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African Civet

An African CivetAfrican Civet Close-UpA civet in GabonAn African CivetAfrican Civet
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African Civet Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Civettictis civetta
Common Name:
Most widely used name for this species
African Civet
The domestic group such as cat or dog
Number Of Species:
The total number of recorded species
The place where something is found
across sub-Saharan Africa
The specific area where the animal lives
Tropical rainforest
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, White, Grey, Yellow, Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
43cm - 71cm (17in - 28in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
1.4kg - 4.5kg (3lbs - 10lbs)
What kind of foods the animal eats
The food that the animal gains energy from
Rodents, Snakes, Frogs
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Lions, Snakes, Leopards
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Group Behaviour:
How the animal behaves in a group
How long the animal lives for
15 - 20 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity:
When the animal can produce offspring
11 - 12 months
Gestation Period:
The time from conception to birth
60 - 70 days
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
Name Of Young:
The name given to the offspring
Age Of Weaning:
The age when the mother stops providing milk for her young
8 - 10 weeks
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Estimated Population Size:
How many of this animal are thought to exist
Biggest Threat:
The largest danger to this animal
Habitat loss
Most Distinctive Feature:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Black band around their eyes
Fun Fact:
An exciting thing about this animal
Secretes up to 4g of musk every week!

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African Civet Location

Map of African Civet Locations
Map of Africa

African Civet

African Civet Classification and Evolution

The African Civet is a large species of Civet found across sub-Saharan Africa. The African Civet is the only remaining member in its genetic group and is considered to be the largest Civet-like animal on the African continent. Despite their cat-like appearance and behaviours, the African Civets are not felines at all but are in fact, more closely related to other small carnivores including Weasels and Mongooses. The African Civet is most well known for the musk that it secretes to mark its territory (called Civetone), which has been used in the manufacturing of perfumes for centuries, and its striking black and white markings, make the African Civet one of the easiest Civet species to identify.

African Civet Anatomy and Appearance

One of the African Civet's most distinctive features are the black and white markings on their fur and grey face, which along with the black band around their eyes, gives these animals a Raccoon-like appearance. The similarity is only heightened by the fact that the African Civet's hind legs are quite a bit longer than the front legs, making its stance very different to that of a Mongoose. The average adult African Civet has a body length of around 70cm with nearly the same length tail on top of that. The paws of the African Civet each have five digits with non-retractable claws to enable the Civet to move about in the trees more easily.

African Civet Distribution and Habitat

The African Civet is found in a variety of habitats on the African continent, with its range extending from coast to coast in sub-Saharan Africa. African Civets are most commonly found in tropical forests and jungles and areas where there is plenty of dense vegetation to provide both cover and animals that the African Civets feeds on. African Civets are never found in arid regions and always must be in an area which has a good water source. Despite this though, it is not uncommon for African Civets to be found along rivers that lead into the more arid regions. They are capable swimmers and often spend their time hunting and resting in the trees as well as on the ground.

African Civet Behaviour and Lifestyle

The African Civet is a solitary animal that only comes out under the cover of night to hunt and catch food. These nocturnal animals are primarily tree-dwelling creatures that spend most of the daylight hours resting in the safety of the trees high above. African Civets tend to be most active just after sunset but tend to hunt in areas that still provide plenty of cover. Despite being generally very solitary creatures, the African Civet has been known to gather in groups of up to 15 members particularly during the mating season. They are also highly territorial animals, marking their boundaries with the scent released by their perineal glands.

African Civet Reproduction and Life Cycles

The only time when African Civets seem to be seen together is when they are mating. The female African Civet usually gives birth to up to 4 young after a gestation period that lasts for a couple of months. The female African Civet nests in an underground burrow that has been dug by another animal in order to safely raise her young. Unlike many of their carnivorous relatives, Civet babies are usually born quite mobile and with their fur. The babies are nursed by their mother until they are strong enough to fend for themselves. African Civets can live for up to 20 years, although many rarely get to be this old.

African Civet Diet and Prey

Despite the fact that the African Civet is a carnivorous mammal, it has a very varied diet that consists of both animal and plant matter. Small animals such as Rodents, Lizards, Snakes and Frogs make up the majority of the African Civet's diet, along with Insects, berries and fallen fruits that it finds on the forest floor. The African Civet predominantly uses its teeth and mouth to gather food instead of using its paws. This method of eating means that the African Civet can use its 40 sharp teeth effectively to break its catch down, and the strong jaw of the African Civet makes it harder for its meal to try and escape.

African Civet Predators and Threats

Despite being a secretive yet a relatively ferocious predator, the African Civet is actually preyed upon by a number of other predators within their natural environment. Large predatory Cats are the most common predators of the African Civet including Lions and Leopards along with reptiles such as large Snakes and Crocodiles. African Civet populations are also under threat from both habitat loss and deforestation, and have been subject to trophy hunters in the past, across the continent. One of the biggest threats to the African Civet is the want for their musk.

African Civet Interesting Facts and Features

The musk secreted by the glands close to the African Civet's reproductive organs has been collected by Humans for hundreds of years. In its concentrated form, the smell is said to be quite offensive to people, but much more pleasant once diluted. It was this scent that became one of the ingredients in some of the most expensive perfumes in the world (and made the African Civet a well-known African animal). African Civets are known to carry the rabies disease, which is contracted through contact with an already infected animal. The African Civet is also known to use designated areas around its territory, where it is able to go to the toilet.

African Civet Relationship with Humans

Each African Civet secretes up to 4g of musk every week, which is normally collected from African Civets in the wild. However, the capturing and keeping of African Civets for their musk is not unknown and is said to be an incredibly cruel industry. Today, few perfumes still contain actual musk from the glands of an African Civet as many scents today are easily reproduced artificially. Although it is a protected yet not an endangered animal, the African Civet populations have also been severely affected by Human hunters, who hunt these little carnivores to simply add their skin to the trophy cabinet.

African Civet Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, the African Civet is under threat from deforestation and therefore drastic loss of much of its natural habitat. The main reason for such extensive deforestation in the area is either for logging or to clear the land to make way for palm oil plantations. The African Civet is listed as being Least Concern, which means that there is little threat at the moment that the African Civet will become extinct in the near future.


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African Civet Translations

African Palm Civet
Civette palmiste africaine
Afrikansk palmeruller
Afrika palmiye misk kedisi

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First Published: 10th August 2010, Last Updated: 20th October 2019

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