Animals in Tajikistan

Below you can find a complete list of Tajikistani animals. We currently track 202 animals in Tajikistan and are adding more every day!

Tajikistan, a small central Asian country, is home to many unique animals. They have strange and unfamiliar names like markhor, pika, goitered gazelle, argali, urial, Menzbier’s marmot, and Buchara shrew. Would you like to learn about the wildlife of Tajikistan? Read on to discover all the different types of animals that live there.

Tajikistan is known for its rugged mountains. The wild inaccessibility of these mountains makes them highly suitable for wildlife. Tajikistan has been a final stronghold of many endangered species.

The most common mammals are the wild boar, rodents and shrews, the Indian porcupine, wolves, red fox, weasel, ermine, marten, badger, otter, Turkestan lynx, Tolai hares, Turkestan red pikas, juniper voles, Siberian roe deer, and the Tian Shan brown bear.

You’ll find many birds in Tajikistan that are familiar throughout the world, such as woodpeckers, finches, sparrows, and titmice. Raptors or birds of prey include small owls, eagle owls, vultures and buzzards, hawks, golden eagles, and other eagle species. You may also spot the Eurasian hawfinch, the white-winged grosbeak, the Himalayan treecreeper, the black redstart, the greenish warbler, cuckoos, nutcrackers, Stewart’s bunting, the Lammergeier, chukar partridge, Himilayan snowcock, northern goshawk, wagtail, gold oriole, shrikes, spotted flycatchers, eastern turtle doves, rock and wood pigeons, and thrush nightingales.

What about reptiles? There are two species of venomous snakes and many non-venomous snakes, including rat snakes, water snakes, and the blind worm snake. Skinks, geckos, agamas, and other lizards also live there.

The Official National Animal of Tajikistan

Would you believe that Tajikistan’s national animal no longer lives there?

The Caspian tiger is considered Tajikistan’s national animal. What happened to it? From the late 1800s until 1947, the Caspian tiger was hunted with the intent of eradicating it – its range was wanted for farmland, and tigers were considered dangerous.

The last known Caspian tiger specimen in Tajikistan was observed in 1958, and the last in the world was killed in 1970. Today, the Caspian tiger is considered extinct. However, some DNA scientists consider the Caspian tiger to be of the same species as the Siberian or Amur tiger. Researchers hope to reintroduce tigers into the area. This would not only restore the Caspian tiger to its former range but also repair the food chain and aid in the conservation of Tajikistan’s other species.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Tajikistan

Tajikistan is famous for its mountain ranges, and this habit is also ideal for wildlife viewing. The Fann Mountains, located near the nation’s capital, Dushanbe, encompass the Iskanderkul Nature Refuge. This refuge is known for bird watching.

Brown bears can be found in the Darvoz region, especially in the Hazratishoh mountain range near the border of Afghanistan.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Tajikistan Today

Whenever you are viewing wildlife, you should use caution. Wild animals don’t desire to hurt you, but they will defend themselves if they feel threatened.

This is true of the animals of Tajikistan. The brown bear, for example, will often try to avoid people. But if it is cornered or if you get too close, it may use its claws or teeth to attack. Statistically, encounters with brown bears are 21 times more dangerous than black bears and 3.5 times more dangerous than polar bears.

Watch where you step, as dangerous animals may also be hiding in the rocks or underbrush. The central Asian viper and cottonmouth and two venomous snakes that live in Tajikistan.

Endangered Animals In Tajikistan

Many of Tajikistan’s animals are endangered. Several ungulates – large mammals with hooves – are endangered. This includes the Bukhara urial wild sheep and the markhor goat. Did you know? The markhor’s name means “snake eater,” because people used to think that its large, curved horns came from eating curling snakes. Only about 300 to 400 individuals of each species exist in the wild. The Siberian ibex and the snow leopard are also endangered. The common leopard is considered regionally extinct.

Tajikistani Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asiatic Black Bear

Known to eat 160 different tree-borne fruits in Thailand!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Banana Spider

People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.

Barb

There are over 1768 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.

Bee

Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Carpet Viper

The Carpet Viper probably bites and kills more people than any other species of snake.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Cricket

Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together

Crow

A group of these birds is called a Murder.

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earthworm

They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Firefly

The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world

Flea

Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world

Gazelle

Named for the Arabic word for love poems

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Gnat

Males form large mating swarms at dusk

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Housefly

The fly has no teeth

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leech

Has 10 pairs of eyes!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Markhor

Less than 2,500 left in the wild!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Mosquito

Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Owl

The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Rooster

Will mate with the entire flock!

Russian Tortoise

Known by at least five different names

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrew

The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Siberian Ibex

There’s a population of Siberian ibex in New Mexico

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Stork

They can’t sing like other birds.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tarantula Hawk

Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tick

They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vinegaroon

Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Worm

Doesn’t have eyes.

Yak

There are only a few left in the wild!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Tajikistani Animals List

Animals in Tajikistan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Where in the World is Tajikistan?

Tajikistan is located in central Asia. It borders China, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.

What Animals Live in Tajikistan?

Tajikistan is home to many different types of unique wildlife. Mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects are all represented.

What are the most notable animals? There are predatory mammals, including brown bears, snow leopards, and wolves. There are many sheep, deer, and cattle as well. Birds include the majestic golden eagle. Snakes and lizards live under rocks and underbrush.

Legend has it that the sniejnii tcheloviek, commonly called the yeti or abominable snowman, stalks the mountains of Tajikistan. Some researchers believe that sightings, fur, and footprints attributed to the yeti may actually have come from bears. Or, it could be that a yet-undiscovered type of animal lives there or an extinct creature once did.

Are There Bears in Tajikistan?

Yes! Tajikistan is home to brown bears. They live in the lush forests and valleys of Tajikistan’s mountains. Brown bears are actually quite common there. Some people travel to the area just to view these wonderful creatures in the wild.