Animals In Spain

Updated: March 6, 2023
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Below you can find a complete list of Spanish animals. We currently track 277 animals in Spain and are adding more every day!

Sharing a land border with Portugal in the west and France to the north, Spain is a country of diverse climates, waterfalls, and unique wildlife. It is comprised of the Spanish mainland, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands just off the coast of North Africa. The interior of the country is dominated by high plateaus interspersed by long mountain chains, including the Pyrenees, the Montes de Toledo, and the Sierra Nevada. The rest of the country is comprised of fertile farms and agricultural land. Compared to the hot and dry interior, the Mediterranean coast is kept cool by the sirocco winds emanating from Africa.

The Official National (State) Animal Of Spain

Bull in spanish bullring

The bull is an important cultural symbol of Spain.

©alberto clemares exposito/

The bull is the national animal and an important cultural symbol of Spain. It evokes a sense of pride and national identity within Spain and is also connected to ideas of independence and freedom, as there was a time when attempts were made to ban their bullfighting traditions, and the Spanish people persisted in maintaining their ways of living.

The bull’s cultural status stems from the popularity of bullfighting, which dates back to the 8th century when it was a symbol of fertility and power. The most famous event, the Running of the Bulls, takes place every year between July 7th and 14th in the city of Pamplona as part of the San Fermin Festival.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In Spain

Spain contains 15 national parks and many smaller refuges and reserves. Ten of these reside on the Spanish mainland. Four of them are on the Canary Islands and one is on the Balearic Islands.

Picos de Europa National Park is in the middle of the Cantabrian Mountains, in Northern Spain. There are over 165,000 acres (67,000 hectares) of land spread out over 11 villages. This national park is Spain’s only inhabited nature preserve and across the many territories you will find lakes, gorges, mountains, meadows, and forests. Picos de Europa has self-guided tours in addition to free guided tours and you will find plenty of wildlife – from chamois and roe deer to Egyptian vultures.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Spain Today

The Lataste’s Viper (Vipera latastei gaditana)

The Lataste’s Viper (Vipera latastei gaditana) is found in woodlands, coastal dunes, and dry scrublands.


Spain’s hot and dry climate is home to several venomous snakes and spiders.

  • Lataste’s Viper – Found within the rocky outcrops of dry scrublands, woodlands, and coastal dunes, Lataste’s viper (also called the snub-nosed viper) can camouflage itself quite well. When it strikes, the snake delivers a powerful venom that may result in pain, swelling, discoloration, and tissue death. The young, elderly, and allergic are most at risk of severe symptoms.
  • Seoane’s Viper – Found all over the northwest of Spain, this large venomous snake goes by several other names, including the Baskian viper, the Iberian cross adder, and the Portuguese viper. It can be identified by the brown zigzag or twin-striped pattern on its body.
  • Asp Viper – A native of northern Spain near the Pyrenees Mountains, the asp viper delivers a very toxic bite that can cause pain and tissue death. The venom may prove fatal in rare cases.

Lataste’s Viper is endemic to the Iberian Peninsula and belongs to the family Viperidae. This viper has an average lifespan of up to 10 years and lengths near 3 feet and is a rare species of venomous snake. Its triangular head, with the horn-tipped nose, is generally gray in color, with a zig-zag pattern on its back, and its tail is yellow. The yellow of its tail is believed to be used to lure prey. The Lataste viper is currently listed as near threatened and is a protected species.

Endangered Animals In Spain

While Spain extends protection to its diverse wildlife, dozens of endangered and vulnerable species could become extinct without proper protection.

  • Iberian Lynx – This unique wild cat was once widespread across southwestern Europe, but it has become endangered from habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and the decline of its natural prey. The lynx is now largely restricted to only a few smaller populations in southern Spain.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – The monk seal was once widespread throughout the entire Mediterranean, but overhunting and accidental entanglement in fishing nets have put it at risk of becoming extinct. Less than 700 of them currently remain in the wild.
  • European Rabbit – The famous European rabbit was originally native to southwest Europe. Later introduced all over the world, it is considered an invasive species because of the damage it does to local biodiversity. But in its original habitat, this species has been threatened by habitat loss, pollution, disease, and overhunting. It is classified as endangered by the IUCN Red List.
  • Iberian Wolf – This subspecies of the grey wolf was once widespread across Europe, but after decades of human persecution, it’s now mostly restricted to northwest Spain.
  • Balearic Shearwater – This long-winged migratory sea bird constructs a nest on the coastal cliff of the Balearic Islands in order to breed. It then travels out to sea for the winter season. However, the destruction of its natural nesting sites from coastal development and the threat posed by introduced predators have put this species in danger of becoming extinct.

