Animals in Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)

Below you can find a complete list of Kaliningrad animals. We currently track 128 animals in Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) and are adding more every day!

The Kaliningrad Oblast is a unique component of the Russian Federation. It is the only part of it that is not contiguous with any other part and is thus often referred to as the Kaliningrad enclave. From a historical perspective, it is not really Russian at all but rather Germanic.

At the close of World War II, the German province of East Prussia was divided up between Poland and the USSR, with this northeastern section given to Russia primarily to enable it to have a year-round ice-free port in the Baltic Sea. It is home to a large number of Russian military bases and is thus not the best place to be wandering around the countryside with a camera in hand.

The Official National Animal Of The Kaliningrad Oblast

There is no official national or state animal of the Kaliningrad Oblast. With regard to its ancestral German heritage, the Black Eagle of Prussia would be its national symbol. Times change, however, and it is now the Russian Bear that stands as an avatar for the area.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals In The Kaliningrad Oblast

Quite by chance, the acquisition of Kaliningrad in 1945 also gave Russia access to its unique and long-established Tiergarten or zoo. This zoo is actually the oldest one in existence in all of Russia and offers a wide selection of indigenous wildlife exhibits. Beyond that, Kaliningrad is famous for a series of long sand spits that shelter coastal lagoons from fierce Baltic storms. These are great havens for wildlife, particularly migratory and coastal bird species.

Further inland, the area is covered in dense primeval forests that were once set aside as hunting preserves for Prussian, and later German, royalty, and aristocracy.

The Most Dangerous Animals In The Kaliningrad Oblast Today

The most dangerous animal in the area is probably the big Gray Wolf, although it tends to stay deep within the large forest tracts far away from any human contact. The same can be said of the European Brown Bear, which also calls this region home and often regarded as dangerous.

Endangered Animals In The Kaliningrad Oblast

The most well-known of the endangered species of this area is also one of Europe’s greatest success stories. The nearly extinct European Bison, which is a unique species in comparison to its near cousin, the American Bison or Buffalo. These have been gradually reintroduced in many of the countries fringing the Baltic Sea, such as Poland, Lithuania, and of course the Kaliningrad Oblast, which is sandwiched between the other two.

Several bird species are also considered to be endangered, including the Spotted Eagle, the Peregrine Falcon, and the European Eagle Owl. Also worth mentioning in its journey back from being almost extinct is the big European Beaver, which lives in the marshlands of the area.

Kaliningrad Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wolverine

Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Kaliningrad Animals List

Animals in Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is the most famous animal of the Kaliningrad Oblast?

The one most commonly known to the world is the majestic White Stork.

Are there any famous but extinct species of animals in the Kaliningrad Oblast?

Kaliningrad’s most famous extinct creatures come from a variety of sources but are mostly insects. In this particular case, they are prehistoric insects that became entrapped in tree sap. Today, we know them as Amber, which is found in the area and often washed up on the shoreline after storms. Amber is mostly used in the manufacture of jewelry, but the most highly prized specimens are those which are not just common amber but have ancient life trapped within.