Animals in Estonia

Below you can find a complete list of Estonian animals. We currently track 153 animals in Estonia and are adding more every day!

Estonia is one of the least inhabited countries in Europe. Its population of 1.3 million people is spread out over some 17.5 million square miles, leaving its beaches, pasturelands, marshes, and forests largely untenanted by human beings though not by wildlife. Estonia abounds with interesting mammalian species like Eurasian lynx, wild boars, brown bears, moose, flying squirrels, beavers, and grey wolves. While these fauna is not unique to Estonia, they are comparatively rare in other parts of Europe.

Estonia is also widely heralded as one of the world’s great bird-watching destinations. It’s situated on the great East-Atlantic migratory pathway used by swans, geese, ducks, divers, cranes, and Arctic waterfowl. All in all, Estonia is home to 64 distinct mammalian species and more than 300 species of birds.

The Official National Animal of Estonia

Estonia definitely has a love/hate relationship with its official national animal, the grey wolf. Estonian legends about the predatory behavior of these canny, undomesticated canines date back to medieval times. But while wolves may play predators in Estonian fables, there hasn’t been a recorded wolf attack upon humans in more than 150 years. As of 2018, there were approximately 260 wolves in Estonia, divided into 20 to 25 packs. Estonian wolves live in remote wilderness areas, where it is legal to hunt them as a way of keeping their numbers down as biologists say the optimal number of wolves is 200 animals.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Estonia

Estonia has five outstanding national parks where many varieties of rare fauna can be spotted:

  • Lahemaa National Park: Lahemaa National Park in northern Estonia contains forest and wetland habitats that are home to moose, brown bears, wolves, red deer, Eurasian lynx, and other rare animals. Not only is Lahemaa Estonia’s largest national park, but it’s also one of the largest national parks in Europe. Lahemaa is fewer than 50 miles distant from the capital city Tallinn, so it’s easy for a tourist to Estonia to add a visit to his or her itinerary.
  • Korvemaa Nature Reserve: Korvemaa Nature Reserve is Estonia’s premier birdwatching destination where lucky visitors may catch a glimpse of endangered species like the black stork, the heather cock, or the golden eagle. The reserve is also home to grey wolves, brown bears, Eurasian lynx, and other wildlife. Once, European mink abounded here, but the local mink population is now thought to be extinct from over-trapping and habitat erosion.
  • Soomaa National Park: For much of the year, Soomaa National Park in the Estonian fen country is only accessible by kayak or canoe. This is a great place to observe the country’s beaver population as well as elk, wild boar, brown bear, grey wolf, and Eurasian lynx.
  • Matsalu National Park: Matsalu National Park was founded as a bird sanctuary in 1957. It’s been estimated that more than 2 million waterfowl fly over Matsalu Bay every year, including swans; goldeneye, bluebill, and tufted ducks; and barnacle and graylag geese. All told, more than 250 bird species have been identified at Matsalu National Park during the migration season.
  • Vilsandi National Park: Vilsandi grew from an avian preserve that was founded in 1910. It consists of more than 150 islands in the Baltic Sea that provide nesting grounds for nearly 250 bird species.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Estonia Today

Estonia is home to a number of animals that can be dangerous if they’re provoked.

  • Grey wolves: While unprovoked attacks by healthy wolves are not completely unknown, the vast majority of wolves pose no threats to human safety. Wolves may be predators, but they prefer to steer clear of humans.
  • Eurasian lynx: Although cornered lynx will defend itself with tooth and claw, these wild cats typically avoid people. In fact, humans present more of a threat to lynx than lynx do to people: In certain parts of the world, lynx are still trapped for their pelts.
  • Brown bears: Brown bears generally avoid human beings, but they are known for their unpredictable temperaments. Unprovoked attacks are not completely unknown, so they must be classified as potentially dangerous predators. Female bears with cubs can be particularly aggressive.
  • Adders: Estonia is also to the species of snake known as the adder. These snakes are considered an endangered species in Estonia and are under legal protection. They generally try to elude humans but will bite if they’re picked up. Adder bites are uncomfortable but only require hospitalization in a small number of cases.

Endangered Animals In Estonia

Destruction of forest and meadow habitats means that several Estonian fauna specimens are in danger of becoming extinct. These include mammals, birds, and insects.

Estonian Animals


First evolved 100 million years ago!


They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food


Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!


Has a curved, upturned beak!


Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.


Detects prey using echolocation!


Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!


There are more than 350,000 different species


Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!


The most common species of bee!


There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!


First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!


The larvae of a moth or butterfly!


There are nearly 3,000 different species!


There are about 3,000 documented species!


Natively found in the European mountains!


First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!


Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!


There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!


There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings


Many are critically endangered species!


There are around 40 different species!


First domesticated in South-East Asia!


First domesticated 5,000 years ago!


Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!


It's larvae are carnivorous!


Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight


Has exceptional eyesight!


There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!


Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!


A very bold and ferocious predator!


The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders


Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!


There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!


There are 12 different species in the world!


There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!


Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!


There are 29 different species!


There are 11,000 known species!


Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!


Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!


Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!


Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!


Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!


Has evolved over 50 million years!


Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.


Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.


There are an estimated 30 million species!


Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!


There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!


Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!


There are around 5,000 different species!


Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!


They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!


There are 2,500 known species worldwide!


They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.


Some species have a poisonous bite!


Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!


Has characteristics of two or more breeds!


Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!


There are 250,000 different species!


Found on every continent on Earth!


The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!


Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!


Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!


Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males


There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth


Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!


Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!


They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.


Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!


There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!


Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!


There are more than 50 different species!


Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!


Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!


There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!


The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.


There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!


There are around 2,000 known species!


Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!


Around 35 million in the English countryside!


There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!


They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce


There are nearly 1,000 different species!


There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!


There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.


Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!


Average adults weigh about 200 grams!


Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!


Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!


The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.


Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!


Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.


There are 30 different species worldwide!


There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!


The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!


Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.


This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.


There are 200 different species!

Estonian Animals List

Animals in Estonia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Estonia?

Animals native to Estonia include grey wolves, brown bears, flying squirrels, Eurasian lynx, moose, elks, red deer, roe deer, and wild boar.

Are there bears in Estonia?

Yes, Estonia has the highest bear population density in Europe. It’s estimated that approximately 700 brown bears make their homes in Estonia’s dense forests.

Are there snakes in Estonia?

The adder is the most common snake in Estonia. Estonia is also home to small, legless, burrowing lizards called blindworms. These unique lizards are often mistaken for snakes.

Are there moose in Estonia?

It’s been estimated that as many as 12,000 moose live in the boggy outskirts of Estonia’s forests.