Below you can find a complete list of animals in Eswatini. We currently track 228 animals in Eswatini and are adding more every day!
You can see many animals in Eswatini (formerly known as Swaziland and renamed in 2018), including over 500 species of birds. At least 105 species of wildlife have been spotted in the country. Many of these wild birds are cute. It is home to the South-central black rhinoceros. This country covering only 6,704 square miles has taken massive steps, including shooting poachers on the spot, to protect its wildlife. Wildlife is still threatened by human development and the climate. It is important to work with the Eswatini government and local residents before more animals go extinct.
The Official National Animal of Eswatini
The official animal of Eswatini is Thomson’s gazelle. It is also the national animal of Malawi. This animal can run up to 60 miles per hour for short periods and 30 miles per hour for a longer time.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Eswatini
You can see many types of wildlife on a trip to Eswatini. The government operates at least 17 protected areas for wildlife. Compared to many governments, the Eswatini government is very proactive in helping animals not go extinct. These animals include:
- Elephants – About 40 elephants live in two herds in Hlane Royal National Park. In 1997, two elephant calves were born at Mkhaya Game Reserve, and it was the first time elephant births were recorded in the country for over 100 years, but these animals have been moved to Hlane Royal National Park.
- Hippopotamuses – The government has worked with the Cologne Zoo to relocate many of these herbivores to the Mkhaya Game Reserve.
- Black rhinoceroses – It can be tough to spot the elusive black rhinoceros because of their shy nature, but Mkhaya Game Reserve is a great place to try to see these herbivores. A herd was relocated here in 1995 by the government.
- White rhinoceroses – You are likely to see white rhinoceroses wallowing in mud holes or rubbing against poles at Mkhaya Game Reserve. You may also see these herbivores grazing.
- Nguni cattle – The Michaya Game Reserve was created in 1979 to protect the last herd of Nguni cattle, and you can still see them there.
The Most Dangerous Animals In Eswatini Today
Most wild animals in Eswatini are elusive or will not hurt you. In fact, many are unique animals that can even be called cute. There are some dangerous animals in Eswatini. Up to 400 people are bitten by snakes in Eswatini annually. You should take steps to protect yourself against dangerous animals and not pick them up because you think they are cute. These animals include:
- Puff adder – Since puff adders rely on their camouflage to protect themselves, you may suddenly startle one before you even know that it is there. This snake, however, prefers to stay away from people.
- Mozambique spitting cobra – These snakes live in the savannahs, where they feed on amphibians.
- Black mamba – This unique snake lives in trees and on the ground in light woodlands and scrubs, rocky outcroppings, and semi-arid savannas.
- Mosquitoes – Mosquitoes can cause many diseases. The U.S. government recommends you take malaria treatments when traveling to some areas of Eswatini.
Endangered Animals In Eswatini
Many animals are on the Red List because they may become endangered living in Eswatini. These unique endangered animals may be protected in national parks and reserves in Eswatini. Creating these areas may help animals not go extinct. Endangered animals include:
- Lichtenstein’s hartebeest
- Fynbos Golden Mole
- Cape Clawless Otter
- Sei Whale
- Samango Monkey
- Schwarz’s White-collared Monkey
- Short-eared Trident Bat
- Spotted Hyaena
- Robert’s Marsh Rat
Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!
The aardwolf has five toes on its front paws
The African bullfrog is one of only three species of frog that have “teeth.”
African clawed frogs were used as pregnancy testers from the 1930s to the early 1960s.
The agama forms small social groups that contain both dominant and subordinate males.
Despite its name, actually originated from Africa and the Middle East
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
People spin clothing and fishing nets out of these spiders’ silk.
There are over 1768 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The bichir species is more than 400 million years old
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
Black mambas are the longest venomous snake in Africa, and second longest in the world.
They typically prey on insects!
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
Boomslangs are primarily arboreal but sometimes come to the ground.
Females glue egg cases to furniture
Can live its entire life indoors
"They look like you owe them money."
The most common species of bee!
In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
There are more than 160 different species!
The fastest land mammal in the world!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
The most common raptor in the UK!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
It is completely arboreal, and its green color is one of the adaptations that make life in the trees possible.
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
A duck species that resembles a goose when flying
Both females and males have horns.
The electric catfish can discharge an electric shock up to 450 volts
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
Found exclusively on the African continent!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The fire ball python morph is known for its rich golden and reddish-brown coloration.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Only 12 species are considered "true foxes"
There are around 7,000 different species!
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
Named for the Arabic word for love poems
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
The most common type of urban roach
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 11,000 known species!
Green mambas are fast, and can travel up to 7 miles per hour.
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
One of the most invasive species in the world
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!
One of earth's bravest creatures!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
There are four different species!
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Able to jump over 10 feet high
There are an estimated 30 million species!
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Klipspringers can jump as high as 10-12ft!
It's easily identified by its crest, large size, and wingspan
Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Lappet-faced vultures are tidy and wash their heads in a body of water after they’ve eaten
Spends much of the time high in the trees!
The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
Lives in small groups called prides!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Will only live in wet areas
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
The marabou stork does not have a voice box.
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
Mozambique Spitting Cobra is one of Africa's most dangerous snakes.
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
Unlike other reptiles, the male Nile crocodile will stay with a female to guard their nest of eggs.
There are more than 5,000 species.
They have a high-pitched alarm call that sounds like a barking dog.
Olive baboons will sometimes form strong friendships with each other
Females are about four times the size of males
There are 13 different species worldwide
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Can live for up to 100 years!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 300 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
Is the most populous bird in the world
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
There are around 2,000 known species!
The sea eagle tends to mate for life with a single partner
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
Spitting cobras are types of cobras that can spit venom at predators and prey.
Springboks derive so much water from their food they could go their entire lives without drinking from large sources of water.
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Because of their unique venom delivery system, stiletto snakes are almost impossible to hold safely in the usual way (with fingers behind the head) without being bitten.
They can’t sing like other birds.
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
Their name means “banana-eater,” but they rarely ever eat bananas.
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Rarely found more than 450m from trees!
A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
Vipers are one of the most widespread groups of snakes and inhabit most
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Has two sets of tusks on it's face!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
The second largest animal on the land!
Can trek more than 1,000 miles every year!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!
There are around 75 different species!
The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!
The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!
Swaziland Animals List
Animals in Eswatini (Swaziland) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Are There Lions in Swaziland?
There are no unprotected prides of lions in Swaziland. If you want to see a lion, you will need to go to Hlane Royal National Park. You must hire a local guide to visit this location.
What Animals Do Lions Eat in Swaziland?
Lions are carnivores that eat other animals. Lions prefer to dine on African buffalo throughout the year. In the early rainy season, lasting from mid-October through the end of December, lions eat kudus, antelope and goats while they will switch to eating zebras in the late rainy season, lasting through mid-April.