Below you can find a complete list of Luxembourg animals. We currently track 194 animals in Luxembourg and are adding more every day!
Luxembourg is a small landlocked country in Western Europe. Its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It borders Belgium to the west, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Luxembourg has been called the “green heart of Europe.” It is famous for its rich farmland and its wine-producing region. Outside its major cities, the country is sparsely populated and rural. It is a hilly country with craggy mountains marked by many rivers and streams.
Wildlife in Luxembourg
Luxembourg has several unique animals. These include the American beaver, Eurasian beaver, common vole, European pine vole, greater white-toothed shrew, Brandt’s bat, Natterer’s bat, European wild cat, and European otter. You can spot red foxes, bears, rodents, and a huge variety of insects in the woodland areas.
Luxembourg’s native birds include the barnacle goose, mute swan, red-legged partridge, European turtle dove, and the spotted crake. Its rivers and streams are home to curlews, sandpipers, gulls, loons, and other aquatic birds. Its unique native reptiles include the European toad and the smooth newt.
What Is the National Animal of Luxembourg?
Luxembourg’s national animal is the Goldcrest (Regulus regulus), a small bird that is a member of the kinglet family. This beautiful yellow bird sports a patch of bright gold on its head, which is where it gets its nickname, “king of the birds.”
This small, lovely bird lives in forests but can often be found in backyard gardens. Goldcrests live in many parts of Europe and Asia. Luxembourg’s national bird is listed as “least concern” for conservation status.
What Animals Are Endangered or Extinct in Luxembourg?
Luxembourg’s endangered species include the European eel, sociable plover bird, freshwater pearl mussel, and the thick-shelled river mussel. Spengler’s freshwater mussels are believed to be extinct in Luxembourg, but it has been spotted in France.
Where To See the Top Wild Animals in Luxembourg
There are many places to see animals in this scenic country. Hiking and canoeing are popular sports, and there are many protected nature areas.
- The Nature Park of the Upper Sure is home to the country’s largest drinking water reservoir. This scenic lake provides water and shelter to a large variety of animals.
- The Beetebuerger Bech Nature Reserve in Bettembourg is home to unspoiled forests and streams. Among the native birds, you may see are the ashen woodpecker, black woodpecker, sea woodpecker, Natterer’s bat, and Bechstein’s bat.
- Nature Reserve Pettenerbesch is another deeply forested area that’s right in the geographical center of the country. Here, you can spot a vast variety of wildlife, including foxes, owls, pheasants, voles, and beavers while you walk the trails.
- The Nature Reserve Haff Reimech is home to the Biodiversum, a unique indoor conservation area. This popular learning center was built on an artificial island at the foot of the region’s famous vineyards. The first floor of this multilevel center focuses on Luxembourg’s water conservation efforts. The second floor focuses on the country’s unique flora and fauna. In the surrounding nature reserve, you can spot great-crested grebes, frogs, geese, and mallards.
A Scenic Setting for Wildlife
Luxembourg has many scenic regions, and its government has made a commitment to preserve its native fauna. Waterfowl and reptiles live in its waters, and its forests contain foxes, bears, owls, rodents, and wild cats. Visiting a nature park is a wonderful way to see these unique animals.
Stunningly beautiful wings
First evolved 100 million years ago!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
They typically prey on insects!
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
There are around 40 different species!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
A group of wild cats is called a destruction
The fastest creatures on the planet!
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
Males turn green in spring!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
The stag beetle consumes rotting and decaying wood when it is in the larva stage.
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Luxembourg Animals List
Animals in Luxembourg FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Luxembourg?
Belgium’s forests are home to many popular animals like hedgehogs, red foxes, roe deer and wild boars. It is also home to unique animals like the European bison, a larger relative of the famous American bison.
Luxembourg is famous for its dairy farms, which means you will see many dairy cows and other farm animals in the rural parts of the country.
Are There Bears in Luxembourg?
Luxembourg is home to two native species of bear, the brown bear and the Eurasian brown bear.
Are There Snakes in Luxembourg?
There are snakes in Luxembourg. Like most countries in Europe, Luxembourg does not have many poisonous snakes. The only dangerous snake you may see is the common adder (Vipera berus). The European viper or asp viper (Vipera aspis) is a venomous snake endemic to Europe, but it prefers warmer weather. You are unlikely to see one in Luxembourg.
What Dangerous Animals Live in Luxembourg?
Bear: Bears are not aggressive, but they are not shy about defending their territory. Bear attacks on humans have occurred in Europe, and these attacks can be fatal.
Wild boar: These wild pigs can weigh more than 400 pounds. Their fierce nature and huge, sharp tusks make them fearsome when they attack. The number of wild boar attacks on humans has increased as their population has grown. Most attacks happen during the mating season, which is from November to January.
Castor bean tick: This small bloodsucker is not just unpleasant to find on your skin. The castor bean tick carries many diseases, including Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, or Q fever, an infectious disease that can damage your heart, liver, and lungs.
What does the flag of Luxembourg look like?
The flag of Luxembourg is a tricolor with red, white, and blue. Its often mistaken for the Dutch flag, but uses lighter colors.