Animals in Hungary

Below you can find a complete list of Hungarian animals. We currently track 146 animals in Hungary and are adding more every day!

Hungary is a small landlocked country in central Europe. It shares a land border with Austria to the west, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Slovakia to the north, and Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia to the south or southwest. The country is dominated by the great lowland expanses called the Little Hungarian Plain and Great Hungarian Plain, to which much of the Hungarian wildlife is adapted.

These regions are separated by several low mountain systems such as the Transdanubian and North Hungarian Mountains. The Danube River, which is the second-longest river system in all of Europe, cuts across the center of the country from north to south.

The Official National (State) Animal of Hungary

While Hungary lacks a single national animal or symbol, it is often represented culturally by the Turul, a mythological bird of prey that originated at some point in the Middle Ages as a clan symbol. The bird appears to resemble a falcon or a hawk.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Hungary

Since its independence, Hungary has established 10 national parks, which encompass about 10% of the entire landmass.

  • Hortobagy National Park, located toward the northeast great plains, is the largest protected wildlife area in the entire country. This grassy plain is a great place for visitors to find horses, falcons, cranes, bustards, geese, and many species of smaller mammals.
  • Aggtelek National Park, located in the northeast region of Aggtelek Karst, is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site that contains the largest stalactite cave in all of Europe. Visitors can find eagles, fire salamanders, deer, wild boar, kingfishers, swallowtails, grouses, and even the elusive lynxes and wolves.
  • Ferto-Hansag National Park, located in the northwest Gyor-Moson-Sopron county, straddles a large lake near the Austrian border. It is home to herons, common spoonbills, geese, great egrets, and many species of mammals and fish.
  • Danube-Drava National Park is located in the southwestern Danube and Drava floodplains. Amid the nature trails and springs, visitors can catch glimpses of deer, boar, black storks, white-tailed eagles, and even some unique insects found nowhere else.
  • The Kiskunsag National Park, scattered amid the plains and dunes of Bacs-Kiskun county, is an ornithologist’s paradise. It contains European rollers, great bustards, black-winged stilts, eagles, and more.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Hungary Today

Most of the Hungarian countryside is relatively safe to live in and travel. Excluding insects that can transmit diseases to humans, there are only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores you should look out for.

  • Common European Viper – Easily identified by the dark zigzag pattern on the back, this large species is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake in Europe, simply because of how widespread it is. Intense pain will occur moments after the venom is injected into the body. This is followed by swelling, tingling, and blisters. But death only occurs in a very small number of untreated cases.
  • Nosed-Horned Viper – This species is sometimes found along the border with Austria. It can be identified by the large and unique horn emerging from the nose. While not very common in Hungary, this snake can inject a very toxic kind of venom that may cause pain, swelling, discoloration, and sometimes dizziness and tingling as well. If left untreated, death can occur in a small number of cases. They are also a danger to domesticated dogs and cats.
  • Brown Bears – Bear attacks are exceptionally rare; they occur in less than a percent of all on-foot encounters. But they may pose a danger to people (as well as dogs and other pets) if the bear feels threatened, surprised, or scared. The greatest number of bear attacks occurs when a mother is protecting her cubs.

Endangered Animals in Hungary

While Hungary does make an effort to protect its wildlife, these species are in danger of disappearing or becoming extinct from the country.

  • Eurasian Lynx – While common elsewhere, the Eurasian lynx is a very rare sight in Hungary. It can only be found along the mountainous northern border with Slovakia.
  • European Hamster – This wild and endangered rodent is native to grasslands throughout Europe and Asia. Its decline has been linked to the spread of farmlands, road construction, pollution, and deliberate hunting and persecution.
  • Great Bustard – These large migratory birds are native to the Hungarian plains. It is in danger of becoming extinct in the country from habitat loss, nest disturbances, and accidental contact with power cables or other obstructions.
  • Red-Breasted Goose – This unique-looking goose breeds in the Arctic Siberia and flies south toward the Black Sea for the winter. A very small population also resides in Hungary, but numbers appear to be declining almost everywhere from overhunting and habitat changes.
  • Hungarian Meadow Viper – This is a very rare and endangered subspecies of the meadow viper. While not very dangerous, this snake can look quite intimidating. Numbers have fallen dramatically over the centuries from the transformation of the countryside into farms and cropland. It is now in danger of becoming extinct.

Hungarian Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kuvasz

Ownership of this dog was once restricted to the Hungarian nobility

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Hungarian Animals List

Animals in Hungary FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What kind of animals are in Hungary?

Hungary contains hundreds of species of mammals and birds. Deer and wild pigs tend to inhabit the hilly or mountainous forests, while hares and rodents mix with partridges and pheasants in the country’s lowlands. Bats, weasels, martens, badgers, otters, and of course domesticated dogs are also very common sights. The rivers and lakes teem with freshwater fish, including pike, bream, and perch.

Are there any dangerous animals in Hungary?

Hungary is home to only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores. The common European viper may be responsible for most hospitalizations.

What is the national animal of Hungary?

The closest thing that Hungary has to a national animal is the Turul, a mythological bird that apparently dates back as a clan symbol of the country’s original ruling dynasty.

Does Hungary have bears?

Hungary contains a small population of the Eurasian brown bear, a subspecies of the common brown bear. They tend to reside in remote mountains and forests.

Does Hungary have any monkeys?

Hungary has no native monkey species. Monkeys don’t live in temperate climates.