Animals in Jordan

Below you can find a complete list of Jordanian animals. We currently track 147 animals in Jordan and are adding more every day!

Jordan is a small nation in the Middle East. It has deserts and mountains, yet it is still home to many unique and exotic animal species. In fact, there are 150 native animal species and 220 types of birds that regularly migrate through Jordan. In fact, a total of 426 unique bird species – some of them very rare – have been observed in the region! These creatures are supported by over two thousand species of plants, many of which thrive in oases near rivers and other bodies of water.

What animals might you find on a visit to Jordan? Keep reading to learn about drought-tolerant gazelles, predatory hyenas, cats, foxes, badgers, and mustelids, bats, rodents, and more.

The Official National Animal of Jordan

The Arabian Oryx is Jordan’s national animal. The oryx is an antelope with distinctive horns that curve backward from its head. Its body is mostly white or cream-colored, with dark brown or black markings on its head and legs.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Jordan

Jordan’s national animal, the Arabian Oryx, can be seen roaming the deserts of the Wadi Rum. Oryx viewing tours are available through an organization called Wild Jordan. You can also view oryx at the Shaumari Wildlife Reserve. Other reserves include the Dana Biosphere Reserve and the Mujib Biosphere Reserve.

If you want to get up close and personal with rare and exotic Jordanian wildlife, pay a visit to the Al Mawa wildlife refuge. They take in animals that have been rescued from zoos, circuses, and private owners across the Middle East. There, you can see lions and Syrian brown bears, predatory species that are now extinct in the wild in Jordan.

The Gulf of Aqaba is home to upwards of 1,000 species of fish. A number of sharks live there, including the world’s largest fish, the whale shark. If you decide to snorkel or scuba dive, you may find clownfish, barracuda, groupers, frogfish, stingrays, and moray eels. Flamingos and pelicans also call this area home.

One place you will not find animals is within the Dead Sea. True to its name, the Dead Sea is too salty to support marine life. Due to evaporation, it is saltier than the ocean; even saltwater fish and plants cannot live there.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Jordan Today

Perhaps the most dangerous animals in Jordan today are the vipers, a type of venomous snake. While snake bites are rare, you should seek medical care immediately if bitten. Viper bites cause pain, swelling, and sometimes even death.

Endangered Animals in Jordan

Birds make up the majority of Jordan’s endangered animals. A number of globally threatened bird species spend part of the year in Jordan as they migrate. These include the lesser kestrel, Syrian serin, aquatic warbler, marbled duck, saker falcon, sociable lapwing, Siberian crane, MacQueen’s bustard, eastern imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, steppe eagle, golden eagle, Pharaoh eagle-owl, lappet-faced vulture, Griffon vulture, Egyptian vulture, northern bald ibis, Atlantic petrel, and white-headed duck.

Jordanian Animals

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel

Can survive without water for 10 months!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Camel Spider

Fast, carnivorous arachnid with a painful bite.

Canaan Dog

Has a strong survival instinct!

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Jerboa

Tiny rodent with a kangaroo-like jump!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Persian

Thought to have originated in the Middle East!

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Jordanian Animals List

Animals in Jordan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Where in the World is Jordan?

Jordan is a small, nearly landlocked country in the Middle East. It borders Israel, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia. Much of the country has a desert habitat.

What Animals Live in Jordan?

Jordan is home to hundreds of animal species – some migratory, others that call Jordan home year-round.

We’ve already talked about the Arabian oryx, a type of gazelle, but other gazelle species live there as well. These include the small brown and white dorcas or ariel gazelle, the goitered or black-tailed gazelle, and the agile mountain gazelle.

Jordan’s carnivores are also diverse, but few are dangerous. The striped hyena can be found there, as can a number of large and small cats. The largest of these is the caracal. Others include the smaller African wildcat, jungle cat, and sand cat.

Canines in Jordan include the Arabian wolf and golden jackal, as well as foxes – Blanford’s, Rüppell’s, fennec, and Arabian red foxes, to be exact. You’ll also find European and honey badgers, the Egyptian mongoose, the least weasel, and the European otter.

Gerbils, hamsters, squirrels, dormice, jerboas, mole-rats, voles, hares, wild boards, hedgehogs, turtles, lizards, frogs, fish, and the Indian crested porcupine also call Jordan home.

Are There Lions in Jordan?

Both fossil records and writings contained in the Bible indicate that lions once lived in Jordan. Today, however, you’ll only find lions in animal sanctuaries in Jordan, Such as Al Mawa for Nature and Wildlife.

Which Animal Became Extinct from Jordan?

Fossil records show that predatory animals such as brown bears and Asiatic lions, and herbivores like Asian elephants, zebras, and rhinoceroses once lived in Jordan. While they are still found in other parts of the world, these animals are now extinct in Jordan. You can still view these exotic animals in Jordan’s animal sanctuaries.

More recently, the Arabian oryx became locally extinct in Jordan due to overhunting. After extensive conservation measures, the animal has been reintroduced and is no longer considered endangered. In fact, Jordan now supplies other countries with Arabian oryx for reintroduction into the wild.