Animals in Kosovo

Below you can find a complete list of Kosovan animals. We currently track 142 animals in Kosovo and are adding more every day!

Kosovo is a small country with abundant biodiversity. The mountains, plains, and rivers of this landlocked nation provide unique habitats for many animals native to Europe. These include wild pigs, deer, rabbits, squirrels, snakes, and many types of birds. A few famous predators live there – the golden eagle, the bear, and the lynx.

Let’s dive deeper and learn the facts about the famous, dangerous, endangered, and extinct species of this unique country.

The Official National Animal of Kosovo

Kosovo does not have an official national animal. Even its coat of arms does not contain an animal symbol, which is unique and unusual. However, the European beech tree and a species of peony flower are unofficial symbols. In the wild, these plants contribute to the country’s unique ecology.

While they are not considered national symbols, the bear, lynx, eagle, and wolf are some of the most famous wild animals of Kosovo.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Kosovo

Forests are among the most biodiverse regions in Kosovo – you will find most of the popular types of wild animals there. At least thirty-nine percent of the land in Kosovo is covered by forests, so these places are not hard to find.

Kosovo is home to two beautiful national parks and over one hundred protected areas. These are good places for wildlife viewing. The Bjeshkët e Nemuna National Park, for example, features stony mountains and lush, green, tree-dotted rolling hills. Sharr Mountains National Park covers over 500 square kilometers.

If you’re looking for Kosovo’s most famous wildlife, such as the golden eagle, the bear, the lynx, or the wolf, the mountains are the place to go. They can be found in remote parts of the Prokletije and the Šar Mountains.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Kosovo Today

Kosovo’s most dangerous animals are not the popular large carnivores. If you are hiking in Kosovo, watch where you put your feet! The long-nosed or horned viper is the most notable of the venomous snakes found throughout the region. Its large size, long fangs of up to 13 mm, and toxic venom make it a dangerous animal to watch out for in rocky areas.

Endangered Animals In Kosovo

Kosovo is home to two endangered species listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Both are insects – the Ampedus quadrisignatus click beetle and Ropalopus ungaricus beetle. If you see a yellow beetle with black spots or a shiny greenish-black beetle, you may be looking at an endangered species! The click beetle is already extinct in other parts of Europe. Endangered species – even small ones such as these – must be protected so they do not become extinct entirely.

Kosovan Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Dalmatian

Have an energetic and playful nature!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Kosovan Animals List

Animals in Kosovo FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Where in the World is Kosovo?

The Republic of Kosovo is a small country in southeastern Europe, in the Balkan region. It is located north of Greece and the Mediterranean Sea.

What Is the Habitat and Climate Like in Kosovo?

Kosovo’s terrain includes vast plains and rugged mountains. The climate is highly variable. The southern mountains are cold, with summer temperatures reaching only moderate warmth. The plains regions are dry, with hot summers and frigid winters.

Are There Wolves in Kosovo?

Yes! Wolves are rare in Kosovo, but the nation is part of the historic range of the grey wolf. Wolves were once common throughout Europe, but they were hunted by humans due to mythological beliefs and competition for resources. Seeing a wolf in Kosovo today is a rare treat.

What Animals Live in Kosovo?

Kosovo’s wildlife represents all the major animal types, including mammals, birds (255 species!), fish, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. Let’s consider some facts about each group.

Kosovo’s forests support mammals such as the boar or wild pig, deer, rabbits, and squirrels. The mountains are home to rare animals like the brown bear, roe deer, wolves, and the Eurasian or Balkan lynx. The chamois is also found there. It is a type of goat-antelope that lives in rocky regions, hopping from stone to stone.

The forests and plains are also home to large numbers of birds. These include raucous ravens, familiar sparrows, woodpeckers, magpies, starlings, turtle doves, partridges, pheasants, quail, eagles, vultures, and hawks. One notable species is the golden eagle. It is the most widely distributed and perhaps most recognizable bird in the Northern Hemisphere. A rare type of bird found there is the hen grouse.

Rivers and lakes provide the needed environment for still other animals. You might spy storks hunting along the edges of the water. Their prey could include such freshwater fish as the small herring, torpedo, carp, catfish, gudgeon, eel, scuba, trout, or salmon.

Another unique animal you may see in Kosovo is the Qeni i Sharrit or Illyrian sheepdog. This is a rare domestic dog breed that is very popular in the country of Kosovo, kept by a majority of people in the region. This large dog resembles a German Shepherd with a wide, boxy head and long fur.

The horned or long-nosed viper, one of Kosovo’s snakes, is reputed as the most dangerous animal in Kosovo.

What Is the National Animal of Kosovo?

Kosovo does not have an official national animal.