Below you can find a complete list of Czech animals. We currently track 140 animals in Czech Republic and are adding more every day!
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in the center of the European continent. With its relatively cool summers and somewhat cold and severe winters, there is a limited selection of wildlife types that are suited for this type of terrain. These tend to be hardy creatures capable of withstanding the cold central European climate. Therefore, many species of furred animals tend to predominate among the local fauna.
The Official National Animal Of The Czech Republic
There is no official National Animal of the Czech Republic. The coat of arms of the Czech Republic does feature two sets of animals on its four quarters. Two quarters, those representing the ancient lands of Silesia and Moravia, feature eagles. The other two-quarters of the coat of arms shows the rampant Lion of Bohemia, although the actual Lion of Bohemia is a person, King Vladislaus II. Despite it not being an official animal of the Czech Republic, the Lion of Bohemia still represents the most well-known animal symbol of the nation.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals Of The Czech Republic
The Czech Republic is heavily treed, with about 1/3rd of its area being covered in dense forest. Some open grassland remains in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, known as Moravia, although more of the former steppe has been given over to human cultivation.
While the mountainous west and forested central part of the country offer many spectacular opportunities for wildlife viewing, the most unique one is further east at an abandoned Soviet Army base near Milovice. Here, the government has embarked on a very unusual and ambitious wildlife sanctuary program. This is not intended to protect animals that are already there but to reintroduce several species of wild animals that were effectively driven extinct in the area over time.
In particular, the Czech Republic was selected as the first location outside of the Netherlands for the reintroduction of a near-match to the extinct European Aurochs, a type of very large wild cattle. This rare breeding program is coupled with the introduction of a satellite herd of wild horses transferred over from a wild horse recovery program in Britain. The result is a unique window into a time when these wild creatures roamed free across the European heartland.
The Most Dangerous Animals In The Czech Republic Today
- Brown Bear – The list of most dangerous animals in the Czech Republic needs to start with the reputedly fearsome Brown Bear. This bear is actually rather careful to avoid humans except under specific circumstances such as a perceived threat to their cubs.
- Wild Boar – Probably the most truly dangerous creature in the Czech Republic is the large Wild Boar, which is a species of a feral pig with poor eyesight, a fearsome temper, and large, dirty tusks to infect those unfortunate enough to run afoul of it. As if this weren’t enough, there is now ample evidence that many of the region’s numerous bands of Wild Boar are also surprisingly radioactive as well as ill-tempered.
- Arctic Wolves – A small number of Arctic Wolves are also found in the area. Like the Brown Bear, wolves also have a large reputation for being dangerous that is mostly but not entirely undeserved. They can indeed be truly menacing, but their intelligence and long experience with humans has led them to prefer keeping their distance whenever possible. Yet there are few sounds in life spookier than a sudden howl of a wolf at close quarters.
Endangered Animals In The Czech Republic
Apart from the above-mentioned and technically extinct European Aurochs, which is being reintroduced via scientific genetics, the major animal of the Czech Republic which is listed as an endangered species is the once-common but now increasingly rare European Mink.
Czech Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Cesky Fousek
- Cesky Terrier
- Common Buzzard
- Common Frog
- Common Loon
- Common Toad
- Edible Frog
- Fallow deer
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fire salamander
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Long-Eared Owl
- Marsh Frog
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pike Fish
- Pond Skater
- Pool Frog
- Purple Emperor Butterfly
- Puss Moth
- Raccoon Dog
- River Turtle
- Sand Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Snowy Owl
- Spadefoot Toad
- Stag Beetle
- Stick Insect
- Tawny Owl
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Vole
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Czech Republic FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live In The Czech Republic?
The area is home to a typical cross-section of Northern Hemisphere animals. Roe Deer, Red Deer or Elk, and Moose are present, as are the previously mentioned Brown Bear and Arctic Wolf. Small field rodents such as mice and rabbits are present, as well as the small predators that use them as a food source. Among these latter are the Red Fox, Badger, Wildcat, and Eurasian Lynx.
Because of its many caves, the Czech Republic is home to a large number of bat species, as well as significant populations of large birds such as swans, herons, geese, and even a species of flamingo. The Common Buzzard, Griffon Vulture, and Golden Eagle, although rare, are also present.
With many swift-flowing streams in the Czech Republic, the area is home to many riverine and forest species such as the European Otter, Ermine, the endangered Mink, Martens of various types, and the European Polecat.
Among the reptiles are a large number of frog and toad species, several turtles, as well as a surprising variety of newts, and one dangerous snake, the European Adder.
In a class by itself is the Wild Boar, which is found in very large numbers throughout the rural areas of the country. Traditionally hunted for food, the presence of radioactivity in many boar herds has provided a unique form of protection against being hunted. This has led to a decline in its demand as a food source and therefore a large increase in the native population.
Are there bears in the Czech Republic?
Yes, there are Brown Bears in the Czech Republic. They are mostly congregated in the mountains and forests of the western half of the country.
Are there wolves in the Czech Republic?
Yes, there are small bands of Arctic Wolves in the country. Again, they are mostly, but not exclusively, concentrated in the western part of the nation.
How many species of animals live in the Czech Republic?
Including everything from protozoa and insects to large vertebrates such as mammals, there is an estimated total of 40,000 animal species present in the Czech Republic. When the list is narrowed down to what is more popularly regarded as animal species, the total is more along the lines of 550-600 specimens.
These include approximately 60-65 fish species, approximately 20 amphibian species such as frogs, about a dozen reptile species, 100 mammals, and more than 400 bird species. To these might be added about 350 crustaceans, 250 mollusks, and about 850 spiders.