Oman FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What kind of animals live in Oman?

In the unique and challenging environment of Oman, the most numerous animals are those which are domesticated by humans. This primarily means very large numbers of camels and donkeys in comparison to all other species.

Oman is also home to the unique Arabian Leopard, whose habitat has dwindled to the point where it is found almost nowhere else except within a few limited areas of the country. The majestic Arabian Oryx and the Barbary Falcon are both considered to be national animals of the country.

Much of the wildlife viewing in Oman comes in the form of exploring the places where various sea turtle species, whales, dolphins, and the many bird species are found along the littoral regions.

What snakes are in Oman?

There are about a dozen snake species in Oman, most of which are relatively benign. The four dangerous members are the Cobra, the Horned Viper, the Puff Adder, and the Carpet Viper. Yet these are all rare species and seldom found among human-populated areas.