The Iberian wolf used to be found widespread throughout the Iberian Peninsula and is currently a protected species south of the Duero river where their populations are smaller and more fragile. Their numbers were reduced due to hunting in the early 20th century and currently, they have a population closer to 2800, in part to the protective measures taken by Spain. The Iberian wolf population has been increasing steadily in recent years.

Rarest Animals In Spain

The Iberian Lnyx is not only endangered but is also one of the rarest animals you will find in Spain. It is considered one of the rarest animals in the world today. There is currently an estimated population of 600 that are living in the wild between Castile-la Mancha and Andalusia. This cat is relatively isolated from the human population as they live in the Mediterranean forests and scrublands, and due to increased protection, its numbers have shown signs of improvement.

The Mediterranean Monk seal is one of the rarest pinniped species in the world. It is estimated that there are only between 600 to 700 currently surviving and is one of the most endangered marine mammals. This seal ranges in color from light gray to black to dark brown. The females can weigh between 530 to 880 pounds while the males can weigh up to 710 pounds. Their heights average to 7.9 feet with the females only being slightly shorter than the males. They like to seek refuge in caves and live on sandy beaches and shorelines.

Largest Animals In Spain

Eurasian Brown Bear

The Cantabrian bear is a population of the Eurasian

brown bear

. The brown bear is the largest predator still living on the continent of Europe.


The Cantabrian brown bear is one of the many large animals native to Spain that is also in danger of becoming extinct. There are currently two different subpopulations of this species – the eastern, with around 40 bears, and the western, with around 200 bears. They live in the Cantabrian mountains in Northern Spain and as they are generally very timid and shy, are rarely seen by humans.

This brown bear can grow over 7 feet tall, has a weight of up to 440 pounds, and may live up to 30 years in the wild. They are currently under protection as they work to get their numbers up, to avoid what happened to another once-large bear, the Spanish Pyrean bear, who became extinct in 2010.

Native Trees In Spain

Spain’s varied climate and landscape host a wide variety of stunning trees. Known to have more than 17,804 million trees and the most extensive range of plant species in Europe, experts estimate 284 million trees grow yearly in Spain!

The Holm oak tree originated in the Mediterranean and is commonly found in Spain. They are often planted in coastal areas because they are resistant to salt spray coming off of the sea. They grow from 40 to 70 feet tall and can live up to 400 years. The biggest and most well-known Holm oak is in western Spain. It is over 800 years old, over 54 feet tall, and is located in the village of Zarza de Montánchez in Caceres.

In ancient times, the leaves of the Holm oak were used to predict the future and for making crowns. The acorns were a symbol of fertility and people would wear them as jewelry.

Spanish Animals

Admiral Butterfly

Stunningly beautiful wings

American Cockroach

Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Asian Lady Beetle

Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.


It was the symbol of royalty in Egypt, and its bite was used for the execution of criminals in Greco-Roman times.

Atlantic Cod

One of the most popular food fishes in the world


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.


Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years


There are more than 350,000 different species

Beewolf wasp

They hunt bees


Not all birds are able to fly!

Biscuit Beetle

The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown-banded Cockroach

Females glue egg cases to furniture

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brown Dog Tick

Can live its entire life indoors


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 17,500 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


May have been domesticated up to 10,000 years ago.

Catalan Sheepdog

This breed is called the Gos d’Atura Catala in native Catalan and Pastor Catalan in Spanish, both of which roughly translate to mean Catalan Sheepdog


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Cave Bear

Cave bears may have been worshiped by primitive humans.

Cave Lion

Unlike modern lions, cave lions didn't have a significant mane.


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cinereous Vulture

This vulture can fly at great heights. At least one was found a few thousand feet from the top of Mount Everest.


The Cockalier has very strong hunting ancestry.


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Codling Moth

Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Furniture Beetle

The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.


There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together


A group of these birds is called a Murder.


There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Devil’s Coach Horse Beetle

The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators


First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dog Tick

Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Dusky Shark

The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.


Has exceptional eyesight!


They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Egyptian Vulture

They steal large ostrich eggs and use rocks and pebbles to crack the shells.


Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.


A very bold and ferocious predator!

Eurasian Beaver

Eats 20% of its weight daily!

