Below you can find a complete list of Malaysian animals. We currently track 146 animals in Malaysia and are adding more every day!
The Southeast Asian island of Malaysia is home to many animals that hold some of the world’s superlative titles, such as the sun bear, the smallest bear on earth, and the king cobra which is the longest venomous snake species in the world. Among these very impressive animals, there is also the popular saltwater crocodile, Malayan tiger, clouded leopard, and Asian elephant!
The Official National Animal Of Malaysia
The official national animal of Malaysia is the Malayan tiger, a subspecies of tiger that is mostly found in the southern and central parts of the country. The animal is very significant to Malaysians and is even depicted on their national coat of arms.
When their original rainforest habitat started to be destroyed, they moved to the Malaysian peninsula.
Where to Find The Top Wild Animals In Malaysia
With such a wide variety of unique wildlife in Malaysia, there are animals to be found everywhere.
The Danum Valley Conservation Area is a great location if you are visiting the island of Borneo’s northern region. Prepare to see clouded leopards, slow loris, a wide array of unique birds, and more. Other national parks such as Taman Negara, Batang Ai, Kinabulu, and Gunung Mulu offer views of some of the nation’s most popular wildlife.
On top of being a great place to see animals, Gunung Mulu National park is the most studied tropical karst area in the world with 17 vegetation zones and marked as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Though they no longer reside in rainforests, Malayan tigers can be found in the states of Pahang, Perak, Kelantan, and Terengganu in Peninsular Malaysia.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Malaysia Today
The majority of Malaysia’s most dangerous animals are snakes, but that doesn’t mean that they are the only animal worth watching out for. Here is a list of the most dangerous wildlife in Malaysia today:
- Saltwater Crocodile– This animal waits underwater, remaining until a victim is close, before exploding out of the water and attacking its prey. While livestock, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and birds are primary targets, this creature also eats people regularly. Despite its name, it can be found in both saltwater estuaries and freshwater rivers, as well as swamps.
- Black Leopard– This quiet, stealthy animal catches its prey between sunset and sunrise, opting for a wide range of animals to call its prey. While humans are at less risk of this species, they have been known to fall victim to attacks in the dark rainforests of Malaysia.
- Mangrove Pit Viper- These notoriously short-tempered snakes are typically black or brown with patches of green. While they are poisonous, people usually do not die from their bite. They are found in the western part of Malaysia, commonly in islands, swampy forests, and coastal mangroves.
- Reticulated Python- These larger snakes have skin that ranges from golden yellow to black with ornate geometric shapes. Humans should be much warier of this species which is known to be aggressive. It delivers a bite that, though vicious, is not venomous. Suffocation by constriction is its chosen method of attacking its victims, humans included.
- Equatorial Spitting Cobra (Sumatran Cobra)- This snake’s bite is just as deadly as the famous king cobra, made worse because it does not have to physically touch its victims. This cobra can spit venom from as far as 3 meters away and it can cause anything from temporary to permanent blindness if it makes contact with eye tissue.
- The world’s longest venomous snake was captured in April 1937 near Port Dickinson in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. This king cobra measured to be 5.71 meters long by autumn of 1939. It remains the Guinness World Record holder to this day.
Endangered Animals in Malaysia
Unfortunately, Malaysia’s national animal, the Malayan tiger, is also one of its most endangered. In 2015, it was classified as a critically endangered species with less than 340 adult tigers located in the wild.
Black shrews are mouse-like mammals and have only ever been spotted in Kota Kinabulu, Sabah. This creature feeds on insects and is so rare that nobody knows whether it remains critically endangered in the wild or if it has fallen into extinction.
The Malayan tapir, a close relative to the rhino and elephant, is another critically endangered animal. Deforestation and hunting are pushing this herbivorous mammal toward the verge of extinction with less than 350 individuals left in the wild.
The Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre in North Borneo is working to help protect orangutans. Commonly referred to as “man on the forest”, these are gentle and intelligent creatures who are at risk due to habitat loss.
Borneo pygmy elephants, Sumatran rhinoceroses, and Sunda pangolins are also all at risk. Pangolins are some of the most heavily trafficked protected animals due to the high price their scales, meat, and skin receives. Thought to be medicinally beneficial, the International Trade in Endangered Species imposed a total ban on all species in order to protect them.
Malaysian Animals List
- Asian Elephant
- Asian Palm Civet
- Banded Palm Civet
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Clouded Leopard
- Common Buzzard
- Crab-Eating Macaque
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Fruit Bat
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Indian Elephant
- King Cobra
- Leopard Cat
- Long-Eared Owl
- Malayan Civet
- Malayan Tiger
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monarch Butterfly
- Monitor Lizard
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Siamese Fighting Fish
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Sun Bear
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Malaysia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Malaysia?
Malaysia is home to 368 species of fish, 746 species of birds, 300 species of mammals, 379 reptile species, and 198 amphibian species.
What dangerous animals live in Malaysia?
Malaysia’s diverse climate means that it is home to a variety of dangerous animals, most notably the saltwater crocodile, black leopard, mangrove pit viper, reticulated python, and equatorial spitting cobra (Sumatran cobra).
What is the biggest animal in Malaysia?
The Asian elephant is the biggest land mammal in Asia, therefore it is also the largest in Malaysia.
What animals live in the Malaysian jungle?
The Malaysian jungle is home to black leopards, elephants, rhinos, civets, tree squirrels, silvered leaf monkeys, and many other unique creatures.
What is Malaysia’s national animal?
The official national animal of Malaysia is the Malayan tiger.
What is the most dangerous animal in Malaysia?
The pit viper is regarded as the most dangerous animal in the country.
What is the most rare animal in Malaysia?
The rarest animal in Malaysia is the black shrew which is thought to be critically endangered but is so rare that there is debate over whether it is already extinct.