Animals in Tajikistan

Updated: December 7, 2022
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Below you can find a complete list of Tajikistani animals. We currently track 221 animals in Tajikistan and are adding more every day!

Tajikistan, a small central Asian country, is home to many unique animals. They have strange and unfamiliar names like markhor, pika, goitered gazelle, argali, urial, Menzbier’s marmot, and Buchara shrew. Would you like to learn about the wildlife of Tajikistan? Read on to discover all the different types of animals that live there.

Tajikistan is known for its rugged mountains. The wild inaccessibility of these mountains makes them highly suitable for wildlife. Tajikistan has been a final stronghold of many endangered species.

The most common mammals are the wild boar, rodents and shrews, the Indian porcupine, wolves, red fox, weasel, ermine, marten, badger, otter, Turkestan lynx, Tolai hares, Turkestan red pikas, juniper voles, Siberian roe deer, and the Tian Shan brown bear.

You’ll find many birds in Tajikistan that are familiar throughout the world, such as woodpeckers, finches, sparrows, and titmice. Raptors or birds of prey include small owls, eagle owls, vultures and buzzards, hawks, golden eagles, and other eagle species. You may also spot the Eurasian hawfinch, the white-winged grosbeak, the Himalayan treecreeper, the black redstart, the greenish warbler, cuckoos, nutcrackers, Stewart’s bunting, the Lammergeier, chukar partridge, Himilayan snowcock, northern goshawk, wagtail, gold oriole, shrikes, spotted flycatchers, eastern turtle doves, rock and wood pigeons, and thrush nightingales.

What about reptiles? There are two species of venomous snakes and many non-venomous snakes, including rat snakes, water snakes, and the blind worm snake. Skinks, geckos, agamas, and other lizards also live there.

The Official National Animal of Tajikistan

Would you believe that Tajikistan’s national animal no longer lives there?

The Caspian tiger is considered Tajikistan’s national animal. What happened to it? From the late 1800s until 1947, the Caspian tiger was hunted with the intent of eradicating it – its range was wanted for farmland, and tigers were considered dangerous.

The last known Caspian tiger specimen in Tajikistan was observed in 1958, and the last in the world was killed in 1970. Today, the Caspian tiger is considered extinct. However, some DNA scientists consider the Caspian tiger to be of the same species as the Siberian or Amur tiger. Researchers hope to reintroduce tigers into the area. This would not only restore the Caspian tiger to its former range but also repair the food chain and aid in the conservation of Tajikistan’s other species.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Tajikistan

Tajikistan is famous for its mountain ranges, and this habit is also ideal for wildlife viewing. The Fann Mountains, located near the nation’s capital, Dushanbe, encompass the Iskanderkul Nature Refuge. This refuge is known for bird watching.

Brown bears can be found in the Darvoz region, especially in the Hazratishoh mountain range near the border of Afghanistan.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Tajikistan Today

Whenever you are viewing wildlife, you should use caution. Wild animals don’t desire to hurt you, but they will defend themselves if they feel threatened.

This is true of the animals of Tajikistan. The brown bear, for example, will often try to avoid people. But if it is cornered or if you get too close, it may use its claws or teeth to attack. Statistically, encounters with brown bears are 21 times more dangerous than black bears and 3.5 times more dangerous than polar bears.

Watch where you step, as dangerous animals may also be hiding in the rocks or underbrush. The central Asian viper and cottonmouth and two venomous snakes that live in Tajikistan.

Endangered Animals In Tajikistan

Many of Tajikistan’s animals are endangered. Several ungulates – large mammals with hooves – are endangered. This includes the Bukhara urial wild sheep and the markhor goat. Did you know? The markhor’s name means “snake eater,” because people used to think that its large, curved horns came from eating curling snakes. Only about 300 to 400 individuals of each species exist in the wild. The Siberian ibex and the snow leopard are also endangered. The common leopard is considered regionally extinct.

Flag of Tajikistan

The flag of Tajikistan features a fairly simple design to represent its complicated history. The tricolor comes in horizontal stripes of red, white, and green. The red symbolizes victory, as well as the sun, which rises consistently every day. The white stripe stands for purity and morality. The green stripe symbolizes both fertile ground and Islam. In the center of the white stripe, there is a yellow image containing seven stars in the shape of a crown. These stars each represent the seven regions of Tajikistan.

Tajikistani Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings


First evolved 100 million years ago!


Renew their horns every year!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.


There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brazilian Treehopper

“Mild-Mannered Minimonsters”

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!


Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Carpet Viper

The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.


A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.


The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


Named for the Arabic word for love poems


There are thought to be over 2,000 species!


Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!


While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


The markhor drools a foamy substance after chewing its cud, which the local people use for extracting snake poison.


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!


There are around 260 known species!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Nematodes range in size from 1/10 of an inch to 28 feet long


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.


It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


Will mate with the entire flock!

Rough-Legged Hawk (Rough-Legged Buzzard)

Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.

Russian Tortoise

Known by at least five different names

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Saw-scaled Viper

This is the smallest venomous snake in India's Big Four.


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siberian Ibex

There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite


The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.


Yaks can live at altitudes up to 20,000 feet--the highest of any land-dwelling mammal.


There are around 75 different species!

Tajikistani Animals List

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About the Author

AZ Animals is a growing team of animals experts, researchers, farmers, conservationists, writers, editors, and -- of course -- pet owners who have come together to help you better understand the animal kingdom and how we interact.

Animals in Tajikistan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Where in the World is Tajikistan?

Tajikistan is located in central Asia. It borders China, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.

What Animals Live in Tajikistan?

Tajikistan is home to many different types of unique wildlife. Mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects are all represented.

What are the most notable animals? There are predatory mammals, including brown bears, snow leopards, and wolves. There are many sheep, deer, and cattle as well. Birds include the majestic golden eagle. Snakes and lizards live under rocks and underbrush.

Legend has it that the sniejnii tcheloviek, commonly called the yeti or abominable snowman, stalks the mountains of Tajikistan. Some researchers believe that sightings, fur, and footprints attributed to the yeti may actually have come from bears. Or, it could be that a yet-undiscovered type of animal lives there or an extinct creature once did.

Are There Bears in Tajikistan?

Yes! Tajikistan is home to brown bears. They live in the lush forests and valleys of Tajikistan’s mountains. Brown bears are actually quite common there. Some people travel to the area just to view these wonderful creatures in the wild.