Below you can find a complete list of Dutch animals. We currently track 142 animals in Netherlands and are adding more every day!
The Netherlands (also known as Holland) is a small Western European country that has played an important role at the heart of post-Medieval European culture and politics. In Europe, the country is situated between Belgium, Germany, and the Atlantic Ocean. It also encompasses the Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius in the Lesser Antilles chain. Much of the country is located below sea level and therefore prone to regular flooding. As a result, the coastline has been altered dramatically over the years to prevent this. The Netherlands harbors quite a few species of bats, rodents, deer, water birds, songbirds, seals, and other large carnivores. Both cetaceans and sea turtles can also be seen off the shore.
The Official National Animal of Netherlands
The lion is widely regarded as a national symbol of the Netherlands. Although lions haven’t existed in Western Europe for thousands of years, this animal was a popular regal symbol of strength and power throughout European history. It has been a part of the country’s coat of arms since its independence in the 16th and 17th centuries. In addition, the black-tailed godwit is the official national bird of the Netherlands. It is a long-legged, long-billed migratory bird that wades into the water to feed.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Netherlands
Despite its small size and high population density, the Netherlands has plenty of national parks and nature reserves for wildlife lovers to enjoy. More than 20 of them are scattered around the country’s diverse ecosystems. De Alde Feanen National Park in Gelderland preserves some 4,000 hectares of lakes, grasslands, and peat bogs in which you can find more than a hundred species of breeding birds. De Maasduinen National Park and De Zoom-Kalmthoutse Heide Cross-Border Park are also good sources of woodpeckers, falcons, hawks, nightjars, harriers, and much more.
The Utrechtse Heuvelrug National Park near the center of the country boasts a crazy amount of glacially-shaped forests, meadows, and lakes inhabited by deer, foxes, woodpeckers, and birds of prey. De Maasduinen National Park, located in the country’s southeast region of Limburg, has a rich selection of wildlife, including beavers, bats, toads, snakes, sand lizards, butterflies, dragonflies, and birds.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Netherlands Today
The Netherlands has very few large carnivores, venomous snakes, or anything else that could be regarded as dangerous. Many of the largest animals have been hunted or eliminated over the last several thousand years. This has made it relatively safe for all human activity. But a few species may still cause some harm.
- Common European Viper – This snake has a very widespread range across most of Europe, which leads to quite a few bites every year, but the toxicity of its venom is fortunately quite low. Biting victims can expect mild symptoms to include pain, swelling, and tingling. On rare occasions, the symptoms can escalate into something more dangerous, like nausea, vomiting, fever, and lightheadedness. Regardless of the severity, medical attention should always be sought after a bite, since symptoms may linger for quite some time and affect one’s functionality to a crazy extent.
- Wolves – Wolf sightings are very uncommon in the Netherlands, and those that do cross over are usually just temporary wanderers from France or Germany. However, as wolf numbers continue to recover, this species could conceivably establish a more permanent native presence in the Netherlands. While wolves almost never attack humans, they do have a tendency to kill livestock, which is one of the main reasons they were hunted to the point of nearly complete extinction in Western Europe. Conservationists have tried to help wolves and ranchers co-exist by employing some protective measures to scare them away.
Endangered Animals in Netherlands
The Netherlands has some 36,000 animal species. Around 500 of them are protected by national law. But despite all efforts to protect the country’s wildlife, the Netherlands is currently in danger of losing several species to extinction.
- European Hamster – This endangered rodent needs soft soil to dig its burrows. Due to habitat loss and changes in the soil, the European hamster is now in danger of disappearing from Western Europe completely.
- European Rabbit – Although originally endemic to Spain and Portugal, this rabbit was later introduced to the rest of Western Europe, sometimes causing harm to the local soil. It is considered to be endangered after years of declining populations.
- European Turtle Dove – This species of bird breeds in Europe and then travels farther south toward Africa for the winter. Although still quite common throughout Europe and not yet in danger of becoming extinct, the number of turtle doves is plummeting by a crazy amount. It is estimated to have fallen by 78% between 1980 and 2013. Experts have blamed changes in agricultural practices, which have made food less common, as well as wanton hunting practices.
Dutch Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Raven
- Common Toad
- Crab Spider
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Saarloos Wolfdog
- Sand Lizard
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Netherlands FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live in Netherlands?
The Netherlands contains plenty of native bats, rodents, hares, shrews, weasels, deer, boar, songbirds, water birds, and birds of prey. Because of its long coastline, the country also has quite a few aquatic and semi-aquatic animals, including seals, whales, and marine turtles.
What is the most common animal in the Netherlands?
Are there bears in the Netherlands?
The Netherlands no longer has any native species of bears. It is believed that the brown bear disappeared from the country in the 11th century.
What animals once lived in the Netherlands?
Along with the brown bear, the Netherlands was once home to the European elk, Eurasian lynx, European mink, and the now extinct aurochs, a species of wild cattle. Many of these species were driven out by hunting or habitat loss.