Animals in Kosovo

Below you can find a complete list of Kosovan animals. We currently track 158 animals in Kosovo and are adding more every day!

Kosovo is a small country with abundant biodiversity. The mountains, plains, and rivers of this landlocked nation provide unique habitats for many animals native to Europe. These include wild pigs, deer, rabbits, squirrels, snakes, and many types of birds. A few famous predators live there – the golden eagle, the bear, and the lynx.

Let’s dive deeper and learn the facts about the famous, dangerous, endangered, and extinct species of this unique country.

The Official National Animal of Kosovo

Kosovo does not have an official national animal. Even its coat of arms does not contain an animal symbol, which is unique and unusual. However, the European beech tree and a species of peony flower are unofficial symbols. In the wild, these plants contribute to the country’s unique ecology.

While they are not considered national symbols, the bear, lynx, eagle, and wolf are some of the most famous wild animals of Kosovo.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Kosovo

Forests are among the most biodiverse regions in Kosovo – you will find most of the popular types of wild animals there. At least thirty-nine percent of the land in Kosovo is covered by forests, so these places are not hard to find.

Kosovo is home to two beautiful national parks and over one hundred protected areas. These are good places for wildlife viewing. The Bjeshkët e Nemuna National Park, for example, features stony mountains and lush, green, tree-dotted rolling hills. Sharr Mountains National Park covers over 500 square kilometers.

If you’re looking for Kosovo’s most famous wildlife, such as the golden eagle, the bear, the lynx, or the wolf, the mountains are the place to go. They can be found in remote parts of the Prokletije and the Šar Mountains.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Kosovo Today

Kosovo’s most dangerous animals are not the popular large carnivores. If you are hiking in Kosovo, watch where you put your feet! The long-nosed or horned viper is the most notable of the venomous snakes found throughout the region. Its large size, long fangs of up to 13 mm, and toxic venom make it a dangerous animal to watch out for in rocky areas.

Endangered Animals In Kosovo

Kosovo is home to two endangered species listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Both are insects – the Ampedus quadrisignatus click beetle and Ropalopus ungaricus beetle. If you see a yellow beetle with black spots or a shiny greenish-black beetle, you may be looking at an endangered species! The click beetle is already extinct in other parts of Europe. Endangered species – even small ones such as these – must be protected so they do not become extinct entirely.

Kosovan Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Balkan Lynx

The Balkan lynx communicates mostly with its ears

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


Have an energetic and playful nature!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Kosovan Animals List

Animals in Kosovo FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Where in the World is Kosovo?

The Republic of Kosovo is a small country in southeastern Europe, in the Balkan region. It is located north of Greece and the Mediterranean Sea.

What Is the Habitat and Climate Like in Kosovo?

Kosovo’s terrain includes vast plains and rugged mountains. The climate is highly variable. The southern mountains are cold, with summer temperatures reaching only moderate warmth. The plains regions are dry, with hot summers and frigid winters.

Are There Wolves in Kosovo?

Yes! Wolves are rare in Kosovo, but the nation is part of the historic range of the grey wolf. Wolves were once common throughout Europe, but they were hunted by humans due to mythological beliefs and competition for resources. Seeing a wolf in Kosovo today is a rare treat.

What Animals Live in Kosovo?

Kosovo’s wildlife represents all the major animal types, including mammals, birds (255 species!), fish, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. Let’s consider some facts about each group.

Kosovo’s forests support mammals such as the boar or wild pig, deer, rabbits, and squirrels. The mountains are home to rare animals like the brown bear, roe deer, wolves, and the Eurasian or Balkan lynx. The chamois is also found there. It is a type of goat-antelope that lives in rocky regions, hopping from stone to stone.

The forests and plains are also home to large numbers of birds. These include raucous ravens, familiar sparrows, woodpeckers, magpies, starlings, turtle doves, partridges, pheasants, quail, eagles, vultures, and hawks. One notable species is the golden eagle. It is the most widely distributed and perhaps most recognizable bird in the Northern Hemisphere. A rare type of bird found there is the hen grouse.

Rivers and lakes provide the needed environment for still other animals. You might spy storks hunting along the edges of the water. Their prey could include such freshwater fish as the small herring, torpedo, carp, catfish, gudgeon, eel, scuba, trout, or salmon.

Another unique animal you may see in Kosovo is the Qeni i Sharrit or Illyrian sheepdog. This is a rare domestic dog breed that is very popular in the country of Kosovo, kept by a majority of people in the region. This large dog resembles a German Shepherd with a wide, boxy head and long fur.

The horned or long-nosed viper, one of Kosovo’s snakes, is reputed as the most dangerous animal in Kosovo.

What Is the National Animal of Kosovo?

Kosovo does not have an official national animal.