Below you can find a complete list of Belgian animals. We currently track 247 animals in Belgium and are adding more every day!
Next to France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, you will find Belgium. The country is home to many beautiful wild animals, including foxes, badgers, weasels, beavers, red deer, wild boar, lynxes, and wild cats. Farmers have even developed two unique cow breeds and five unique breeds of chickens. People have spotted over 350 bird species in the country. Many amphibians and reptiles live across its Northwestern coastal plains, the central plateau, and Ardennes uplands. Over 17,000 species of insects live in the country. Numerous issues, including loss of habitat, the introduction of alien species, climate change, and excessive water catchments, are causing some animals to go extinct.
The Official National Animal of Belgium
The lion is the national animal of Belgium. You can see the Belgium lion on the country’s official seal and its money. When the country separated from Luxembourg, legislators chose the lion as the official symbol.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Belgium
There are many fantastic places to see animals native to Belgium. With such a wide variety of ecosystems, you will want to visit more than once to see all the wild animals here. Options include:
- National Parks – Hoge Kempen National Park is a fantastic place to see animals native to Belgium, including Moor frogs, Natterjack toad, viviparous lizards, and Roe deer. Meanwhile, De Zoom– Kalmthoutse Heide’ is a great place to see smooth snakes, viviparous reptiles, crested newts, and Moor frogs, along with several species of butterflies.
- Nature Parks – Belgium has several terrific nature parks where you can see animals native to Belgium. For example, High Fens-Eifel Nature Park is a terrific spot to see wild boars, roe deer, hen harriers, black grouses, wood mice, grasshopper warblers, northern shrike, great grey shrikes, meadow pipits, stonechats, and wheatears.
- Wildlife Parks – There are also amazing wildlife parks across Belgium, like Parc De Furfooz. This location is a great place to see wood mice, foxes, bank voles, European cave spiders, and twenty-plume moths as you hike along the paths.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Belgium Today
While there are many tame animals in this country, like foxes, badgers, weasels, and beavers, there are also dangerous animals in Belgium. Some examples of the most dangerous animals in Belgium include:
- Eurasian wolves– Once thought to be extinct in Belgium, some Eurasian wolves are making a comeback, and they are one of the most dangerous animals in Belgium.
- Wild boars – Belgium officials have been taking steps to reduce the number of wild boars for fear they may pass swine flu to humans.
- Common adders – The only venomous snake to live in Belgium is the common adder.
- Processionary pine caterpillar – These caterpillars cause an intense rash on anyone that comes in contact with them.
Endangered Animals In Belgium
Unfortunately, there are some endangered species of animals that are in danger of becoming extinct animals in Belgium. Common threats to wildlife include industrialization, fragmentation of natural habitats, pollution, and excessive water catchment. Wildlife officials continue to try to take steps to save the lives of endangered animals before they join the list of extinct animals in Belgium. While you may think of Belgium as mostly land, the Wadden Sea is under its control. Some species that may become extinct animals in Belgium include:
Flag of Belgium
Belgium’s flag is a tricolor, featuring red, black, and yellow vertical stripes. Each color stands for a separate region in Belgium. The black is symbolic of Namur and Flanders, the yellow stands for Wallon Brabant, and red represents Nainaut, Limburg, and Luxembourg.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The sheepdog is also known as the Groenendael. All four Belgian varieties have nicknames for Belgian villages.
The first breed to win an AKC Herding Championship.
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
Affectionate, gentle and even-tempered!
The name Bouvier des Flandres means cowherd of Flanders in French
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
The Brussels Griffon prefers to live with another dog so they have a companion to play with.
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
There are around 40 different species!
The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Dunkleosteus had a bite force strong enough to cut through pirey.
dwarf hamsters love to explore at night.
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Eiders are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger and more colorful.
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
A group of wild cats is called a destruction
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
Besides being bred for milk and meat, these cattle were also used as draft oxen.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
Although developed as a herding dog, the breed makes an excellent guard and working dog and is used by police forces and the military.
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Have sharp spines below their eyes
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Originally called the Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is one of the oldest breeds in the toy group. They can be found in artwork dating back to the 16th century.
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Males turn green in spring!
Schipperkes were used to hunt and kill rodents on Belgian ships.
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
The stag beetle consumes rotting and decaying wood when it is in the larva stage.
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The skate with the biggest spines!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
They follow after seals and whales to eat their scraps.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Belgian Animals List
Animals in Belgium FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Are there poisonous snakes in Belgium?
Belgium is home to one poisonous snake. The common adder has a thick body, and it can grow up to 24-inches long. You can find it in many various locations across the country. This snake is active during the day.
Did any animal breeds start in Belgium?
Yes, many animal breeds got their first start in Belgium. The Belgian Blue cow got started in the northern part of the country during the 19th century. At least 10 dog breeds began in Belgium, including bloodhounds, Belgian mastiffs, Bichon Frises and Papillons. The country is famous for creating the Belgian workhorse.