Sea Slug Facts
Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
Most widely used name for this species
The name of the animal in science
The area where the animal first came from
What kind of foods the animal eats
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
Either freshwater, brakish or salt
|Optimum pH Level:|
The perfect acidity conditions for the animal
How long the animal lives for
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
|Tan, Black, White, Yellow, Orange, Purple|
The protective layer of the animal
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
|Shallow and deep oceans|
|Average Clutch Size:|
The average number of eggs laid at once
The food that the animal gains energy from
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
|Fish, Crabs, Lobsters|
Characteristics unique to this animal
|Elongated body shape and colourful markings|
Sea Slug Location
The sea slug is also commonly referred to as a sea cucumber, mainly because of the of the sea slug's shape and the fact that it is normally found on coral or rocks usually being very still, making it look like a type of aquatic vegetable.
The sea slug is a herbivorous animal and feeds on plankton and decaying matter on the ocean floor, along with grazing on the rocks and coral reefs for algae. By munching on the decomposing plant matter on the ocean floor, the sea slug is of great benefit to every marine environment where the sea inhabits.
Due to their motionless nature, sea slugs are often very exposed and are therefore popular prey for a wide variety of predatory animals in the oceans. Crabs, lobsters, fish and even humans are among the animals that prey on the fleshy sea slug.
Some species of sea slug are able to protect themselves from danger by wrapping their tentacles around potential predators, so that the predator is unable to harm them. This only applies however to the species of sea slug that actually have tentacles, others are completely defenceless.
The sea slug is often an interesting addition to a salt-water aquarium and can be useful in keeping the algae levels at a minimum. Although the sea slug leads a relatively motionless existence, they are an important factor in any marine environment.
There are known to be thousands of different sea slug species found around the world and it is estimated that there are many more species of sea slug that have not yet been discovered. Sea slugs can range in size from just a few millimetres to more than 30 centimetres in length and can be found in a variety of colours and shapes.
The sea slug is a hermaphrodite, meaning that the sea slug has both male and female reproductive organs. Sea slugs release eggs into the water in ribbon-like sticky clusters which can contain thousands of eggs but usually much less. The eggs are fertilized and the sea slug larvae (the baby sea slugs) soon develop and become bigger, after hatching from their sticky eggs.
Sea slugs are not only harvested for food by humans but are also used in traditional medicines particularly in the far east as the extracts from the sea cucumbers are said to have healing properties.
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First Published: 21st December 2009, Last Updated: 8th November 2019
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