Below you can find a complete list of Hungarian animals. We currently track 244 animals in Hungary and are adding more every day!
Hungary is a small landlocked country in central Europe. It shares a land border with Austria to the west, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Slovakia to the north, and Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia to the south or southwest. The country is dominated by the great lowland expanses called the Little Hungarian Plain and Great Hungarian Plain, to which much of the Hungarian wildlife is adapted.
These regions are separated by several low mountain systems such as the Transdanubian and North Hungarian Mountains. The Danube River, which is the second-longest river system in all of Europe, cuts across the center of the country from north to south.
The Official National (State) Animal of Hungary
While Hungary lacks a single national animal or symbol, it is often represented culturally by the Turul, a mythological bird of prey that originated at some point in the Middle Ages as a clan symbol. The bird appears to resemble a falcon or a hawk.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Hungary
Since its independence, Hungary has established 10 national parks, which encompass about 10% of the entire landmass.
- Hortobagy National Park, located toward the northeast great plains, is the largest protected wildlife area in the entire country. This grassy plain is a great place for visitors to find horses, falcons, cranes, bustards, geese, and many species of smaller mammals.
- Aggtelek National Park, located in the northeast region of Aggtelek Karst, is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site that contains the largest stalactite cave in all of Europe. Visitors can find eagles, fire salamanders, deer, wild boar, kingfishers, swallowtails, grouses, and even the elusive lynxes and wolves.
- Ferto-Hansag National Park, located in the northwest Gyor-Moson-Sopron county, straddles a large lake near the Austrian border. It is home to herons, common spoonbills, geese, great egrets, and many species of mammals and fish.
- Danube-Drava National Park is located in the southwestern Danube and Drava floodplains. Amid the nature trails and springs, visitors can catch glimpses of deer, boar, black storks, white-tailed eagles, and even some unique insects found nowhere else.
- The Kiskunsag National Park, scattered amid the plains and dunes of Bacs-Kiskun county, is an ornithologist’s paradise. It contains European rollers, great bustards, black-winged stilts, eagles, and more.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Hungary Today
Most of the Hungarian countryside is relatively safe to live in and travel. Excluding insects that can transmit diseases to humans, there are only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores you should look out for.
- Common European Viper – Easily identified by the dark zigzag pattern on the back, this large species is responsible for more bites than almost any other snake in Europe, simply because of how widespread it is. Intense pain will occur moments after the venom is injected into the body. This is followed by swelling, tingling, and blisters. But death only occurs in a very small number of untreated cases.
- Nosed-Horned Viper – This species is sometimes found along the border with Austria. It can be identified by the large and unique horn emerging from the nose. While not very common in Hungary, this snake can inject a very toxic kind of venom that may cause pain, swelling, discoloration, and sometimes dizziness and tingling as well. If left untreated, death can occur in a small number of cases. They are also a danger to domesticated dogs and cats.
- Brown Bears – Bear attacks are exceptionally rare; they occur in less than a percent of all on-foot encounters. But they may pose a danger to people (as well as dogs and other pets) if the bear feels threatened, surprised, or scared. The greatest number of bear attacks occurs when a mother is protecting her cubs.
Endangered Animals in Hungary
While Hungary does make an effort to protect its wildlife, these species are in danger of disappearing or becoming extinct from the country.
- Eurasian Lynx – While common elsewhere, the Eurasian lynx is a very rare sight in Hungary. It can only be found along the mountainous northern border with Slovakia.
- European Hamster – This wild and endangered rodent is native to grasslands throughout Europe and Asia. Its decline has been linked to the spread of farmlands, road construction, pollution, and deliberate hunting and persecution.
- Great Bustard – These large migratory birds are native to the Hungarian plains. It is in danger of becoming extinct in the country from habitat loss, nest disturbances, and accidental contact with power cables or other obstructions.
- Red-Breasted Goose – This unique-looking goose breeds in the Arctic Siberia and flies south toward the Black Sea for the winter. A very small population also resides in Hungary, but numbers appear to be declining almost everywhere from overhunting and habitat changes.
- Hungarian Meadow Viper – This is a very rare and endangered subspecies of the meadow viper. While not very dangerous, this snake can look quite intimidating. Numbers have fallen dramatically over the centuries from the transformation of the countryside into farms and cropland. It is now in danger of becoming extinct.
Stunningly beautiful wings
First evolved 100 million years ago!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Has a curved, upturned beak!
Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They typically prey on insects!
