Below you can find a complete list of Jordanian animals. We currently track 135 animals in Jordan and are adding more every day!
Jordan is a small nation in the Middle East. It has deserts and mountains, yet it is still home to many unique and exotic animal species. In fact, there are 150 native animal species and 220 types of birds that regularly migrate through Jordan. In fact, a total of 426 unique bird species – some of them very rare – have been observed in the region! These creatures are supported by over two thousand species of plants, many of which thrive in oases near rivers and other bodies of water.
The Official National Animal of Jordan
The Arabian Oryx is Jordan’s national animal. The oryx is an antelope with distinctive horns that curve backward from its head. Its body is mostly white or cream-colored, with dark brown or black markings on its head and legs.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Jordan
Jordan’s national animal, the Arabian Oryx, can be seen roaming the deserts of the Wadi Rum. Oryx viewing tours are available through an organization called Wild Jordan. You can also view oryx at the Shaumari Wildlife Reserve. Other reserves include the Dana Biosphere Reserve and the Mujib Biosphere Reserve.
If you want to get up close and personal with rare and exotic Jordanian wildlife, pay a visit to the Al Mawa wildlife refuge. They take in animals that have been rescued from zoos, circuses, and private owners across the Middle East. There, you can see lions and Syrian brown bears, predatory species that are now extinct in the wild in Jordan.
The Gulf of Aqaba is home to upwards of 1,000 species of fish. A number of sharks live there, including the world’s largest fish, the whale shark. If you decide to snorkel or scuba dive, you may find clownfish, barracuda, groupers, frogfish, stingrays, and moray eels. Flamingos and pelicans also call this area home.
One place you will not find animals is within the Dead Sea. True to its name, the Dead Sea is too salty to support marine life. Due to evaporation, it is saltier than the ocean; even saltwater fish and plants cannot live there.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Jordan Today
Perhaps the most dangerous animals in Jordan today are the vipers, a type of venomous snake. While snake bites are rare, you should seek medical care immediately if bitten. Viper bites cause pain, swelling, and sometimes even death.
Endangered Animals in Jordan
Birds make up the majority of Jordan’s endangered animals. A number of globally threatened bird species spend part of the year in Jordan as they migrate. These include the lesser kestrel, Syrian serin, aquatic warbler, marbled duck, saker falcon, sociable lapwing, Siberian crane, MacQueen’s bustard, eastern imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, steppe eagle, golden eagle, Pharaoh eagle-owl, lappet-faced vulture, Griffon vulture, Egyptian vulture, northern bald ibis, Atlantic petrel, and white-headed duck.
Jordanian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Spider
- Canaan Dog
- Common Buzzard
- Desert Locust
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Monitor Lizard
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Jordan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Where in the World is Jordan?
What Animals Live in Jordan?
Jordan is home to hundreds of animal species – some migratory, others that call Jordan home year-round.
We’ve already talked about the Arabian oryx, a type of gazelle, but other gazelle species live there as well. These include the small brown and white dorcas or ariel gazelle, the goitered or black-tailed gazelle, and the agile mountain gazelle.
Jordan’s carnivores are also diverse, but few are dangerous. The striped hyena can be found there, as can a number of large and small cats. The largest of these is the caracal. Others include the smaller African wildcat, jungle cat, and sand cat.
Canines in Jordan include the Arabian wolf and golden jackal, as well as foxes – Blanford’s, Rüppell’s, fennec, and Arabian red foxes, to be exact. You’ll also find European and honey badgers, the Egyptian mongoose, the least weasel, and the European otter.
Gerbils, hamsters, squirrels, dormice, jerboas, mole-rats, voles, hares, wild boards, hedgehogs, turtles, lizards, frogs, fish, and the Indian crested porcupine also call Jordan home.
Are There Lions in Jordan?
Both fossil records and writings contained in the Bible indicate that lions once lived in Jordan. Today, however, you’ll only find lions in animal sanctuaries in Jordan, Such as Al Mawa for Nature and Wildlife.
Which Animal Became Extinct from Jordan?
Fossil records show that predatory animals such as brown bears and Asiatic lions, and herbivores like Asian elephants, zebras, and rhinoceroses once lived in Jordan. While they are still found in other parts of the world, these animals are now extinct in Jordan. You can still view these exotic animals in Jordan’s animal sanctuaries.
More recently, the Arabian oryx became locally extinct in Jordan due to overhunting. After extensive conservation measures, the animal has been reintroduced and is no longer considered endangered. In fact, Jordan now supplies other countries with Arabian oryx for reintroduction into the wild.