Animals in Belgium

Below you can find a complete list of Belgian animals. We currently track 170 animals in Belgium and are adding more every day!

Next to France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, you will find Belgium. The country is home to many beautiful wild animals, including foxes, badgers, weasels, beavers, red deer, wild boar, lynxes, and wild cats. Farmers have even developed two unique cow breeds and five unique breeds of chickens. People have spotted over 350 bird species in the country. Many amphibians and reptiles live across its Northwestern coastal plains, the central plateau, and Ardennes uplands. Over 17,000 species of insects live in the country. Numerous issues, including loss of habitat, the introduction of alien species, climate change, and excessive water catchments, are causing some animals to go extinct.

The Official National Animal of Belgium

The lion is the national animal of Belgium. You can see the Belgium lion on the country’s official seal and its money. When the country separated from Luxembourg, legislators chose the lion as the official symbol.

Where To Find The Top Wildlife in Belgium

There are many fantastic places to see animals native to Belgium. With such a wide variety of ecosystems, you will want to visit more than once to see all the wild animals here. Options include:

  • National ParksHoge Kempen National Park is a fantastic place to see animals native to Belgium, including Moor frogs, Natterjack toad, viviparous lizards, and Roe deer. Meanwhile, De Zoom– Kalmthoutse Heide’ is a great place to see smooth snakes, viviparous reptiles, crested newts, and Moor frogs, along with several species of butterflies.
  • Nature Parks – Belgium has several terrific nature parks where you can see animals native to Belgium. For example, High Fens-Eifel Nature Park is a terrific spot to see wild boars, roe deer, hen harriers, black grouses, wood mice, grasshopper warblers, northern shrike, great grey shrikes, meadow pipits, stonechats, and wheatears.
  • Wildlife Parks – There are also amazing wildlife parks across Belgium, like Parc De Furfooz. This location is a great place to see wood mice, foxes, bank voles, European cave spiders, and twenty-plume moths as you hike along the paths.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Belgium Today

While there are many tame animals in this country, like foxes, badgers, weasels, and beavers, there are also dangerous animals in Belgium. Some examples of the most dangerous animals in Belgium include:

  • Eurasian wolves– Once thought to be extinct in Belgium, some Eurasian wolves are making a comeback, and they are one of the most dangerous animals in Belgium.
  • Wild boars – Belgium officials have been taking steps to reduce the number of wild boars for fear they may pass swine flu to humans.
  • Common adders – The only venomous snake to live in Belgium is the common adder.
  • Processionary pine caterpillar – These caterpillars cause an intense rash on anyone that comes in contact with them.

Endangered Animals In Belgium

Unfortunately, there are some endangered species of animals that are in danger of becoming extinct animals in Belgium. Common threats to wildlife include industrialization, fragmentation of natural habitats, pollution, and excessive water catchment. Wildlife officials continue to try to take steps to save the lives of endangered animals before they join the list of extinct animals in Belgium. While you may think of Belgium as mostly land, the Wadden Sea is under its control. Some species that may become extinct animals in Belgium include:

Belgian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Armyworm

They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Barn Swallow

Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Belgian Shepherd

The sheepdog is also known as the Groenendael. All four Belgian varieties have nicknames for Belgian villages.

Belgian Tervuren

The first breed to win an AKC Herding Championship.

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bloodhound

Affectionate, gentle and even-tempered!

Bouvier Des Flandres

The name Bouvier des Flandres means cowherd of Flanders in French

Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon prefers to live with another dog so they have a companion to play with.

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common House Spider

House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dung Beetle

The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

False Widow Spider

False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Groenendael

Although developed as a herding dog, the breed makes an excellent guard and working dog and is used by police forces and the military.

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Mealybug

They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mole Cricket

Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Orb Weaver

Females are about four times the size of males

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Papillon

Originally called the Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is one of the oldest breeds in the toy group. They can be found in artwork dating back to the 16th century.

Parakeet

Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pine Marten

A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Redback Spider

The redback spiders found in New Caledonia differ from other populations in that they don’t practice sexual cannibalism and don’t bite people as much.

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Roe Deer

The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Schipperke

Schipperkes were used to hunt and kill rodents on Belgian ships.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Slug

They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Spider Wasp

They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

The stag beetle consumes rotting and decaying wood when it is in the larva stage.

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Teddy Bear Hamster

The oldest recorded teddy bear hamster was six and a half.

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Beetle

The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turtles

Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

This animal can roll up into a ball

Woodlouse Spider

Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Belgian Animals List

Animals in Belgium FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are there poisonous snakes in Belgium?

Belgium is home to one poisonous snake. The common adder has a thick body, and it can grow up to 24-inches long. You can find it in many various locations across the country. This snake is active during the day.

Did any animal breeds start in Belgium?

Yes, many animal breeds got their first start in Belgium. The Belgian Blue cow got started in the northern part of the country during the 19th century. At least 10 dog breeds began in Belgium, including bloodhounds, Belgian mastiffs, Bichon Frises and Papillons. The country is famous for creating the Belgian workhorse.