Below you can find a complete list of Spanish animals. We currently track 140 animals in Spain and are adding more every day!
Sharing a land border with Portugal in the west and France to the north, Spain is a country of diverse climates and unique wildlife. It is comprised of the Spanish mainland, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands just off the coast of North Africa. The interior of the country is dominated by high plateaus interspersed by long mountain chains, including the Pyrenees, the Montes de Toledo, and the Sierra Nevada. The rest of the country is comprised of fertile farms and agricultural land. Compared to the hot and dry interior, the Mediterranean coast is kept cool by the sirocco winds emanating from Africa.
The Official National (State) Animal of Spain
The bull is the national animal and an important cultural symbol of Spain. Its cultural status stems from the popularity of bullfighting, which dates back to the 8th century. The most famous event, the Running of the Bulls, takes place every year between July 7th and 14th in the city of Pamplona as part of the San Fermin Festival.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Spain
Spain contains 15 national parks and many smaller refuges and reserves. Ten of these reside on the Spanish mainland. Four of them are on the Canary Islands and one on the Balearic Islands.
- The Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park in Aragon, directly next to the border with France, is a picturesque hiking destination where you can find the alpine marmot, wild boar, Pyrenean desman, Pyrenean chamois, golden eagle, bearded vulture, griffon vulture, and many other birds.
- The Sierra Nevada National Park, located in the province of Granada to the south, is Spain’s largest protected area. It is home to the Spanish ibex, wild boar, marten, badger, wild cat, common kestrel, eagle owl, and various species of eagle.
- The Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park in the Balearic Islands is rich in sea birds, including the yellow-legged gull, the Balearic shearwater, and the Audouin’s gull. Other famous wildlife includes the kestrel, osprey, peregrine falcon, sea turtle, rabbit, and genet.
- The Caldera de Taburiente National Park, located in La Palma of the Canary Islands, is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. It is home to the laurel pigeons, red-billed choughs, Atlantic canaries, and many more.
- The Teide National Park encompasses the country’s highest peak in the Canary Islands. It is home to many unique insects, spiders, reptiles, and birds. The only mammals are some species of bats, rabbits, a feral cat, and a hedgehog.
- Other fascinating locations include the Picos de Europa National Park in northern Spain, the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park near Madrid, and the Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park in Catalonia, near the border with France.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Spain Today
Spain’s hot and dry climate is home to several venomous snakes and spiders.
- Lataste’s Viper – Found within the rocky outcrops of dry scrublands, woodlands, and coastal dunes, Lataste’s viper (also called the snub-nosed viper) can camouflage itself quite well. When it strikes, the snake delivers a powerful venom that may result in pain, swelling, discoloration, and tissue death. The young, elderly, and allergic are most at risk of serious symptoms.
- Seoane’s Viper – Found all over the northwest of Spain, this large venomous snake goes by several other names, including the Baskian viper, the Iberian cross adder, and the Portuguese viper. It can be identified by the brown zigzag or twin-striped pattern on its body.
- Asp Viper – A native of northern Spain near the Pyrenees Mountains, the asp viper delivers a very toxic bite that can cause pain and tissue death. The venom may prove fatal in rare cases.
Endangered Animals in Spain
While Spain extends protection to its diverse wildlife, dozens of endangered and vulnerable species could become extinct without proper protection.
- Iberian Lynx – This unique wild cat was once widespread across southwestern Europe, but it has become endangered from habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and the decline of its natural prey. The lynx is now largely restricted to only a few smaller populations in southern Spain.
- Mediterranean Monk Seal – The monk seal was once widespread throughout the entire Mediterranean, but overhunting and accidental entanglement in fishing nets have put it at risk of becoming extinct. Less than 700 of them currently remain in the wild.
- European Rabbit – The famous European rabbit was originally native to southwest Europe. Later introduced all over the world, it is considered an invasive species because of the damage it does to local biodiversity. But in its original habitat, this species has been threatened by habitat loss, pollution, disease, and overhunting. It is classified as endangered by the IUCN Red List.
- Iberian Wolf – This subspecies of the grey wolf was once widespread across Europe, but after decades of human persecution, it’s now mostly restricted to northwest Spain.
- Balearic Shearwater – This long-winged migratory sea bird constructs a nest on the coastal cliff of the Balearic Islands in order to breed. It then travels out to sea for the winter season. However, the destruction of its natural nesting sites from coastal development and the threat posed by introduced predators have put this species in danger of becoming extinct.
Spanish Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Brown Bear
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Toad
- Desert Locust
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Great Pyrenees
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Ibizan Hound
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- Monarch Butterfly
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Spanish Goat
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Spain FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Spain?
The most common types of animals native to Spain are the rodents, bats, deer, carnivores (like foxes and badgers), wild boar, goats, several types of insects and spiders, and water and song birds. Fish and shellfish are also common in the southeast of Spain where the Atlantic and Mediterranean mix. Dolphins and whales often appear off the coast of southeastern Spain.
What dangerous animals are in Spain?
Vipers and spiders are some of the most dangerous animals still found in Spain.
Are there tigers in Spain?
No, Spain does not have any indigenous tigers.