Below you can find a complete list of Omani animals. We currently track 149 animals in Oman and are adding more every day!
Situated on the southeast corner of the Arabian peninsula and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the oil-rich Sultanate of Oman is a primarily desert region bisected by a range of mountains running approximately parallel to the coastline but situated in the middle of the country.
The animal life of Oman thus separates itself into three basic categories. These are the animals of the desert regions, those of the mountains, and the species found along the coast of the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf.
The Official National Animal Of Oman
Oman has both a national animal and a national bird. The national animal is the Arabian, or White, Oryx. This is also the national animal of several surrounding and nearby countries as well. The Arabian Oryx is a typical desert antelope species with a prominent shoulder hump and very long, straight horns.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Oman
The Sultanate has taken very great care to protect and preserve its wildlife resources. Since the country is 82% desert, the areas that can support large populations of wildlife are largely limited to those which offer a reliable source of water.
Many of these areas are khawrs, or lagoons. Several of them have been grouped together under the rubric of the Salalah Coast Reserve. A significant number of these outlets to the sea have been designated as animal reserves, particularly for Oman’s large endowment of sea turtles and birds. Oman’s specific overall Turtle Reserve encompasses several large satellite parks apart from the khawrs.
A very large park, the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary has been set aside for the Oryx. On the other end of this scale, a very small reserve, Khawr Qurom Sageir has been set aside to protect a rare species of tree, Platoon alartdiat, from becoming extinct. This unique preserve measures a mere 300 x 50 meters.
Up in the mountains, the Jabal Samhan Nature Reserve is home to the high altitude species of Oman, in particular the Arabian Leopard, which is in serious danger of becoming extinct. Only about 200 specimens remain.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Oman
The number one dangerous animal in Oman is the Carpet Viper, which is considered to be among the 10 most deadly snakes in the world. It is reportedly not much of a threat unless you annoy it deliberately. Several other snake species of a venomous nature are found in Oman, including the Cobra, the Horned Viper, and the Puff Adder.
A very small number of Arabian Gray Wolves are also present in the country. Yet they too are on the edge of becoming an extinct life form, at least in the wild.
Endangered Animals In Oman
The Arabian Oryx and Arabian Leopard are the most well-known endangered animals in Oman. Many species have been so badly degraded over the years that hunting of any kind of wildlife in Oman is prohibited.
Numerous aquatic creatures are also endangered to some degree. This is why Oman makes such an effort to protect the spawning grounds of the sea turtles which nest along its coastline.
Omani Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Barn Swallow
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Carpenter Ant
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Desert Locust
- Dung Beetle
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Badger
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Spider Wasp
- Stick Insect
- Striped Hyena
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Oman FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of animals live in Oman?
In the unique and challenging environment of Oman, the most numerous animals are those which are domesticated by humans. This primarily means very large numbers of camels and donkeys in comparison to all other species.
Oman is also home to the unique Arabian Leopard, whose habitat has dwindled to the point where it is found almost nowhere else except within a few limited areas of the country. The majestic Arabian Oryx and the Barbary Falcon are both considered to be national animals of the country.
Much of the wildlife viewing in Oman comes in the form of exploring the places where various sea turtle species, whales, dolphins, and the many bird species are found along the littoral regions.
What snakes are in Oman?
There are about a dozen snake species in Oman, most of which are relatively benign. The four dangerous members are the Cobra, the Horned Viper, the Puff Adder, and the Carpet Viper. Yet these are all rare species and seldom found among human-populated areas.