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
Natively found in the European mountains!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
European adders are the only snake that lives above the Arctic Circle.
Found throughout the European continent!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
Also known as the Great Northern Diver
A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.
Most active in wet weather!
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
There are around 40 different species!
The Devil’s coach horse beetle can emit a noxious substance to deter predators
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Are known to guard the muddy banks!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
A very bold and ferocious predator!
The shy eurasian bullfinch prefers to forage very close to cover.
The Eurasian Eagle-owl is the second largest owl in the world with a wingspan up to six feet!
The Eurasian jay has the ability to mimic other sounds
They can eat up to 250 bees per day!
They are frequent visitors to backyard feeders, especially those containing niger seeds.
Male robins are so aggressive and territorial that they will attack their own reflections.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
Besides being bred for milk and meat, these cattle were also used as draft oxen.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They make many sounds when trying to attract a mate.
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
The goldcrest never starts moving and needs to consume for most of the day to survive. Therefore, in the colder months, it's best that eat 90% a day.
Their calls sound like high-pitched screams, but they are quiet most of the time.
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Honey buzzards are medium-sized raptors that earned their names by raiding the nests of bees and wasps.
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
The jackdaw tends to mate for life with a single partner
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
The species name, spectabilis, is Latin for “showy” or “remarkable,” referencing the attractiveness of the adult male’s plumage.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Ownership of this dog was once restricted to the Hungarian nobility
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lazarus Lizards can communicate through chemical and visual signals.
Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!
While linnets are monogamous during mating season, they do not mate for life. While breeding pairs are together, the males are highly territorial and will defend the nesting site and the surrounding area.
There are around 5,000 different species!
Have sharp spines below their eyes
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
Often hangs upside down while feeding!
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
Magyarosaurus is the smallest sauropod dinosaur to have ever lived
A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
Mudi dogs have a reputation for being able to control a herd of 500 sheep.
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Northern pintails migrate at night with speeds reaching 48 miles per hour!
Depending on the habitat and climate, these beetles can live between 2 to 10 years, often staying in their larval stage for several years, making them extremely dangerous to wooden structures.
Females are about four times the size of males
The tradition of hiding your face with a napkin or towel while eating this bird was begun by a priest who was a friend of the great French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Teachers in schools often use the evolution of the peppered moth as a good example of Darwin’s theory of natural selection.
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
A pine marten can jump from tree to tree similar to a squirrel.
There are 500 different species!
The rarest amphibian in the UK!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Pumik developed their loud bark to communicate with shepherds at long distances.
Inhabits deciduous forests!
Caterpillars squirt formic acid!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The only hibernating canine!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
The roe is one of the most popular game animals in Europe
Will mate with the entire flock!
Its scientific name, lagopus, is Ancient Greek for “hare” and “foot,” referring to its feathered feet and toes.
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
There are more than 700 different species!
Males turn green in spring!
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
One of the largest owl species in the world!
A male song thrush can have over 100 phrases in his repertoire of songs and can imitate pet birds, telephones and other man-made objects.
They spend most of their time underground!
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The most widespread owl in Europe!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
The Transylvanian Hound is also known as the Erdelyi Kopo in Hungarian
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
The Ural owl can rotate its head up to 270 degrees
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
Vizsla means searcher or tracker in Hungarian
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
The largest Vole species in the UK!
The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
The woolly rhinoceros roamed the earth between three and a half million and 14,000 years ago.
They feign death by making their bodies limp and closing their eyes.
It interbreeds with the pine bunting
Hungarian Animals List
Animals in Hungary FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What kind of animals are in Hungary?
Hungary contains hundreds of species of mammals and birds. Deer and wild pigs tend to inhabit the hilly or mountainous forests, while hares and rodents mix with partridges and pheasants in the country’s lowlands. Bats, weasels, martens, badgers, otters, and of course domesticated dogs are also very common sights. The rivers and lakes teem with freshwater fish, including pike, bream, and perch.
Are there any dangerous animals in Hungary?
Hungary is home to only a few venomous snakes and large carnivores. The common European viper may be responsible for most hospitalizations.
What is the national animal of Hungary?
The closest thing that Hungary has to a national animal is the Turul, a mythological bird that apparently dates back as a clan symbol of the country’s original ruling dynasty.
Does Hungary have bears?
Hungary contains a small population of the Eurasian brown bear, a subspecies of the common brown bear. They tend to reside in remote mountains and forests.
Does Hungary have any monkeys?
Hungary has no native monkey species. Monkeys don’t live in temperate climates.