Eurasian Bullfinch

The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.

Eurasian Eagle-owl

The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds

European Bee-Eater

They can eat up to 250 bees per day!

European Corn Borer

Female can lay up to 600 eggs in her 14-day lifespan

European Goldfinch

They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.

European Robin

Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.

European Wildcat

A group of wild cats is called a destruction


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire Salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world


Sleeps on just one leg!


Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air

Fleckvieh Cattle

Besides being bred for milk and meat, these cattle were also used as draft oxen.


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"


There are around 7,000 different species!

Fruit Fly

Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world


They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.


The Genet has retractable claws like a cat

German Cockroach

The most common type of urban roach

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!


Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Males form large mating swarms at dusk


Most closely related to the Sheep!


The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.

Golden Eagle

Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!

Griffon Vulture

Can spot a dead animal from thousands of feet away

Gypsy Moth

One of the most invasive species in the world


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Harbor Porpoise

Surprisingly, not a dolphin!


Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!

Hawk Moth Caterpillar

Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Honey Buzzard

Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


The fly has no teeth


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibizan Hound

Intelligent, active and engaging by nature!


There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jack Crevalle

One of the biggest species in the Caranx genus


The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner

Jumping Spider

Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies

King Eider

The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lazarus Lizard

Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.


Has 10 pairs of eyes!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Long-Tailed Tit

Often hangs upside down while feeding!


Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!


A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Can lay up to 7500 eggs


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Northern Pintail

Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!


An invasive species, one female nutria can birth up to 200 babies in just a few years of living!

Old House Borer

Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Ortolan Bunting

The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.


They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!


There are 13 different species worldwide


The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees


Originally called the Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is one of the oldest breeds in the toy group. They can be found in artwork dating back to the 16th century.


Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Peppered Moth

Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Perro De Presa Canario

The breed has feet like a cat, with rounded toes that are not too close together. His unique feet give him a distinctive, long, elastic stride.


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Podenco Canario

It has a peculiar bark that locals refer to as "the song of the rabbit".

Pompano Fish

They are bottom-feeders

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Praying Mantis

The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 300 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

Rat Snakes

Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.

Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.

Red Kite

This bird moves its tail to steer its body like a rudder on a boat.


They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


Will mate with the entire flock!

Ruddy Duck

Ruddy duck breeding males have bright blue bills!

Sable Ferret

Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Crab

The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail


There are around 2,000 known species!

Sea Eagle

The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Short-Eared Owl

The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.


The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Smokybrown Cockroach

Has up to 45 eggs per egg case


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 4,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Song Thrush

A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Spanish Goat

They have long, horizontal ears.

Spanish Mastiff

Diego Velázquez’s famous 17th century painting of the Infanta and her dwarves includes a portrait of a Spanish Mastiff.

Spanish Water Dog

Spanish water dogs are popular with fishermen and hunters to retrieve game from the water.


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


The Spinosaurus is the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered!


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


They can’t sing like other birds.


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.

Thornback Ray

The skate with the biggest spines!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.


They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Cricket

They make music with their wings

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Welsh Black Cattle

Welsh Black Cattle were once used as currency in Wales and referred to as “black gold”.

White Ferret / Albino Ferrets

There are two different types of white ferrets!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Woolly Mammoth

Tusks grew to 16ft long!


Doesn’t have eyes.


They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.

Xeme (Sabine’s Gull)

They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.


It interbreeds with the pine bunting

Zebra Mussels

A female zebra mussel can deposit 30,000 to 1,000,000 eggs each year!

Spanish Animals List

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About the Author

Melissa Bauernfeind was born in NYC and got her degree in Journalism from Boston University. She lived in San Diego for 10 years and is now back in NYC. She loves adventure and traveling the world with her husband but always misses her favorite little man, "P", half Chihuahua/half Jack Russell, all trouble. She got dive-certified so she could dive with the Great White Sharks someday and is hoping to swim with the Orcas as well.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Spain?

The most common types of animals native to Spain are the rodents, bats, deer, carnivores (like foxes and badgers), wild boar, goats, several types of insects and spiders, and water and song birds. Fish and shellfish are also common in the southeast of Spain where the Atlantic and Mediterranean mix. Dolphins and whales often appear off the coast of southeastern Spain.

What dangerous animals are in Spain?

Vipers and spiders are some of the most dangerous animals still found in Spain.

Are there tigers in Spain?

No, Spain does not have any indigenous tigers.